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December 07, 1960 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-12-07

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LATIN AMERICA
AND U.S. POLICY

LieP

see page 4

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom -
ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7 ,1960 FIVE CENTS S

ax,

L . '- Nn 6

rar m '.aatax w ox . . my... r w . ...v ,. . -. - _

SPECIAL SESSION:

/

State

To Increase

Tax

' By CAROLINE DOW
Michigan legislators will assem-
ble in a special session at noon
today to raise the state sales tax
from three to four cents.
Lt. Gov. John B. Swainson, who
as governor-elect laid the ground-

work for the meeting, stated yes-
terday that his inquiries indicated
lawmakers were "virtually unani-
mous" in hoping for quick action,
the Associated Press reported.
Gov. G. Mennen Williams offici-
ally called the one-day session
asking the one cent tax increase
that would put up to $120 million
a year into the depleted state,
treasury. The Increase would go
into effect Jan. 1.
Move Called Wise
"It would be an unquestionably
wise move," Prof. Paul W. Mc-
Cracken of the business adminis-
tration school said. A new volume,
"Taxes and Economic Growth in
Michigan," edited by Prof. Mc-
Cracken was just released here
Saturday by the W. E. Upjohn In-
stitute for Employment Research.
"The approval of a four-cent
tax ceiling in the Nov. 8 election
indicates public support for the
move; it is a basic step we need
to take towards setting the state
fiscal situation on a stronger
basis," Prof. McCracken continued.
"The next step would be con-
sideration of ways to restructure
the tax system to relieve the sub-
stantial tax burden on business as
was indicated by our recent
studies."

said that "either the full cent
must be passed or all nuisance
taxes retained..
Real Question
"The real question is how long
the sales tax will be able to pro-
vide sufficient revenue. We will
have to give the extra penny a
trial at the moment, as the refer-
endum puts the state income tax
in cold storage for the next few
years. The only chance for an
income tax is on the local level."
Prof. Daniel R. Fusfeld of the
economics department believes
that the tax should be passed.
"The state needs the money that
the sales tax will raise.
"In the long run the state will
need even more; it will need tax
revision which will give tax relief
to business. 'Michigan needs a
broader tax base than a sales tax
can offer which can only be ob-
tained by an adequate income
tax," Prof. Fusfeld said.
France OKs

DEAN JOHN BINGLEY
. . . Panhellenic workship'

Dean Talks
To Affiiates
By JUDITH BLEER
"I am appalled at the lack of
self-criticism in both fraternities
and sororities," Assistant Dean of
Men John Bingley told a group
of women at the opening session
of a Panrellenic workshop yester-
day.
Dean Bingley and Mrs. Eliza-
beth Olsen. past national presi-
dent of Gamma Phi Beta sorority,
related their personal observa-
tions and discussed some of the
crucial problems facing sororities
at the University.
*"National Panhellenic has plac-
ed itself in a defensive position,"
Dean Bingley said. "We have all
come' to realize that integration,
although a legal matter, is also
a moral and ethical matter. I was
quite upset to see that you had
not included this most burning
and crucial issue on your work-
shop agenda."
DisusesFreshmen
Dean Bingley discussed the
"more sophisticated" freshmen
who now enter the University.
"The problem of assimilation is
no longer the problem that exist-
ed 30 or 40 years ago," he com-
mented. "Sororities must strive to
offer more than what is offered
in high school."
Panhellenic must also keep up
with the. new emphasis on aca-
demic achievement stressed by the
admissions office, Dean Bingley
warned. "A good deal of sorority
life is not based upon academics.
What I fear is that sororities and
fraternities have not caught up
with this new emphasis.
"'Sometimes I get the feeling
that the high sorority ideals are
only 'lip services.' There is a gap
between what is said at chapter
meetings and what you do.
Keep Pace
"You must keep pace with the
growth of the University," he
commented, pointing out that the
number of Women able to join
sororities at the University. has
not been increased proportional-
ly to the ever. growing enroll-
ment.
Mrs. Olsen also made observa-
tions on the sorority system at the
University. Citing a clause from
the Panhellenic creed on coop-
eration with college ideals for
student life, she warned against
the acceptance of interpretations
of The Daily or student Govern-
ment Council. She asked the
women develop their own goals
and ideals.
"Does SGC truly govern Pan-
hellenic according to the best in-
terests of the member groups?"
she questioned.
"You should know why you
have the right to select your
own members without interference
from oither groups. I wonder why
you permit SGC to continue as it
is. You can and should insist on
the right of deciding for your-
selves that this is an area in
which SGC should have no
voice. r
Pper Reports

Favors Increase
Prof. McCracken favored the full
cent rather than a half-cent in-
crease as the half-cent would ne-
cessitate continuation of the use+
tax.
"What seems to be bi-partisan'
agreement on a tax question may
mark a milestone in Michigan tax;
history," Prof. John P. White of
the political science dpeartment
said, commenting on the possible'
passing of the tax.
"There has been agreement all
along that the state needs more
money. The controversy has been
over the source of the money and
that question was settled in the
Nov. 8 referendum."
As for the half-cent increase
proposed by Sen. Carlton H. Mor-
ris (R-Kalamazoo), Prof. White
Hatcher Backs'
World-Wide
'Melting-Pot'
NEW YORK QP)--World-wide ap-
plication of America's "melting-
pot" principle would solve many
of humanity's problems, University
President Harlan Hatcher said
here yesterday.
President Hatcher addressed the
brotherhood award dinner of the'
National Conference of Christians
and Jews at which a university
engineering graduate, Lou R.
Crandall, was honored for public
service.
"History proves that when hu-
man beings are in an environment
of good will hospitable enough to
give them a sense of a dedicated
ideal, bigotry and prejudice be-
come subordinated to the common
good," President Hatcher said.
The willingness to sacrifice that
marked early settling of the United
States was "a thrilling epic of
American and mankind," he said,
"and it has applications on a
global basis today."
President Hatcher said the world
today needs to harness the latent
power of youth's quest for learn-
ing, truth, decency and peace.
"The fall-out of this explosive
force is understanding, banishment
of prejudice and establishment of
a better world," he said.

Independent
Atom Force
PARIS (P) -- France finally de-
cided yesterday to pay the full
price for membership in the
world's atomic club-an indepen-
dent, exclusively national nuclear
striking force.
The National Assembly gave its
backhanded consent to President
Charles de Gaulle's plan for a
$1.2 billion striking force when
the government's opposition again'
failed to muster enough votes be-+
hind a motion of censure against+
the government.
It was the thid and final time
this had happened in the As-
sembly. Under the Fifth Republic's"
parliamentary procedure this was
enough to override the Senate,
which had twice rejected the pro-
ject, and enact the bill into law.
Nuclear Deterent
The bill is designed to give
France its own nuclear deterrent
with the controls all in de Gaulle's
hands. It provides for a stock of
French-built atomic bombs-per-:
haps hydrogen bombs later-and
French planes, naval craft and
missiles to deliver them against
an aggressor.
By the government's own admis-
sion, the appropriation of $1.2
billion is only the beginning, and
more money will be required as the
program gets fully under way.
Besides the bombs being devel-
oped in the French nuclear testing
center deep in the Sahara, the in-
itial projects calls for a fleet of
50 bombersscapable of carrying
the bomb at speeds faster than
sound, plus 270 supersonic fighters
and 220 helicopters.
Start Work
It will start work on a nuclear
missile-firing cruiser and an
atomic submarine, plus the de-
velopment of rockets and missiles.
Some of these assailed the plan
as being too costly for French re-
sources, and too small to be really
effective.Others charged de Gaulle
was leading France into diplomatic
isolation with his go-it-alone de-
fense policy.
De Gaulle's plan has been one
factor in proposals from NATO
Secretary - General Paul - Henri
Spaak and from Gen. Lauris Nor-
stad, Supreme Allied Commander
in Europe, to put nuclear weapons
under the control of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Plan Calls
For College
Study Unit
By PETER STEINBERGER
The director of Michigan State
University's center for the study
of higher education yesterday call-
ed for a new study group to plant
ways to increase cooperation
among the state's colleges in their
budget requests and plans for
growth.
Prof. John X. Jamrch' who
served on the Russell committee
on higher education during 1956,
presented his new plan ot the
Educational Legislative Council,
which works under Superintendent
of Public Instruction Lynn M.
Bartlett'
Create Commission
The proposal would create an
11-man planning commission re-
presenting the Legislature, the
Council of State College Presi-
dents, the legislative service
bureau, and the State Budget of-
fice.
Another group, representing the
state's colleges and the Depart-
ment of Public Instruction, would
advise the commission in its re-
commendations.,
The proposed study by the com-
mision would last three years, and
require an annual budget of $25
thousand.
"The question is whether we
shall develop a meaningful pat-
tern of higher education," Prof.
Jamrich said. "Will we appropriate
on the basis of the loudest coming
first? I think that eventually an
approach to some single coopera-
tive vehicle is necessary if we
are to make common sense judge-
ments."
Unaware of Proposal
Victor Spathelf, president of
Ferris Institute and head of the
Council of State College Presi-
dents. said yesterday that the
Council was unaware of the pro-
posal, and added that "it doesn't
represent our interests in evolv-
ing a system of voluntary coopera-
tion among the state universities.
"The Council has been studying
these problems for the past four
years, and is now on the basis of
these studies selecting a coordina-
tor to help us present the Legisla-
ture with our budget programs."
Sees Duplication
The chairman of the Legisla-
ture's interim committee on higher
education, Rep. Charles A. Boyer,
(R-Wexford), said, "I think that
any such study would be at least
in part a duplication of work our
committee has already done."
Prof. Algo D. Henderson of the
education school feared that such
a report might undercut the posi-
tion of the Council of State Col-
lege Presidents in appointing a
coordinator on the basis of its
own studies.
"I think this could be a mis-
taken action to take up right now,"
Prof. Henderson said, "In my
opinion the setting-ui of what
could be a red herring' will con-
fuse the picture, and relieve the
Council of the repsonsibility placed
on it."
Marvin L. Niehuss, vice-president
and dean of faculties, pointed out
that various groups have studied
the problems recently.
Peiping Greets
Red Statement
TOKYO WP)-The declaration of
the conference of 81 Communist
leaders in Moscow was received
with "warm endorsement and
support" by the people in Pei-

pineg, the official New China
News Agency said yesterday.

S GC Plans C'onsiderxatioOfe brhi S
Of emerhi Seeto

MICHIGAN STOPS PITT:
Tidwell's 38 Points Spark 86-70 Win
By BOB ROMANOFF
Overcoming first half jitters,
Michigan's basketball squad caught
fire in the second half to upend
favored Pittsburgh 86-70 before
2,000 screaming fans in the Wol-
verines' home opener.
The victory was Michigan's first
in three starts and must be con-
sidered a team effort despite the
fact that captain John Tidwell
hit for 38 points-which was but
three shy of his own field house
and team record set against
Michigan State last year.
Although sophomore forward
Don Petroff was the only other
Michigan player to score In double
figures with 17, he along withx,{f
center Bob Brown and forward
Scott Maentz provided the team's
rebounding strength. Between
them they pulled down 33 of
Michigan's 49 rebounds.
Play Sloppy
Both teams played fairly sloppily
in the low-scoring first half as
the Panthers for the most part r
outplayed the Wolverines. At one
point Pittsburgh had a seven-point * f
lead-its biggest of the night. But
for the fact that Pitt threw the
ball away 11 times and committed "rx
15 fouls in the half, the outcome
of the game might have been very ..x. f
different.
Forward Ben Jinks, 6'3", pro- ~.a...
vided the main defensive strength-Daly-David Gtr
for the Panthers as he poured in HALT!-Michigan's John Tidwell (43) and Scott Maentz (3
10 of his 20 points -high for his freeze in their tracks before a loose ball. But Pitt's John Frid4
team-in the half. He also caught (11) seems about to have things well in hand.
the crowd's fancy with his ag-
gressive play.
'M' Leads at Half FOREIGN DOCTORS:
Only once were the Wolverines
even able to tie thePanthers in
left to play-ad itwantgnt A.n o c s o i y
the first half--six all with 14:40 AA E t o cslf opa-n tws' ni
the final second that MichiganN o A f te
took the lead, 32-31 as Tidwell hit U ni ersityonalgum shtoedh
period- By PHILIP SHERMAN
See WOLVERINES, page 6
The American Medical, Association is sticking to its policy rei
ing foreign doctors doing clinical work in United States hosp
Ike To Ask to pass an examination-but it will not affect University Progra
Two thusand, five hundred foreign doctors failed the exam
tion this year, and face possible deportation. They could reman
the country as students, however, with no responsibility for pal
care.
For 3 Areas The State Department has said that the AMA policy c
have unfavorable foreign policy implications, and the AMA
WASHINGTON (P) - President proposed a compromise by which
Dwight D. Eisenhower will recom- doctors failing the exams could
mend farm legislation in three remain in the United States until Medical Plan
fields before he leaves office in June, meanwhile taking another
January. exam. This would be subJect to Passage' Seen
This was reported yesterday by establishment of educationalepro-
Sertary of Agriculture Ezra Taft gasweetedcosae o
Benson at a news conference grams where the doctors are no BKennedy
which he also said his successor stationed.
will have his sympathy and his Doctors PassWASHINGTON(')-Presid
support if he follows "sound poli- The AMA policy does not affect elect John F. Kennedy got
Bieso" the University because all foreign optimistic report from one ot
Benson said the President is doctors here are part of a national legislative lieutenants yesterd
expected to make recommenda- total of 5,300 who have passed the chances for medical care leg
tions in his message on the State examination, Dr. William Hub-tion of the kind he wants.
of the Union for a new wheat bard, Jr.,, dean of the medical Rep. William J. Green, (D-
program, new sugar legislation school, said,tldReWslimn. aftealng(Du
and continuation of the soil bank The policy is designed to "pro-tonconerncerwith Kennedy
land retirement program, tect national health," Dr. Hubbard he has high hopes Congress
Congress this year rejected explained, and is not an "AMAhenhahgh hpepCongr
President Eisenhower's proposals conspiracy to keep out qualified enact a health care plan fori
for wheat and extension of the foreign physicians." Kennedy advocates.
soil bank. On sugar it extended The examinations themselves Ke advoats.
the present marketing and supply are of an "entirely appropriate He said that "some Repubic
control program only through level of difficulty," he added. in the northwill be more incl
March 31. "They are not easy, but they are to vote for this kind of legisl

INTERPRETS FREEDOM:
Sgu rAssesses U. S. Integration

1 By JOHN ROBERTS
"What the United States stands
for Is not really integration, but
the elimination of legal and forced
segregation," the Rev. Fr. Alexan-
der Sigur of the University of
Southern Louisiana said last night.
Father Sigur, the national New-
man Club chaplain, said that for
this reason, even the token inte-
gration in New Orleans schools is
"extremely significant-it drama-
tizes the end of institutionalized'
segregation."
Freedom of Opportunity
He added that all Americans
deserve freedom, not of equality,

discrimination is "a problem of
charity, and must be solved by
ourselves."
Church Responsibility
Father Sigur said that in the
latter area, it was the responsibility
of churches to take the lead. He
admitted, however, that paro-
chial schools in New Orleans are
now segregated and would prob-
ably not integrate until the public
schools have done so.
"Men have to live with the
society in which they are located,"
he said. "You can't push anyone's
hand. But the Church's position
is crystal-clear, and no one doubts

opinion, the resistance to inte-
gration is due to "a hard core
of determined segregationists, al-
lied with the White Citizens Coun-
cils."
"Most persons did not want any
violence. Most persons were pre-
pared to accept the decision of
the Supreme Court-they didn't
particularly like it, but they would
have gone along," Father Sigur
said.
Offers No Explanation
However, he could offer no ex-
planation of why Southerners con-
tinue to elect governors and
legislators sworn to maintain

I

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