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December 04, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-12-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Red Delegate
Freedom for
JAR SeizeS PROJECT MERCURY:
firms After m.ltvS nan

Demands
Lumumba

otr flt

J..' fr W ' 4' N J'IV5

Congo Clash
President Kasavubu
Expels Ambassador
United Arab Republic President,
Gamal Abdul Nasser has seized
practically every important Bel-
gian interest in Egypt after a dip-
lomatic break with the Congo on
Thursday.
President Joseph Kasavubu of
the Congo expelled UAR Am-
bassador Murad Ghaleb Thursday
with the charge that he was en-
couraging rebel (pro-Lumumba)
elements.
Nasser accused Kasavubu's Bel-,
gian advisers of influencing Kasa-
vubu to take this step, and looked
about for ways to retaliate.
He promptly nationalized two
Belgian firms and sequestered two
others, worth $10 million.
Friday night, over Belgian pro-
tests, the UAR seized three more
Belgian companies, including the
operators of Cairo's fabled Shep-
heards Hotel, and a branch of a
well-known automobile manufac-
turer.
The hotels company, in which
Belgians owned, at least 75 per
cent of the stock, ran the Shep-
heards, which has figured in many
Oriental intrigues, and a less wide-
ly known hotel, the Semiramis.
-UNESCO Accepts
Congo Delegation
PARIS (/P)-The United Nations
Educational, Scientific and Cul-
tural Organization (UNESCO)
general conference last night
voted to seat a Congo delegation
representating President JosephM
Kasavubu.
I ~il

I

To Delay Program

CAPE CANAVERAL (M - Pro-
ject Mercury - named for a
winged-footed Roman god- ap-
pears to have both feet in a bed
of quicksand.
Mercury's seven Astronauts are
trained, primed and eager to
rocket into space. But their space-
craft isn't.
A series of disastrous launching
failures has put the program
months behind schedule. A time-
table laid 'down only six months
ago called for the first Astronaut
to be launched on a ballistic flight
over the Atlantic last October, with
a manned orbit shot scheduled for
mid-1961.
Delay Likely
It now appears that the first
ballistic flight will be delayed
until March or April and the or-
bit attempt until late next year
or early in 1962
Critics contend the delays are
plunging this country toward a
new humiliation in the space race
with Russia.
Alarm has spread to Congress,
The House Science and Astronau-
tics Committee has promised an
investigation in January.
After more than a year of plan-
ing and testing boiler-plate mock-
ups, the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration (NASA)
came up last May with what it
considered the final production
capsule. The first launching -.
involving only the spacecraft and
the rocket escape tower-was a
success and the space agency set
an ambitious firing schedule.
Launching Slated
Eight more launchings, using
Redstone, Atlas and Little Joer
booster rockets, were slated before
the end of 1960. These included
hurling a chimpanzee and then an
Astronaut on Redstone-propelled
ballisie flights.I
Only three of these have been
attempted. All failed.
On July 29, a capsule-carrying
Atlas exploded 65 seconds after
lifting off from Cape Canaveral.
A hunk of capsule reportedly broke
loose and sliced into the Atlas
fuel tanks. .
On Nov. 8, a capsule failed to
separate from a Little Joe at
Wallops Island, Va. Purpose of the
flight was to test the capsule
escape system under extreme con-
dtions.
Firing Fizzles
On Nov. 21, firing of a Redstone
capped by a capsule fizled due
to a faulty connection.
This Redstone was to have
boosted the spacecraft 130 miles
into space and 220 miles down the
Atlantic Missile Range. One day
before, on Nov. 20, Dr. T. Keith
Glennan, NASA director, predicted
an Austronaut would make an
identical trip in January or Feb-
ruary. After the failure, NASA
said it would only delay the sche-
dule a matter of weeks.
But the space agency must now
take a long, hard look at the
capsule. Some redesigning may be
in order.
Scientists consider the 16-minute
manned Redstone flight impor-
tant in determining if an As-
tronaut can operate in a space
environment before man tackles
the more difficult orbital mission.
Tests Endurance
On the Redstone flight, the As-
tronaut will endure 51/2 minutes of
weightlessness and forces six and

11 times the pull of gravity during'
blastoff and re-entry, respectively.
Temperatures up to 600 degrees
Fahrenheit will build up on the
capsule surface, but the pilot will
be comfortable in his air-condi-
tioned sealed chamber.
On launching, the Astronaut will
be flat on his back, his knees
drawn up. In rapid sequence at
35 miles altitude about 140 seconds
after launch, (1) the Redstone
will burn out and separate from4
the spacecraft; (2) the escape'
tower will be jettisoned; and (3)
small rockets at the -base of the
capsule will fire to push the craft
ahead and away from the booster.
About five seconds after separa-
tion, an automatic stabilization
and control system will swing the
capsule around 180 degrees so the
blunt base will be in a forward
position. The base is covered with
a heat shield. The pilot now will
be sitting upright, his back to-
ward the direction he is traveling.
Rocket Slowed
As the vehicle reaches a peak
altitude of 130 miles, three retro-
rockets attached to the heat
shield ignite and slow it, letting
gravity assert itself by pulling the
craft back toward earth. As the
man plunges downward he will
reach peak speed of 4,000 miles
an hour.
The speed will start to diminish
as the capsule encounters atmos-
pheric friction at a height of about
50 miles. At 42,000 feet, a 6-foot-
wide drogue parachute will pop-
out to help slow the speed to
about 600 miles an hour. Then at
10,000 feet, a 63-foot-wide main
chute will- deploycto ease the cap-
sule into the ocean-landing it
with the force of a man stepping
off a 14-foot wall.
If all goes right, the capsule
will plunk in an area 90 miles
northeast of Grand Bahama Is-
land which will be saturated with
recovery ships and planes. Just
in case it's off course, various
recovery aids will be activated by
the capsule. These include dye
markers, radio beacons and flash-
ing lights.
During the Atlas-boosted orbit
flight, gravity forces will be about
the same as on the Redstone tests.
However, thecapsule will whip
around the world at 17,400 miles
an hour and will be seared by
3,000-degree re-entry heat. The
initial orbit flight is intended to
swing the Astronaut three times
around the globe in 4 2 hours,
depositing him in the Atlantic off
the Florida coast. The pilot will
be in a weightless state for all
but a few minutes of this time.

Spokesman
Calls Mobutu
U.S Stooge
Western Diplomats
Deplore Treatment
UNITED NATIONS (M - A
Soviet bloc delegate demanded in
the United Nations General" As-
sembly yesterday the immediate
release of the Congo's deposed
premier, Patrice Lumumba.
Lumumba is a prisoner of Con-
golese troops of strongman Col.
Joseph Mobutu.
Kuzma V. Kiselev, foreign minis-
ter of White Russia, injected the
demand into an Assembly debate
on colonialism. He was called to

Legislature
Still, Fights
Integration
BATON ROUGE (AP)-A state
judge issued a temporary restrain-
ing order here yesterday against
the Legislature's third attempt to
replace the New Orleans school
board within: hours after the
measure had been approved.
Civil Dist. Judge Fred S. Le-
blanc issued the order after a
suit to have the measure declar-
ed unconstiutional was filed by
George L. Snglemann, an official
of the New Orleans Citizens
Council and Lewis S. Doherty, Jr.
of Baton Rouge.
The state immediately appealed
to the state supreme court.
Passes overwhelmingly
The bill received overwhelm-
ingly legislative passage despite a
three-judge federal court injunc-
tion forbidding the Legislature to
interfere with the school Integra-
tion situation. The Senate vote
yesterday was 27-5.
The bill would set up a new
five-man board. Gov. Jimmie H.
Davis, who signed the emergency
legislation despite the fact that
he is also under federal court in-
junction, would appoint immedi-
ately a five-member board with
powers limited to financing Or-
leans Parish (county) schools.
Members of the board would
be elected in the 1962 Congres-
sional elections to staggered six-
year terms.,
Judges Meet
Three members of the Louisi-
ana. Supreme Court met in New
Orleans yesterdayuafternoon after
receiving an appeal from State
Atty. Gen. Jack Gremillion and
three other officials.
There was no indication that
the court would act before tomor-
row.
The exact meaning of the new
suit was not immediately clear.
Singlemann and Doherty had filed
suit two weeks previous to re-
strain the present school board,
which complied with federal court
integration orders, but the suit
was transferred to federal lourt
and nullified by United States
District Judge J. Skelly Wright.
There was speculation they filed
the suit in state court to prevent
possible federal litigation.
Group Backs
Shelter Plan
WASHINGTON MA-A national
nuclear warfare shelter program
costing up to $60 billion was ad-
vocated yesterday as a prerequi-
site to a workable disarmament
agreement.
An official of the National
Planning Association argued that
with such a passive defense sys-
tem offering at least 90 per cent
reduction in probable casualties,
the United States could "afford
to agree to an arms control plan
that provides good, but not per-
fect, control and inspection."

HAVANA (M-)-The semi-official
Cuban newspaper Revoluucion com-
plained yesterday that President
Dwight D. Eisenhower's decision
to give $1 million aid to Cuban
refugees in Florida "opens up' a
free lunch counter" for counter-
revolutionaries.
By allocating the money to help
the 30,000 refugees, the United
States government "officialized
and legalized the financing of
counterrevolution" against the
Castro regime, the newspaper
said.
It castigated the refugees as
people "who are disposed to live
without working and are willing
to join in battle against the Cuban
revolution."
Not Mentioned
No mention was made of the
fact that Eisenhower acted under
a law pertaining to aid for refu-
gees from Communist-run govern-
ments-which in effect labels Cu-
ba Communist for the first time
in Washington.
Said Revolucion:
"The Yankee government, which
has never had a holy attitude to-
ward its Negroes in the South
threatened by hordes of KKK,
which has never concerned itself
with the exploitation of Latin-
American peoples, which had no
compassion over dropping atomic
bombs on Hiroshima, now says it
is spending a million dollars to
help Cuban refugees."
The government-controlled or-
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
VIENTIANE - The first flight
of the Russian airlift to Laos
landed-in Vientiane yesterday with
16 extra pilots and navigators
aboard, but no Soviet aid.
The plane was a trailblazer to
familiarize pilots with the route.
The pilot said the airlift will start
shortly with twin-engined Ilyushin
14 transport planes.
HARTFORD - The Hartford
Times said yesterday that John
M. Bailey, Democratic state chair-
man in Connecticut, is President-
elect John F. Kennedy's "personal
choice to be the next Democratic
national chairman
The newspaper said it "learned
this from people in a position to
know the facts as they exist to-
day."
LONDON -- The Archbishop of
Canterbury, Dr. Geoffrey Fisher,
returned yesterday from his his-
toric call on Pope John XXIII with
a statement that ever closer con-
tacts will be maintained between
Protestants and Catholics.
The Anglican primate, who also
saw christian leaders in the holy
land on a 10-day trip climaxed b
his visit to the Vatican Friday, said
the Christian church is already
united in spirit.

v

gan accused Eisenhower of creat-
ing a system of "botellas" (pay-
offs or bribes) for/'the war crim-
inals in Florida ., . those who are
not accustomed to work but only
to assassinate other Cubans."
Revolucion also brought up a
'new charge' about United States
destruction of -an erring rocket

.AMERICAN AID:
Cuba Attacks 'Refu g ee Policy

Strike Aftermath

four days ago:above the Ho
area of eastern Cuba.
r The newspaper ran a
from Holguin, under- an e
column banner headline, sa
fragments from the United S
spaeomissile killed an inoffe
cow grazing on a ranch sE
anid' administered by the Agra
Reform Institute.

-AP WI
CLEARING BARRICADE-Athens Police clear away a Bar
erected during a breakout of violence over a strike by the
masons. The strikers met in a group of some 6,000 to demonf
for higher wages and clashed with police during the diso

SUPPER''CLU1B

-A

JOSEPH KASAVUBU
... Congo president

AT H ILLEL--every Sunday
1429 Hill . ..6 P.M.

FLOWERS
by
Bud-Mor

order by Assembly President Fred-
erickH. Boland of Ireland for
straying from the issue under
discussion.
Kiselev said his delegation "de-
cisively protests against the savage
and arbitrary arrest of Mr. Lu-
mumba and demands his imme-
diate release."
He went a step farther than
the Russians, who called on
Secretary-General Dag Hammar-
skjold Friday night to report im-
mediately on what the UN is doing
to help Lumumba.
He said the UN command there
"engages in reconciliation with the
illegal, dictatorial regime of Col.
Mobutu." He called Mobutu a
stooge for the Belgians and
Americans.
Western diplomats said yester-
day the savage treatment dealt
Lumumba by Congolese troops
may backfire against Mobutu's
pro-Western regime.
Lumumba, 'captured by Mobu-
tu's forces at Port Franequi Thurs-
day night while trying to reach
his Stanleyville stronghold, was
brutally manhandled.

TONIGHT, December 4
Hot Dogs or corned beef sandwich
Evening program tonight:.
"THE EICHMANN CASE"
Its legal and moral implications

lecture-discussion

8 P.M.

%%%2001|@r

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