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November 29, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-11-29

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Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

4br
43

CLOUDY, WINDY
High-38
Low-25.
Scattered snow flurre1,
much colder.

t

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1960

FIVE CENTS

SIX

'U' OFFERS HELP: eject Plan
Rejc C Pan Brish ssail Rus
State College Ask s max: . Shnarina t,,vsiIRS

eians

Over. Colonialism Issu

The board of control of the
State College is considering "borr
University to supervise the organiz
Mrs. Ie lHooble~, a member
she had talked with University ad
fur" in counseling the board onw
beginning the new school.
The board must obtain $1 milli
sources before the state legislatur
Goldwater
Addresses
Fraternities
By MICHAEL OLINICK,
Sen. Berry Goldwater (R-Arz)
told more than 1,000 fraternity
members last week that their or-
ganizations were deterrents to the
growth of Communism on the na-
tion's college campuses.
Addressing the delegates to the
p1st annual meeting of the Na-
tional Interfraternity Conference,
Goldwater claimed that "where
fraternities are niot allowed, Con-
maunism flourishes"
He pointed to Harvard Univer-
sity as a non-fraternity institution
which permits Communist and
Socialist philosophies to breed
what .he called a "faithless
generation."
Discusses Experience
The senator, a member of Sigma
Chi fraternity, said, "Young men
who are inexperienced but have
faith are more useful than older,
experienced men without faith. We
look more and more to fraternities
to provide our future leadership."
Interfraternity Council Presi-
dent, Jon Trost, '61, agreed with
Goldwater. "Communists on cam-
pus make the least strides in the
fraternity system, because itis
contrary to the principles of
Comm A M Where fraternities
exist, there is little appreciation
for what Communism offers."
Trost and IFC Executive Vice-
President Howard Mueller, '61,
were delelgates to the conference
and found Goldwater's remarks
"fine, thought provoking, and en-
couraging."1
Curbs to Communism
The senator said that the under-
lying foundations of the fraternity
system acted as curbs to Com-
Munism. He liste d religion,
brotherhood, the importance of
the Individual, and freedom as
four qualities of the fraternity
which were inimical to Com-
munism.
The IFC conference sponsored
workshops and discussions on
fraternity services, office manage-
ment, rushing, public relations,
social aspects of the IFC, and
other topics.
Eisenhower,
,Kennedy
To Meet Soon
WASHINGTON W-President-
elect John F. Kennedy and Pres-
ident Dwight D. Eisenhower will
meet next week to discuss ways
of smoothing the changeover of
the nation's leadership.
The conference will be held at
the White House next Tuesday,
President Eisenhower's Press Sec-
retary James C. Hagerty announc-
ed yesterday.
It will be the first face-to-face
meeting of the outgoing and in-
coming presidents since the Nov.
8 election which saw Kennedy de-
feat Republican Vic-President
Richard M. Nixon.
However, representatives of
President Eisenhower and Kenne-

dy have been working together on
transition problems since soon
after the election.
A mutually acceptable date for
the White House meeting was
worked out by President Eisen-
hower's representative, Maj. Gen.
Wilton B. Persons, and Kennedy's
aide, Washington attorney Clark
M. Clifford.
Kennedy arranged an afternoon
visit with Dean Acheson, secre-
tary of state under former Pres-
ident Harry S. Truman, at Ache-
son's home. Both men live in the

proposed four-year Grand Valley
owing" an administrator from the
zation of the new college.
of the board, said yesterday that
visors and found them "very help-
ways to overcome the problems of
on and a building site from private
e will vote on providing funds for
the construction and maintenance
of the college.
Hope To Finish
The board members hope to
have all necessary funds and pre-
liminary building plans by mid-
February. The Legislature will
consider appropriations for the
college under an act passed last
April providing for its support.
"We're just exploring the prob-
lems now," Mrs. Hoobler said.
"There is a three-man committee
which will select the site for the
college. We have six sites available
now. We must also choose the type
of buildings we want, and the per-
sonnel to staff the school. We hope
to have the college going by 1963.
Anxious for Work
"We are anxious to work with
our sister universities so we may
gain from their experience. We've
started disctssions on getting ad-
vice and also a full-time adminis-
trator for the net two or three
months, but no action will be
taken until the next board meet-
ing Dec. 8 in Muskegon.
Prof. Algo Henderson of the
education school and member of
the University Committee on Col-
lege Relations, said the committee
has offered advice' to many col-
leges in the state. "We'd be happy
to help this one too, but the ques-
tion of a University administrator
working full time for the new
college has not yet been discussed,"
he said.
Niehuss Comments
Marvin L. Niehuss, vice-presi-
dent and dean of faculties, and
chairman of the Committee on
College Relations, said that he
couldn't recall any other time
when a University administrator
was released to work full time
to organize another school, but
added, "We wouldn't object to
releasing someone who wanted the
job; we want to cooperate with
them as much as possible."
Grad School
Listed Among
Nation's Best
The University was rated as
having one of the nation's top 12
graduate schools by Bernard Berel-
son, director of the Bureau of
Applied Social Research at Colum-
bia University, in his new book,
"Graduate Education in t h e
United States."
The other top 12 schools, none
of which are ranked individually
by Berelson, are Harvard, Univer-
sity of California (Berkeley),
Columbia, Yale, University of
Chicago, Princeton, University of
Wisconsin, Cornell, University of
Illinois, Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, and the California
Institute of Technology.
"The great universities at the
top should become 'super' graduate
schools in two respects," Berelson
says. "Post-doctoral work . . *
should be located primarily in the
top universities and the trend
toward their concentratioi on the
doctorate at the expense of the
master's (degree programs) *. .
shouldbe continued and even ac-
celerated.
Apply Resources
"In the present situation, it is
more important for such institu-
tions to put their valuable and
scarce resources to work at the
highest points of advanced train-
ing."
"The students for doctoral work

come largely from the under-
graduate colleges in graduate
universities, and they will do even
more in the next decade," he
writes.
Berelson noted that recent re-
cipients of doctorate degrees from
the "top 12" have contributed one-
third more publications to learned
journals than those from other
institutions, and that although
these 12 institutions combined
have only 10 per cent of the na-
tion's' college faculty members,
ftbxh a rrts n f,. . ,....L7.--,.......- -., ___.

CIVIL RIGHTS, EDUCATION:
Presidential Commission Sets, Goals

n.

Two Republican members of the
University Board of Regents have
announced they will not run for
reelection in April.
Dr. Charles S. Kennedy, a De-
troit physician', and Otto E. Eck-
ert, director of the Lansing Board
of Water and Light Commission-
ers, have both served on the Board
since 1945.
Their terms will expire Dec. 31,
1960.
The eight-member Board of Re-
gents now consists of five Demo-
crats and three Republicans, Ken-
nedy, Eckert, and Frederick C.
Matthael of Detroit, elected in
1959.
Discuss Replacements
Both Eckert and Kennedy said
their replacement by younger men
would help the University. 1
Vice-President and Dean of Fac-
ulties Marvin L. Niehuss, an ex-
officio member of the Board, ex-
pressed the hope that the persons
replacing Eckert and Kennedy
would equal the standard of Re-
gents now on the Board.
"We have good members now,
and I hope we will have more like
we have had," he said, "These two
are very fine."
Washtenaw County Republican
Chairman Wendel W. Hobbs said
no definite action had been taken,
but possible candidates would
probably be discussed at the Re-
publican state central meeting this
weekend.
Expresses Concern
Hobbs expressed concern over
the Democratic majority on the
Board and said the group should
be more evenly balanced to pro-
vide better representation of the
people and in order to work out
problems to the best solution for
all.
Democratic County Chairman
Dean Coston said he did not know
who his party would run for the
two positions.
Both Eckert and Kennedy are
graduates of the University, Eckert
in engineering in 1912, and Ken-
nedy from the literary college in
1911 and the school of medicine
in 1913.

Issues Statement
President Eisenhower issued his
formal statement after a long con-
ference this morning with Ander-
son and Dillon.
"As a result of these talks there
is a greater acceptance of the
United States view that there
must be a basic improvement in
the' United States balance of
payments position as an essential
part of maintaining the free
world's financial system, depend-
ing as it does upon the dollar as a
cornerstone."
Obviously taking note of pub-
lished reports that there was a
lack7 of coordination between the
Anderson-Dillon mission and Sec-
retary of State Christian A. Her-
ter, President Eisenhower said the
instructions had been fully co-
ordinated with the Secretary of
State as well as the Secretary of
Defense and had been made
known in advance to the West
German government.
Expresses Appreciation
President Eisenhower said the
American delegation expressed ap-
preciation to West Germany on
"the decided speedup and greater
flexibility of a proposed German
program for development aid to
developing countries . ,."
Among other problems upon
which there will be continuing
discussions in Bonn and Wash-
ington are: The removal of re-
maining restrictions on imports of
agricultural products from the
United States; an enlargement of
the procurement of military items
by the West German government
for its own forces; and considera-
tion of procuring military items
which might be supplied to other
countries of the NATO alliance,
President Eisenhower said.

A presidential commission com-
posed of ten leaders in business,
education and labor reported yes-
terday on national goals.
The commission made major
recommendations in the areas of
civil rights, integration and edu-
cation.
The report calls for complete
elimination of discrimination in
higher education, by 1970, and
stated that "every state must make
progress in good faith toward de-
segregation of publicly supported
schools."
Institutions Responsible
Institutions of higher education
have a responsibility to ensure
freedom of expression to students,
faculty and administrators. The
report recognized "subtle and pow-
erful pressures toward conformity
in the economic, social and politi-
cal world," and noted positive val-
ues in vigorous controversy and
the acceptance of dissent. "It will
renew our strength and demon-
strate to the world our calm con-
Nations Joln
Space Race
MEYRIN, Switzerland (P)--Ex-
perts from 10 West European na-
tions, eager to catch up with the
United States and the Soviet Un-
ion in the drive for outer space,
met yesterday to prepare a Eu-
ropean space research organiza-
tion.
A quickly developing issue was
the question whether such an or-
ganization should develop the
powerful first-stage carrier rock-
ets required to boost its satellites
aloft or obtain them from exist-
ing industries.
Belgian, Italian, Dutch and
Swiss delegates said they would
prefer that the envisaged organi-
zation deal with all aspects, from
launching pads up.
British delegate R. N. Quirk
declared it must serve peaceful
purposes only and mush, not be
concerned with developing heavy
carrier rockets. He said a Euro-
pean organization should concern
itself only with development of its
own satellites and the smaller
second and third stage rockets.
The Swiss government arranged
the conference.
About 50 scientists and officials
convened. They represent Brit-
ain, France, West Germany, Italy,
Belgium, the Netherlands, Den-
mark, Norway, Sweden and Swit-
zerland.

PRESIDENT EISENHOWER
o..* goals defined
fidence that truth and reason pre-
vail in a free society."
The report said that a greater
percentage of the gross national
product must be devoted to edu-
cational purposes. Annual public
and private expenditures for edu-
cations should be doubled by 1970.
Suggest Measures
The following measures were
suggested: consolidation of small,
inefficient school districts; a high
level board of education in every
state; improved teachers' salaries;
junior colleges within commuting
distance of high school graduates;
graduate school capacity doubled;
and increased emphasis 'on adult
education.
Within the next decade, the re-
port stated, at least two-thirds of
the youth in every state should
complete twelve years of schooling
and at least one-third should enter
college. States with lower educa-
tional standards must be brought

to the level of the more advanced
states.
Increased Scholarships
Federal aid to higher education
must provide for increased schol-
arship and loan funds and support
of research, the report said. Fed-
eral funds should supplement state
funds where the per capita income
is too low to finance an adequate
education program.
Matching grants for educational
purposes to be determined by the
state should also be offered.
The report warned against mere
nationalistic competition in scien-
tific research and recommended
high selectivity in our space ob-
jectives. "Prestige arises from
sound accomplishment, not from
the merely spectacular."
It advocated the allotment of a
greater proportion of the United
States' total effort to basic re-
search.
Encourage Scientists
The report said, "We should in-
sure that every young person with
the desire and capacity to become
a scientist has access to the best
science- education our leading
scholars can devise." It recom-
mended the more efficient use of
available manpower.
More than half of the research
and development in the United
States is government supported.
The report said that the adminis-
tration of scientific and technical
programs should be strengthened
without resorting to "bureaucratic
overcentralization and planning."
The United States must raise its
critical standards, the report said.
Its theater must be revitalized
with greater academic and com-
munity support. Rigorous training
programs for professional artists
were recommended. Television fa-
cilities must be used for educa-
tional and cultural purposes.

RESULT OF PROPOSAL: ;
Council To Consider Change
In Liquor Control Ordinance
By RICHARD OSTLING
The Ann Arbor -City Council will be considering changes in its
liquor control ordinance as a result of the recent passage of the
liquor by the glass proposal. -
City Attorney Jacob Fahrner, Jr. reported to the Council's
monthly working committee meeting last night that it may be advis-
able to repeal the present chapter on alcoholic beverages and pass
new policies.
While definitions and basic regulations remain unchanged, the
Council will discuss extension of hours, permission to have dancing
N yin bars, and how licenses will be

USSR Hits
Trusteesbip
i_,.n D ebal
Ormsby-Gore, Zori
Clash Over Satellit
Under Soviet Conti
UNITED NATIONS ,()-B
ain injected the issue of S
colonialism yesterday into G
eral Assembly debate over I
mier Nikita S. Khrushchev's
mand for immediate indepe
ence of al peoples living un
colonial and United Nations it
teeship systems,
The move brought angry So'
charges that Britain wa, pok
into the internal affair of
Soviet Union and resorting to c
war tactics. The clash' mar
the opening of debate expe
to last for more than a week,
Assails System
Soviet Deputy Foreign Min~
Valerian A. Zorin assailedthe
trusteeship as an outm~oded a
an ineffective instrument of
colonial powers and declared
must be scrapped, y
The United Nations establisJ
the trusteeship system to repl
League of Nations mandates,
has served as a watchdog for
the world's dependent territor
receiving reports. from admi
trators and listening to complal
from the people themselves,
Zorin called on all peace-1
ing nations to "render every
sistance, moral and material,
the peoples fighting for their
dependence."
Ormsby-Gore Speaks
David. Ormsy-Gorae,. 4Bri
minister of state for foreign
fairs, accused Zorin of using
Assembly debate "simply F
other occasion for vilifying
country and its allies, and'for c
rying the cold war into Africa
the hope that perhaps it can
hotted-up to its advantage."
Ormsby-Gore said that si
1939 about 500 million peo:
formerly under British rule, I
achieved freedom and indepel
ence.
In that same period, he ad
"the whole or part of six mi
tries, with a population of 22
lion, have been forcibly inc
porated into the Soviet Union.
God Sign
Zorin said it was a good s
the Assembly had agreed ta
bate Khrushchev's proposal t
the United Nations adopt a d
laration on the granting of
dependence to all colonial peop
The Soviet deputy foreign nr
ister said it should include t
three demands:
1) All colonial countries 0
trust and non-self governing 1
ritories must be granted for
with complete independence
freedom to establish their- C
national states.
2) All strongholds of coln
ism in the form of possessi
and bases in territories of ot
states must be eliminated,.
3) No UN member shou 1;
mit any manifestations of col
ialism "or any special rights
advantages for some states to
detriment of others."
But Asian - African natI
were seeking a more moderate
proach to an Assembly decla
tion. They have drafted a re
lution calling for immed
steps to end colonial rule,
stead of granting independe
"forthwith."
Paper States

IKennedy Pi
Cabinet Posts
ALBANY (A) - The Albs
Times-Union said last night
had learned that President-e
John F. Kennedy had picked S
James W. Fulbright (D-Ark),
gene R. Black and John J. 1
Cloy for top posts in his Cabir
In a copyrighted story in

UGLI COFFEE LOUNGE:
Library Lady Likes Job, People

By MELINDA BERRY
"All the students are nice, but
some are especially nice," Lotte
Ehmke commented with a smile.
Mrs. Ehmke should know. For
in her job as one of the three
women who take care of the cof-
fee lounge at the Undergraduate
Library, she comes into contact
with a large majority of the stu-
dent population.
Six afternoons and evenings a
week she sits in the vestibule of
the lounge and tells the students
not to take the drinks into the
main library, makes sure their
chairs do not block the aisles and
just generally watches out for the
lounge.
Long Drink of Coffee
When asked about how long
students stay when they come for
coffee, Mrs. Ehmke replied, "The
students would stay here all night,
if I didn't rush them out at 11
p.m. I think they'd like to sleep
here.
"Usually, though, they stay
about three-quarters of an hour.
Except during exam time; then
they come, drink their coffee and
leave. It is always very quiet in

Nations," Mrs. Ehmke said, "never
any real trouble, just yak, yak,
yak."
"Yes, the students are neat. The
room is too small and sometimes
accidents will happen." Only oc-
casionally does Mrs. Ehmke have
difficulty in making students fol-
low the rules.
They are not supposed to stand
; /~.oc3'f~f o.YAP'P' F

in the vestibule, and sometimes
they can't see the logic behind
this rule, especially since the ves-
tibule is empty. "So, if I am there
and they are there, I tell them
and then it is no longer empty,"
chuckled Mrs. Ehmke.
Another bad habit Mrs. Ehmke
attempts to break is sitting on
the tables. "If a boy sits on the

table, he will have his back to
somebody-and it might be a girl.
No boy should ever turn his back
on a lady."
She tolerates no "improper be-
havior" in her lounge. "I had to
straighten out a few couples. This
lounge is not a lover's lane. It is
just not the place for that sort of
thing."
"Some of the students say 'good
evening' or 'good-afternoon' to
me, but usually they come to me
for information or complaints.
'Where is the drinking fountain?'
'Do you have change for a quar-
ter' or 'The machine is stuck and
it won't give me back my dime.'
That is usually what they want
of me."
Faces Change
It seems that students who
study on Fridays and Saturdays
generally don't study during the
week; and that, conversely, those
who study during the week have
fun on the weekend. Mrs. Ehmke
sees "always the same faces on
week nights, and entirely differ-
ent ones on Friday nights and
Saturday afternoon.
"Sunday is our busiest day, and

granted.
One tavern owner said the deal-
ers would prefer to keep the clos-
ing hour at midnight, and Council-
woman Mrs. Gayle Flannery, who
opposed the 'sale of hard liquor
in the election, agreed.
One constituent said that the
early closing "drives a lot of busi-
ness out of the city to Jackson,
Detroit, and Toledo among people
who want *to stay out after mid-
night."
Kendall Cowing, minister of edu-
cation at the First Methodist
Church, expressed the concern of
five Protestant church groups who
opposed hard liquor sale about
how changes will be implemented.
The group hopes to "keep the
undesirable part of the sale of
liquor to a minimum," and seeks
maintenance of the present clos-
ing hour. It wants licenses to be
granted by the Council on an indi-
vidual basis depending on the past
record of the owners and the es-
tablishment.
The churches also desire "a fair
number of licenses for the city"
which is not excessive, and careful
supervision of licensees.
Nors tad Urges
A tomic Power
ROME WI)-Gen. Lauris Nor-

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