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November 18, 1960 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-11-18

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Seventy-First Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVESrrY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. " ANN ARBOK, MICH. Phone NO 2-3241'

unions Ae Free
will Prevail'

AT TRUEBLOOD:
Opera Excerpts Shine;
Fine Voices, Orchestra
W HEN I FIRST SAW that the opera department was doing excerpts
from three operas instead of presenting one complete work, I
thought they did not have enough good voices to do just one. I was
wrong. There are so many fine singers they wanted to give everyone
a chance to sing.
Performed last night were Act II from "Hansel and Gretel," Nedda's
aria and the duets with Tonio and Silvio from "I Pagliacci," and the
first act of Wagner's "The Flying Dutchman." Each selection made
one wish that the complete works would be shown.
The Hansel and Gretel got the evening off on the right foot. Eliza-
beth Ann.Bowmnan as Gretel showed a clear, bright soprano voice and

itorids printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staf writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

PY, NOVEMBER 18, 1960

NIGHT EDITOR: ANDREW HAWLEY

4

A State University's
Battle for Independence

* . . we do not reconsider the total
picture; we lash out wherever there seems
to be vulnerability. Higher education al-
ways is a ready victim. It is strange, and
ironic, that the most vital and productive
part of our spending should be the most
vulnerable and unstable . . . Let us base
our program on our needs and our faith,
not our fears."
Harlan Hatcher,
The President's Report, 1956-7
FTER TWO MONTHS of angry telephone
conversations, disrupted meetings, and a
nzied petition canfpaign, Ann Byerlein
tally fought her way, onto the agenda of
e Wayne StaterUniversity Board ofgGover-
rs meeting Wednesday. She brought a whole
ttery of supporters with her, but her only
tency came through a terse letter from a
ichigan legislator.
The single sheet, duplicated for the benefit
the governors, was the last piece of "evi-
nce" Miss Byerlein presented to the board
her attempt to enjoin the governors to revoke
eir liberal policy on outside speakers at the
hool. She offered the board:
1) 62,651 signatures declaring that the lifting
a ban which forbade Communist speakers
WSU was "open cooperation with the Com-
unists."
2) A House Un-American Activities Commit-
e motion picture allegedly showing Com-
unist plotting and control of University of
lifornia students at the spring demonstra-
ms against HUAC proceedings in San Fran-
sco;
3) A series of wildly emotional and hate-
enched speeches;
4) A collection of correspondence whose
athors ranged from FBI chief J. Edgar Hoover
Communist hunter Herbert Philbrick to the
flied Veterans Council.
LL. THESE "FACTS" did not sway the
governors' individual or collective minds.
y all appearances, Miss Byerlein's demands
ere not going to be met. Each governor who
as present re-emphasized his contention that
1e new policy was a proper one and vigorously
efended the academic freedom that any
eaker who served the "educational purpose"
the university had a place on the campus.
Then one of Miss Byerlein's comrades read
letter from state Senator Elmer R. Porter.
he Republican legislator from Blissfield
arned the board that "As far as I am con-
rned, Wayne State University will be hard
it to find any further Michigan tax dollars
r its support as long as the Board of Gover-
rs permits Communist speakers to appear
n campus."
Porter is no ordinary legislative representa-
ve. He heads the Senate's appropriations com-
ittee and thus is probably the most impor-
mt man in Michigan when it comes to
nancing higher education. His threat was a
eal one, and yet contained elements of an
ven greater injustice.
Porter wrote Miss Byerlein that he agreed
-ith her "one hundred per cent that this

(lifting of the ban) is indeed open cooperation
with the Communist party.
"And you may rest assured that the first
chance I have the Board of Governors and
President Hilberry will find out that I absolute-
ly will not tolerate the stand they have taken."
PORTER'S THREAT; JOLTED the board.
Within a few minutes after it was read, the
governors voted to postpone any action on the
speakers policy' until they had talked with
Porter and determine how much damage he
might wreak on the school.
The governors came to the meetings with
open minds, but Miss Byerlein's arguments
lacked the logic and understanding they would
need to convince the thinking heads of a large
state university. Much criticism has already
been leveled against Miss Byerlein, her
methods, and her philosophies. It is sufficient
to note here that her reasoning has no more
validity now than it did the day she started
her crusade.
Porter's dictum forced the board into a de-
continued existence of WSU (over which Porter
suspended his Sword of Damocles) they would
have to compromise their educational prin-
ciples.
IT IS IN THE board's credit that they did
not back down immediately and impose a
new speaking ban, if only a temporary one
to last until conditions cleared up. Wayne
must maintain its honest and forthright posi-
tion if it is to maintain its integrity and self,
respect.
The Honorable Senator Porter, however, is
open to attack on three levels. First of all. he
was uninformed of the real facts and issues
of the controversy at Wayne, the biggest
dispute to touch a state university this year.
Yesterday morning, he recanted a little, saying
he meant only that he would prevent WSU
from gaining any additional funds over last
year's budget.
PORTER HAS ALSO failed to comprehend
the freedoms of a university on two dif-
ferent planes. The first is the freedom, indeed
the responsibility, to air all theories in an
open arena of debate, to expose prevalent
attitudes to dissenting opinions, to encourage
expression of the very idea you oppose in order
that it might defeat itself and that the truth
shall be uncovered.
The second freedom, an equally fundamental
one, is the university's right to be independent
of outside control. It must in all cases be
allowed to form its own policies without coer-.
cion and control from outside. Sen. Porter
seems to feel, and feel wrongly, that the state
legislature has the right to dictate educational
policies and, in particular, he has the power
to push his wish through the legislature.
If the senator really wants to do the best
he can for his state and for education, he
ought to lead the campaign to insure the
independence of higher education instead of
galloping off to the rear with a thundering cry
of vengeance.
-MICHAEL OLINICK

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4

exceptionally fine diction. Mary
Burdette looked very awkward as
Hansel, but sang beautifully with
a very rich mezzo soprano voice.
In the small part of the Sandman,
Mary Suzanne Roy completed the
excellent cast.
* * *
THE "I PAGLIACCI" selection
was on a par with the first one.,
Karin Klipec sang her aria almost
to perfection and both Thomas
Cultice as Tonio and David
Smalley as Silvio showed them-
selves to be equal to the evening's
high standard.
But it was the singing of The
Flying Dutchman that set the
audience on its ear. There are not
words enough to praise WalkerI
Wyatt's singing of the Dutchman.
His bass voice is resonant without.
being .ihuffled and has a 'magnifi-
cent tone. Though I do not know
it for a fact, it would seem that
the Wagner was done for his bene-
fit. And a very good idea it was.
Richard Kretchinar as Daland
added to the list of the evening's
fine performances, and Charles
Walton's Steersman was extremely
good.
s *

r'J

DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official pu6lication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 AdmInistration Building,
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
publication.
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 18
General Notices
School of Music Honors Program:
Applications now are being accepted
for the second semester, 19W-1961.
Forms are available in the School of
Music office. Wed., Nov. 23, is tho
deadline for submission to the Honors
Council of applications and support-
ing recommendations.
The, following student - sponsored'
social events have been approved for
the coming week-end. Social chairmen
are reminded that requests for ap-
lroval for social events are due in
the Office of Student Affairs not
later than 12 noon on Tuesday prior
to the event.
Nov. 18, Alpha Xi Delta, Pletcher
Hall, Lloyd House, West Quad, Phi
Delta Phi, Williams House.
Nov. 19, Accacia, Aipha Delta .Phi,
Alpha Sigma Phi, Chi Phi, Chicago
House, Delta Chi Fraternity, Delta
Kappa Epsilon, Gomberg House, el-
sey House, Lambda Chi Alpha, Lloyd
House. Phi Delta Phi, Phi Epsilon Pt,
Reeves House, Sigma Alpha Epsilon.,
Sigma Phi, Taylor House, Theta Delta
Chi, Tau Epsilon Phi, Van Tyne House,
Williams House, Zeta Psi.
Nov. 20, Hinsdale House, Pi Lambda
Phi-Alpha Epsilon Phi..
Summary of Action y Student
Government Council, Meeting of
Nov. 16, 1960.
.Approved: Minutes of the previous
meeting.
Approved: To amend A. Change in
University Regulation and B. Addi-
tional University Regulation of the
final motion relating to the Con-
stitutions; of fraternities and sororities
(Vol. 6, p. 29) to read:
"File with the University In the
Office of the Vice-President for
Student Affairs a statement which
lists all rules, regulations, . .. "
(Continued on Page 5)

'4'

;1

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t+ DC

AT HILL AUDITORIUM:
Meredith Premiers Technique,

THE ORCHESTRA for these
operas continues to puzzle me.
Under Josef Blatt's able direction
they could blast through the cli-
maxes of Wagne4 as if there were
nothing to it, but sounded very
mediocre in other placs. But all's
well that ends well, and the clos-
ing to "The Flying Dutchman"
was beautiful to hear.
A word about the sets. They
were the best I have seen in a
fall opera production, especially
the forest in "Hansel and Gretel."
The staging was generally good,
but there were times when the
singers stood around with nothing
to do but look embarassed. But
it's the singing that counts and
there was plenty of that last night.
Go see for yourselves.
Thomas Kabaker

By CAROLINE DOW .
Daily Staff Writer
"ITS AN ENTIRELY new concept
of staging~ actor-director Bur-
gess Meredith said. as he described
the new type of theatre he pre-
miered at Hill Aud. last night.
"Actually I swiped the idea from
Luigi Pirandello. He uses this tech-
nique of having reality and imag-
ination so close one cannot tell
them apart," the silver haired
veteran of many premiers said in
the Union Grill.
He and his cast - Nancy Wick-
wire, Tom Clancy, Basil Langton
and Pauline Flanagan-had been
in almost continuous rehearsal
since their arrival late Wednes-
day afternoon to prepare the pro-
duction for its world premier in
Ann Arbor.

"WE USED FOUR productions
we were closely associated with-
"Ulysses in Nighttown," "A Thur-
ber Carnival," "Winterset" and
"Under Milk Wood." Meredith
staged and produced the first two,
which are adaptions of James
Joyce's "Ulysses" and the best of
James Thurber.
"We are only hitting the high
spots of each, and then we fall out
of character to remenisce with the
audience regarding our exper-
iences with those productions here
and abroad." I did the same thing
with "Ulysses in Nighttown," with
characters moving in and out of
parts." he said.
. . .
MEREDITH'S NEW technique
uses both this moving in and out
of character and the idea of rep-

AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
Soph Show Sparkles

ertory theatre. Thus the produc-
tions will include both interpre-
tive acting, character switching,
and a repertoire of plays all in
one evening.
It will be long, in costume, and
difficult for the cast, but Meredith
believes that his cast is equal to
it.
After his return from producing
"Thurber Carnival" in London,
Meredith plans to take this show
"into New York."
Before leaving for London he
will test it at five other colleges
and in February will begin a seven
months tour with his present cast
to present this "new theatre" to
the United States.
* * *
HE BELIEVES THAT not only
his cast but his authors are worthy
of the new production. "Dylan
Thomas is the king of young lyric
poets; Thurber is the only Ameri-
can since Mark Twain who has
been made an honorary member of
the "Punch" magazine staff, and
Anderson's writing greatly affect-
ed the young people of the middle
and late thirties as Tennessee Wil-
liams and Miller are doing now,"
he said.
As for James Joyce, "I am here
in one of my few tours this year
because as a boy, I would have
liked to know more about James
Joyce. I was here in Ann Arbor
only once before an I enjoyed it,"
he declared.
"There were many seminars go-
ing on last time I was here and
I found the campus and atmos-
phere very accessible-I really like
the campus effect that I find
here," he said. And he does, for
in his free time, he Just roamed
around Ann Arbor, taking it in.

I

i

Misleading Debate Clouds Issue

.1

TUDENT Government Council debate, al-
though not unusually long last night,
ight have been shortened or at least used
ore constructively had the members been
some agreement on what they were talking
out with respect to the most fielely ar-
Led matter of the evening-a resolution sub-
itted by Daily editor Hayden.
Hayden's resolution moved the implemen-
tion of a committee on students' rights and
ademic freedom voted into theoretical being
st spring largely through the efforts of re-
red council member Al Haber.
NT NO PART of the actual resolution is any
attempt made to clarify the actual nature of
ite rights and freedoms it would defend,
In fact it is safe to say that, as the pro-
>sed committee would not presume to deal
ith matters involving non-students, two is-t
;es that Hayden and others referred to in
I 4r f~t out

debate are, not irrelevant perhaps, but mis-
leading.
They are the firing of Prof, Leo Koch in Il-
linois and the infamous case of University
math instructor H. Chandler Davis, who was
dismissed after being questioned by a Con-
gressional committee about his alleged politi-
cal activities,
The only other case mentioned was that of
two students who were summarily ousted from
the University last spring for taking part in a
dormitory raid. This issue, Hayden says, "might
have been handled by such a committee. But
the others, while they do involve academic
freedom, would not be within the group's juris-
diction, and to discuss them indiscriminantly
easily leads to distortion and/or misunder-
standing.
OSEMERGY and Trost, among others,
had quite a bit to say about the "respon-
sibilities" that, along with rights, are implicit
in the democratic concept of freedom. They
seemed to claim that in their concern for
rights, Hayden & Co ignored that essential
element, and they urged that some mention of
responsibility be included in the name and
nature of the proposed committee.
Responsibility was not ignored, but it cer-
tainly was obscured by the proponents of the
committee. If they will specify what kinds
of rights and freedoms would be involved,
then the relevant responsibility of the commit-
tee will also be clear, or at least amenable
to exposition. This responsibility is implicit
in the nature of a university in a democratic
society to assure its constituents those rights.

INTERPRETING:
U.S. Foreign Economy
May Rouse Cooperation

-Daily-Larry Vanice

Editorial Staff
THOMAS HAYDEN, Editor

TrHE CAST of the Soph Show displayed an impressive array of tal-
ents last night in a spirited opening performance of 'Bells Are
Ringing.' The show's demand for acting, singing and dancing ability
was more than adequately met by a group sufficiently versatile to
fill the bill in all three departments.
Though the pace at times suffered from an occasional hesitancy
in picking up cues, the performance as a whole bubbled on effer-
vescently from beginning to end. An enthusiastic and receptive open-
ing night audience was no doubt responsible for'much of the sus-
tained energy,
* * *
THOUGH THE CAST understandably did not carry the same
degree of ease and fluidity that a professional cast might, it had an
asset of which the professionals grow envious-the vitality of youth.
One of the primary reasons for this general vitality was Linda

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
THFEFFORT of the United
States to reduce her expenses
abroad may nudge some of her
allies into greater realization of
the need for economic coopera-
tion, but it may also scare them
right out of their shoes.
Is the United States in so much
financial trouble, they are' bound
to ask, that she is forced into
some pretty drastic measures to
save a mere billion dollars a
year?
President Dwight D. Eisenhow-
er is emphasizing that it does not
mean lowering of the flag.
* * *
MOST OF THE nations can re-
member when they were the ones
on the short end of the balance of
payments teeter-totter and will
appreciate the American position,
at least to a degree. But they will

their families with them on their
foreign tours.
* * *
THERE IS A real danger that
such actions, instead of produc-
ing a net gain in the world's faith
in the dollar, will only raise more
questions about the nation's fi-
nancial position.
The other side of the coin is the
hard fact that the United States
is sending abroad, for all pur-
poses, about $4 billion. a year
more thantshe gets back-and
that this deficit just about rep-
resents the cost of her foreign
aid program. '
While she takes her losses, her
former enemies are taking prof-
its from economies based essen-
tially on her postwar help, and
her long-time allies are doing
nicely, too. Britain has been car-
rying on a foreign aid program,
but largely within her own eco-s
nomic sphere. Germany has just

LETTERS
to the
EDITOR
To the Editor:
I THINK that if Mr. Staller poll-
ed the country, he would find
that most people agree with his
basic argument that the draft is
oppressive.
MR. STALLER, all thinking peo-
ple recognize that the draft is op-
pressive. Only idiots would argue
against that point. But these same
thinking people also realize that in
our land of freedom there must
be a minority group of oppressed
people who guarantee that the
country remains free. I ask you to
look' about you and count 'the.
blessings, both material and ideal-
istic, that our country has heaped
upon you, then accept the fact
that you have been taped and must
serve to preserve these blessings
for yourself and our people. I hope
that in doing this you can find
honor in yourself for serving an
honorable purpose.
Our country is engaged in war
this very minute, m'ake no mis-

A

J

NMAN MARKEL
City Editor

JEAN SPENCER
Editorial Director

H DONER ................ Personnel Director
AB KABAKER ..............Magazine Editor
AS W..ECKI....... ....... port$ Editor
TH McELDOWNEY . Associate City Editor
EEN MOORE .... Associate Editorial Director
) APPLEBAUM....... Associate Sports Editor
DEL GILLMAN .. ... Associate Sports Editor

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