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November 08, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-11-08

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1... . .UN Moves CONGRESS

TASS Attacks
Both Nominees
MOSCOW (JP)-The Soviet news
agency Tass, commenting on the'
United States presidential elec-
tion yesterday, said "the struggle
for votes is being waged by two
main bourgeois. parties" whose
nominees "offered actually simi-
lar programs prompted by the in-
terests of big capital and differ-
ing from each other .. . only in
word but not in essence."

NEW YORK (P) -- The first"
teachers strike in the city's his-
tory yesterday disrupted the na-
tion's largest public school sys-
Caught in the dispute over
wages and union benefits were a
million pupils.
Leaders of the striking United
Federation of Teachers predicted
the walkout would snowball among
the system's 40,000 public school
teachers. Theunion, claiming
only a minority of the total, esti-
mated 15,000 already were on
Forecasts Collapse
However, School Superintendent
John J. Theobold forecast a quick
collapse of the strike. He mini-
mized its impact, admitting only
that about 4,600 teachers were
out. These he ordered immedi-
ately suspended.
Theobold, in addition to sus-

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Informed of the suspensions of
strikers, Mayor Robert E. Wag-
ner declared in a statement in
reference to Theobold: "He and
the board have my support in
this and in the balance of their
Launch Strike
The UFT, one of 39 teachers'
organizations in the city, launch-
ed its strike in a demand for duty-
free lunch periods, additional sick
leave, and higher salaries for
teachers, who now earn from $4,-
800 to $8,300 a year.
The board agreed in principle
to two other demands, a union
dues checkoff system and steps
toward collective bargaining.
The strike's real test was ex-
pected to come Wednesday. Today
and Friday are legal holidays-
election day and Veterans Day-
with all public and parochial
schools in the city closed.
Pupils Involved
Approximately 400,000 pupils in
830 private and parochial schools
were not involved in the strike.
The walkout was confined to the
city's 837 public schools. Slightly
more than 250 were picketed. Most
of them managed to eke out a
fairly normal day of classes. But
several were forced to close their
doors at noon.
Envoys Accept
U.S. Invitation:
To View Vote
from 53 countries have accepted
President Dwight D. Eisenhower's
invitation to observe first-hand
today's balloting for a new Presi-
dent of the United States.
But Russia and her Communist
satellites, along with Cuba, have
turned a cold shoulder to the In-
vitation relayed last week by Sec-
retary of State Christian A. Her-
The foreign representatives
have picked 14 cities for their
ballot watching, in keeping with
the offer to allow them to go
wherever they wish.
Twelve of the diplomats will go
to New York. -One observer will go
to Whittier, Calif., Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon's hometown,
while the representative of the,
Negro republic of Liberia has
picked Atlanta.
Nine of the foreign embassies
turned down the invitation. Most
of these pleaded insufficient staffs
to arrange such activities on short

Iu the last hours of the 1960
election campaign, both presiden-
tial nominees staged last minute
drives last night to gather in ex-
tra and perhaps, decisive ballots.
Vice-President Richard M. Nix-
on began on a final, punishing
drive yesterday in his campaign
for the Presidency of the United
His big pitch throughout a day
in Detroit was that he was best
fitted to keep America out of war
and to control the Communist
threat to the Western world.
The waning hours of the 1960
campaign saw the 47-year-old Re-
publican candidate striving to
overcome the slight lead given his
Democratic opponent, John F.
Kennedy, in the final Gallup poll.
Evokes Cheers
In the course of a 30-minute
speech Nixon brought cheers when
he asserted that the Republican
ticket was best qualified to safe-
guard the nation from "nuclear
A capacity audience of 3,000
heard Nixon in a noontime rally
at the Ford Auditorium. Another
crowd, estimated by police at 4,-
000, waited outside for a glimpse
of the candidate.
Holds Telethon
At2 p.m. (EST) Nixon began
an unprecedented, gruelling four-
hour television talkfest here over
a 125-station network.
He wrapped up the campaign
last night in Chicago on a 30-
minute nationwide hookup along
with President Eisenhower; broad-
casting from Washington, and his
running mate, Henry Cabot Lodge,
screened in Boston.
Sen. John F. Kennedy-show-
ing no letup in his back-breaking
campaign-made a climactic elec-
tion eve pledge last night to
strengthen America's military
power "to a point where no ag-
gressor will dare attack ...
"I pledge myself and my party
to begin work immediately on a
program to achieve peace through
strength," he said before a giant
home town rally in Boston.
Makes Telecast
His arrival was delayed so he
could make one additional tele-
cast from Manchester immediate-
ly after Nixon completed his four-
hour telethon.
Kennedy spoke only a half-hour
on TV answering questions put to
him by his three sisters.
In answer to one question on
the religious issue, Kennedy said
Americans "should not be con-
cerned" about it.
Discusses Religion -
He said that if he, a Catholic,
came under improper influence of
any person group--after election
-"I should properly be subject
to impeachment."
Noting that Gen. Charles De
Gaulle of France and several
members of the United States
Supreme Court were members of
his faith, Kennedy said his first
duty would be to defend the Con-
Bachs Nixon
WASHINGTON (M)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower told the
nation last night tpat Vice-Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon sat close
to him in decision-making confer-
ences "sometimes fraught with
the perils of war" and that today
"I shall vote for Nixon" for Pres-

Congo Talk
United Nations General Assembly
yesterday decided to delay debate
on the Congo for 24 hours in
order to permit President Joseph
Kasavubu to take part.
By a vote of 61-12 with 12 ab-
stentions the Assembly thus put
off until today what promises to
be a full-scale airing of the com-
plicated problems of the chaotic
young African republic.
Kasavubu arrived in New York
too late to attend the afternoon
meeting of the Assembly to take
up a resolution by eight Asian-
African nations seeking immedi-
ate seating of a Congo delegation
representing his political foe, the
deposed Premier Patrice Lumum-
Speaks at Airport
The Congo president told re-
porters at Idlewild Airport that
the Congo crisis was one for the
Congolese people to settle with-
out any outside pressures.
He declared he would raise his
voice in the Assembly against
those trying to violate "the sa-
cred principles of a free people,
and to Impose on us a neo-colo-
nialism which is humiliating and
He did not go into detail, but
In Paris he declared he would de-
mand withdrawal from UN forces
in the Congo of troops from
Ghana and Guinea-two of the
nations supporting the resolution
to seat a pro-Lumumba delega-
Communists Oppose Motion
Only the Communist bloc and
several African nations voted
against the motion to adjourn,
submitted by Ignacio Pinto of
Dahomey, one of the new Afri-
can members who belong to the
French community.
He said adjournment would be
"a gesture of elementary cour-
tesy" toward Kasavubu. Under As-
sembly rules a motion to adjourn
is not subject to debate.
Since Kasavubu is the Congo's
recognized head of state there
appeared little doubt that he
would be heard.

Regional NSA Conference
Supports Sit-Ins, WSU Action

Associate City Editor
The Michigan Region of the
United States National Student
Association, this weekend support-
ed Martin Luther King and the
79 students arrested for protest-
ing segregation in Atlanta.
The resolution passed by the
15 Michigan schools attending the
conference held at Kalamazoo al-
so stated that sit-ins were a legi-
timate and equitable means to
eliminate the injustice 'of segrega-
tion. The motion urged that such
activities be continued.
Wayne Commended
The regional assembly also
commended the president and the
Board of Governors of Wayne
State University for their lifting
of the 10-year old speaker ban
earlier in the fall.
The Region also expressed con-
cern over the threat to public
education in Michigan due to the
minimal appropriations made by
the Legislature. The concern was
expressly directed toward the lack
of finances for faculty salaries and
for improvement of facilities.
Denounce Directives
Reiterating the stand taken by
the NSA Congress this summer in
Minneapolis, the Region denounc-
ed the Kerr Directives.
The directives, as issued by
President Clark Kerr of the Uni-
versity of California, prevent stu-
dent government from taking
stands on off-campus issues as a
student government. Only the
opinions of individuals are allow-
The Region assembly rejected
this, saying they believed it is the
duty and responsibility of all stu-



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