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November 06, 1960 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-11-06

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

J I

W orks

onl

ecall.

Of Congo Parliament

'5

r e
Commission
To Coneiliate
Rival Groups
Neutrals Ask Seating
Of Lumumba Aides
UNITED NATIONS (P) '- The
United Nations' Conciliation Com-
mission for the Congo got instruc-
tions yesterday to go there and,
work-to reconvene the parliament,
which is generally believed favor-
able to deposed Premier Patrice
Lumumba.
Secretary General Dag Hammar-
skjold's 18-nation Advisory Com,
mittee on the Congo, at a three-
hour private meeing, approved
those terms of reference for the
Commission, which consists of its
15 African and Asian members.
Commission to Meet
Informed diplomats, reporting
this, said the advisory commission
would meet, in a week to decide
when to go to the'"Congo. They
said the commission probably
would leave on' a first exploratory
visit in 10 days or two weeks.
Eight African and Asian coun-
tries have introduced a resolution
by which the General Assembly
would ask Hammarskjold to take
steps to get a new meeting of the
parliament, adjourned by Presi-
dent Joseph Kasavubu under the
current military regime of Col.
Joseph Mobutu.I
The Assembly will take up this
resolution tomorrow afternoon.
The debate is expected to last at
least through next week, with
afternoon meetings every day..
Asks Seating
The proposal also would have
the Assembly seat representatives
of "the central government" of the
Congo, meaning the Lumumba
government. The Assembly post-
poned a choice between Lumumba
and Kasavubu delegations when
it voted the Congo into the UN
Sept. 21.
Sponsors of the pro-Lumumba
resolution are Ceylon, Ghana,
Guinea, India, Indonesia, Mali,
Morocco and the United Arab
Republic. They believe if Parlia-
ment met, it would endorse Lu-
mumba again. Many diplomats
here share that view.

Pro-Western
Government
Sets UN Plea
LEOPOLDVILLE (A') -- The
Congo's pro-Western leaders pre-
pared a major offensive yester-
day against Afro-Asian neutralists
seeking to return deposed Premier
Patrice Lumumba to power.
President Joseph Kasavubu and
Justin Bomboko, head of the pro-
visional government of high com-
missioners, scheduled a departure
for New York today to plead their
cause before the United Nations
Assembly.
It was the most dramatic move
by Kasavubu since he fired Com-
munist-backed Lumumba as pre-
mier Sept. 5, charging him with
plunging the country into chaos
and fratricidal strife.
Since Sept.-14, a shaky military
regime set up by Col. Joseph Mo-
butu has been attempting to keep
Lumumba from staging a come-
back.
Kasavubu made his decision to
fly to New York and throw his
prestige behind the anti-Lumumba
delegation there while relations
between Congolese leaders and the
United Nations' Congo head-
quarters plunged to a new low.
By going to New York, Kasa-
vubu hoped to discredit a rivalj
delegation of Lumumba supporters
which has the backing of several
African and Asian nations,

C uc nGet Support
In San Juan
SAN JUAN (W)-A procession of
hymn - singing Puerto Ricans
wound slowly through old San
Juan yesterday in a demonstration
of support for the Roman Catholic
Church in its battle against Gov.
Luis Munoz Marin.
An estimated 25,000, mostly
women, walked through the streets
to a special :mass at the ancient
San Juan Cathedral. They carried
banners reading: "Support obedi-
ence and respect for our bishops."
Puerto. Rico's three Roman
Catholic bishopshaveeissued two
successive pastoral letters forbid-
ding Catholics to vote for Munoz
Marin and his Popular Democratic
party under pain of a sin of dis-
obedience. The church says the
Popular Democrats' program con-
flicts with church doctrine be-
cause the party does not oppose
birth control, sterilization and
common law marriages.
A spokesman for ' Archbiship
James P. Davis, the highest rank-
ing prelate in this island com-
monwealth, said no pastoral letter
is planned for this final Sunday
before election.
The march relresented the larg-
est public demonstration in favor
of the pastoral letters. Munoz
Marin has called the church atti-
tude "medieval."
Above the procession hovered a
helicopter carrying officials of the
newly formed Christian Action
Party, which has the blessings of
the church although it was not
mentioned in the pastoral letters.
A spokesman for the marchers
said they organized the procession
independently of the party and
the church.
The two pastoral letters have
converted n otherwise routine
campaign into a -turbulent one,
pushing all other issues into the
background.

ARRIVES IN MOSCOW - Comunist China's President Liu
Shao-chi was greeted by Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev
at the Moscow airport yesterday when he arrived to attend the
43rd anniversary of the Bolshevik revolution on Monday.
KhrushchevWSelcomes
Red .Chinese DelegatiOn*

Vice - presidential candidates
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson and Hen-
ry Cabot Lodge .campaigned in
Texas and North Carolina yes-
terday.
Johnson lashed out at Repub-
licans, declaring their campaign
"has reached an all time low."
The Democratic vice-presiden-
tial candidate, who was caught
in sajostling crowd of Republi-
can hecklers when he tried to
reach a campaign rally in Dallas
Friday, got' a roaring welcome
from a crowd estimated at 7,500
when he arrived at the Jefferson
County, Tex., Airport.
Refers to Incident
"It has become a campaign to
prevent people from speaking
Ask UN Aid
For Korean
Unificatio'n
-WASHINGTON (M-The State
Department said yesterday the
United Nations offers a "peaceful,
equitable and democratic solution"
for uniting divided Korea.
"The United States joins the
Korean people in the hope that
this solution may speedily come to
pass," the Department said.
The statement was made in
connection with the release of a
241-page study called "The Record
of Korean Unification, 1943-1960."
It reviewed efforts, to achieve a
unified Korea since World War II.
"Release of the study under-
scores the importance the United
States attaches to the continuing
efforts of the UN to achieve tl*
unification of Korea in accordance
with the fundamental principles
endorsed by the great majority
of the members of the world or-
ganization," the Department said.
The new study apparently was
timed to coincide with considera-
tion of the Korean issue shortly
by the UN General Assembly.
In contrast to previous years,
the new Korean government head-
ed by Prime Minister Chang Myun
has fully endorsed the UN pro-
posal for free elections through-
out Korea under UN supervision.
The deposed Syngman Rhee re-
gime opposed elections in South
Korea although it approved them
in the Communist North.
Communist China and North
Korea also have proposed all-
Korean elections but insisted that
all U.S. and UN military forces
in South Korea be withdrawn
before the voting. The Communist
bloc insisted also that an organi-
zation of neutral nations super-
vise the elections.

HECKLERS, CIVIL RIGHTS:
Johnson, Lodge Campaign in

By the Associated Press

their minds; to frighten them out
of expressing their opinions; to
substitute spint and taint for rea-
son and logic," Johnson said in,
referring to the Dallis Incident.
SaysgRepublicans Approved
Charging that, the Dallas dem-
onstration had the approval of
high Republican officials, includ-
ing an elected member of Con-
gress, Johnson continued:
"The Republican Party cannot
wash its hands of this one. It
cannot claim that this was a
group of people not under their
control."
Johnson's remarks referred to
Rep. Bruce Alger (R-Tex.) and
Harry W. Bass, Jr., a Dallas top
Republican leader.
Denies Discourtesy
Alger denied there was any
"discourtesy, profanity or jostl-
ing." He said "The hubbub was
the normal excitement of any
crowd."
Campaigning in North Carolina,
Republican vice-presidential can-
didate Lodge declared that full
civil rights should be guaranteed
to all Americans.
"Promptly and totally, we
should guarantee that no person
in A m e r i c a is discriminated
against because of race or creed
or color," Lodge said in a cam-
paign statement. G
Lodge took Kennedy to task for
stands on the U-2 plane incident,
the Chinese offshore islands; and
Cuba.
Discusses Kennedy
Lodgp said of Kennedy's posi-
tions, "Each would have gravely,
endangered the national inter-
est if Kennedy had uttered them
as president. Each was later
abandoned by Kennedy himself."
Earlier, Lodge tlod central Ll-
linois audiences that Republican
diplomacy has removed from
young men's minds the worry'
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DORTMUD, Germany (A
About 300 leftists gathered I
yesterday and formed West,
many's first Marxist party s
the Communists were outlawei
1956.
The party, "the Organizatior
Independent Socialists," pitc
its appeal to Germans dissatis
with Chancellor Konrad .1
nauer's Washington alliance
with the opposition Socialists I
Western policies, expounded
their= candidate for Chance
West Berlin Mayor Willy Bra
Spokesman Gerhard Gleissl
said his party advocates neuth
for East and West Germany,
moval of both sectors from
ternational military alliances,
tal disarmament, socializatior
basic industries and the brea
of farms numbering more t
250 acres.
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about combat military
overseas.
"In 1950, the young x
military age in Illinois had
concerned with the thou
combat service overseas,"
said.
Such was not the case n
said, and "since President
hower ended the Korean
1952, not one single United
battle casualty has occurr

MOSCOW (W)-Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev attended a cere-
monious welcome yesterday for
the Chinese delegation to an im-
portant Communist meeting open-
ing here this week.
The meeting coincides with cel-
ebration of the 43rd anniversary'
of the Nov. 7 Bolshevik revolu-
tion.
Khrushchev's appearance at
Moscow's Vnuknovo Airport was
a direct knockdown to rumors
abroad that he had been deposed,
in a coup and arrested.
He listened to Chinese Commu-
nist President Liu Shao-Chi read
a declaration of Soviet-Chinese
unity that set the tone for the
meeting of world Communist
leaders.
"We stand together and will
stand together," Liu said.
Khrushchev did not speak but'
was prominent in the welcoming
party, which included most mem-
bers of the Presidium,
Earlier, Khrushchev made fun
of the rumors that he had lost

power. He received Canadian Am-
bassador David Johnson for a
farewell call and smiled broadly
as he told the diplomat:_
"Well, I am still here."

ARTS AND LETTERS:-
Complexities of Life Mirrored In Art

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"LINERS" SK PAAM

By JUDITH SATTLER
I The contemporary artists deal-
ing with the human figure are
taking "the human predicament
as their starting point," Peter
Selz, director o fthe "New Images
of Man" exhibition at the Mu-
seum of Modern Art, writes.
The exhibition, and the book
about it, present the work of 23
contemporary artists who have
turned to human images in their
work, rather than to abstract
art.
"The revelations and complexi-
ties of mid-twentieth century life
have called forth a profound feel-
ing of solitude and anxiety," Selz
says. "The imagery of man which
has evolved from this reveals
sometimes a new dignity, some-
times despair, but always the
uniqueness of man as he con-
fronts his fate."
Not Humanism
These images do not represent
a "new humanism,"Selz notes,
but express the "anguish" of an
age of "mechanized barbarism"
and "dehumanization."
In their "trend towards the
demoniac and cruel, the fantastic
and imaginary," these artists can
be seen as the inheritors of the
romantic tradition, but their use
of technique is in the twentieth
century tradition.
Cubism, which was "primarily
concerned with exploring the real-
ity of form and its relation to
space," can be traced in these
art works, as can the "emo-
tionally urgent" painting of the
expressionist movement, Selz says.
Shock value, as in Dadaism, or
the supernatural character of sur-
realism is present in them, as well
as the attention to surface char-
acteristics of non-objective mod-
ern painiers, he adds.
Childlike Painting
One of these artists, Karel Ap-
pel, claims he always tries to
paint a "chunk of life." His paint-
ings are childlike, but with a
heavy, harsh stroke, and an ur-
gency expressed in them. Appel,
Daily Classifieds
Bring Results

Selz says, is "one of the few in-
ventive portrait painters of our
time."
Groups of people sculpted in a
compact, massive slab, with fragile
limbs projecting, recur in the
work of Kenneth Armitage, who
says that by using figures the
sculptor reveals part of his "pri-
vate human self."
A "preoccupation with horror"
characterizes the work of Fran-
civ Bacon, another of the "New
Image" artists, Selz explains. He'
has painted a series representing
the dead Van Gogh returning to
his familiar locale. Others of his
pictures show screaming figures
whose bodies and features are
fading away.
Concerned with Dying
Leonard Baskin is also concern-
ed with dying; his sculpted figures
are severe, inscrutable, and stiff.
He says, "Our human frame, our
gutted mansion, our enveloping
sack of beef and ashes is yet a
glory."
The same static quality can be
found in the sculpture of Fritz
Wortuba, in which, Selz says, "dig-
nity and strength" are expressed
through the primitive, slablike
figures, with geometric heads.
"Man is the strongest stimulant
among all existing objects," Wor-
tuba notes.
Massiveness is the outstanding
quality of Cosmo Campoli's sculp-
tures; birth and death are his
favorite subjects, with solid fig-
ures with large empty eyesockets.
Scaley skins, like those of reptiles,
grow on the nude sculptures of

Caesar, and his men sprout wings,
his humans seem to resemble
mythological animals, Selz notes.
Richard Diebenborn p a i n t s
more &naturalistic pictures than
many of these other artists. Large
flat areas of color surround the
figures in his pictures, creating
an impression of isolation.
"Woman, a figure" as a sym-
bol, is what is painted by Willem
deKooning; he claims to be con-
tinuing Western tradition. His
women have "mouths with mock-
ing grins" and distorted bodies,
"painted close, up in immediate
encounter;" they express the
"angry humor of tragedy," Selz
explains.
"The canvas is the skin of an
abyss," artist Jackson Pollock, fa-
mous for his action paintings,
says. His paintings with images
show conflict between an "ar-
titsic intent of unerring articulate-
ness and a medium which is seek-
ing to devour its meaning," Selz
says.
W. C. Westermann incorporates
"sardonic humor carrying desper-
ate implications." Westermann
niakes objects, "creating unmis-
takable signs of merciless inten-
sity."
"Humanity is not something
man simply has," theologian Paul'
Tillich says, in an introduction
to the book about the exhibition;
"he must fight for it anew in every
generation, and he may lose the
fight."
"Each period has its peculiar
image of man," adds Tillich and
these artists haxe expressed ours.

U

I11 1113*1

...

.....

B'NAI B'RITH HILLEL FOUNDATION
Announces a Series of 5 Lecture-Discussions
"A LOOK at the JEWISH COMMUNITY in AMERICA"
Wednesdays at 8:00 .M.
November 9 "Is There a Jewish Personblity?" ...............Joseph B. Adelson
"Assoc. Prof, of Psychology
November 16 "The Jewish Family-+-from Generation to Generation" .... S. Joseph Fauman
Assoc Prof. of Sociology, Eastern Michigan University
November 30 "How Jews Vote".............................Philip E. Converse
Study Director, Survey Research Center
December 7 "The Role of the Jew on the Intellectual Scene" ...........Frederick Wyatt
Prof. of Psychology
December 14 "The Outlook for the Future".................... .... Morris Janowitz
Prof. of Sociology
and Morris Adler
Rabbi, Cong. Shoarey Zedek,"Detroit
1429 HILL STREET ALL AREWELCOME

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