The Regents requested a record-high $41.6 million state appro-
priation for 1961-62 yesterday.
The request, which also covers the operation of Flint College
and the Dearborn Center, is $6.4 million more than the $35.2 mil-
lion University appropriation approved by the state Legislature for
the current year.
The University shares with the state administration and the Leg-
islature the responsibility for maintaining its "position of eminence
in American higher educaton," University President Harlan Hatcher
told the Regents.
The request, based on an estimated increase in enrollment of
771 to 1,271, was carefully studied and reduced to minimum levels be-
fore being considered by the Regents, Pres. Hatcher pointed out.
The $6.4 million increase would enable the University to increase
the faculty by 125, provide selective salary increases for faculty and
staff and expand faculty research, library facilities and student-
"Protection of present faculty" received highest priority in the
The Regents asked approximately $3.2 million to provide wide-
spread merit increases averaging about eight per cent for faculty and
staff "in order to prevent serious loss of personnel."
"The average rate of academic salary increase in colleges and
universities throughout the country has been approximately seven
per cent for the last several years," Marvin L. Niehuss, vice-president
and dean of faculties, said. "It looks as if this will continue.
"The University will have to move at approximately the same rate
or it will be left behind.'
Provides for Increases
Approximately $1.4 million was asked in order to provide an in-
crease of 125 teachers and Additional non-academic personnel neces-
sary to handle anticipated enrollment increases.
"The reduction in the University's budget, in 1958 made it neces-
sary for the University to release 90 faculty members," Niehuss ex-
plained. "As a direct result, the University's ability to meet increased
enrollment demands has been seriously impaired."
In spite of gradually increasing appropriations from the state,
the University is teaching 1,500 more students this year. than it did
in 195'--with two fewer teachers.
This year's appropriation request is based on an estimated en-
rollment of 25,000 to 25,500 next fall, "on the assumption that we will
have additional teachers," Niehuss said. "If we don't, the estimates
will have to be revised."
But both Pres. Hatcher and Niehuss told the Regents *iat pres-
sure on the University to increase enrollments'mounts every semester,
since by 1965 there will be 48 per cent more young people of college
age in Michigan.
(The enrollment increases expected next fall are primarily in the
Rackham School of Graduate Studies, the Dearborn Center and the
engineering college. Very little increase in the literary college is pos-
sible, University officials said.)
The Regents also asked $1.1 million for expansion of faculty re-
search and library services, for the restoration of educational and
public services (such as the Audio Visual Center, and the Extension
Service) to the level of operations existing before the 1958 budget
reductions and for meeting the increased costs of admission, regis-
tration and other student services.
The balance of the $6 million increase in this year's request
would go for instructional supplies and equipment and improvement
of plant maintenance.
See Fag. 4
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXI, No.34
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1960
,-Regent EugeneB. Power warne
his colleagues yesterday that 'th
only alternative to a superimpose
over-all state control of Michigar
colleges is a voluntary co-ordina-
tion through the State Council o
Hinti1ng that a o0pstiatiOfl
convention might bring such e
control of authority over th
University, "which would he
disastrous," Regent Power said
"Unless we set our house in orde
and give this council a real tr
with an executive who has the
support and respect of the legis-
lature we'l have one put ove
us. If we fail, we are likely t
get this, and it may be sooner
than we expect"
Regents Power and Irene E
Murphy expressed their views af-
ter returning from the Associatio
of Governing Boards of State
Universities annual meeting last
Mrs. Murphy explained that
one of the questions discussed at
the Seattle meeting was "How
much powrer does a~ governing
board give up when a state co-
ordinating council is established?'
Regent Murphy added that the
University's type of governing
board was a minority form of
control within the United States.
"The trend under pressure for
appropriation is toward central-
ization of coordinating functions
to prevent overlapping, duplica-
tion, competition, and confusion
to the legislature."
.Regent Power claimed that "the
power to appropriate funds is the
power to determine how the
University grows an what be-
comes of it."
He defended the University's
means of control. "The Michigan
system has been extremely ef-
fective. It has yielded one of the
finest educational structures in
JI C To Run
Junior Interfraternity Council
will handle the Student Govern-
ment-sponsored presidential pref-
erence poll, now planned for Tues-
JIFC will man the four polling
places-in front of the Union, the
Diag, the Engineering Arch and in
front of the University Museum.
Ten thousand - ballots will be
printed, and the polls will be open
from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.
Fee receipt cards will be marked
in an as-yet undetermined fashion
to prevent extra votes.
SOC Treasurer Per Hanson, '62,
and JIFC President William Glea-
SPEAKS TO CHALLENGE:
Hannah Sees Education
AsKey to Desegration
By RUTH EVENHUIS
Michigan State University President John Hannah told a Chel-
lenge audience last night that education must play a key role in
the elimination of racial discrimination.
Without adequate education, the Negroe's right to vote and
equal housing opportunities, once obtained, would be lost in ingorance
and apathy, he warned.
The white population must be educated to a realization of the
rights denied the 'Negro. The Federal Commission on Civil Rights,
of which he is chairman, attempts to accomplish this through its
r JOHN HANNAH:
By RALPH KAPLAN
The programs and functions of.
the Willow Run Research Lab-
oratories were transfered to the
Institute of Science and Tech-
nology (IST) by the Regents yes-
The change was proposed after
a month-long study by Vice-
President for,!Research Ralph. A.
Sawyer and Joseph A. Boyd, who
was appointedas director of the
Institute at the last meeting of
the Regents on Sept. 23.
"This won't be just a change
of name but an expansion of
operation," Sawyer said. "This is
a simple, straightforward, obvious
reorganization enabling us to
move forward with a minimum of
growing pains," he added.
Under the new organizational
setup, IST will have 15 units.
These include the two previous
research units, Biophysics Re-
search Division and Great Lakes
Research Division, plus the thir-
teen new divisions that have been
added from Willow Run. Among
the new units are Radar and
"documented reports of existing
discrimination, he said.
Within its bounds as a fact-
finding committee with the power
of recommendation, he cited the
commission's objectives as the de-
velopment of a 'national climate
in which any citizen can develop
his potential abilities, use these
abilities and enjoy equal rewards
from his contribution to society.'
The commission has investi-
gated the areas of voting, educa-
tion, housing and presently the
administration of justice and em-
ployment practices. '
He said the area of unequal
housing opportunities was impor-
tant in that it is prevalent in the
North as well as the South, and
expressed concern that communi-
ties lacking discrimination in vot-
ing or education are contentedly
blind to their practice of denying
the Negro "decent housing."
'He "commends and encourages"
the sit-in activities of the South-
ern students, but questioned the
efficiency "of students parading up
and down before a chain store
in East Lansing rather than work-
ing to clear the community of a
situation in which even a Negro
college professor is often denied
He termed racial discrimination
"the major issue on the domestic
Hatcher Says 'U' Not State-Supported
By MICHAEL OLINICK
"The University is not a state-
supported institution, but a state-
aided one," University President
Harlan Hatcher told the Regents
yesterday as he discussed the
budget for the fiscal year that
ended June 30.
State appropriations for gen-
eral operations amounted to one-
third of the University's record
$100,706,552 budget. $33.4 million
came from state aid and $9.4 mil-
lion was received from student
The annual financial report,
adopted by the Regents yesterday,
reported that over 70 per cent of
the University's first $100 million
budget went for salaries, wages
and related costs. The former
totalled $66.1 million while as-
sociated costs for retirement,
group insurance, and social secur-
ity payments pushed the figure
$4.5 million higher.
Vice-President for Business and
Finance Wilbur K. Pierpont elab-
orated on President Hatcher's re-
futation of the belief that the
University was "state supported."
He said, "Many of the so called
'private' colleges are more de-
pendent onhgovernmental finan-
cing than the University. Federal
and state aid comes through direct
grants for research and many
tax benefits and exemptions. The
Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology, for example, depends on
the government for 75 per cent
of its budget. Parallel cases are
apparent at the University of
During the 1959-60 academic
year, the University enrolled 23,-
988 students and awarded 6,239
degrees, the reports noted. "Grad-
uate degrees made up almost half
this number," Vice-President and
Dean of Faculties Marvin L. Nie-
huss said, adding that the Univer-
sity-must spend a great deal more
per person for master's and doc-
toral candidates than for under-
About $55.7 million of the ex-
penditures were in two categories
which did not receive state sup-
port. The substantially self-
supporting units of the University,
the Medical Center's hospital ser-
vices and those agencies which
provide student and staff service,
accounted for $26.4" million. The
rest of the amount came from the
restricted funds of research grants
and special gifts.
"The report is given in finan-
cial terms, but dollars and cents
are only symbols of a great human
endeavor in education and re-
search," President Hatcher said.
"It should be studied, therefore,
in the light of the purposes of
educational equipment, for pub-
lication of books and reports, for
the construction -of buildings, for
the conduct of research, for the
operation of hospitals and clinics,
for student housing and other ser-
vices, and for a whole host of
educational activities which
touched the lives of hundreds of
thousands of people."
FROM THE PLATFORM-Republican presidential candidate Richard M. Nixon speaks to the more
than 16,000 Jackson citizens who braved foreboding weather to hear one of his many whistle-stop
campaign speeches in Michigan communities today. Mrs. Nixon (seated) is accompanying the Vice-
president on his attempt to woo Michigan's 20 electoral votes to the Republican camp,.
NOTE-TAKING, DISCRIMATION DISCUSSED:
Seasonwein Sets Pace at Hyde Park
By CAROLINE DOW
Roger Seasonwein '61, turned out to enliven an otherwise quiet
Hyde Park yesterday.
Hyde Park was quiet and subliminated until Seasonwein arrived
for his seasonal appearance on the Diag.
With one and one-half hours of loud effective talking, he carried
the crowd of about 300 students through the topics of note taking
services, discrimination, the Dean of Women, disarmament and
maniacs of all types.
At this moment, Seasonwein leapt up on a bench and criticized
the student note taking service as "disgraceful" and a "mar on the
University" as it leads to an emphasis on grades rather than learning.
Brian Glick, '62, pointed but that the Lecture Committee was a
mar on University freedom, but Seasonwein drowned him out with
an assertion that the nation has seen "a New Deal, a Fair Deal, a
No Deal and now Nixon has lost the pack."