See Page 4
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
Clearing late tonight with
little temperature change.
VOuL. lXI, No 33
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1960
To Debate Rule
Proposed SGCMove Would Ask,
Fraternity Membership Clauses
By PHILIP SHERMAN
Student Government Council last night agreed to change its
proposed plan-of-attack in ;dealing with the question of access to
fraternity and sorority constitutions.
It will next week consider a motion which, if passed, would only
require that fraternities and sororities file with the Council notarized
statements of any membership requirements in their constitutions.
This means that the motion the Council considered last week,
which would have required fraternities and sororities to file con-
stitutions with the Vice-President for Student Affairs (for use of
Student Government Counc
last night protested ' Souther
passage and use of "anti-tres
passing laws" as a weapon agains
Negro sit-in demonstrators.
It will send letters expressin
its opinion to the Student Non
Violent Coordinating Committee
Gov. Ernest Vandiver of Georgi
and Atlanta Mayor William B
Hartsfield. (The recent demon
strations in Atlanta were met b
police using authority of the "an
In a roll call-vote, the Counci
reaffirmed "its support of th
principles, spirit and activities o
the Southern-sit-in movements.
"One basis of the movement i
the desire of the Southern Negrc
for justice and recognition of hi
dignity, but such goals are thwart
ed by the passage of 'anti-tres
passing' laws whenever such law
are used as a means to promote
and perpetuate traditions of seg
"SGC therefore protests the ar
rests of the 79 students in Atlan
ta, as well as the arrests of Rev
Martin Luther King, Jr., as i
witnesses an obvious attempt tc
use anti - trespass laws to pro-
mote and perpetuate traditions o:
The Council also expressed hope
of success in the negotiationi
u ediated by Ilartsfleld to, reach
an understanding on the segre-
gated lunch counters issue.
The voting was: For-Rosen-
baum, Hayden, Seasonwein, Shah
Goines, Greenberg, Bartlett, Bas-
sey, Kennedy, Adams and ,War-
nock. Against-Morton, Rosemer-
gy and Trost.
Daily Editor Thomas Hayden
'61, in presenting the motion, ar-
gued that the Southern students
need Immediate support. He ap-
proved of the students violating
the law in their protest.
Interfraternity President John
Trost, '61, agreed the ;Counci
could arid should express hope th
laws would be changed. But he
questioned whether SOC should
mondone the actual breaking of
the law of the state of Georgia.
WASHINGTON (A) - A "con-
fldential summary" of overseas
opinion polls ' taken last June
showed a decline in United States
prestige among British and French
citizens, the Washington Post said
The Post said it obtained a copy
of the summary, compiled by the
<Unxi ted States Information
Agency's office of research and
Specifically, the Post said the
summary showed Britain and
France, "this country's two his-
toric allies, now have considerable
doubt over the ability of the
United States to provide wise
leadership in the East - West'
The Post's account of the here-
tofore secret opinion poll report
came on the heels of a White
louse refusal to make public what
Democratic presidential nominee
John F. Kennedy says is proof of
his argument that United States
prestige abroad has slipped.
* he vice-president), the SGC Pre
sident (acting for the Council
and, with reference to member
ship practices, the Committee o
Membership Selection in Studen
Organizations, is no longer unde
To File Interpretations
Under the newly propose
motion, which he offered, SGI
President John Feldkamp said ii
11 would be a "Just solution-it woul,
n benefit SGC and recognize it
authority, and it would facilitat
t carrying out the Council's func
tions of recognition and with
g drawal of recognition."
- The Council would be dealin
e, with fraternities on justifiabl
a grounds-the area of University
. fraternity relations, Feldkam:
- added. '
y He said the only informatio
- the Council presently needs fror
the constitution are membershi
it clauses. All other criteria for re
e cognition may be established with
f out them.
Arthur Rosenbaum, '62, stresse
that the Council must have an:
- rules pertaining to membershi
s selection, even indirectly; he wil
o make a motion to this effect nex
- Alters Motion
- Feldkamp said he altered his
s suggested motion after consultini
e with many individuals and groups
- The opinions he encountere
among fraternities and sororities
- over the discarded motion are
- in the recent Daily survey, taker
. before the new proposal to asi
it only membership clauses wa.
- Sorority presidents pointed ou
I that National Panhellenic Asso
ciation has Jurisdiction in the
e question. "SGC isn't fighting us
s it's fighting national Panhel, one
saAnother indicated that she ha
contacted her national Panhe
delegate and "As it stand now, I
think that National Panhel woul
- frown on it and will eventually
decide what action is to be taker
i If the SGC motion is passed."
- Criticize Methods
- Several presidents criticized the
Council's handling of the matte
, for they felt SOC should be work-
ing more closely with both loca:
s and national groups.
- (Local Panhel President Bar-
bara Greenberg, '61, said the new
proposal will ease Council-nation-
al Panhel dealings.)
1 As did the sorority presidents
some fraternity presidents stress-
ed the rights of their groups tc
Stressing his group's right tc
constitutional secrecy, one presi-
dent argued, "It is completely un-
Just for this University's Student
Government Council to look at our
constitution, specifically for mem-
bership clauses, telling us even
whether we can exist or not, when
we, the local chapter are not re-
sponsible for these clauses."
"We would be very willing te
show our Constitution to the
president ofSC," one said. "Our
organization was started on a
non-sectarian basis, and this was
Sone of its major objectives. We
tfeel -that a mixed group has more
Daily Editor Thomas Hayden,
'81, agreed the new motion, if
passed, would make Council re-
lations with national fraternities
"more comfortable" than under
the discarded proposal.
He pointed to further problems
in the area of Council-fraternity
relations such as one ritual. The
Council will have to make its
intentions clear, though it should
not "wade In with two hands"
in future cases.
istri ct Moves
The Carver School District in
suburban Detroit's Royal Oak
By MICHAEL BURNS
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
will sweep into town this morning
on the second stop of his seven-
city tour of the state,
Nixon's whistle - stop campaign
through southern and central
Michigan follows by one day the
visit of his opponent, Sen. John F.
Kennedy who was in the state
The Republican presidential
nominee arrives at the Ann Arbor
train depot at 10:05 a.m. today
and is scheduled for a 30 minute
Young Republicans on campus
have planned a mass rally for 9
a.m. on the Diag and will form a
parade which will march down
State Street to the station.
Youth for Nixon are also plan-
ning a parade and Steven Stock-
meyer, campus chairman of the
organization, will present an 85-
foot scroll which has circulated
around the University to Nixon.
The scroll contains the names of
student supporters of the GOP
Lyle M. Nelson, vice-president
for University relations, will rep-
resent the University at the train
City schools are planning to
dismiss students who present a
parental excuse. St. Thomas pupils
will all be dismissed for the visit.
Bands To Play
Four local high school bands will
be on hand to provide music for
the occasion. A pre-arrival pro-
gram is scheduled for 9:30 a.m. at
Rep. George Meader (R-Mich)
will introduce the presidential
hopeful. Also in the train entour-
age are Republican gubernatorial
candidate Prof. Paul Bagwell and9
- - "" -t
Students Fail To Act
On Newspaper Crisis
By JUDITH OPPENHEIM
The position of the Daily Californian, one of the University of
California's student newspapers, still remained uncertain after the
executive committee of UC's Associated Students failed to take action
at their Tuesday meeting.
The senior editorial staff of the Daily Californian resigned en
masse last week, protesting that the Executive Committee was at-
tempting to curtail the paper's editorial freedom. The ex-editors are
now publishing an off-campus paper, the Independent Californian.
CYNOSURE--WSU's McGregor Center drew a lot of attention
and discussion this week after a Circuit Court judge ruled that
the university could not arbitrarily close its doors to Communists.
WSU Fears Center Use
By Communists, 'Craekpots'
By MICHAEL OLINICK
Fear that Wayne State University's McGregor Memorial Confer-
ence Center would have to be made available to "any Communist
or crackpot" was expressed by a WSU spokesman yesterday.
Frank Tuohey, director of the university's public relations staff,
issued a statement discussing the future of the McGregor Center in
the wake of a ruling by Circuit Court Judge George E. Bowles last
Friday. Bowles issued an injunction that prevented the university
from cancelling its contract with the Global Book forum' which
had rented a center room for -
Vice-President Richard M.
Nixon can consider himself
lucky that he is merely speak-
ing from the train platform
and will not participate in a,
motorcade through the town.
His opponent, Sen. John F
Kennedy did when he spoke at
the Michigan Union two weeks
ago and local Democrats are
$400 poorer for the incident.
Eight of the leading cars had
been borrowed from a local
dealer, and when-exuberant
crowds closed in on the sena-
tor, the cars were scratched and
dented. Kennedy even had to
climb over two cars to get
through the crowd.
The damage was $400 which
the county committee paid.
Dean C o st to n, Democratic
county chairman, said the ex-
pense exhausted the communi-
cations publicity funds and he
is now desperately seeking con-
tributions to fill the lack.
Rep. Alvin Bentley (R-Mich),
United, States Senate contestant.
They will briefly address the
While Kennedy concentrated his
efforts largely in the Detroit area,
Nixon will avoid the Motor City.
The GOP standard - bearer will
bring his 14-car campaign special
through Monroe, Ann Arbor,
SJackson, Battle Creek, Kalamazoo,
Grand Rapids and Muskegon.
The Vice-President will spend
14 hours in the state before leav-
ing for Illinois.
The secretary of the Forum is
Helen Winter, a Communist whose
conviction under the Smith Act
for conspiracy to overthrow the
government by violence was re-
versed by the United States Su-
The Forum was denied use of
McGregor Center less than a
month after WSU's Board of Gov-
ernors had lifted a ban against
Communist speakers at the uni-
versity. The group had met on
the Wayne campus twice last year
"without trouble," Forum chair-
man Carl Haessler said..
Judge Bowles ruled that once
the university opened a facility
for use of the public, it could not
apply arbitrary and prejudicial
limitations on organizations that
wanted to hold meetings there.
The McGregor Center differs
from most WSU facilities in that
its primary purpose is for groups
outside the university itself. "The
McGregor Memorial was con-
ceived and built as a setting for
conferences and group discussion,"
"Its intimate association with
Wayne State University permits
the university, in appropriate
cases, to link its intellectual re-
sources with those of other groups
using the center. Organizations,"
whether local, state, national or
international, are invited to use
the Center for programs which
have civic, cultural, educational1
or professional interests."
CARACAS, Venezuela (A")-Five
persons were killed and 20 injured
yesterday in a renewal of week-
long anti-government demonstra-
tions blamed on leftists.
Two persons were killed and 12
injured in rioting at a government
housing development, authorities
reported. Three others were shot
dead and eight wounded by
This brought the death toll in
seven days of disorders to seven.
Another 66 persons have been in-
Rioters burned a Venezuelan flag
and destroyed vehicles before order
was restored. So far, 99 persons
have been arrested.
President Romulo Betancourt,
whose troops were guarding the
streets and banks, said he was
confident of his regime's stability
and the backing of the army and
The government described the
demonstrations as inspired by
Communists and by Cuban Prime
Minister Fidel Castro, saying the
agitators were trying to impose
"Cuban methods" on Venzuela.
In Barcelona, Venezuela's prin-
cipal petroleum center, workers
staged a mass demonstration on
behalf of the Betancourt govern-
The Daily Californian is being run'
by a new staff sympathetic to
the position of the executive
George Link, executive commit-
tee president, said his group had
time to consider only seven of the
12 proposed by-law changes at
the meeting. A final decision will
be reached next week.
The most controversial item on
the list is a change in the method
of the senior editorial board of
the Daily Californian.
Under present by-laws the grad-
uating senior staff recommends
two candidates for each position
to the consultative board on stu-
dent publications which must
choose one candidate for each
office and then either approve or
reject the entire list.
If the board passes the list it
then refers it to the executive
committee, (technically the pub-'
lisher of the paper) for final ap-
The recommendations of the
senior editors are almost always
accepted, Link says, "because the
student organization does not
have enough guts to stand up for
what it believes and veto the
He feels this system leads to a
self perpetuated staff where only
those who conform to the ideology
of the senior editors have any
chance for advancement.
Under the new by-law, the con-
sultative board and the commit-j
tee would be empowered to ap-
prove or veto appointments in-
dividually, thus permitting quali-
fied students not recommended by1
the previous senior staff to peti-
tion for the editorial board. *
"The Daily Californian has al-
ways been guaranteed complete
editorial freedom," Link said. Hea
added the only restrictions placed
upon the editors were that opin-
ions must be restricted to edi-
torial columns and the senior edi-
torial board must refrain from
supporting any candidates forl
The original dispute between the:
Daily Californian staff and thel
executive committee erupted when.
the committee reprimanded the
newspaper for supporting one par-r
ticular candidate in a student gov-
He said a special election sup-
plement in the Daily Californian
allows the various candidates tot
explain their platforms.
He believes that further publici-t
ty for one candidate is an unfairt
advantage, particularly when the
candidate is endorsed by "a cam-
pus mass medium which all the
LEOPOLDVILLE (A') -- The
United Nations cracked down
yesterday on Col. Joseph Mobutu
here and on Katanga President
Moise Tshombe in Elisabethville,
resisting violence in the one place
and the threat of violence in the
The UN command ordered Mo-
butu's rampaging Congolese sol-
diers to clear out of this terrorized
capital and stap in their barracks.'
Mobutu agreed to the dernand
and promised to help remove all
barriers, civil and military, im-
peding smooth UN operation.
The UN command stood up to a
threat in Elisabethville by sending
four truckloads of Moroccan and
Swedish UN troops, all armed to
the teeth, slowly through the
streets of the seceded province's
capital in a show of force that
wound up at the UN headquarters
Tshombe had threatened to
throw out UN Representative Ian
Berendsen, blaming him for laxity
after UN Ethiopian troops al-
legedly looted homes in a northern
The 10-minute display of UN,
armed might seemed to impress
the Katangans. Their . officials
hurried to Tshombe's office for
constultation. One local official
said later: "We may have to re-
vise our ideas about getting rid
of Berendsen by force."
To end the terror spread in
Leapoldville the past four days by
unruly units of the 3,000-man
Congolese garrison, the UN head-
quarters called in Mobutu and
Justin Bomboko, head of the pro-
visional government set up by
The two were told that military
anarchy in Leopoldville "will not
be tolerated any longer."
The two Congolese leaders. ag-
reed to the army withdrawal after
some hesitation. They said their
3,000 troops will be pulled out of
Leopoldville's African sector by
Salaries Get Priority
Last Year's State Ai
By SUSAN FARRELL
The University Regents wildie
cuss a proposed operating bud e
request of approximately $45 m i
lion at their meeting today.
University officials could not re
lease exact figures until the Re.
gents take action, but indicate
the request would be an lncre si
of approximately $6 million ove
last year's record request of $38.
A preliminary copy of therO
quest, outlining increased Uni.
versity needs in broad areas an
subject to the approval of the
Regents, was filed with the budge1
division of the state departmen1
of administration earlier thii
"Our first priority, this year a
last, is an increase in faculty'sal-
aries," Marvin L. Niehuss, vice
president and dean of faculties
Niehuss also placed the need foi
a "few more teachers" high on the
list of University needs.
The University has 1500 mor
students than it did three year
ago and fewer faculty members
he said. In light of anticipated en
rollment increases, "we must tr
to restore some of this deficiency,'
The budget request to be on
sidered by the Regents also woud
alo wa" n al loosening up z
operations" such as expansion oJ
library services, instructional fa-
cil ties and faculty research. A
these were cut during the state'a
Wilbur K. 'ierpont, vice-presi..
dent for business and finance, wil'
present the financial report of th
University for the year 1959-60 tc
the Regents at today's meeting.
The Regents are also expected
to discuss the reorganization of
the Institute for Science." and
Technology and appointments tc
the directorships of the SiUhpso
Memorial Institute and the Insti-
tute of Public Administration.
The American National Theater
Assocaition has agreed to wor
with the University in establishing
a professional theater in this area,
Lyle Nelson, vice-president for
University relations announced re
Holding up plans Is the acko
$2.5 -million, $2 million to; build
the theatre and another $500,000
to underwrite the project for the
first three years, he said.
The University Regents have
already approved the use of Uni
versity property for the theatre.
"With a sizable grant to start
out on, the University would go
ahead with plans for the theatre.
University funds cannot be used1
however, and there is no prospect
of a grant at the moment," Nelson
ANTA will offer -advice' in set.
ting up the theatre andassistance
in booking, but cannot offer funds,
Prospective plans for a theatre
include bringing 4i technical dire ;
tor to the campus to work with
both the theatre and the speech
A theatre connected with the
University will strengthen the
drama department and offer pro-
fessional training to our graduate
students, Nelson said.
GROWTH UNDER COMMUNISM:
Eckstein Reviews Recent Chinese History
:Mobutu and Bomoko told Ra-
Peshawar Dayal of India, the UN
mission chief, and UN force com-
mander Gen. Carl Von Horn that
the soldiers committed arbitray
acts without authorization. Se
of these acts were committed by
illegal organizations, they said.
The Mobutu troops-wild, un-
controlled and often drunk-have
been robbing and beating fright-
ened civilians. The only orders
they had were to make searches
where necessary and to seize arms,
the two Congo leaders insisted.
Mobutu claimed that military
occupation of the African sector
was necessary because civilian
groups supporting ex - Premier
Patrice Lumumba were preparing
an armed coup to return him to
By BEATRICE TEODORO
The economic history of China's
11 years under Communist rule
can be divided into three stages,
Prof. Alexander Eckstein said last
night in a discussion of "The
Strategy of Economic Development
in Communist China."
The recovery period from 1949
to 1952 was needed by the regime
to bring the economy back to its
normal level. This was followed by
the first Five Year Plan from 1953
result that the industrial growth
depressed the agricultural produc-
tivity, he explained. When this
plan had been used in the Soviet
Union, the country had been
forced to "squeeze, what they
could" from the declining agrarian
At the same time, because a
larger labor force was needed to
sustain the expanding industrial
economy, the Russians were com-
pelled to import labor from the
countryside, further depressing
the agricultural economy.
head facilities" that had been
costly for the Soviet government.
Population in the rural areas
increased, however, because of the
policy discouraging migration to
the city, and at the end of the
first Five Year Plan it was becom-
ing a large problem. Another prob-
lem, Prof. Eckstein added, was
stagnation of agricultural produc-
tion, which had not been curtailed
but had not progressed either. At
this same time, the Soviet Union
withdrew financial aid to China
and a greater burden was shifted
Michael Trautman, '64A&D, has
taken out a petition for Student
Government Council, making a
total of 20 students petitioning
~t 1' A~ 4