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October 25, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-25

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See Page 4


VOL LXXL, No. 32

Nixon Criticizes
Kennedy 'Errors'
Senator Charges GOP Candidate
Distorts Survey of U.S. Prestige
By The Associated Press
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon and Sen. John F. Kennedy
stepped up the intensity of their political exchanges last night as both
foraged for votes in the Midwest-two weeks to the day before the
Nixon told a nationally televised Republican rally at Cincinnati
that Kennedy has shown he is ill-equipped to keep the peace with-
out surrender.
The 6OP presidential nominee said Kennedy demonstrated this
by making what Nixon termed three big mistakes of Judgment on
foreign policy during the campaign.
Nixon listed the three mistakes as Kennedy's statements that the
islands of Quemoy and Matsu should not be defended, that President


IFNC ames
Rush Study
The Inter - Fraternity Council
Executive Committee last night
established a sub-committee to in-
vestigate fraternity rush and to
present any findings to the Fra-
ternity Presidents Assembly in the
A number of committese study-
ing rush in the past few years
have made no significant recom-
mendations," Howard Mueller,
'61E, IFC executive vice-president
"The sub-committee will be
made up of a senior IFC officer, a
representative of the Dean of
Men's Office, two district repre-
sentatives to the executive com-
mittee and the IFC rushing chair-
man. The committee will meet
regularly through the remainder
of the year to study the rush
problems and 'make concrete
Two weeks ago the Inter-Quad-
rangle Council had proposed a
joint IFM-IQC committee to study
rush and had favored a delayed
rush for first semester freshmen.
Jon Trost, '61, IFC president,
said that he had talked to IQC
President Dan Rosemergey, '6lEd.,
about the proposed sub-committee
before the executive committee
S"Any suggested changes must
come from an IFC committee and
be presented to the Fraternity
Presidents' Council," Trost said.
"The IQC is obviously interested
in rush and it is hoped that the
sub-committee will hear the opin-
ions of IQC. However, following
the established channels as pro-
vided in the University regula-
tions, IFC is the proper organiza-
tion to undertake the study and
evaluation of rush."
'U Withdraws
Bid to Caracas
Chftoral Group
James M. Davis, director of the
International Center, yesterday
said that the University has with-
drawn its invitation to the Orfeon,
the student choral group of Uni-
versidad Central of Caracas, be-
cause no confirmation of the trip,
has been received.
Davis, after several cables, in-
structed several University stu-
dents from Venezuela to call Cara-
cas in an attempt to contact the
choral group. Fermin Gomez, '61,
President of the Venezuelan Stu-
ednt Association, said that he'
placed a call to Caracas but could
not contact the university. "It is
almost impossible to make ,contact
in Venezuela," Gomez said, "be-
cause of the iecent riots which the
students have participated in."
Five days of anti-government
rioting have caused Venezuelan
President Romulo Betancourt to
counter insurrection moves by ex-
treme leftists who wish to estab-
lish a Castro-type program in
Venezuela. Betancourt ordered
army patrols into the streets of
Caracas to break up an unau-
thorized demonstrations, the As-
sociated Press reported.
"The President ordered all
schools closed because of the stu-
dent participation in the riots,"
Senen Semidev. '62K nf the Vne-

'Dwight D. Eisenhower should
have apologized to Soviet Pre-
mier Nikit& S. Khrushchev at the
Summit meeting in May and that
the United States should aid anti-
Castro forces in Cuba and in Rxile.
Nixon and his GOP running
mate, Henry Cabot Lodge, were
pictured as "feeling the tide has
turned in their direction" in the
Joint Appearance
This report was given by Her-
bert G. Klein, Nixon's press sec-
retary, after the two nominees
conferred for half an hour in the
Vice-President's suite at a Cin-
cinnati hotel.
Meanwhile, Kennedy, the Dem-
ocratic nominee, charged anew
that Nixon "has seriously misled
NEW YORK 01) - The TV
and radio networks that car-
ried the Presidential debates
yesterday suggested that anyC
fifth debate take the form of
a face - to - face appearance
without a panel.
The networks suggested this
format originally, with a mod-
erator to preside and to provide
for fair division of time, but
rejected it for the panel dis-
cussion favored by the candi-

SGC President John Feldkamp,
'61, will tonight suggest that SGC
change course somewhat in its
proposed policy on fraternity and
sorority constitutions.
Feldkamp will propose a substi-
tute motion which would require
fraternities and sororities to give
only notarized statements of any
membership requirements in their
constitutions, and interpretations
thereof, to the SGC president.
(The motion presently being
considered would require the or-
ganizations to file constitutions or
constitutional forms with the Vice-
President for Student Affairs, for
use of the Vice-President, the
Council, and the Committee on
Membership Selection in Student
Organizations, insofar as member-
ship clauses are concerned.)
Administrators and the presi-
dents of Interfraternity Council
and Panhellenic Association say
the new tack Feldkamp will pro-
pose will facilitate the Council's
dealing with the fraternities and
sororities, and, at the same time,
maintain its basic aim--to elimi-
nate bias in membership selection.
Some Discontent
The new proposal comes against
a background of some discontent
among Universitiy fraternity and
sorority chapters over the Coun,
cil's actions on bias in member-
ship selection.
In a Daily survey taken before
the new motior was proposed,
there was also considerable oppo-
sition to giving copies of the con-
stitutions to the Vice-President for
Student Affairs for Council use.
The Council was also criticized for
not making its intent clear on the
constitutions issue.
(Quotes and details will appear
in tomorrow's Daily.)
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs James A. Lewis said the
University as a whole is moving
against bias, and that SGC would
be well-advised to concentrate on
membership selection clauses in
student organization constitutions.
"You can't do too much with
the other parts" insofar as SGC's
purpose is concerned.
The newly-proposed action would
be "reasonable." The object of
Council action is local autonomy,J
he added.
Dean of Men Walter B. Rea saidI
action on membership clauses only'
would be "quite proper." But the1
national fraternities would have a
i"legally strong case" in refusing1

the American people" in contend-
ing American prestige is at an all-
time high and when he denied,
as Kennedy put it, that a survey
had been made which showed'
prestige dropping.!
Whistle-stopping in Illinois,
Kennedy charged the Eisenhower!
Administration is suppressing a
United States Information Agency
survey taken in 10 nations be-
cause, Kennedy said, the findings
show Republican Richard M. Nix-
on is misinformed. The Democrat-
ic nominee said the survey indi-
cates United States prestige has
slipped. Nixon contends United
States standing is at an all time
Completely Wrong
Nixon declared Sen. John F.!
Kennedy was completely wrong in
stating that the Eisenhower Ad-;
ministration had tried to get the
Chinese Nationalists to withdraw
from Quemoy and Matsu.
Kennedy referred to a survey1
made by the United States Infor-I
mation Agency and said the Ad-I
ministration "refused to release1
it. The reason is that they (thei
findings) show Nixon is mis-t

Reds Threaten
Talk Deadlock
Soviet Union yesterday virtually
wrote off United Nations disarma-
ment debate at this time as use-
It said the only way to re'-
solve the East-West deadlock is
to hold a special General Assem-
bly session next spring at the
.summit level.
Soviet deputy foreign minister
Valerian A. Zorin told the 99-na-
tion political committee that un-
less the United States and its al-
lies accept Soviet Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev's approach on dis-
armament "we shall have no other
choice" than to terminate Soviet
participation in committee debate.


Democratic gubernatorial nom-
inee Lt. Gov. John B. Swainson
stumped the area yesterday in a
whirlwind tour of Washtenaw
He spent the day in Ann Arbor,
Rawsonville, and Chelsea, shaking
hands and making off-the-cuff
remarks at factories and where-
ever a group of people was to be
The Swainson motorcade travel-
led from Ann Arbor to Ypsilanti.
where the Lt. Governor stopped at
Democratic headquarters. Swain-
son stepped inside while his sup-
porters stood out on the sidewalk,
hollering: "Come and see Gov.
Swainson. Bagwell concedes."
The candidate wound up his
evening at a rally with the Ypsi-
lanti Township Democratic Club,
where he quoted Charles Dickens'
"Tale of Two Cities," saying "It
is the best of times,and yet it is
the worst of times."
He said that while the United
States was quite prosperous and
well-off, things didn't look so
good to the man who was out of
a job. "These are the challenges
that Sen. John F. Kennedy refers
in in his 'New Frontiers,'" he said.
He called for the improvement
and advance of such programs as
t h e University's Institute of
Science and Technology, saying
that the nation has to make ad-
vances in its educational structure.
"We have the finest state in
the union," he concluded. "We
have the best highway system; we
are third in industrial investment.
and the second fastest growing
industrial state. Now we have to
keep Michigan on the move." I

-Daily-David Giltrow
SMILE AND JOKE-Lt. Gove. John B. Swainson, campaigning for Governor on the Democratic
ticket, swept through Washtenaw County yesterday, shaking hands and Joking with the voters.
Berkeley Senior dtors Sit

Two student newspapers, "The
Daily Californian" and "The Inde-
pendent Californian," appeared
yesterday on the campus of the
University of California in Berke-
ley and will continue to be pub-
lished separately unless a com-'
promise is reached between the
former senior editorial board of
"The Daily Californian" and the
executive committee of the Uni-
versity'Student Association.
The senior editorial board of
"The Daily Californian," headed
by student Daniel Silver, resigned
en masse last week, after the
executive committee asserted com-
plete control over the affairs and
editorial policy of the paper.
Silver's board is now publishing
an unofficial paper, "The Inde-
pendent Californian," off-campus,

while ""The Daily Californian" is
published by a new staff under
control of the executive commit-
tee. ' -
Agree to Help
Connie Johnson, new assistant
editor of "The Daily Californian"
says that the staff consists of
volunteers some of Whom have
had experience working in metro-
politan newspapers but most of
them are novices who "have
agreed to help out."
Miss Johnson was a member
of last year's senior editorial
board. Only two other staff mem-
bers did not resign along with
the editors.
"The Independent Californian"
is currently published on an off-
set press and sold for ten cents
a copy. Jane Semple, assistant
editor, says that the paper" has

received several advertisements
and may incorporate soon.
Offer Pages,
The editors of "The Independ-
ent Californian" had been offer-
ed four pages in "The San Fran-
cisco Foghorn" at the Univer-
sity of San Francisco for today's
issue, but the offer was with-
drawn when the San Francisco
administration decided that "The
Foghorn" should not become in-
volved in issues on other cam-
Miss Semple did not consider a
compromise between the ex-edi-,
torial staff of "The Daily Cali-
fornian" and the executive com-
mittee likely.
"Our terms for reinstatement
would be freedom of news judg-
ment and of day-to-day policy
making," she said,

Asked about the percentage of
per capita cost of higher education
the state should bear, Swainson
said there was no categorical an-
swer to the question but that the
state should provide "the fullest
possible educational opportuni-
Reflects Needs
He opposed "asking tribute"
from out-of-state students in the
form of higher tuition because
"weN don't want to lose the cos-
mopolitan atmosphere" of the
state's colleges and universities.
Citing the rapidly-growing pop-
ulation of the state and great
technological advances, Swainson
advised a "total revenue program
reflecting the needs of the state,
rather than trimming our edu-
cational and other needs to the
He opposed a sales tax increase
as "another patch" on the fiscal
structure and asked for compre-
hensive revision of the state's tax
Repeal of the, business activities,
tax and modification of the cor-
poration franchise fee should also
be undertaken, Swainson said,
declaring that the "liability for
taxation should follow the ability
to pay."$
Revised System
But he favors a graduated in-
come tax only in the context of a
revised tax system,
Swainson also reiterated his
support of a statewide salary
minimum for public school teach-
ers in order "to assure college and
university graduates salaries com-
petitive with beginning salaries
offered in Industry and business."
SGC" To Hear



Panel Assesses Recent Demonstrations in Japan

Two main questions emerged in
a panel discussion last night on
"Recent Political Disturbances in
1) Were the recent demonstra-
tions in Japan primarily anti-
American in character?
2) What is the future of dem-
ocratic institutions in Japan?
In discussing the demonstra-
tions, Prof. Junnosuke Masumi, a
visiting scholar from Tokyo Me-
tropolitan University, analyzed
the general pattern in post-war
Japanese government.
First, a conservative cabinet
plans the major policy; then fac-
tional struggles within the con-
servative group take place, sup-
plemented by antagonism be-
tween the conservative and social-

The United States-Japan se-
curity pact was only a vehicle
for the demonstrations, Prof.
Robert Hall of the geog-
raphy department added. Months
before the treaty debate had
reached the Diet, Kishi's opposi-
tion had decided that it was the
only issue that might cause the
"political downfall" of the prime
minister. "All anti-Kishi factions
got together to fight the pact
and therefore fight Kishi," Prof.
Hall said, "regardless of their be-
Prof. John Hall of the history
department believed that much of
the shock Americans felt at the
demonstrations was the result of
the overestimate they hold of
Japanese economic and political
life. "The image of Japan has
been built un as the model or the

think of Japanese-American re-
lations in terms of the last 15
years, which have been years of
"unprecedented cordiality," he
"From the time Perry went to
Japan in 1853 until before 1945,
the attitude of Japan to the West1
has alternated in cycles," Prof.
Ward said. These series are easily
traceable and it is possible that
after this period of cordiality,
the Japanese are entering a per-
iod of sustained disengagement
and independence from the United
States, he added.
In discussing democratic sys-
tems in Japan, Prof. Ward also
noted the unique Japanese atti-
tude toward the majority rule.
"They don't feel that the major-
ity always has the right to con-
trol volicy." he aid. Therefore.

Student Government Coun
hear a proposed substitute f
present motion on fraternii
sorority constitutions at its
ing tonight.
SGC President John Feld

y. . .$'r . ' .Y i }' +

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