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October 25, 1960 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-25

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See Page 4

Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom

VOL. LXXI, No. 31


Student Editors, Staffs Quit

Editors of all student publica-
tions at the University of Califor-
nia in Berkeley resigned in protest
this weekend after the Student,
Government Executive Committee
declared complete control over the
affairs, editorial policy and con-
duct of the student newspaper,
The Daily Californian;
As a result of the conflict The
Daily Californian which will ap-
pear today is published by the Ex-
ecutive Committee. The original
Daily Californian staff headed by


editor Dan Silver will issue the
Independent Californian on a dif-
ferent press. The group has been
offered the use of the University
of San Francisco's press for to-
morrow's issue.
Conflict on Support
The dispute arose over the news-
paper's support on Oct. 14 of stu-
dent Michael Tigar, a candidate
for the office of representative-at-
large on the Executive Committee.
Such endorsement of a candi-
date was "unprecedented but ap-
parently legal under The Daily

Graduate Group Organizes
To ud UN Civl ervice
A group of University graduate students have taken steps to in-
terest others in "an expanded United States foreign service and an
international civil service for the United Nations."
The informal organization, Americans Committed to World Re-
sponsibility, was stimulated by recent speeches of national political
figures, including Rep. Chester Bowles, who stressed the need for
such plans. The group has no formal membership and is non-parti-

san. Judith Guskin, Alan Guskin,
Yelds Profit,
Professional note-taking serv-
ices, a complete innovation when
they began operations this Sep-
tember, are now seen by their
owners as well on the way to be-
coming an established local insti-
University Study Service, the
first and largest of the groups,
expects its profit from this se-
mester's business to be "in the
four digits," Loren Fishman, '61,
a spokesman for the organiation,
Demand Brisk
le said that demand for the
notes had been brisk from the
onset but added, "When I sold
subscriptions at the stands I no-
ticed that people stood back, and
formed a circle around the stand,
as if they were ashamed to step
up. Ihhad to talk to them, and
get them to come near, and then
ask them casually if they wanted
to have their names put down."
He said the greatest sales were
in lecture sections with large
numbers of sophomores, whom he
described as "not ashamed to get
help." Conceding that there was
opposition to the note-taking
service, he attriuted such oppo-
sition to 'spite or righteous indig-
nation,' and called those opposed
to professional note-taking 'throw-
"We feel," he said, "that
everything that helps you learn
is all right-we feel that knowl-
edge is what counts."
Rival Services
There are two more profession-
al note-taking services. One of
them, Student Lecture Aids, was
formed early this year by 10 j n-
lors, none of whom are known
by members of the other groups.
Scholastic Services, a newly-
formed rival organization, is plan-
ning to begin its services next
semester. It will offer its notes at
less than half the price of the
Study Service and will sell them
individually, on the some day as
the lecture they describe, rather
than by subscription. Arnold
Weingarden, '63, one of the or-
ganizers of the group, explained
that the service had been decided
to wait until the spring semester
before selling notes so that costs
could be cut as low as possible.
Non-profit Motive
"Our basic motive in establish-,
ing another note-taking service,"
Weingarden said, "is not to make1
exorbitant profits. We will make
money, of course, but we will not
try to economize by employing
academically inferior students,
who transcribe notes for a lower
wage. All our notetakers are hon-
ors students, and many are Merit$
"Our notes are for the student
who is forced to miss an occasion-
al lecture session, rather than a
semester-long excuse for cuttingl
"We received a threatening1
phone call, warning us that thec
University is only big enough forg
one note-taking service, but weI
believe in American free-enter-

Margaret Dwyer, and John Dwyer
are circulating petitions which
call for support of the principles
of the programs.
Presently, the organizers are
sending letters to college news-
papers and student organizations
throughout the nation, attempt-
ing to initiate similar movements
on other campuses.
The group will later decide to
which persons the petitions will
be sent.
No definite program has been
endorsed by the initiators, but
they are attempting to make the
propect a continuing one to pro-
mote student interest in serving
and supportirg the programs.
Police Hold
Sit-In Head.
By The Associated Press
Martin Luther King, Jr., the
Negro integration leader, remained
in jail yesterday as Atlanta auth-
orities released 80 other sit-in
demonstrators who had been ar-
rested during last week's racial
King is being held in connection
with a suspended 12 month sen-
tence for driving without a li-
cense, according to Fulton county
authorities, who said this was
the reason why King was detained.
Others chargedĀ° with violating
Georgia's newly - enacted anti-
trespass law were permitted to
sign their' own bonds.
Held in Jail
Arrested Wednesday, the first
day of mass sit-ins and picketing
at downtown stores, King waited
in jail while demonstrations con-
tinued on Thursday and Friday.
Mayor William B. Hartsfield
appealed to the demonstrators on
Saturday to cease their activity
while he attempted to negotiate
a settlement with white mer-
chants. After agreement had been
reached to call off the picketing
the Mayor ordered the immediate
release of 22 Negroes and one
white youth arrested on charges
of loafing and disturbance.
Sought by Democrat
Hartsfield said that King's re-
lease had been sought by a mem-
ber of Sen. Kennedy's campaign
organization; Pierre Salinger,
Kennedy's press secretary, con-
firmed that a call had been made
to Hartsfield asking for an in-
cuiry, and expressing a hopeathat
"a. satisfactory outcome can be,
worked out."
Meanwhile, Thurgood Marshall,
chief counsel for the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People, called on Ne-
groes to boycott segregated busi-
nesses. Speaking yesterday at a
mass meeting, he told hearers to
"Stop spending your money where
you are being insulted."
Shelton Defies
College Head
Prof. Austin J. Shelton of the
English department of Detroit's
Mercy College, recently fired from
his post, yesterday attended
classes in defiance of orders from
Sister Mary Lucille, the college
Prof. Shelton, who contends that

Californian bylaws, Berkeley sour-
ces said last night.
Rod Briggs, a candidate for the
same office, called the paper's
backing of Tigar "unjustified" and
declared a candidate must "be :n
good terms with the editor" to get
an endorsement.
Upholds Convictions
Tigar replied he felt the paper's
editorial stand was based on "deep
conivitions held by the editors"
and pointed out that all nine
members of the senior editorial
staff had signed the editorial,
A week after the election, which
Tigar lost, the Executive Com-
mittee moved to suspend the
senior editorial staff of The Daily
California, charging that the paper
had "not pursued an editorial
policy of honesty and decency."
Since the paper is technically
published by the Executive Com-
mittee the suspension was legal.
On Sunday the group made its
assertion of complete control over
the paper and committee presi-
dent George Link accused the staff
of having an "inbred philosophy."
E Refutes Reques
The Executive Committee r-
fused a request by Silver either
to refer the problem to a "con-
sultative board" on student publi-
cations, or to amend its statement
to exclude editorial policy from
committee control.
It was in response- to this re-
fusal that Silver and the editors
of allBerkeley student publica-
tions resigned.
TherCalifornia Committee for
Freedom and Independence of the
Student Press has been formed
and includes representatives from
the student political party SLATE,
the campus Young Democrats and
Young Republicans, and the Stu-
dent Civil Liberties Union.
Professors Speak
At a committee meeting at noon
yesterday two University of Cali-
fornia professors spoke in behalf
of the editorial board, and sup-
ported a motion to initiate an
amendment to the Executive Com-
mittee constitution guaranteeing
The Daily Californian editorial
There has been no official com-
ment on the situation from the
University of California adminis-
Regent Named
Of Association
Regent Eugene B. Power was
elected third vice-president of the
Association of Governing Boards
of State Universities at its annual
meeting at the University of
Washington last week.
The agenda of the meeting in-
cluded speeches and discussions
on such topics as the education
of the academically talented,
community planning in relation to
government - supported institu-
tions, evaluation of a university
president and the value of edu-
cation in national defense.
The association is composed of
regents- and trustees of 230 tax-
supported colleges and universi-
ties in 47 states and Puerto Rico.
It meets annually to discuss
problems common to all state-d
supported educational institutions
and the "proper responsibilities"
of their trustees, Regent Powers1
The association will hold its
1962 meeting at the University.I

City Council
Given Plans
For Zoning
The city Planning Commission
submitted detailed plans for the
complete rezoning of Ann Arbor
to the City Council last night.
At the council meeting, Rich-
ard A. Ware, chairman of the
Planning Commission, noted that
Ann Arbor has doubled in area
in the last ten years. Thus, ac-
cording to Ware's report, the new
zoning regulations "are necessary
to the appropriate and orderly de-
velopment of Ann Arbor."
The commission makes it clear
that the new chapter of the Ordi-
nance Code which it supports "is
intended to replace in its entirety
the present zoning regulations of
the City of Ann Arbor."
Types of 'Nonconformity'
Besides specific zoning changes,
the new regulations would for the
first time distinguish between two
different types of "non-conform-
ity" of properties to zoning laws.
A "non-conformity" was defined
as a property which although is
inconsistent with present law, was
at one time in accord with area
regulations before new laws were
The proposals would differenti-
ate between non-conforming "us-
age" (a gas station in a residen-
tial area) and non-conforming
"structure" (a two-family house
in an area zoned one-family).
The regulations would aim at
hasteningthe disappearance of
both such non-conformers with a
minimum of hardship to the per-
sonalities involved.
Modernization Allowed
Owners of such properties
would be free to modernize their
present structures but would be
prevented from expanding or ex-
tending the area of the present
building on the property.
Ware described such structures
as "thorns in the side of the city."
The proposed changes would also
make it next to impossible for an
owner of such a property to re-
build a non-conforming structure
if it were once destroyed by fire
or an act of nature.
Objections from councilmen
that the proposals would place
great hardships upon the proper-
ty owners involved in non-con-
forming usage was met by Ware's
statement that currently such bus-
inessmen are enjoying govern-
ment enforced monopoly. He al-
so noted that state law forbids
consideration of personal hard-
ships in formulating zoning reg-
ulations. Only "property hard-
ships" such as unique topography
may be considered.
The council was told that every
resident of Ann Arbor should as-
sume his property will undergo
a zoning change and should in-
quire at City Hall as to the na-
ture of that change,
Prize Winner
To Speak Here
Peter J. W. Debye, winner of
the Nobel Prize for Chemistry,
will address a luncheon meeting
of the University chapter of the
American Chemical Society today.
Debye, in Rm. 1300 of the
Chemistry Building, will lecture on
"The Historical Development of
the Quantum Theory."
The talk will "emphasize the
historic development rather than,
the technicalities of the theory,"
said John Stark, '61, a member of
the society. The lecture is open to
all interested students and faculty.

British Claim Soviet Pla


U.S. Tourist
Back Home
a fter Trial
"I'll tell you, I got a kind of
glow when I drove through Ann
Arbor-when I saw again the
place I had known so well."
That's how Mark Kaminsky de-
scribed his return yesterday after-
noon after his arrest and convic-
tion in the Soviet Union last
month of "espionage," to the city
where he earned two University
degrees and taught Russian at
the public high school.
Kaminsky returned to the home
of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ig-
nace Kaminsky of Edwardsburg,
near Niles, Sunday afternoon, and
drove yesterday via Ann Arbor to
Grosse Pointe Farms to visit Airi-
elle Kuhn, whom he met at the
University and to whom she says
he is "not officially engaged."
Earns Degrees Here
Kaminsky, 28 years old, earned
a bachelor's and a master's de-
gree In Russian studies at the
University in 1958 and -1960, re-
spectively, and lived at 1127 E.
Ann St. last year while teaching
at Ann Arbor High School.
"It's wonderful to be back in
Michigan," declared Kaminsky,
who is busy calling on friends and
piecing together for publication
the memoirs of his two-and-a-
half-month trip to the Soviet Un-
ion. He plans to spend some time
in Ann Arbor later this week,
perhaps tomorrow, he said.
Kaminsky and a traveling com-
panion, Harvey C. Bennett of
Bath, Me., were expelled from
the Soviet Union Oct. 14 after a
Soviet court sentenced them to
seven years in prison for an es-
pionage conviction. Kaminsky de-
nied he had spied on the Rus-
sians, after arriving at Vienna.
Plan Vacation
The two men had entered the
Soviet Union July 27 for a month-
long vacation. After they had been
a week overdue in returning, their
absence was reported to the Unit-
ed States State Department.
City Exp~vects
Nixon Visit
Bands, cheering students, and
four horses will greet Vice-Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon as he
whistle stops through Ann Arbor
at 10:05 a.m. Thursday.
The Young Republicans plan to
assemble on the Diag at 9:00
a.m., then proceed through the en-
gine arch, where they will add
four horses and assorted band
groups to the expected crowd.
They will then proceed down
South University Street to State
Street and then down to the de-
pot, where they will merge with a
similar group from downtown Ann
The Nixon train is expected at
10:05 a.m., and the vice-president
will get off to speak from a plat-
form outside the station.

Soviets See 'World That Doesn't Exist'

"The Russians have a terribly
clear picture of a world that
doesn't exist; and we have a ter-
ribly muddled picture of a world
that does," Prof. Kenneth Bould-
ing of the economics department
last night told the Ann Arbor
Committee for a Sane Nuclear
Prof. Boulding told the objec-
tives and accomplishments of the
American-Russian Youth Seminar
in Leningrad this summer where
he served as a consultant. The
seminar was coordinated through
the joint efforts of the American
Friends Service Committee and
the Committee on Youth Organi-

"We didn't take the concept of
youth too seriously at first," Prof.
Boulding recalled, "but the Rus-
sians did. We have no youth move-
ments in the West. We have youth
leaders, but they don't lead any-
"The first three days were
pretty pure cold war," he went on.
"But on the third day, the other
American consultant vigorously at-
tacked the Soviet ideals. This up-
set the young Russians very much
and almost broke up the confer-
ence. But after that the ice was
pretty well broken, and the dis-
cussions became much more effec-
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