1960 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAG
Chiang Kai-Shek Raps Kennedy
On Quemoy, Matsu
LOS ANGELES (W--Vice-Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon yesterday
renewed his attack on Sen. John
F. Kennedy over Quemoy and
He observed that as long ago
as 1955 the Democratic presiden-
tial nominee was among a Senate
minority that favored excluding
the Nationalist Chinese islands
from the Formosa defense line.
The question of defending the
islands, which lie between Formo-
sa and the Red Chinese mainland,
has become a leading campaign
Addressing a breakfast gather-
ing at a Hollywood restaurant,
Nixon said that five years ago
'my opponent was in the little
band that said we'll draw a line"
that leaves the islands out.
He referred to a vote on a 1955
Senate amendment to a resolu-
tion that gave President Dwight
D. Eisenhower, in effect, carte
blanche in conducting the defense
The amendment, which would
have excluded Quemoy and Matsu
from the Nationalist Chinese line
of defense, was defeated 70-12 and
Kennedy was listed as paired for
"What happened?" Nixon asked.
"Five years ago we were saying
to the Chinese Communists that
if an attack is made there you
are taking a chance that we will
do something about it."
Nixon said that although the
islands have been shelled, they
remain in the hands of the Na-
tionalists as free world outposts.
Nixon drew a crowd of 7,500 at
a rally of first-time voters at the
University of Southern Califor-
Asked to explain the difference
between the Republican and Dem-
ocratic parties, he said that so
far as their goals are concerned,
there are no differences.
In the course of answering the
question, Nixon gave this defini-
tion of where he stands: "I am
a practical progressive."
What does he think is his chief
asset for the presidency?
He said he preferred not to an-
swer that directly but added: "I
do know the world. I do know
the dangers we face. I do know
that America needs to grow, eco-
nomically, militarily and spiritual-
Nixon told the breakfast group
that well intentioned people-and
he Included Kennedy - "want
peace so badly they'd do anything
to get it, but they do the wrong
CALIFORNIA CAMPAIGN - Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
stumps the Pacific Coast after his TV debate in Los Angeles.
The GOP nominee renewed his attack on Kennedy for calling the
Chinese Nationalist offshore islands "indefensible."
K hrushchev wants
VIENTIANE, Laos ()-
Prince Souvanna Phoum
effect yesterday United S
tempts to solve the Laot
J. Graham Parsons, th
States government's topl
expert, gave the impre
declining to answerc
about the situation, tha
The Laotian Premier
United States earlier he m
change his policy of n
and, if the United States
like it, he will have to see
the Soviet Union in min
Parsons said in effect
Souvanna wants to be
with the Communists he
ahead and try but that's
way the Communists r
The impasse in the d
between Souvanna and
dramatized the possibility
United States might aban
to the Communists, withF
native of throwing its we
hind a rival right-wing
regime, thus risking war
If the United States t
full weight behind Gen.
Nosavan, the right-winge
anger neighboring Com
North Viet Nam and
Communist China. If it a
Souvanna but does not
Phouma, responsible Wes
cials here feel, Pathet1
their Communist suppor
take over all Laos.
Parsons refused to sa
United States will give it
hearted support to the S
Government, or resume t
tary aid it suspended las
He would not say, eithe
thought Souvanna was si
his repeated statements t
not pro-Communist and
want Communists in Lao
He told newsmen he h
to Laos simply to "see al
and renew contacts with
not to bring any new
States proposals or neg
rently engaged in critica
ations with Pathet Lao i
tempt to end the six-year
war in Laos.
The urgent need for
States action was highligh
terday with the arrival of
Soviet ambassador to Lao
He is expected to offe
government, aid which wo
the Soviet Union a foothol
ts No Retreat
e 'For Anyone'
ar Republican Contests
a said in TAIPEI, Formosa (A') - The
tates at- Chiang Kai-shek regime struck
ian crisis back angrily yesterday at Sen.
John F. Kennedy's views on the
e United Quemoy and Matsu Islands.
Far East The foreign office said Nation-
ssion by alist China won't give up one
questions square inch of territory and that
t this is no American soldier's blood need
be shed on Quemoy and Matsu.
told the The Democratic presidential
vould not candidate's views were accepted
eutrality here as meaning that the offshore
does not islands would be abandoned.
k assist- - Declare View
Y having "We might do well to make it
d. perfectly clear that under no cir-
ty cumstances would the Republic
that if of China (on Formosa) abandon
neutral any square inch of its territory
can go to oblige anybody, including the
not the senator," said the foreign office.
play the Its statement, repeating Nation-
alist China's determination to re-
iscussion tain the islands, was read at a
Parsons news conference by Foreign Of-
that the fice Spokesman James Shen.
don Laos The issue of whether the Unit-
an alter- ed States should defend the two
eight be- tiny islands first came up a week
Laotian ago in a television debate be-
with the tween Kennedy. and Republican
candidate Vice-President Richard
hrows its M. Nixon.
Phoumi Nixon Challenge
r, it will Kennedy was challenged by
amunist Vice-President Nixon when he
possibly said the islands are indefensible
bandons and not worth the United States'
swing to going to war. Nixon insisted that
tern offi- moral principle is involved in their
Lao and retention by the Nationalists be-
ters will cause the two -islands lie "with-
in the area of freedom." The is-
sue grew to major proportions
in the presidential campaign.
y if the In another debate last night,
s whole- Kennedy said he believed the Unit-
ouvanna ed States must meet its com-
he mils- mitment on Formosa and the Pes-
t month. cadores Islands, covered in a 1955
r, if he treaty.
ncere in "I would take any action neces-
hat he is sary to defend the treaty, For-
does not mosa and the Pescadores Islands."
ad coQuotes Commander
d fr es Kennedy quoted the United
fiend States Asiatic Fleet commander
I them, as saying that "these islands are
United not worth the bones of a single
. c Chiang's government has never
negotis cur- asked that United States forces
take direct part in defending Que-
n an at- moy and Matsu, the statement
-old civil here said, adding:
Un "We are fully intent to con-
nited tinue to do our own fighting on
ted yes- these islands of ours."
SEOUL (M)-The American com-
mander in Korea issued a warn-
ing yesterday against what he
called dissension in the South
Korean armed forces.
Deploring retirement of several
top Korean military officers since
the collapse of the Syngman Rhee
regime in the April revolution,
Gene Carter B. Magruder, com-
mander of United Nations and
United States forces in Korea, said
"the most critical question that
Korea now faces is how can she
maintain the confidence of her al-
lies and of her own people in her
own armed forces."
The Korean officers who quit
left under pressure for a cleanup.
Magruder said the strength of mil-
itary forces rests primarily on
commanders and commanders de-
rive prestige primarily from suc-
cess in war. As a result of retire-
ments, he said, "relatively few
(Korean war commanders) re-
Magruder said he would suggest
this answer to his question:
"This confidence, so critically
needed for Korea's continued ex-
istence, can be maintained only if
dissension within the armed forces
is completely replaced with disci-
pline and with loyalty both from
commanders for their subordinates
and from subordinates for their
He spoke at a farewell cere-
mony for retiring Lt. Gen. Choi
Young-Hi, chairman of the Ko-
rean Joint Chiefs of Staff, who al-
so held the post of the army chief
of staff before Premier John M.
Chang's government was establish-
ed in August.
NA TIONALIZA TION:
Castro Seizes 3a2Comaies
HAVANA (A) - Cuban Prime
Minister Fidel Castro's govern- the other industry, were studded 15-year bonds carrying 2 per
ment yesterday nationalized 382 with accusations -that big busi- 1)aterest.
foreign and Cuban-owned compa- ness had acted~ in concert' with The only foreign banks left'
nies, thus seizing control of the "international financial imperial- are a Canadian-Nova Sco
island's major commercial and in- bank. Informed sources said
dustrial operations. ism" to stymie Castro's revolu- now refuse to accept large
The vital sugar industry was tionary programs., posits in hopes of heading off
brought completely under state The decrees also proclaimed the measures against them,
ownership. - need for state-run collectivization
on private enterprise, the cabinet big business in Cuba had sabotag- RussiaOust
ordered the expropriation of 104 ed production, withdrawn money
Cuban and one French sugar without adequate reinvestment s."
mill, all Cuban banks and a large and abandoned its management V isitor
variety of other businesses;' from duties.'V
rmt airorth hundreIn case they missed anything,
milieons arwofarrs, dbut nohi the ministers authorized the na- WASHINGTON (A) - R
wallins aidotlaymentforthentional planning board to nation- told the United .States yeste
was said about payment for the alize, any intervened companies it has expelled two Amer
businesses. That was left for a which fit into the pattern of the tourists whom it accused of
future decree. latest expropriations, or towith- ing gone into a forbidden
Accuse Business draw government intervention. along the Soviet frontier
The two nationalization de- Czechoslovakia.
crees, one covering banking and Government Intervenes A State Department state
Un"_r_____'_"_____"___^__^"__~A^" a-t atmen - tat..
LONDON (RP)-- British Prime
Minister Macmillan has told
French President Charles de
Gaulle and German Chancellor
Konrad Adenauer he believes
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
still seriously wants to negotiate
with the West at a summit parley
early in 1961.
Informants gave out no direct
details about the contents of Mac-
millan's message to his colleages.
The Prime Minister is known,
however, to have formed the im-
pression in New York that
Khrushchev is unlikely to take
any drastic international action
in advance of the projected East-
West summit parley.
Among other impressions Mac-
millan is reported to have brought
back from New York:
1) Khrushchev is not eager for
an early resumption of East-West
disarmament negotiations. per-
haps he wants first to see who
wins the United States election.;
Possibly he wants a prior summit
meeting. Or he may be waiting
for some startling new Soviet de-
2) Khrushchev overplayed his
"tough" role before the United
Nations assembly. Subsequent as-
sembly votes showed he failed to
register any runaway propaganda
victories among the uncommitted
nations of Africa and Asia.
3) Khrushchev may be expected
to pursue his vendetta against
United Nations Secretary General
WASHINGTON (P)-The Unit-
ed States Chamber of Commerce
yesterday called on employers to
furnish post-retirement health in-
surance care for all employes to
ward off "a compulsory system
financed by higher social security
The Chamber said it is adopt-
ing this affirmative new policy be-
cause the issue of providing medi-
cal care for the aged through so-
cial security is sure to come up
again in Congress next year.
"Successful private plans will
provide the Chamber with the evi-
dence it needs to combat the com-
pulsory approach," the Chamber
said, adding that it had helped
defeat such a social security health
plan in Congress this year.
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REPLIES TO CUBA:
Wadsworth Denounces Castro in UN
UNITED NATIONS ( ) - The
United States yesterday denounc-
ed Cuban Prime Minister Fidel
Castro before the United Nations
as a liar and tyrant openly wel-
coming Communist intervention
in Cuba's affairs.
Publication of a blistering 9,-
000-word indictment of Castro
coincided with the defection of a'
woman member of Cuba's UN del-
egation who accused Castro of
transforming her country into a
terror-ridden police state.
Teresa Casuso, who holds the
rank of ambassador and alternate
representative to the UN for Cuba,
described Castro as a "man of
war" and said if free elections
were held he would lose.
Chief American delegate James
J. Wadsworth circulated the in-
dictment of Castro as an official
UN document replying point-by-
point to charges leveled by Cas-
tro against the United States in
his marathon Assembly speech of
The United States labeled Cas-
tro's speech as a mixture of "un-
founded accusations, half-truths,
malicious innuendoes, and distor-
tions of history-all aimed against
the historic friendship between
Cuba and the United States."
Then, in detailed rebuttal, the
United States singled out several
Castro charges and presented
hard-hitting replies, including:-
That Castro and his leaders
have ;launched a war of nerves
with American authorities at
Guantanamo Naval Base in order
to provoke an incident.
That Cuba is only making prop-
aganda in charging the United
States with opening its doors to
"murderers and bloodthirsty crim-
inals," for it has not once asked
that these men be extradited.
That Cuba has not paid for any
lands seized by the Castro re-
gime, in spite of international law.
That there are ample grounds
to believe that Castro deliberate-
ly provoked American "economic
aggression" in lowering Cuban su-
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STUDENTS for CUTLER
Student admirers, friends, and supporters of Democratic candidate
for State Senate, Dick Cutler, will hold a mass meeting today,
Oct. 15 at 10:00 A.M. in the 3rd Floor Conference Room at the
Union. Dr. Cutler is making an all-out effort to unseat the status
quo government of this county and to bring greater liberal repre-
sentation to the State Senate. Be sure to come to this meeting if
you believe that the State of Michigan and Washtenaw County
need new blood and more liberal representation of the kind Dick
Cutler is able to give. The present members of the Students For
Cutler group feel that Dick Cutler, who has been helping students
CUBAN DEFECTS-Teresa Casuso, alternate representative from
Cuba to the United Nations, defected today and had some sharp
words for Premier Fidel Castro.
9 1#11 _/l _f _ _ - , 1 1A
TRAVEL FOR LESS!