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October 11, 1960 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-11

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Congo Leaders Demand
UN Hand Over Lumumba

t4

IToure Asks
JN to Seat
Ousted Head
Admittance Debated
For Rival Groups
By The Associated Press
The ruling group of Congolese
leaders yesterday demanded in
Leopoldville that the United Na-
tions hand over Patrice Lumumba
or face a fight with the Congo-
lese army.
The group charged the UN
forces were preventing the arrest
of the deposed premier. The ul-
timatum gave the United Nations
until 3 p.m. today to comply.
Rajeshawar Dayal, resident
head of the UN Congo operation,
cabled Secretary - General Dag
Hammarskjold in New York for
instructions.
Meanwhile, at United Nations,
President Sekou Toure of Guinea,
a favorite of the Communist bloc,
t demanded that the UN Genera
Assembly immediately seat the
Lumumba delegation.
Submit Resoluion
Toure submitted a resolution
asking such action in advance of
a decision by the Assembly's cre-
dentials committee on whether to
seat the Lumumba group or a
rival delegation sent here by Con-
go President Joseph Kasavubu.
Toure took the spotlight in the
Assembly as a champion of Lum-
umba, who appeared to be under!
house arrest in Leopoldvlle on
orders of Joseph Mobuto, Congo
strongman.
The ultimatum was issued by
the technical commission appoint-
ed last month by Congo strong-
man Joseph Mobutu to run the
#(vernment until the end of the
year and was approved by Presi-
dent Joseph Kasavubu.
Issue Warrant
Justin Bomboko, chief of the
technical commission, said a war-
rant had been issued for Lumum-
ba's arrest. He warned that if
the United Nations does not per-
mit Lumumba's arrest today "the
Congolese army will meet its re-
sponsibilities."
"If the population has to com-
bat the United Nations it will do
so," he said.
The ultimatum followed a Mon-
day attempt by Lumumba to whip
up support for himself in a sur-
prise tour of Leopoldville bars.
The 34-year-old ex-premier tour-
ed the city in a limousine with
an escort of the Ghanaian and
Moroccan soldiers of the UN force
who have been guarding his villa
since his ouster.
A few weeks ago Lumumba tour-
ed the city with an escort of UN
Ghana troops. At that time Mo-
butu and Kasavubu protested to
the UN command that the Unit-
ed Nations in the eyes of the
Congolese was appearing to sup-
port Lumumba.

CastroCtes
CU.S. Backed
Resistance
HAVANA () - Prime Minister
Fidel Castro yesterday accused the
United States of masterminding a
resistance movement against his
leftist regime.
He said his Cuban revolution
"faces an offensive of imperial-
ism and reaction" that "will con-
tinue more intensive every day."
"-The counterrevolution is more'
powerful than was the tyranny
(Batista regime)," Castro said,
"above all because it groups to-
gether as directors and as a fun-
damental force powerful interests
of Yankee imperialism." Without
that, he said, the counterrevolu-
tion would be nothing.
U.S. Plotted Invasion
In a nationwide TV address be-
fore the National Education Con-
gress, Castro said an invasion of
counterrevolutionaries in Oriente
province last week was only the
beginning of "Yankee State De-
partment, Central Intelligence
Agency and warmongering Pen-
tagon engineering" against his
government.
He said Yankee imperialists
would have to bear the respon-
sibility if firing squads are re-
quired to deal with "criminals
they send."
The reference was to the more
than 100 insurgents captured by
government forces in the Esca-
bray mountains last week. The
captives go on trial before a mili-
tary tribunal at Santa Clara in
La Villa province today.
Threatens Executions
"We do not want to see our-
selves in necessity of executing,"
Castro said. "But he who lives by
the sword dies by the sword."
C a s t r o charged opposition
groups were planning an invasion
of Cuba from Guatemala and the
Swan Islands off the east coast
of Honduras.
Both Honduras and the United
States claim the Swan Islands,
and the United States has a small
naval party stationed there. Re-,
cently there have been reports
that a radio station is operating
on the Islands.
PaulingLoses
Nuclear Case
WASHINGTON WP)--Dr. Linus
C. Pauling, the noted scientist,
lost in the Supreme Court yester-
day his challenge of the Presi-
dent's power to order tests of
nuclear weapons.
The high court declined without
comment to review lower court
rulings which dismissed complaints
by Pauling and 38 other individ-
uals.

VIENTIANE (A) - Peace talks
intending to end civil war in Laos
open today between neutralist
premier Prince Souvanna Phouma
and the pro-Communist Pathet
Lao guerrillas.
The negotiations come amid re-
ports of a new split in the many-
sided struggle for power in this
strategically located kingdom in
former French Indochi'na.
At the same time the scheduled
arrival here this week of two top
United States governmentofficials
raised hopes that the United
States may be planning a new
move to break the deadlock.
American May Help
The appearance of J. Graham
Parsons, assistant United States

secretary of state for Far East-
ern affairs, and John M. Irwin,
assistant secretary of defense in
charge of the United States 'mili-
tary aid program, could bolster
the position of Souvanna Phouma,
who took over the government re-
cently following a military coup
against a pro-Western regime.
Complicating the picture is the
effort of the right-wing rebel'
force under Gen. Phoumi Nosovan
to split the neutralist government,
and the announcement today'of
a fourth rival regime by Touby
Lyfoung, self-appointed king of
the hill-dwelling Meo tribesmen.
Western. diplomats regarded

Touby's announcement as a se
ous setback for Souvanna Phour
Aid Suspension Harms
The premier's bargaining pc
tion with the Pathet Lao t
been seriously weakened within
own government by tempora
suspension of United States mi
tary aid. The United States acti
prompted Souvanna. to indicg
he would accept Soviet aid, if it
offered. To newsmen's questio
regarding such a possibility,
said, "Why not? Are we neut
or, aren't we?"
But interest in this administr
tive capital was centered for t
moment on reports regardl
Touby, who is Justice minister
Souvanna's cabinet.

LAOS WAR MAY END:
'Premier To Confer wi-th Rebel

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W omen's
October

Week
10-13

-AP Wirephoto
DEMANDS LUMUMBA-Col. Joseph Mobutu, army strongman of the chaos-ridden Congo, yesterday
demanded that the United Nations move aside and allow his troops to arrest deposed Premier Patrice
Lumumba.
STILL NOT SATISFACTORY-
Unemploymnent Situation Improving

WASHINGTON (AP)-The gov-
ernment yesterday reported a
modest improvement in Jobs last
month.
But an official conceded the
unemployment situation is "far
from satisfactory by any stand-
ard."
The Labor Department said
both employment and unemploy-
ment went down in September,
largely influenced by seasonal fac-
tors. The main factor was the
return of young workers to school.
Lodge Favors
Church School
Federal Aid
Henry Cabot Lodge said Sun-
day that he would support fed-
eral aid for parochial schools.
Lodge said, "If you are taking
a parochial school boy into the
Army to operate guided missiles,
you want the parochial school boy
to know his mathematics as well
as the public school boy. You
want him to be as well educated,
and as healthy."
He also'favored the inclusion of
parochial and private schools in
any federal aid for such purposes
as textbooks and bus rides.

The rate of idled workers in
the total labor force dropped
slightly from 5.9 per cent in Au-
gust to 5.7 per cent in September.
Small Improvement
This means that 57 out of 1,000.
able and willing workers could,
not find jobs, as compared with
59 out of 1,000 a month earlier.
AFL-CIO economists discounted
this small improvement. They said
the 5.7 idle rate is the highest
for any September in any non-
recession year since World War
II. And they said initial claims
in September for unemployment
compensation totaled the highest
on record for the month.
These are the government's job
figures for September:
Employment - Declined from
68,282,000 in August to 67,767,000,

still a record high for September.
The drop was 515,000-less than
a decrease of 750,000 jobs that
was expected in September for
seasonal reason.
Unemployment -- Declined by
400,000 from 3,788,000 in August'
to 3,388,000 last month. Normal-
ly a decline of 300,000 is expect-
ed for the month.
The less-than-seasonal decline
in employment coupled with more
than seasonal decline in unem-
ployment caused the idle rate to
edge downward a bit.
But Seymour Wolfbein, deputy
assistant secretary of labor for
manpower problems, noted that
the total of long-term unemploy-
ed-those without jobs 15 weeks
or longer--has stayed for several
months at around 800,000.

Focusing on the College Educated Woman
TUESDAY, OCT. 11: Let's Look at the African Problem!
--Dr. Bretton of the Political Science Deportment
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 12: College Experience: Useful
-Recent college grads relate college experiences to their present life
--Speakers: Jo Hardee, Mary Wellman, Mrs. Robert J. Warrick,,Mrs.
Marilyn Segel Oberman, Mrs. Robert Weaver, Ruth Alkema
THURSDAY, OCT. 13:
The Civic Leader: Backbone of America!
-Ann Arbor Civic Leaders discuss volunteer activities available to the
educated woman
-Speakers: Dean Deborah Bacon, Mrs. Florence B. Crane, Miss Alice
Beeman, Mrs. Frederik K. Sparrow, Mrs. Alison Meyers, Mrs. Willett
Spooner
1:15 P.M. - Henderson Room of Women's League
Sponsored by the Michigan League
JOB OPPORTUNITIES!
A General Motors representative will be on campus
October 18
Contact your college placement office to arrange an interview.

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on the riddle of
rolling friction
General Motors is pioneering research into the mystery of energy losses in the
rolling ball. With a unique measuring device (above), investigators have not
only confirmed the hypothesis of how a rolling ball loses energy (Answer: elastic
hysteresis), but have also learned where this lost energy is dissipated CAnswen
in the interior of the material, not on the surface).
The effectiveness of automation depends upon the Ingenuity of the
scientist and engineer. If you are about to begin a'career in the field
of technology you'll benefit yourself by working where ingenuity and
enthusiasm pay off. At General Motors they do, and in a big way.
What is your main interest? GM's diversification covers many fields,
Automotive research, production engineering and manufacturing, elec-
tronics and astronautics are just a few. With so many and varied

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