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Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXI, No. 9 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1960 FIVE CENTS
Civil Rights Group
Involved in Dispute
Louisiana Officials Deny Charges
Of Unfair Treatment to Negroes
NEW ORLEANS (MP)-The United States Civil Rights Commission
ended its hearings of Negro voter discrimination charges here yester-
day in a stormy exchange with Louisiana Attorney General Jack
At the same time, Louisiana vote registrars and other officials,
bristling over charges leveled against them, fired an angry barrage
of telegrams at the six-member fact-finding body.
Gremillion, who attended the two-day hearings as an observer,
had asked to read a statement.
"We're not going to let you make a speech, Mr. Gremillion,"
Commission Vice-Chairman Robert A. Storey said. Storey said com-
mission rules required statements be submitted 24 hours in advance.
"The perpetrators of the most
heinous conspiracy in the history
of the world will verbally promote
America's destruction among our
nation's students," petitioners
charged yesterday in their attempt
to re-establish a speaking ban
against Communists at Wayne
"TheCommunists are our na-
tural enemies and we should treat
them that way," Anne Byerlein,
of the two organizers of the pro-
test campaign said. She and Don-
ald Lobsinger are hoping to pre-
sent 25,000 petition signatures to
WSU, President Clarence B. Hil-
berry by October 15. Neither one
is affiliated with Wayne, or has
attended classes there.
8,000 petitions each containing
space for 25 signatures have been
As Kennedy Campaigns Upstate
NEW YORK (P) - Air Force
Gen. Nathan F. Twining said yes-
t4rday this country "can now de-
stroy Russia, and China, if we
are attacked, and the Commu-
nist leaders know it."
Twining, who is retiring Oct. 1
as chairman of the-Joint Chiefs
of Staff, added in an address pre-
pared for a dinner of the Na-
tional Security Industrial Asso-
"They know that even if they
launched a surprise attack, they
would bring down certain destruc-
tion on their own heads.
"A nuclear world is not a com-
fortable world, but it is preferable,
in my thinking, to a communized
world. The American capability
for decisive, war-winning response
to any attack must be kept sure,
whatever the costs. It is the only
reliable guarantee of the peace.
Forces that cannot win will not
Twining forecast a cold war
period that could last for years,
"It will go on until there is a
clear winner and a clear loser,
The struggle is too big, too vast,
too deadly for compromise."
The nation's top military man
"All of you, as responsible citi-
zens, might make more noise, and
let the press and your government
know that you understand that
world tensions are the cause of
armaments-not the reverse-and
that any meaningful disarmament
can only follow-not precede--
Paper To Sue
NEW YORK (M)-The President
of City College disclosed yesterday
that a student newspaper he has'
accused of following a "marxist
line" is considering a slander suit
Dr. Buell G. Gallagher, who
made the original charge against
the newspaper Observation Post
at a news conference last week,
called another news conference
He read to newsmen the text of
an open letter ,which will appear
in the student newspaper, calling
for "an immediate and open n.~et-
ing of the general faculty" to dis-
cuss what the newspaper called
Gallagher's "slanderous accusa-
The student editorial also said
the newspaper would seek censure
actoin against Gallagher, and the
student editor said he had been
authorized by the editorial board
to investigate possible legal action.
Open m Laos
VIENTIANE A) - Peace talks
aimed at settling Laos' 18-day-old
civil war opened yesterday in Lu-
Top military commanders of
Premier Souvannah Phouma's
neutralist government and those
of rebel Gen. Phoumi Nosavan's
right wing regime met in the royal
capital shortly after noon.
The political phase was expected
to open today, if the commanders
"Are you going to let me read
this statement?" Gremillion asked
a second time.
"We don't think it's legal,"
Storey said. "If you want to.be a'
witness, and let, us examine you,
that will be all right. But you can-
not make a speech."
"Thank you for ruling me. out
of order," Gremillion said and sat
The volatile attorney general,
who last month called a three-
judge federal tribunal a "kangaroo"
court," faces a criminal contemptI
of court trial next week.
He later told newsmen he did
not appear as a witness because
the discrimination charges were
+ not against him but against other
state ard parish (county) officials.
The commission heard 35 Ne-
groes testify urequal application
of the voter qualification law, dis-
qualification on a host of minor,
points, and, in some cases, the:
threat of violence has held Louisi-
ana's Negro registration down to
28 per cent of those eligible.
Eighty-two per cent of eligible
white voters are registered.
The commission said it had re-
ceived upwards of 150 voter com-
plaints from Negroes in 17 of the
state's 64 parishes. Most com-
plaints came from rural northern
In his unread statement, Gre-
million said officials hid another
version of the voting picture and
suggested the commission should
hear the other side of the story
"You have provided opportunity;
to hear complaints . .I solicit
equal opportunity and hearing
under the same conditions (for
voters registrars and other public
officials)," Gremillion said in the
Former state police chief John
Nick Brown, in a telegram to the
commission, said testimony he
threatened the life of a Negro who
tried to vote was a "false state-
ment." Brown sent a copy of the
wire to the state attorney general.
Denies Negro Story
Dist. Atty. John A. Richardson
of Schreveport said no one in the
Caddo parish district attorney's
office had ever denied a Negro the
right to vote. And "no Negro has
complained to this office," Rich-
A telegram Gremillion gave
newsmen rebutted testimony by
Dr. John I. Reddix, Negro dentist
from Monroe, who testified he had
been purged and never been able
CLARENCE B. HILBERRY
mailed out throughout the state
in response to requests for them,
Miss Byerlein said. There are still
a lot of patriotic citizens in Michi-
gan," she added, noting that,
several petitions had been sent
to Ann Arbor.
The petitions began circulating
Saturday at a Republican party
rally in Detroit, where N.Y. Gover-
nor Nelson Rockfeller signed one
under a sign reading "Stop Com-
munist Subversion at Wayne State
University." Cries of "Don't let
America be destroyed at Wayne
State University" and Don't let
Khrushchev come to Wayne" urged
people to sign the protest letter.
The 10 year policy of excluding,
Communist speakers from WSU's
campus was revoked 13 days ago
by Wayne's Board of Governors.
Hilberry told the Board, "The
university has an obligation to
the intellectual life of the nation
to analyze in a scientific manner
the major issues of the day. This
is the way it fulfills its respon-
sibility to develop the leaders of
"Accordingly the university wel-
comes outside speakers whose
competencies are relevant to its
research and instructional pro-
grams . . . th e responsibility for
sound judgment as to whether
their contributions will be con-
sistent with the functions of the
University rests, with the indivi-
dual faculty member, the dean of
the college, the dean of students,
or the president depending on the
Pulls Small Crowds
In Greater New York
NEW YORK W)-Vice President
Richard M. Nixon received the
longest, loudest, wildest ovation of
his campaign for President last
night to cap his first invasion of
key New York State.
And this was at the end of a
day that began with the smallest,
coolest turnout the Republican
nominee for the White House had
encountered so far.
From morning until long after
dark, Nixon zig-zagged over miles
of political paths in greater New
York - in Manhattan and on
neighboring Long Island.
In the borough of Queens, just
across the East River from the
great city's skyscrapers, Nixon
pulled only a few hundred per-
sons in rallies along his motor-
cate route. But then several tho'u-
sands turned out at the Nassau
County courthouse in Mineola,
more thousands at a shopping
center at Hicksville, and then to-
night-a wall-bulging throng at
the Long Island Arena. And at
Commack, perhaps the largest in-
door crowd of the campaign gave
the Vice President a reception the
likes of which he could not re-
Grinning from ear to ear, Nix-
on commented "it's like the Re-
publican national convention and
you've even outdone them."
It was the first time a presi-
dential candidate of either party
had appeared in Suffolk County.
"I can tell you," Nixon exclaim-
ed, "on the basis of what I've
seen, it sure won't be the last
A couple of police officers took
a look at the crowd and estimat-
ed 9,000 or 10,000 persons were
crammed into the arena, with 3,-
000 to 6,000 hanging around out-
side, and unable to squeeze in.
There was a large proportion of
teenagers, some with placards say-
ing "if we could vote, we'd vote
There wasn't much question
that it was the loudest crowd
Nixon had encountered. The in-
stant he and his wife Pat walked'
onto the stage the partisans were
on their feet shrieking, yelling,
beating drums, chanting and wav-
ing hundreds of splashy-colored
paper pompons on the ends of
For 6% minutes the demonstra-
tion thundered on. And then
when the Vice President was for-
mally introduced, there were two
more minutes of bedlam.
Sidestepped Vital Issues,
By MICHAEL BURNS
Taking a blast at Kennedy and
Nixon for avoiding the issues in
their televised debate, Prof. George
Rawicke of the Wayne State Uni-
versity history department, began
his dicussion of "The National
Elections: Do We Have a Real
"Nothing seemed to be said" by
either candidate with regard to
the real issues, the speaker told:
the Democratic Socialists last
In discussing the question of
peace, they talked instead about
military expenditures and defen-
sive measures. They did not dis-
cuss in an intelligent matter the
Cuban or African situations, the
Socialist said. The politicians tend
to place. all countries into two
categories; those for us and those
against us--and the neutralists
are thought of as enemies.
Nixon and Kennedy skirted the
issues on minimum wage and
public housing questions, Prof.
Rawicke said. They debated the
wage policy of those organizations,
makng over $1 million a year,,
neglecting the millions of em-i
ployees who are most affected
working in small service com-:
panies and being underpaid. I
Public housing policy has taken:
a trend toward building middle-1
class dwellings, rather than the
vitally-needed low-income pro-I
PROF. GEORGE RAWICKE
jects. He charged that present
construction programs are breed-
ing more ghettoes than eliminat-
This uncommitted and inactive
approach to politics by the major
parties has bred an indefference
and even rejection of politics by
the students. They wish to dis-
associate with the bureaucracy
and "swindle" of government. "
U' Sets Plan
The University has adopted a
written proceduire for handling the
non-academic employes at the
A similar plan will go into effect
within the plant department as
soon as procedural details are
worked out, Wilbur K. Pierpont,
vice-president in charge of busi-
ness and finance said yesterday.
The written grievance proced-
ure, a "formalizing" and detail-
ing of existing informal and 'un-
written procedures, was the result
of discussion by University per-
sonnel officials with representa-
tives of the Building Service Em-
ployee International Union, Local
378, and with those of the Ameri-
can Federation of State, County
and Municipal Employes Unions,
The University has also made
arrangements for payroll deduc-
tion of union dues for members
of both unions. Deductions will be
made only on the written request
of an employee,
The first dues deduction will be
made from October pay checks.
The Regents approved the insti-
tution of a dues check-off system,
after State Attorney General Paul
Adams ruled that it was legally
possible for a state agency such as
the University to do so.
Membership in either union is
Status of Students as Voters in Ann Arbor
Defined by Attorney at SGC's Request
At the request of the Student
Government Council last spring,
City Attorney Jacob F. Fahrner,
Jr., prepared a statement of the,
status of students as voters in
His opinion regarding students'
eligibility was presented last night'
to SGC at their regular meeting.
The Michigan Election Laws;
state that no elector shall beM
deemed to have gained or- lost a
residence while a student at any
institution of learning.
Whether or not the student may
regard the University as his home
is also stated: "The great weight
of authority is that 'a student at
college who is free from parental
control, regards the place where
the college is situated as his home,
has no other to which to return
in case of sickness..., is as much
entitled to vote as any other resi-
Some of the factors which City
Clerk Fred J. Looker considers in
determining eligilibity are as fol-
1) Whether the student is mar-
ried and has established his own
home with his wife in Ann Arbor
and remains in that home during
the time that school is not in ses-
2) The length of stay in Ann
Arbor. 3) Whether the student is
free from parental control. 4)
Where he would go in case of
sickness or accident. 5) If em-
ployed, the amonnt of time devot-
ed to gainful employment in re-
lation to academic pursuits.
Nancy Adams, executive vice-
president of SGC, who spearhead-
ed the' clarification of voting
rights, said that she felt that "this
is a sign of real cooperation be-
tween the city and the Univer-
sity." She said she felt that the
matter could now be cleared up
without further conflict.
Democrat Says GOP
WASHINGTON - (M-Both Sen.
John F. Kennedy and Vice Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon packed
them in yesterday as they battled
for New York's 45 presidential
electoral votes-the nation's big.
The two presidential candidates
didn't cross paths. Nixon, the GOP
nominee, swirled through metro-
politan New York City while Ken-
nedy, the Democratic candidate,
invaded upstate New York.
In suburban Suffolk County,
Nixon received a wild ovation in
an indoor speech at Commack.
Nixon said it surpassed the recep-
tion he got from the 1960 Repub-
lican convention when it nomi-
Dense, uproarious crowds greet-
ed Kennedy in upstate 'Roches-
ter, appearing as large as in Ohio
Tuesday when Gov. Michael Di-
Salle estimated that close to 100,-
000 cheered him on a 200-mile
Kennedy brought a roar of
laughter from a capacity crowd
of 10,000 at Rochester War ide-
morial Auditorium when he quip-
ped, "I didn't know Rochester
was such a strong Democratic
Rochester usually is considered
a Republican stronghold. President
Dwight D. Eisenhower won solid
majorities there in 1952 and 1956.
Continuing his drive to win
New York's crucial 45 electoral
votes for the presidency, Kenne-
dy came out slugging at his GOP
rival in an address to a meeting
of "senior citizens" in Buffalo.
Nixon not only -led the opposi-
tion, Kennedy declared, but he
was "ready to carry on that op-
position when picked by the Re-
publican national convention to
head its ticket.
"In 1935, the Republicans fail-
ed to block progress," the Demo-
cratic presidential nominee said
in his prepared speech.
"This year they succeeded in
destroying the hopes of Ameri-
cans over the age of 65 for relief
from the crushing burden of med-
ical. bills anT for the opportunity
to fully care for their health."
Instead of a program for medi-'
cal care under the social security
system, Kennedy said, the Repub-
licans substituted a bill "which
will cost the American taxpayer
over a billion dollars a year, is
impossible to administer, which
will not even be put into effect in
many of our states, which has
been rejected by the Governor of
New York, and which fails to
bring relief where it does go into
"Only with a Democratic presi-
dent in the White House, can we;
hope to bring help to poverty-
stricken older Americans.
"And in 1961, we will have
Democratic President. And In
1961, help will be on the way."
Kennedy noted that, in the tele-
vised "great debate" of Monday~
night, Nixon described Democrat-
ic plans for medical care as "ex-
Kennedy added that he did not
believe it was "extreme" to re-
lieve poverty and illness through
the tested social security system.
"When the Republican Party
nominated Mr. -Nixon, they not
only elected a leader-they select-
ed a man whose record has proved
him to be a true leader and rep-
resentative of this historic Repub-
lican tradition-a man who led
the opposition to medical care for
the aged, and a man who was
ready to carry on that opposition."
A mass meeting of the prospec-
tive campus political party will
take place at 7:30p.m. today in
IQC PRESIDENT GIVES ENDORSEMENT:
Undergraduate Men Prepare for Annual
Stevenson Blasts GOP
For 'Losing Initiative'
LOS ANGELES (P)-Adlai Stevenson last night described Vice
President Richard Nixon as "not a leader, but a misleader' who
"takes every catastrophe in his stride."
Stevenson returned to the city where he won the biggest ovation
of the 1960 Democratic convention-but pot the nomination-to
stump on behalf of the man who won the bid.
In a speech prepared for delivery tonight at Shrine Auditorium,
the two-time Democratic candidate for President accused the Repub-
" lican administration of having
"lost the initiative for peace" and
not conquering problems "before
they become crises."
Fall Rush He broached a serious questoh
should be a matter of "top prior-
ity" in United States foreign af-
,. He had kind words for Demo-
cratic candidate Sen. John Ken-
Snedy--and many less-than-kind
for his Republican opponent:
Nixon, he declared, "calls the
record of Republican failure 'ex-
perience' and solemnly advances
it as a reason for the people
choosing him as President.
"Experience can be a form of
By MICHAEL OLINICK
"When I was a rushee, we used to see just how many bids we
could get before we accepted one," Inter-Fraternity President Jon
Trost, '61, said last night.
Welcoming more than 700 undergraduate men who attended a
large but smokeless Mass Open Rush Meeting at the Union, Trost
warned them to "make sure the house you pledge is the one you want
"A hearty" endorsement of men's rush was given by the repre-
sentative of the University's 3,500 quadrangle residents, Dan Rose-
mergy, '61. The Inter-Quadrangle Council president said he believed
"Every man should have this experience. There is enough space at
Michigan for every kind of living accommodation. We have one of
the finest fraternity systems in the country and one of the best
residence hall organizations." Many of the fraternity men present
could not recall a previous time when a Quadrangle official publicly
Rosemergy, however, asked the rushees to be fair and careful.
"Don't jump in with your eyes closed," he warned.
Robert Peterson, '62, IFC Rushing Chairman, claimed Rosemergy
"has done more than any other person to coordinate the residence
halls and the Michigan fraternities."
"Beware.of the early bid and the hot box," Trost warned. "Rush
is a fascinating and unique experience and it's a two-week period.
recommendation, all right. But
the experience growing but of a
long series of calamities recom-
mends only that the person in-
volved be retired as soon as possi-
ble to a place where he can do
no future harm-such as, for ex-
ample, private life."
Stevenson asked if the United
States "should stand still, or
should it press forward again? Or,
by failing to apply new remedies,
will we produce new evils?
"To this question the Republi-
~ :: ">'