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Partly cloudy, cooler;
Seventy Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL LXXI, No. 8 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1960 FIVE CENTS
TV Debate Brings
By MICHAEL HARRAH and JOHN ROBERTS
The first of the four television debates between Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon, the Republican nominee, and Sen. John F. Kenne-
dy, the Democratic nominee, brought mixed reactions, both before
the broadcast and afterwards, from the University faculty.
Beforehand, Prof. Karl A. Lamb, of the political science depart-
ment, said that "the program will be" so carefully planned that it
will lack the spontaneity of something like the Lincoln-Douglas de-
Prof. Garnet R. Garrison, broadcasting director at the radio-
TV center, however, felt that "this should give the people a chance
By PHILIP SHERMAN
Student Government Council
members like the idea of a cam-
pus political party--with reserva-
Their first impression is that a
party could be helpful in stimulat-
ing interest in student govern-
ment and in bringing issues before
the electorate. But, they affirm,
the party could lead to "segmen-
tation" of the student body, or,
by its actions, it could abuse its
There was one dissenter, Inter-
Quadrangle Council President Dan
Rosemergy, '61, who labeled the
probable composition of the party
as a "small cell-group of self-'
styled liberals who will have little
effect on the cam'pus at large."
Party Not Needed
Rosemergy believes a party is
not needed and that it will not
work. He says it would have no
real purpose to fulfill, and predicts
the party will gain neither wide-
spread support or opposition.
SGC Treasurer Per Hansen,
'82, sees formation of a party as
a "significant step to eliminate
spathy" toward the Council. "How
significant depends on the party's
platform," he adds.
Arthur Rosenbaum, '62, agrees
the party could "greatly stimu-
late interest" in SGC, and stresses
the need for "responsible people"
to lead it. The party, incorrectly
handled, could lead to polariza-
tion of student parties represent-
ing residence halls or fraternities,
The group's program must be
general enough to appeal to a
genuine cross section of the stu-
dent body if the party idea 'is to
be effective, Rosenbaum explains.
Roger Seasonwein, '61, might
consider resigning to run on the
new party's ticket, "if they'd have
He is concerned that the par-
ty "does not get involved in the:
patronage racket" and that it
should not dictate the votes of its
members on the Council.
Lynn' Bartlett, '61, hopes the
party will focus on pertinent local
issues on which SGC can take
"It should work where SGC can
do something real and solid, and
not in the realm of philosophical
SGC President John Feldkamp
levels criticism at the new party
for its attitude about SGC re-
cognition. But he thinks the basic
idea is good," no matter what
philosophy the party adopts."
He says the party can work
most effectively within Student
Government Council auspices, be-
cause recognition confers the ad-
vantages of the University's name
and its resources.
(The party is debating whether
to seek SGC recognition, which is
necessary if it is to use University
facilities. Two arguments against:
seeking recognition: §GC's review
of its constitution would imply
review of its substance; the federal
government does not recognize
Feldkamp says this attitude
evidences "complete ignorance"
of student government procedures.
' The constitutional review is
simply to establish that the or-
ganization will be a responsible
one, he says. "And the federal
'government and the University are
distinctly different groups."
to see the informality and the
byplay." He said there would be
a certain amount of drama with
both men appearing at once.
Prof. James McConnell, of the
psychology department, didn't feel
that many minds would be chang-
ed. "I feel there is considerably
less interest in this sort of thing
than there should be," he said. "I
would be surprised if this altered
Garrison, however, felt that
some tricks of broadcasting might
cause the viewers to form a false
impression about the candidates.
After the program, observers
still did not agree.
"In terms of debate points it
came out pretty even," said Prof.
George Peek, of he political sci-
ence department. "I thought Nix-
on passed up a couple of oppor-
tunities. First, he should have
mentioned more often the failure
of the Democrats, with ahtwo-
thirds majority in both houses,
to pass legislation, and second, he
should have re-emphasized the
growth record of the past eight
Peek went on to say that Ken-
nedy "appeared to be running
against the Republican Party rec-
ord, which opposes the New and
Fair deals. He seemed to identi-
fy Nixon with the non-progres-
sive elements in his party, which
Nixon does not really represent."
On the Spot
Prof. Samuel J. Eldersveld, of
the political science department,
felt that "both candidates fielded
the questions very well, even
though some of the questions put
them on the spot."
Prof. Warren E. Miller, of the
political science department, said,
"I don't think it (the debate)
changed much. Some of the Dem-
ocrats who thought Nixon had
horns may have had their minds
"'Image' as I see it means the
whole range of qualities and at-
tributes of a candidate," he said,
"and it includes parties, issues,
and personalities. People will at-
tach varying importance to these
characteristics depending on the
information they possess."
SGC To Hear
Student Government Council
will meet at 7:30 p.m. today in
the Council Rm. on the second
floor of the SAB.
The Council will hear reports
on early registrations, calendar-
ing and the Student Activities
SGC Executive Vice-President
Nancy Adams, '61, will report on
SGC's work with Ann Arbor
authorities on registration of stu-
By HARRY PERLSTADT
The Fraternity Presidents As-
sembly last night chose not to
pass a bylaw at this time stating
"No bid shall be extended to any
rushee by any fraternity before
Monday of the second week of the
The motion, which had been
presented to the body two weeks
ago by David Carpenter, President
of Lambda Chi Alpha and was
then referred to the rushing com-
mittee, failed to achieve the
necessary three-fourths vote. The
vote was 14 for, 24. against, one
abstention, one no vote, and two
In a report to the FPA Rush-'
ing Chairman Robert Peterson
recommended that the motion be
defeated. His committee reported
that the problems involved in
enforcing this legislation war-
ranted a defeat. The difficulty in
enforcement under the present
rushing structure was that "the
only one who would be able to1
bring evidence against a fraternity
would be the rushee involved in
the early bid, since he would be
the only person exclusive of the
fraternity membership to witness
such a bid."
The debate which followed cen-
tered on the question of which
should come first, the law or the
means of enforcing the law. "If
you have a law you will find a
way to enforce it," Howard Stein,
president of Tau Delta Phi argued.
"Last year we had a gentleman's
agreement' on early bidding which
failed. Now we can put teeth into
the agreement to enforce it. In
this way the rushee has an ade-
quate chance to see other houses
and is not likely to be cornered
by a house early in rush. This is
good for the rushing system as a
In reviewing the action taken
by the fraternity presidents, Jona-
than Trost, IFC president, said,
"Recognizing the obvious concern
of the fraternity presidents for
bylaws concerning rush, the IFC
is planning to reevaluate andi
study the present rushing system."
Glbert E. Bursey, member of
the University Development Coun-
cil, and Republican candidate for
the legislature said last night at
a meeting of Young Republican's
that "higher education needs rep-
resentatives in the legislature"
Bursley pointed out that, al-
though education is the state's
highest expenses, they are not
represented in the legislature.
"It would make good sense fora
universities and schools to encour-
age members of their staff to run
for office in Lansing," he said. "If
I am elected, I hope to be able to
dispell some of the misinformation
about our university."
- Bursley also called for hard
work by outstate Republicans to
offset the Wayne County Demo-
cratic majority, pointing out that
Republicans should carry Wash-
tenaw County by 20,000 votes.
UN Grou p
Russia Plans BRETTON SPEAK
Disarmament New Afri
Negotiations By RICHARD OSTLING
Professor Henry Bretton of the
KhrushchevSu ests political science department last
Suggstse night predicted that none of the
Neutrals Enter Talks African nations recently admitted
to the United Nations will last for
UNITED NATIONS (--Nikita five years in their present form,
S. Khrushchev proposed yester- with the possible exception of
day to bring neutralist nations in- Madagascar.
to world disarmament negotia- Speaking at a meeting of liter-
tions, but the United States re- ary college Honors students, he
ceived his bid with deep skepti- also maintained that "Western-
cism. type democracies won't develop
The Soviet premier's proposal for a long time."
was regarded as a new bid to im- One reason is that the present
press the neutral nations in view division of Africa into states was
of obvious defeat in his attempt a series of "accidents of diplom-
to gain their support for his pro- acy" enacted by European colon-
posed overhauling of the UN's ialists.
peace-making machinery. Different Perspectives
At the same time, strong neu- , As a result, the new countries
tralist pressure to bring about a have different perspectives within
fresh start on East-West disarma- their borders, racial strife, langu-
ment talks was underscored by a age problems, and are not viable
proposal from Gamal Abdel Nas- economically.
ser of the United Arab Republic Africa also faces the difficulty
that President Eisenhower and that "self-determination can't be
Khrushchev get together and clear rammed down people's throats"
the path for resumed talks prematurely.
on arms. The Nasser proposal, New regimes too often lack ac-
however, seemed foredoomed, cess to the sources of power, such
The Soviet Union suffered an as resources, transportation net-
important reversal in the UN's 21- works, and communications. In
nation steering committee when preventing the Lumumba govern-
that body approved a United ment from using airplanes and
States proposal to shelve for an- radio, for example, the UN pre-
other year the question of seat- vented the Congo's only real gov-
ing Red China, ernment from perfecting its re-
C ivil BightsThe governments must develop
a control structure to really work,
and not just "write anthems, de-
e ' * ve sign flags, and vote at the UN." A
1 Uprimary obstacle here is a lack of
leaders with reasonable skill, ef-
HOT SPRINGS, Ark. (P)-Dem- ficiency, and educational back-
ocratic governors wrote off civil ground.
rights yesterday as a decisive fac- ropean powers have spent much
tor in Southern voting in the pres- money and some blood in Africa,
idential race. * and have not decided to pull out
Despite school integration con- completely. They also feel if they
troversies and the threat of lunch leave, other exploiters will move
counter sit-ins, Dixie governors in.
attending their 26th annual con- As a result, Prof. Bretton stated,
ference here agreed generally that there exists a residue of colonial-
the contest between Sen. John E. ism. Although new states are
Kennedy and VicePresident Rich- formed, foreigners still control the
ard M. Nixon will be decided on economy and hold other powers.
other issues. Africans Agree °'
Most of them took a "plague This is a point which Premier
on both your houses" position. - Khrushchev has stressed, and he
that both candidates are com- feels that many Africans agree
mitted by their platforms to a with it. The new states want neu-
civil rights stand likely to be high-
ly displeasing to a majority of
oud Price Daniel of Texas Louisiana Ne
souned hatappeared to be the
general viewpoint when he told a Balloting R ig.
news conference that civil rightshts
has ceased to be an issue because
"both platforms are the same." NEW ORLEANS (M)-Loulsia
He added that if it does become to the United Civil Rights Commi
an issue "the Republicans will have been met by disqualificatio
suffer for it more than the Demo- threats of bodily harm.
Daniel named foreign policy, a James Sharp, 47-year-old Ne
farm program, local control and fled Sheriff C. E. Hester of Madi
financing of schools and the main- take him "for a ride" if Sharp p
tenance of state right to work laws Negroes.
as potentially decisive issues. Madison Parish has 5,900 Ne
can Nations in Flux.
AFRICAN PROBLEMS-Calling the present division of African
states an "accident of diplomacy," Prof. Henry Bretton of the
political science department predicted changes in the forms of
all African nations except Madagascar, within the next five years.
UNITED NATIONS, N.. (9 -M
The United Nations steering com-
mittee last night overrode Soviet
objections and voted to shelve for
another year the question of seat-
ing Red China in the world or-
The vote in the 21-nation body
was'. 12-7 with one abstention.
This was exactly the same vote
the committee recorded a year
ago on the same proposal.
Although the outcome had been
expected, it was nevertheless an
important setback to the Soviet
UN delegation led by Premier Ni-
kita S. Khrushchev.
ti 'Resolution Fails
The vote was on a United States
resolution which provided spe-
cifically that no action be taken
on the China representation ques-
tion during the 15th session of the
96-nation General Assembly.
Ratification of the steering
committee action by the full As-
sembly seemed assured in view of
the preliminary vote.
The committee acted after a
sharp clash between United States
Delegate James J. Wadsworth and
the Soviet Union's Valerian A.
United States Ambassador James
J. Wadsworth laid his proposal
before, the Assembly's 21-nation
steering committee in opposing a
Soviet move for immediate action
to give Nationalist China's seat to
the Peiping regime.
Wadsworth derlared that the
Chinese Communist . government
is totally unfit for UN member-
ship berause of what he called its
open contempt for the UN and
its aggressive acts in Korea and
other neighboring Asian countries.
He mentioned specifically the
overthrow of the Dalai Lama's
government in Tibet, threats of
war against the Chinese National-
ists and intervention in the Con-
tralism, and have no desire to be
European, Russian, or American.
Governments cannot be stable
in a situation surging with social
revolution. A moral vacuum in
Africa has resulted from the clash
of Islam, Christianity, and pagan-
ism. Illiteracy and disease also
aggravate the continent's prob-
The countries are developing
faster, are placed in a tense in-
ternational situation which affects
all of Africa, and face a re-struc-
turing of society and not just a
political division. As a result,
these states may skip stages in
development which European na-
To stabilize the African situa-
tion, he suggested a complete de-
militarization of the continent by
the big powers, a massive aid pro-
gram by the United States to fill
in the "tremendous backlog" of
needs, and a willingness on our
part to "sit down with revolution-
aries in a spirit of partnership."
na Negroes yesterday complained
ssion their efforts to become voters
n on a host of minor points and
gro attorney from Monroe, testi-
son Parish (county) threatened to
ersisted in efforts to help register
groes but no Negro voters, accord-
By MICHAEL OLINICK
Few, if any, students will sup-
port the petitions demanding the
reestablishment of a speaking ban
against Communist speakers at
Wayne State University, school
administrators and faculty pre-
WSU President Clarence B. Hill-
berry, who strongly supported the
Board of Governor's lifting of
the 10 year old ban, said he felt
little student action favoring the
protest would be forthcoming.
"From earlier appearances and
evidences of student sentiment, I
would expect them to favor the
Board's action, not protest against
Prof. L o u is Friedland, of
Wayne's political science depart-
ment, confessed he would be "un-
willing to make a guess as to
exactly how the students will re-
act. I do. feel, howeverhthat a
majority will not sign the peti-
tions. Student bodies are quite
lethargic, especially at Wayne
where few students live near
campus. I would predict that very
few' will express their opinion
The new ruling, passed 12 days
ago, is not a "carte blanche" for
any Communist to appear on cam-
pus whenever he wants, Prof. Al-
fred Kelly, a member of the his-
tory faculty at Wayne, said. "The
Board did not make it any more
likely that a Communist will
Prof. Kell claimed that the pow-
er to approve a campus lecturer
still rested with the faculty and
the administration. The approv-
al of a Communist speaker would
depend on the nature of the
event, he said. "Under certain
circumstances, it would be quite
valuable to have a Communist
lecture in an educational situa-
tion. If, however, -the function
were purely a propaganda one,
chances are he would not get per-
mission to speak."
Still Need Sponsorship
Prof. Friedland echoed this
view. "In terms of safeguards,"
he said, "I would support the lift-
ing of the ban." He poinjted out
that a student organization still
needs the sponsorship of a "re-
"We cannot seriously consider
admitting a country to the UN,"
he said, "when the same coun-
try is attacking this organization
and its members for engaging in
a task at the mandate of the Se-
curity Council and the General
He said it would be a backward
step to open the UN doors to a
China which "practices aggres-
sion and preaches violence."
Soviet Delegate Valerian A.
Zorin described the United Statea
position on the China representa-
tion question as "ludicrous" and
said the delay in seating the Chi-
nese Communist government is
becoming more and more unbear-
The Soviet Union is formally
pushing the admission of the Pei-
ping regime since Indian Prime
Minister Jawaharlal Nehru decid-
ed India would not take the ini-
tiative as it had in the past few
End of Quarrel
In UN Talks
Haddock Calls Installation 'On
"The Uniyersity has one of the
in the world,' said Prof. Fred T.
electrical engineering departments.
Speaking at last night's meetin
Prof. Haddock said the Universi
divided into research about the sun
Astronomy has recently been ma
by opening of the radio spectrum.
quencies which an instrument is ab
was an improvement over the op
vehicles has further widened the s
The sun. is observed daily by
telescope at the University's Peach
record radio waves received from th
receivers in the Observatory's solar
from the sun on a wide frequency
means a variety in the speed of r
One use of radio astronomy
frm i.aro na*t rn ia,.w, ffl..ar 1
Sing to the commission.
Hester, reached by telephone,
denied making the threat. He is
Sana's states rights party.
Frederick D. Lewis, a 55-year-
old retired Negro farmer in North
KAPLAN Louisiana's Claiborne Parish, tes-
best radio astronomy installations "d a Sherif gong to try to vote
Haddock of the astronomy and in the white primary is going to
get the hell knocked out of him."
g of the American Rocket Society, No Representation
ty's radio astronomy work was "We have no representation,"
a, the planets and the galaxies. Lewis said. "When we're arrested,
ade more effective for this research we're arrested by white police-
A spectrum is the range of fre- men. When we're indicted, we are
ble to receive. The radio spectrum indicted by white grand jurors.
tical spectrum and use of space When we are tried, we are tried
pectrum. by a white petit jury. You see we
have nobody to represent us...
y University astronomers. A 28" nobody." -
Mountain Obseryators is used to The six-member commission, a
he sun. In addition, there are four fact-finding body composed of
house which film radio emission one Negro and five white mem-
y range. A wide frequency range bers, opened hearings into alleg-
adio emissions. ed denial of voting rights to Loui-
ability to detect variation siana Negroes.
Isitsnabiytoall" As Negroes came forward to
NEW YORK P) -- President
Dwight D. Eisenhower and British
Prime Minister Harold MacMillan
yesterday called on United Nations
countries to stop wrangling over
Nikita Khrushchev's maneuvers
and move ahead to serious talk
about East-West disarmament.
The two free world leaders
sounded this call to action amidst
mounting confidence that the
overwhelming majority of neutral
countries would join in defeating
Russian demands for a drastic
overhaul of the United Nations.
Eisenhower and MacMillan meet-