*Johnson Asks for
Work Rights Bill1
19 States Affected by Changes in
Taft-Hartley Closed Shop Laws
WASHINGTON (P-President Lyndon Johnson urged Congress
yesterday to repeal Section 14B of the Taft-Hartley Act, thus
swiping out right to work laws in 19 states.
Michigan is not among the 19.
There is every indication of a major fight in Congress over the
proposal to repeal that section, which permits states to enact laws
banning closed shop contracts. Such contracts require workers to
join a union to keep their jobs.
Labor leaders consider such laws anti-union. Repeal of the
,provision is strongly opposed by some business and industrial groups.
Johnson also asked Congress to extend minimum wage coverage
to an additional 4.5 million workers. He did not recommend an
increase in the present federal minimum of $1.25 an hour.
"The question is not whether the minimum wage should be
Meader Approaches Congressional Reform
By CAL SKINNER JR.
Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON-"No one can tell you at this stage what the
joint Committee on the Organization of Congress will come up
with," according to George Meader, associate counsel of the com-
mittee and until recently Ann Arbor's Republican congressman.
Meader was defeated for reelection last fall by Democrat
Weston Vivian, who received only slightly over 50 per cent of the
total votes cast.
"We are approaching congressional reform with an open mind,"
Meader continued in an interview here last week.
The co-chairmen of the committee, Sen. Mike Monroney (D-
Okla) and Rep. Ray Madden (D-Ind) suggested recommendations
that would be explored in their opening statements last week.
Among them are the formation of a legislative counterpart of
the Bureau of the Budget, the installation of modern electrical sys-
tems for roll calls and quorum calls, establishing of an official code
of ethics, eliminating fabulous campaign expenses and extending
the term of representatives to four years.
Thus far only congressmen have testified. "Their testimony has
been surprisingly non-repetitious," according to Meader. They
have suggested simplifying and reducing the cumbersome subcom-
mittee system, initiating a guaranteed summer vacation for con-
gressmen, establishing an Administration Counsel with staff to
handle non-political congressional case work and adequate min-
More than members of Congress will be invited to testify,
however. This week invitations will be sent to political scientists
recommended by the Washington director of the American Political
Science Association. In addition, management consultants, busi-
ness and professional leaders and other representatives of the
general public will also be heard during the coming months.
Although the committee has not heard testimony on excessive
executive privilege, Meader is confident that the problem will be
thoroughly investigated. He is especially interested in this aspect
of reform because of his work on the subject while he was a mem-
ber of Congress.
Meader believes, "The growing publicity and propaganda
activities of the administrative agencies is one of the major factors
in disturbing the constitutional balance between Congress and the
Executive, supposedly two co-ordinate and equal branches.
"The tri-partide balance has not been lost, but it has been
strained. There must be comity between the branches," Meader
asserted. He is hopeful that the committee report will help im-
prove Congress' position with regard to the executive branch.
When asked what Congress could do to draw the information
it desired from the government bureaucracy, Meader cited what
former Congressman Potter Hardy Jr. (D-Va) did in the last year
of the Eisenhower administration. He persuaded the House to
adopt an amendment to authorization and appropriation bills for
foreign aid providing that funds be cut off for a program if a
congressional question relating to a given program were not
answered within 30 days.
This use of the power of the purse to pry information from the
administration stopped the flow of money to several programs in
foreign aid before then majority leader Lyndon B. Johnson
arranged an "escape hatch" in the foreign aid bill.
All an agency had to do to get around Hardy's sanction under
Johnson's proposal was to have the President certify in writing
reasons why the requested information should not be given to
Without use of the power of the purse, Congress has been by
the administration limited to investigation of news management
and control of information.
Meader figured significantly in the Government Information
Committee hearings which drew the assertion from the Depart-
ment of Defense information officer that the department had the
right to lie to the press in order to protect American interests in
Souh Viet Nam.
Meader said he deplores this attitude, but noted that Congress
has no power to combat this "excessive use of executive privilege."
Meader did suggest that Congress could subpoena officials
from whom information had been requested and refused to the bar
of the House. Such officials could then be held in contempt of the
House. Such procedure has not been used since 1925, according to
lawyer Meader, '51L.
By JUDITH WARREN
After conferences and compro-
mises with University administra-
tors, the dispute over the stu-
ldent wage increase has been set-
tled, Barry Bluestone, '66, presi-
dent of the University of Michi-
gan Student Employes Union, said
All students working in the li-
brary and residence hall systems
will receive a minimum wage of
$1.25, an increase of 25 cents.
Students who have worked 200
hours, or approximately one term,
will receive an increase of 5 cents
However, students working in
the libraries who had attained
seniority before the wage increase
*but had not yet attained the $1.25
level, will loose their seniority and
will be paid the base wage of
$1.25, Bluestone added .
A compromise was also forged
by UMSEU and administration
representatives over the seniority
system in the residence halls. Pre-
viously students who had worked
50 hours, received an increase of
5 cents an hour. A further in-
crease was awarded after 200
hours of work.
Under the new wage rates, the
UMSEU was forced to sacrifice the
50 hour increase. However, after
,200 hours of work, students will
receive a 5 cent increase.
UMSEU also lost the seniority
system for students who had pre-
viously been paid over $1 an hour
but less than $1.25. Those students
are now in the same position as
those in the library system-they
,will be paid the new minimum
wage, Bluestone continued.
"We plan to do a little bit more
on the wage increase and touch
it up a bit. If this is the worst
we can do however, we're satisfied
for this year," Bluestone said.
The UMSEU had been upset
after rumors circulated that all
seniority that students had at-
tained would be cancelled with
the new increase in wages. This
would have meant that the wage
increase would have little practi-
cal effects, if an increase in tui-
tion or residence hall fees are an-
nounced, Bluestone explained.
"We also are working on a cost
of living index similar to the one
put out by the government. Ours
would include such things as tui-
tion, dorm fees, books and enter-
tainment," Bluestone continued.
Basing their campaign for in-
creased economic welfare for stu-
dents on the index, UMSEU rep-
resentatives plan to emphasize
cost of living for students rather
than the wages paid to them.
Therefore, the emphasis will be
placed on the "realistic element
of the equation rather than on the
wages paid by the University,"
increased but when and by how
much," Johnson said in his labor
message to Congress.
"The Congress should consider
carefully the effects of higher
minimum wage rates on the in-
comes of those employed, and also
on costs and prices, and on job
opportunities particularly for the
flood of teen-agers now entering
our labor force."
Johnson also recommended
legislation to discourage overtime
work in order to spread employ-
ment by boosting the overtime pay
requirements from time and one-
half to double time.
When Johnson's message did
not spell out the details, accom-
panying legislation would require
double time pay only after 48
hours of work in a given week.
This would drop one hour a week
over a three year' period to 45
hours a week for workers now
covered by the law.
Thedouble time provision ap-
parently would not apply to the
4.5 million additional workers
which the legislation seeks to
bring under provisions of present
The additional workers to be
covered by the $1.25 minimum
wage and the present time and
one-half for overtime past 40
hours a week would be largely in
retail trade, laundries and dry
cleaning establishments, hotels
and motels, restaurants, hospitals
and some other industries.
Unfortunately, these workers
are generally in the lowest wage
groups and most, in need of wage
and hour protection," Johnson
In another recommendation,
Johnson asked Congress to over-
haul the federal-state unemploy-
ment insurance system and its
present patchwork of varying job-
Johnson discouraged labor's
drive to cut the present federal
standard work week of 40 hours.
He left the door open, however,
for later action on both higher
minimum wages and a reduced
Johnson's message made no
mention of another goal sought
by organized labor to legalize
picketing on large construction
sites where more than one em-
ployer is involved.
Right up to the time the mes-
sage was released, there was a big
mystery over whether Johnson
would recommend raising the min-
imum wage. Labor leaders had
made an increase to at least $1.50
an hour their No. 2 legislative goal
right behind repeal of the right to
They point out that a man who
earns $1.25 an hour and works 40
hours a week makes approximate-
ly $2600 a year-which they note
is $400 below the administration's
stated poverty level of $3000.
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 11-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, MAY 19, 1965 SEVEN CENTS FOUR PAGES
U.S. Resumes Air
Strikes inViet Nam
SAIGON () - The United States resumed air strikes against
North Viet Nam yesterday, a U.S. military spokesman said.
The spokesman said 30 U.S. Navy planes from the seventh Fleet
carrier "Coral Sea" attacked a petroleum storage area at Phu Qui,
125 miles south of Hanoi. Initial pilot reports said severe damage
was inflicted on the target, which was reported burning.
The strikes were the first against the Communist North in six
Twenty propeller driven Skyraiders and jet Shkyhawks, sup-
ported by ten Crusader jets, hammered the target with 25 tons of
fbombs, Zuni rockets and Bullpup
air-to-ground missiles in a 30
D em onstrators minute assault, the spokesman
'Not W elcom e The planes encountered light
O ground fire and all returned safe-
ly. No enemy aircraft were re-
MONTGOMERY, Ala. (P) -- The ported.
Alabama legislature posted a "not In Washington
welcome" sign for Negro demon- In Washington, administration
strators yesterday, while Rev. officials said the U.S. resumed air
Martin Luther King Jr. announced attacks on North Viet Nam be-,
in Atlanta that Negroes would cause the Hanoi government failed
seek audiences with the legislators to accept President Lyndon B.
next Tuesday. Johnson's public and private ap-
State, troopers, capitol guards peals to talk peace.
and plainclothes state investiga- The United States had hoped
tors stood guard at the historic the President's speech six days
statehouse in the event Negroes ago renewing his offer of uncon-
showed up yesterday. In the Sen- ditional discussions - plus new
ate, Lt. Gov. James B. Allen an- overtures to Hanoi through neu-
nounced that until further notice, tralist channels-would convince
the gallery would be open only to North Viet Nam it was time to
visiting school classes on "legiti- stop fighting.
mate field trips." Senior Western officials reported
Negro leaders from Alabama's in London that the U.S., through
soil-rich Black Belt had planned a thir country, made an official
to petition House . and Senate approach to North Viet Nam.
members for equal rights, but the Beneficial Effects
project had been called off for Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark)
the time being. said in a Washington interview
However, King said he would that beneficial effects might yet
return to Alabama Monday for a come from the suspension.
two-day trip. Fulbright, the chairman of the
King said there would be no Senate Foreign Relations Com-
attempt to march or demonstrate mittee, had suggested on April 18
but added, "if they (the Negroes) that a temporary halt in the
don't get to meet with their legis- bombings might increase the pos-
lators, it may well end up in a sibility of negotiations.
mass movement until we get Meanwhile, the ground war
them to respond." picked up. Vietnamese troops and
U.S. helicopters killed 128 Viet.
Cong troops and captured 31 n
} ,rty ,~y three operations yesterday and
~tion on Lo-op amn
/ on op Monday. But 11 government troops
were killed and 58 were missing in
a Viet Cong attack on a hamlet
ies100 miles east of Saigon..
Hit Training Camp
More than a battalion of South
R MARKS Vietnamese troops hit a Viet Cong
k on a structure to connect the training camp 30 miles south of'
VIII and Pickeral Hall. the Da Nang airbase early yester-
ng room to accommodate over 100 In Binh Tuy province, two com-
r 12 men. panies of Viet Cong attacked a
in Mark VIII, 27 male residents village 65 miles east of Saigon
Mm Stevens Co-operative will use Monday. Four U.S. helicopters
om tevnsCo-pertie wll sebattered the Communists while
itional dining space will be filled ground troops reinforced a reg-
ops. It will also allow for future ional forces company defending
tly called Tri-House, since three the village.
OSU Showdown Nearing
By ROBERT HIPPLER
The Ohio State Uniyersity
administration and the Free
Speech Front will have a show-
down this ; week, but nobody's
sire exadtly' when.
Jeffrey Schwartz, leader of
the coalition of student groups
fighting OSU's speaker policy,
announced last Friday that his
group would bring well-known
Marxist lecturer Herbert Ap-
theker to speak on the cam-
pus within a week.
The OSU administration,
pointing to rules of the Board
of Trustees of OSU which for-
bid speakers unless they talk
in the "best and overall inter-
ests of the university," has pre-
dicted that the Board of Trus-
tees, in the lengthy consulta-
tion procedures the speaker
rules prescribe for cases of
doubt, would not permit Ap-
theker to appear as a speaker
:n the campus.
If Aptheker comes, the uni-
versity under state law could
arrest him for trespassing and
use campus and state police to
enforce university rules.
The Free Speech Front has
given no word since Friday
statement on when it intends
to bring Aptheker to speak.
The Board of Trustees has
reinterpreted the speaker rules
several times since they were
passed in 1951. The latest in-
terpretation, in 1962, is the
basis of the administration's.
Student protestors have re-
peatedly charged that the rule
is a very ambiguously worded
statement in addition to be-
ing what Schwartz calls "a
device that closes Ohio State
to new ideas.''
The Free Speech Front has
asked for an emergency meet-
ing of the Board of Trustees
in order that a special hearing
be held on the speaker rules,
but thus far the board has re-
The OSU administration and
a -faculty committee are cur-
rently gathering information to
present to the board at its reg-
ular July meeting.
The s p e a k e r controversy
started last April 21, when OSU
Vice-President John Corbally,
Jr. announced that in
ability a speech sch
the time for Apthek
not be allowed.
Since then, the Fre
Front has held a n
rallies and si-ins
teach-in to protest th
rules. The first sit-i
ri 23, drew 1000
Shortly after this, w
revealed that the
Trustees would hold
gency meeting, a sec
was held, involving
Some faculty group
Ohio Civil Liberties U
come out in favor of
ed the speaker rules
chronism and a vesti
Board of Trustees' on
control over the Ohio.
They have pointed
universities, such asI
ing Ohio University,v
speaker policies deter
joint efforts of the ad
tion and the faculty,,
ples for Ohio State toJ
Bill Must Go
:rwol F or Passage
umber of Includes $250,000
and one To Accept Freshmen
n, in the At 'U' Branch in Flint
g onW. .EXFORh EENOIT
students. V4i 6b a "
Board of The S e n a t e Appropriations
noaemer- Committee recommendation of
no emer- $51,255,266 for the University's
nd sitin operating budget of next year
500 stu- breezed through final passage in
is and the the Senate yesterday as part of a
nion have $184.3 million package to finance
Sthe pro- the state's ten colleges and uni-
, The $184.3 million measure
have call- passed yesterday represents an in-
crease of $4.9 million over the
an ana- amount sought by Gov. George
ge of the Romney, and if passed intact by
ice strong the House would give the Univer-
State fac- sity $1.1 million than was pro-
vided under the governor's pro-
to other posed budget.
neighbor- This includes $900,000 for the
which has University's regular activities and
mined by $250,000 for the enrollment of 200
ministra- freshmen at its Flint branch next
as exam- fall.
The bill now goes to the House,
where the Ways and Means Com-
mittee must prepare it for final
House action by June 11. The
deadline for voting on the Senate-
f passed bill in the House is June 22.
On Monday, the Senate passed
st movement a $2.8 million measure for plan-
atmosphere ning future construction at state
suffer from schools under the centralized
d. planning authority of the Mich-
igan department of administra-
.egion which tion, but thq capital outlay bill
ography and (also providing $2.8 million) was
i can still be not acted upon yesterday.
ntained. Par- Capital sources said the reason
ebris can be for the delay on capital outlay is
atic precipi- that some senators hope to attach
minated. The an amendment seeking an end to
ect, however, Mackinac Bridge tollsto the bill,
mny factories a move which would probably
mean extensive floor debate.
s, the Unit- Faculty Salaries
it has taken It was the Senate's intention
this problem that the $4.9 million total increase
Federal Air be used primarily to provide im-
ssed. provement in faculty salary levels
funds were and thus minimize faculty turn-
ls and uni- over, Sen. Gilbert Bursley (R-
rpose of en- Ann Arbor) said.
projects on The only significant change in
ional grants the form of the higher education
es, including bill, as it was reported out of the
ablish cours- appropriations committee, came
when the senators decided to cut
Act $100,000 from Michigan State
Pederal Clean University's budget.
and grants The money would have estab-
gencies which lished a state police training
y afford to school at the East Lansing cam-
pollution. pus, but the funds requested or-
iginated in the governor's office
ity maintainsand was not a part of the budget
to deal with request submitted to the legisla-
Air Pollution Affects 115 Millho
Construction begins this week
adjoining co-operatives of Mark V
The addition will house a dinir
people and six bedrooms above fo
The 18 graduate women living
of Pickeral Hall and 18 women fr
the new dining facilities The add
by students not living in the co-
expansion. The complex is present
co-operatives are involved.
"This is a new horizon for co-
ops at the University," Dale New-
man, '66E, development commit-
tee chairman of the Inter-Cooper-
ative Council, said yesterday.
The Century Construction Com-
pany is using a computer to "pro-
gram" its construction. Specialty
work, like the new addition, is
expensive. Therefore, the com-
puter plans what is known as a
"critical path program" to insure
that no workers are idle.
The cost of the project was
estimated between $38,000 and
$42,000, including the cost of fur-
niture. Finances will come from
the Inter-Cooperative Council
and a fund drive headed by Denis
By RUTH FEUERSTEIN
One hundred and fifteen mil-
lion Americans living in more
than 7000 urban areas arerbeing
exposed to the effects of air pol-
Plants inducing hay fever or
allergies, vegetation dying from
an excess of factory smoke, ani-
mals growing weaker from the
poor grass and motorists finding
their vision obscured near large
industrial areas are only a few
manifestations of the effects of
In England and Belgium, pollu-
tion of the atmosphere has been
so severe as to cause sickness and
even death, Prof. Vitols of the
School of Public Health said yes-
He pointed out, however ,that
it is a fallacy to believe that the
presence of a large industrial area
will necessarily cause an air pollu-
tion. The physical environment
surrounding the factories also has
a major influence.
Movement of Substances
A region in which the weather
Hamlet' To Feature Unfamiliar Script
Is conducive to the fa
of substances in the
will be less likely to
pollution, he continue
But even in a r
lacks a favorable top
climate, air pollution
controlled, Vitols mai
titles of dust and d
collected by electrost
tators and safely elin
expense of this proje
has discouraged ma
from installing it.
According to Vitol
ed States governmen
an active interest in1
since 1955 when the
Pollution Law was pa
Under this law,
granted to individu
versities for the pur
air pollution. Addit
were given to colleg
the University ,to est
es in this area.
Then in 1963, the F
Air Act was passed
were given to small ag
could not previousl
conduct research on p
Today, the Univers
an extensive program
By BARBARA SEYFRIED
Tonight's performance of Hamlet will be considerably different
than most performances.
According to Donald Harms, Grad, director of the presentation,
the script of the play is comprised of a mixture from two versions of
the play, the folio and quarto versions. What is usually done with
Shakespeare's Hamlet is to cut the folio script to a size which can be
presented. Instead, Harms said, we added parts of the folio version
of Hamlet to 'the quarto version where they were needed. The quarto
version is shorter than the folio version.
'rPni rf,.+ n -n of Hmleis cruder and less vrical Harms