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May 15, 1965 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1965-05-15

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SATURDAY, MAY 15, 1965

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SATURDAY, MAY 15, 1965 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
U

t [i Vii

Russian-Made

Weapons Found

In Dead Viet Congs' Possession)

Vietnamese,
U.S. Forces
Count Cache
Marines Wounded
In Action in North
SAIGON (MP)-Government forces
checked over a considerable haul
of Communist supplies yesterday,
including Russian-made rifles and
machine guns, from a two-stage
battle in the deep south that lit-
tered rice paddies with Viet Cong
dead.
Six or seven other Marines were
wounded. The patrols estimated
they killed or injured 20 of the
Viet Cong.
The action began about 6 a.m.
Thursday whena government pa-
trol ran into a Viet Cong force
in a swampy area near Bac Lieu,
a city of 14,000 on the coastal
plain that leads to the South
China Sea.
Far to the north, guerrillas
jumped two United States Marine
1 patrols operating in Communist-
infested territory~ outside the Da
Nang air base and one of the
Marines was killed. He had just
obtained a six-month extension of
his enlistment so he could stay in
Viet Nam.
For the second day in a row
there was no announcementhere
of any air raid on Communist
North Viet Nam. But Radio Hanoi
and the New China News Agency
declared there were extensive at-
tacks Thursday.
Dispatches from Saigon report-
ed that no bombing attack against
North Viet Nam had been ;an-
nounced yesterday or today.
But ,in Washington, the alleged
two-day lull in air strikes against
North Viet Nam stirred up specu-
lation that the Johnson admin-
istration may be reinforcing its
new. bid to the North Vietnamese
Communist leadership to get into
talks on ending the war.
A White. House spokesman said
a lack of bombing attacks was
"operation" -- evidently meaning
that it was the result of a mili-
tary decision and not a political
*r maneuver.
,Meanwhile, Premier Alexel N.
Kosyginv said yesterday that in
spite of, the tense situation in the
world he did not think there would
be a nuclear war.
He made the comment to In-
dian journalists who asked him
about the new Chinese nuclear ex-
plosion and Viet Nam.
Kosygin's remarks at a recep-
tion given by ylsiting Prime Min-
ister Lal Bahadur Shastri of In-
dia tended to water down the -So-
viet, line that nuclear war might
erupt from American actions in
Viet Nam.
"Under the present circumstanc-
es, I do not see a direct threat of
nuclear war now," Kosygin said.

Rights Drive To Shift Tactics

By REX THOMAS
Associated Press Staff Writer
SELMA-Martin Luther King,
Jr., anticipating passage of the
federal voting law, is shifting the
emphasis in his civil rights cam-
paign to other problems.
More than anything else during1
his just concluded checkup tour
of Alabama's Black Belt, he dwelt
on what he calls the cancerous.
evil of segregation.
King spoke of voting rights as
he has from the outset of the
four-month old struggle, but no
longer did he beckon his follow-
ers to march on the courthouse as
he did earlier.
He pointed out the chance to
register as voters will make it im-
perative for illiterate Negroes to
learn to read and write. To meet
that challenge, he said, clinics will
be started here shortly to teach
those "Who haven't had these ad-
vantages of an education."
Outlines Problems
King spelled out some of the
other problems his civil rights
campaign will tackle in the weeks
and months to come.n e
He told a predominantly student
audience at nearby Camden yes-
terday:
"Negroes are tired of living in
slums and broken down houses.l
They aretired of getting the worst
jobs ... tired of living as share-
croppers and not being able to
own their land . ."
Thus it appeared that the civil
rights struggle is turning now in
thie direction of employment,,hous-
ing and poverty resulting from
unemployment.
one of the first projects, he
said, is finding a way to get fed-
eral funds to put the poverty

Ervin Loses
Bid To Alter
Voting Bill
WASHINGTON (A') - Southern'
senators, charging the voting
rights bill would give the vote to
people who couldn't mark their
own ballots, lost yesterday a bid'
to preserve some of their states'
literacy requirements.
The outcome was never in doubt.
Even Sen. Sam J. Ervin, Jr. (D-
NC), who proposed the amend-
ment, conceded it wouldn't be ap-
proved.
"I have nothing on my side but
the right," Ervin said with a wave
at Democratic leader Mike Mans-
field (D-Mont). He added, "I'm
afraid my good friend has got
the votes on his."
Ervin was right, and the amend-
ment was turned down on a 53-14
roll call vote.
It would have let southern states
covered by the bill apply-without
racial discrimination-tests requir-
ing a voter applicant to prove he
could read and write English.
"I don't see how a man can mark
his ballot if he can't read," said
Ervin.
But Sen. Philip A. Hart (D-
Mich) said any literacy require-
ment could be used to deny Ne-
groes their voting rights.
"No matter how fairly it might
be applied .. ." he said, "it would
work in certain areas an unfair-'
ness on the Negro.
"The same tests in many areas
have been applied In the past, but
not as a test of literacy, rather
as a means of excluding Negroes
from the rolls," Hart added.
In five southern states and parts
of two others, the Johnson ad-
ministration bill. would rule out
literacy tests and similar voter
requirements, while authorizing
federal registration of voters.
Production UP*
To New Hihh
WASHINGTON (MP-The na-
tion's April industrial production
moved up' to a record level but
the amount of, increase was con-
siderably' below the average of
recent months, the. Federal Re-
serve Board reported today.
The federal reserve index of in-
dustrial production went up from
140.5 to 140:8. This means that
total output of the nation's fac-
tories and mines was 40.8 per cent
higher than the 1957-59 average.

DOMINICAN CRISIS:
UN Urges Strict Cease-Fire
SANTO DOMINGO (R) -- The
shaky cease-fire in this divided
city was disintegrating yesterday
--and the rebels vowed never to
negotiate with the Dominican
Junta. But they said they would
talk peace "with the true crea-
tors of this Junta, with the North
Americans."
In New York, the United Na-;*
tions Security Council called for a
strict cease-fire in the Dominican
Republic and gave urgent orders
to Secretary-General U Thant to
send a personal representative to ?
that revolt-torn country.
The council acted unanimously
at an urgent session convened
after Thant received a message
from Jottin Cury, foreign minis-
ter of the rebel regime, saying
Santo Domingo was in imminent
danger of destruction.
U.S. Concurs
Ambassador Adlai E. Stevenson -Associated
voted with the other 10 members TWO U.S. MARINES look out over rebel-held territory fro
despite United States reservations machine gun emplacement on top of a Santo Domingo roof.
at having the UN take a role in rebels, who charged yesterday that U.S. ordered or consente
a situation in which the U.S. bombings of rebel positions in Santiago, made settlement ap
contends the Organization of further away when they said they would only negotiate with
American States has prime re-
sponsibility htrue creators of the junta, the North Americans."
Cury charged that the bomb-
ing of rebel positions in Santiago cease-fire is permanent and assur- can forces were expected to
Thursday by planes of the rival ed or as forces from other coun- in the Caribbean island cl
military-civilian junta were un- tries arrive and form an inter- almost immediately. But he
dertaken with consent of the U.S. American force." "it is too early for us to wit
forces, "or on their orders." He McCloskey noted that the first part of the U.S. forces whit
charged the OAS was incapable contingents of the inter-Ameri- already there."
of resolving the situation and ap-
pealed to Thant to intervene.
Stevenson denounced as false
rebel claims that U.S. troops were
invading rebel-held positions of
Santo Domingo. He asserted it was
untrue to say the aerial attacks
on. the rebel radio station were.
supported by the U.S. forces.
No Negotiation
Cury said his rebel government
would never negotiate with the
five - man civil - military junta
headed by Gen. Antonio Imbert
Barreras.
Both U.S. officials and the OAS
had been trying to get Imbert to-
gether with the rebel president,
Col. Francisco Caamano Deno -
but these. efforts appear to have
collapsed.
In Washington, a State Depart- ® .
ment, spokesman said the situa-
tion in the& Dominican Republic
remains dangerous and it is too
early for the U.S. to begin with-
drawing its forces there.
Press officer Robert J. McClos-,
key said, "We remain anxious to
withdraw our forces as soon 'as
conditions permit, and this can
become possible either when a

-Associated Press
REV. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. is seen above with his
aides, from left, Rev. Ralph Abernathy, James Foreman, King,
unidentified, and John Lewis, as he leads a march of several
thousand to the courthouse in Montgomery, Ala.

program in motion. Governiment
aid is available to provide surplus
food for hungry Negro families,
King said, and efforts are being
made to get those benefits for
needy Selma residents.
Blames Poverty
He blamed the plight of poverty
stricken Negroes in part on the
civil rights campaign, saying that
almost 200 have lost their jobs in
Selma because they participated
in demonstrations.
The Negro minister did not say
just how he hopes. to make more
job opportunities available.
However, the Fair Employment

World News Roundup

Provision of the 1964 Civil Rights
Act goes into effect this summer,
prohibiting racial discrimination.
And, as King has said before,
Negroes hope to use the boycott
weapon to force employers to heed
their demands for better jobs.
He said small delegations from
each county in the soil-rich Black
Belt will petition their legislators
to grant the demands.
He called it a "good faith at-
tempt to talk with the people who
are supposed to be representing
us."'
If that fails, he promised to
"fill up the jails all over the
state of Alabama" with demon-
strators.
Accuses Legislature
King charged that the legisla-
ture is "not concerned one iota
about you and about me and
about the Negro people in the
state. It is concerned merely with
preserving white supremacy and
with issues about 'keeping Negroes
in their place."
He climaxed his two-day tour
with a speech to a throng of
singing, handclapping Negroes
crowded last night into Browns
Chapel, headquarters of the civil
rights movement in Selma.
He referred again to the jury
deadlock which halted last week's
civil rights murder trial of a young
Ku Klux Klansman at Hayneville,
nd declared:
"Alabama is a state where mur-
der is a popular pastime . .. there
is still a climate 'of terror in the
state."

By The Associated Press
SOUTH BEND, Ind. - Striking
teachers fired a challenge yester-
day at the South Bend school
board to get along without them
while they awaited their expected
dismissal.
School Supt. Alex Jardine and
school board attorneys prepared
contract terminations for the 360
members of the American Federa-
tion of Teachers who have boycot-
ted classrooms since Tuesday in a
bitter salary dispute.
.' * *
NEW DELHI, India - Discus-
sions for effecting a formal cease-
fire in the Rann of Kutch are con-
tinuing, with Britain playing the
role 'of broker between India and
Pakistan, Home Minister G. L.
Nanda told Parliament yesterday.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara said
yesterday development of an anti-

missile system "costing $8- ebil-
lion" to protect the United States
fromiCommunist China "for a
decade or two" is "well worth
considering."
WASHINGTON - The Senate
Public Works Committee approved
yesterday a $665 million a year
public works and economic devel-=
opment bill designed to help eco-
nomically distressed areas.
Most important feature of the
new bill is a $400 million a year
grant program under which Wash-
ington could, pay up to half the
cost for needed public works, pub-
lic service or development f.ac?.li-
ties in distressed areas.

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