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Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 67-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1965 SEVEN CENTS
ENTER BATTLE ZONE:
Americans Go to Du Co
SAIGON (P) -American troops
have moved into the central Viet
Nam highlands to reinforce Viet-
namese government forces seeking
to lift the siege of embattled Duc
Co, U.S. military authorities an-
nounced this morning.
Flown to Pleiku, 230 miles
northeast of Saigon, were elements
of the 173rd Airborne Brigade and
the Second Brigade, First Infan-
try Division, the announcement
said. They were moved into the
area Tuesday and Wednesday, it
Due Co is 215 miles north of
Saigon near the Cambodian bor-
der. The special forces camp there,
which includes 12 American ad-
visors, has been under Viet Cong
attack for more than two months.
Heavy fighting took place in the
area Monday as Vietnamese troops
moved overland to relieve pres-
sure on the camp.
Not in Action
So far as was known here, the
American troops had not been
thrown into action against the
Viet Cong in the Pleiku-Duc Co
The announcement said U.S.
and Vietnamese commanders
would coordinate the participa-
tion of the Americans "if they are
required in the operation."
The 173rd and the elements of
the First Division in Viet Nam are
U.S.-JIET NAM RELATIONS:
Over L odge's Statement
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-A bit of a storm blew up yesterday over, the
question whether Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge told senators the
United States would keep forces in South Viet Nam even if the
Saigon governm'ent should request their recall.
A congressional source said Lodge did. A State Department
spokesman said, "My information is that Lodge did not say that."
The spokesman, Press Officer Robert J. McCloskey, said he had
talked with Lodge. Lodge could not be reached by newsmen. The New
based near Bien Hoa, 12 miles
north of Saigon. They have been
taking part in patrols and opera-
tions in that area but this was
the first time they have gone into
First Foreign Troops
They are the first foreign com-
bat troops committed in that area
since the French fought a series
of bloody engagements in the
highlands in the Indochina War
Movement of the American
" forces from Bien Hoa was classi-
fied on grounds of military se-
curity until they were deployed in
the Pleiku area.
Earlier, U.S. military sources
reported Vietnamese relief troops
shot their way through thin Viet
Cong resistance to a linkup with
the besieged garrison.
Americans expressed hope the
relief detachment, described as
large, could clear away guerrilla
gunners ringing the camp's air
strip so transports could start
landing to move in supplies and
move out the dead and wounded.
Re-establishment of aerial con-
tact was considered essential be-
cause the Viet Cong were reported
to have closed in behind the relief
column and again cut, Route 19
between Duc Co and Pleiku, the
2nd Corps area headquarters, 30
miles northeast of the camp.
Route 19 is Duc Co's only road.
It is a strategic highway that
crosses the central highlands from
Qui Nhon, on the South China'
Sea, to the Cambodian frontier
at a point five miles west of Duc
Co. Duc Co is 220 miles northeast
Waiting for Weeks
"We have been waiting for
weeks for permission to clear the
Viet Cong out of this natural-
highway from Cambodia into Viet
Nam," a U.S. source said. "We
have enough forces there now to
try to do the job."
About a dozen U.S. advisers and
150 Vietnamese-Montagnard tri-
bal irregulars and lowland para-
troopers-held out in sandbagged
bunkers of Duc Co _during bitter
fighting earlier this week as Viet
Cong battalions sought to block
government infantry and armored
units moving down from Pleiku.
The siege began June 3.
Both sides have suffered heavy
House Begins Debate
On Public Works Bill
WASHINGTON (P)-The House started debate yesterday on a
controversial $3.25-billion, five-year program of public works and
economic development in almost every state in the union.
A final vote on the administration-backed measure, which has
passed the Senate, is not likely before late today or tomorrow.
Despite almost solid Republican opposition, Democrats sponsor-
ing the bill voiced confidence of passage. They'hailed it as a giant
stride toward helping pockets of poverty and unemployment while
providing needed public facilities.
Republicans criticized the proposal as wasteful and ineffective.
Leading off for the bill's proponents, Rep. Ray J. Madden (D-
Ind) said, "This will make taxpayers out of tax consumers. This
Hike Passed by Senate
his not a spending program; it is
Madden contended that by pro-
viding jobs for the unemployed,
the bill would cut into heavy ex-
penditures for relief and unem-
Rep. H Allen Smith (R-Calif)
To Affect.25 Million
ARTHUR J. GOLDBERG
Cabinet Seat of Urban
WASHINGTON () - A House
subcommittee yesterday apparent-
ly killed at least for this year the
Pentagon's plan to merge Army
r reserve units into the National
An armed services subcommit-
tee headed by Rep. F. Edward
Hebert (D-La) held the present
merger plan is "not in our na-
tional interest" and declined to
act on legislation Secretary of
Defense Robert S. McNamara sub-
mitted to carry out the proposal.
Hebert expressed belief in a
=statement that the plan "would
result in an immediate and ser-
ious loss in the combat readiness
of the affected reserve units."
The subcommittee's action, con-
curred in by full committee Chair-
man L. Mendel Rivers (D-SC) and
ranking Republican William H.
Bates (R-Mass), was not unex-
But in closing its hearings on
the plan the subcommittee left
the door open for more talks with
the Defense Department and for
a possible compromise later.
McNamara had argued strongly
for the merger which he said
would streamline the reserve com-
ponents-the Guard and the Army
reserve-and give them more and
faster striking power.
The Defense Department issued
a statement expressing regret
with the subcommittee action and
saying that failure to approve the
Pentagon plan now "will compel
the Army to retain nonessential
units at the expense 'of forces
which are required."
Fil Sees Board
Action on State
By JOHN MEREDITH
Within the next two weeks the
State Board of Education prob-
ably will approve the first in a
series of steps toward formulation
of a master plan for higher edu-
cation in Michigan, board Vice-
President Leon Fill said last night.
Two months ago Fill proposed
that the board officially begin to
develop the much-discussed mas-
ter plan by asking each state
school to submit a definition of
its unique role in Michigan's
higher education system. Discus-
sion of his suggestion has since
been repeatedly postponed while
the board considered urgent,
short-range matters, but Fill said
he expects the proposal to be
Fill also reported that the board
is moving closer to a decision on
inhmn . A rr Tnimvritv'c jn -
*York Times published yesterday
a report that Lodge had made
such a statement July 27 to the.
Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
tee. The committee questioned
Lodge that day in closed session
and later approved his nomination
for a second tour of duty as am-
bassador to Saigon.
A congressional source gave a
similar report to the Associated
Meanwhile in Hartford, Conn.,
the chairman of the House Arm-
ed Services Committee told the
National Exchange Club Conven-
tion that the only effective for-
eign policy is a military one.
"We can beat anyone," Rep. L.
Mendel Rivers (D-SC) said.
"It makes no difference why
we're in Viet Nam. We're there.
And I will insist on victory. Any-
thing short of that would be trea-
sonable," Rivers concluded to a
SCRAP MLF IN DEAL:
By MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH
Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON-Sen. Robert F. Kennedy (D-NY) said yesterday
that the United States "should be prepared" to offer to scrap its
plans for an Atlantic Alliance multilateral nuclear force should the
Soviet Union be willing to make similar concessions in the Geneva
disamament talks, which now appear stalemated.
Kennedy, speaking to a group of congressional interns working
here this summer, emphasized that the "major, overriding problem"
' the world must face is nuclear
The Soviet Union has insisted at
the Geneva talks that it cannot
consider an arms control and dis-
armament agreement unless the
U.S. abandon its multilateral force
dor Arthur J. Goldberg said yes-
terday that President Lyndon B.
Johnson probably will decide by
Monday what America's policy will
be on the United Nations dues
Goldberg told newsmen he will
spend the next two days in New
York sounding out UN members on
possible ways to solve the UN's
The world organization is in
deep financial trouble because of
the refusal of Russia and some
other countries to pay dues for
UN peacekeeping costs. The UN
Charter's Article 19 says delin-
quent UN members shall lose their
General Assembly vote.
The United States has failed to
date in efforts to get theback-
sliders to pay up. Now Washing-
ton is faced with the alternative of
pressing for application of the Ar-
ticle 19 penalty or working out a
Goldberg told reporters they will
see from the President's decision
whether the Johnson administra-
tion will undertake "a repudia-
tion" of the earlier U.S. stand fav-
oring enforcement of the no-vote
The 33-member UN committee
considering the dues issue con-
venes Monday and Goldberg said
he hopes to be able to present the
U.S. position then.
At this stage, the ambassador
said, he is collecting views from
members of Congress and the UN
members in order to work up a
recommendation which he and
Secretary of State Dean Rusk will
make to Johnson this weekend.
School To Start
AMHERST, Mass. (P)-A pledge
of $6 million has enabled four
colleges and universities to start
a special project-a new coeduca-
tional liberal arts college, called
A joint announcement by Am-
herst, Smith and Mount Holyoke
colleges and the University of
Massachusetts said they will co-
operate in establishing the new
school on a 300-acre site.
The undisclosed site will be only
a few miles from each of the
fostering schools which are clus-
tered in c e n t r a 1 Hampshire
The announcement said the col-
lege is planned for about 1,000
students, and it may be ready for
classes by the fall of 1968.
Dirksen Introduces New
Bill on Reapportionment
WASHINGTON (P,)-Senate*Minority Leader Everett M. Dirksen
(R-Ill) introduced a new constitutional amendment yesterday on
legislative reapportionment with the declaration "the fight has just
The new amendment, like one that fell seven votes short of the
necessary two-thirds majority vote last week, is designed to overcome
the Supreme Court's one-man, one-vote ruling that both houses of
state legislatures must be apportioned on the basis of population.
But Dirksen told the Senate the revised version takes into account
every valid argument raised against the rejected amendment. He said
.a.l. . . 1 A11 ~i l U 1. ~l ,
teeing off for the opposition, WASHIN(
echoed the claim of the House voted the
Republican Policy Committee that pay boost y
the bill "does nothing to eliminate forces expe
the causes of the mistakes and holds "inhe
failures of two of the most dis- than the Ko
credited programs of this nature Sen. Ric
ever devised, the Area Redevelop- Ga) said, t
ment Administration and the Ac- accept the o
celerated Public Works Program." that the c(
Expenditures Viet Nam w
The bill would authorize, sub-dmy
ject to actual appropriations later, "If we a
these expenditures during each of butter and
the next five fiscal years: of the Se.
-$400 million for grants for Committee
public works and development fa- Will have ac
cilities with the government pay- having our(
ing up to 80 per cent of the cost; which no g
-$170 million for loans, loan tofore been
guarantees and interest subsidies. The vote
The loans would be for 40-year in varying
periods to help finance public than 2.5 m
works projects. Shorter term service wasZ
loans would be available for pri- Difference
vate business; ate pay hike
-$25 million to provide tech- the Houser
nical assistance and related func- conference,
tions; the higher
-$15 million for expenses of next month
r e g i o n a1 development commis- Reservists
sions to help states band to- personnel w
gether for joint programs similar pay boost.
to those provided for in the Ap- Both the
palachian Development Program; bills are m
-$50 million for each of four $447.5 mill
years for economic development the adminis
districts embracing more than one The Sena
county. give the I2
To qualify for assistance, an creases to p
area generally would have to have, two years
a history of chronic unemploy- ate change
ment and substandard average officers an
income. more than t
RESPONDS TO CRITICISMS:
GTON (P)-The Senate
military a $1-billion
yesterday as its armed
rt warned Viet Nam
rent dangers" greater
,hard B. Russell (D-
oo, he doesn't wholly
optimistic view of some
ontinuing build-up in
will have only a limit-
on the nation's econo-
re able to have both
guns," the chairman
nate Armed Services
told the Senate, "we
complished the feat of
cake and eating it, too,
government has here-
able to achieve."
to raise military pay
amounts for the more
illion persons now in
es between the Sen-
e and one approved by
will be worked out in
but indications are
paychecks may start
s and retired military
would also share in the
House and Senate pay
nore than double the
ion recommended by
te and House versions
argest percentage in-
ersonnel with less than
service. But the Sen-
d the raises for both
d enlisted men with
wo years duty.
SEN. RICHARD RUSSELL
NEW ORLEANS ()-A Louis-
iana voting registrar asked a fed-
eral court yesterday to strike
down the new federal voting rights
law. It was the first legal chal-
lenge of the entire act.
Orleans Parish Registrar A. P.
Gallinghouse filed suit for an im-
mediate court order barring en-
forcement of the act, primarily
designed to make it easier for
Negroes to vote. He also wants a
ruling on its constitutionality.
A court test of a provision of
the law which waives English
language literarcy requirements
for voting was asked by a Brook-
lyn couple shortly after President
Lyndon B. Johnson signed the bill
Gallinghouse's suit came one
day after federal voting registrars
went into nine counties in Louis-
iana, Mississippi and Alabama and
began enrolling Negroes as voters.
Gallinghouse's petition said the
right of states to prescribe quali-
fications for local and state elec-
tions was reaffirmed in the 24th
Amendment, which was adopted
last year. This amendment banned
the poll tax in federal elections.
The suit also tclaimed the fed-
eral act violates the 10th, 14th and
Named as defendants were the
federal government, Atty. Gen.
Nicholas Katzenbach, Secretary of
Defense Robert McNamara, Cen-
sus Bureau Director A. Ross Eck-
ler and Warren B. Irons, execu-
tive director of the federal Civil
"The matter is now in the court
where it rightfully should be,"
Gallinghouse told a newsman as
he and his attorneys walked out
of the federal ;district court clerk's
Meanwhile, Louisiana Atty. Gen.
Jack P.F. Gremillion huddled be-
hind closed doors with most of
the state's district attorneys and
C. H. Downs, an aide to Gov. John
McKeithen, to decide what action
the state will take.
Mr. and Mrs. John P. Morgan
of Brooklyn filed suit in a Wash-
ington federal court to challenge
the English language literacy sec-
tion of the law, which prohibits
states from denying the right to
vote for inability to read and
write English'if the person has a
sixth grade education in an ac-
credited school commonly using a
language other than English.
It was specifically aimed at giv-
ing Puerto Ricans voting rights.
The New York City Board of
Elections, opened voting booths
yesterday for Puerto Ricans who
can't pass the English literacy
requirements but have had six
years of schooling in Spanish. A
Puerto Rican leader estimated
55,000 Puerto Ricans would be
added to the New York registra-
Gallinghouse's suit asks for a
ruling on the constitutionality of
the law, which means that a
Will Tackle Growing
Problems Faced by
WASHINGTON (p) -The Sen-
ate passed yesterday its version of
a bill to create a cabinet depart-
ment to deal with urban problems.
By a 57-33 vote, and with little
debate, it virtually assured the
formation of the first new cabinet-
level function since Health, Edu-
cation and Welfare came into be-
ing in 1953. The House has al-
ready passed a similar measure.
Thus a decade of congressional
Jousting over a Department of
Housing and UrbanmDevelopment
has Just about come to its last
It was a program unsuccessfully
pushed by President John F. Ken-
nedy and one that President Lyn-
don B. Johnson tagged a "prior-
ity," saying "our urban problems
are of a scope and magnitude
that demand representation at the
highest level of government."
The President hailed the Senate
action and in a statement released
by the White House said he was
"delighted that there was strong
bipartisan support in the Senate"
for the 11th cabinet department.
Differences in the Senate and
House bills will be worked out in
conference. Senate sponsors said
they expected little difficulty in
Ten Republicans joined 47
Democrats in voting for the bill.
Fourteen Democrats and 19 Re
publicans voted against.
Speculation immediately began
on whom the President would
name to head the department
when all details are worked out
in a final bill.
One of those mentioned is re-
tiring New York City Mayor Rob-
ert F. Wagner, who was at the
White House when Senate action
came on.the bill.
Wagner said he never discussed
this possibility with anyone.
He did say, though, that some
people had talked to him about
the possibility of his joining the
cabinet. "Some without any au-
thority to make the appointment,"
Wagner replied to a question.
WASHINGTON (P) -The Sen-
ate confirmed by voice vote yes-
terday President Lyndon B. John-
son's nomination of his longtime
friend, Abe Fortas, to be a Su-
preme Court justice.
Senators John J. Williams (R-
Del), Strom Thurmond (R-SC)
and Carl T. Curtis (R-Neb) spoke
out against approving Fortas, a
Washington lawyer, to succeed
Arthur J. Goldberg, who resigned
from the court to become U.S. am-
bassador to the United Nations.
Williams quoted Johnson as say-
ing he had searched for the best
qualified man in the country for
his first appointment to the court,
but Williams said it was "appar-
ent that his search didn't go far
beyond his inner circle of friends."
The Senate speedily confirmed
Johnson's nomination on Thur-
good Marshall to be solicitor gen-
eral after acting on Fortas'
Marshall, a Negro and former
counsel of the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of
Colored People, is stepping down
from the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court
in New York City to become so-
licitor general. In his new post he
will argue cases for the govern-
ment before the Supreme Court.
The junior senator from New
York, who stressed the importance
of reaching agreement on dis-
armament in a major Senate
speech recently, declared, "I
wouldn't be willing to disarm uni-
laterally, and I don't think we
should offer to abandon our MLF
plans unless the Russians give
some indication they would be
willing to make a similar move."
But, Kennedy continued, the
Geneva talks on disarmament are
the "overwhelming" problem the
world must face. If a treaty might
be reached as a result, he said,
we should be ready to offer a
concession" on the MLF if the
Soviets are willing to make one
on some other point.
As an example of a possible
Soviet concession which might
justify the offer to abandon MLF,
Kennedy suggested disarmament
of the Warsaw pact countries of
Although he did not refer to it,
Kennedy appeared to favor the
views of a recent top-secret gov-
ernment report on disarmament
his intent and desire was to write'
"a fair and workable" proposal.
Every 10 Years
It provides that the legislatures
of each state shall be apportioned
by the people every 10 years, fol-
lowing a decennial census. This
was not mandatory in his original
In the case of bicameral or two-
chamber legislatures, apportion-
ment of one house would be on the
basis of population while the other
could be apportioned "on the basis
of population, geography and po-
litical subdivisions in order to in-
sure effective representation in
the state's legislature of the var-
ious groups and interests making
up the electorate."
This requirement "to insure ef-
fective representation" is one of
the key changes. A similar phrase
is used with respect to apportion-
ment of a unicameral or one-
Must Be Approved
Like Dirksen's original amend-
ment, the revised version. provides
that an apportionment plan will
become effective only after being'
approved by a majority of the
people voting in a statewide elec-
But it also provides that any
plan submitted by a bicameral
legislature must be approved first
by both houses, one of which has
been apportioned on the basis of
substantial equality of population.
SEN. ROBERT KENNEDY
King Asks for,
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. (P)-Mar-
tin Luther King, Jr., warned civil
rights workers yesterday not to
rest on their laurels and said the
movement should ensure that at
least one million new Negro voters
go to the polls next election day.
Tn his annnal renort to the
SEN. EVERETT DIRKSEN
CAPE KENNEDY (A') - The
Atlas-Centaur rocket; which had
been in the space agency dog-
house, vindicated itself yesterday
with a perfect flight that hurled
a metal model of the Surveyor
spacecraft toward an imaginary