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July 29, 1965 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1965-07-29

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JUNIOR COLLEGES:
ANSWER TO GROWTH
See Editorial Page,

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WARM
Iiigh-8 a
Low-O
Chance of showers
in the evening

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No. 57-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 29, 1965 SEVEN CENTS

FOUR PAGES

house

Approves

Repeal of

ig ht-To- Work

Laws

Opponents Say Bill
Faces Senate Fight

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raft

Rescinds 14B of Taft-Hartley Act:
Called 'InIportant' for Unionism
WASHINGTON (P)-The House voted 221 to 203 yesterday to
kill state laws that ban union shop contracts-a bill designed to
deliver a major Democratic election campaign pledge to organized
labor.'
But as the measure headed toward expected tougher going in
the Senate, its opponents declared "the 'battle has just begun."
They said the bill was railroaded through the House under "gag
rule procedures."
AFL-CIO President George Meany, after watching the vote from
the House gallery, said it "represents a very important step in
" bringing justice to American
. a :: f 1 workers."

,a

WILBUR K. PIERPONT

U'Receives
$2.5 Milion
For Building
By BARBARA SEYFRIED
$2.5 million has been received
by the University to finance a
wing to the second medical science
building which is now under con-
struction, Vice-President for Busi-
ness and Finance Wilbur K. Pier-
pont announced yesterday.
Construction started last spring
on $3.4 million which the Legis-
lature had appropriated for the
building. These funds were part
of an agreement made in 1960 be-
tween the Legislature and Medical
School. At that time it was agreed
that funds would be forthcoming
if the Medical School would raise
its freshmen enrollment to 200.
, The grant announced yesterday
will provide financing for a re-
search wing addition to the second
medical science building which is
already under construction.
$ Research
The wing will house research
programs for the departments of
anatomy, genetics, microbiology
and physiology. These laboratories
are designed to accommodate a
varied and changing program in
medical research, supporting the
teaching and clinical programs of
the Medical School and University
Hospital.
Areas of research that will be
conducted in the new building in-
clude gross morphology, mistorol-
ogy, neuroanatomy, cell biology,
bochemical and population gene-
tics, immuniology and virology,
cell and muscle physiology and
bioengineering.
Funds were requested for the
addition from the National In-
stitute of Health, the Public
Health Service and the Health,
Education and Welfare depart-
ment last November.
According to Dr. Alexander
Barry of the Medical School, the
completion of the second buildin
will allow all the school's depart-
ments to move into the Medical
Center.
Departments
At present four departments are
located outside the center. The
anatomy, microbiology and phy-
siology departments are located in
the East Medical Building on cen-
tral campus. The human genetics
department is also located in a
converted hospital on the edge of
the Medical Center. These will be
moved into the new medical build-
ing when it is completed.
Projections place the completion
date of the second building in late

Supporters
The bill was"supported by 200
Democrats and 21 Republicans. It
was opposed by 86 Democrats and1
117 Republicans.
The vote climaxed three days of
debate on the most controversial
labor measure before Congress in
many years-repeal of section 14B
of the Taft-Hartley act which
permits states to ban union shop
contracts.
The repeal measure would wipe'
out laws now on the books in 19
states forbidding such contracts
and prevent all states from enact-
ing such laws in the future. Union
shop contracts require all em-
ployestcovered to join the union
after they are hired.
19 States
The 19 states are Arkansas, Ari-
zona, Alabama, Florida, Georgia,
Iowa, Kansas, Mississippi, North
Carolina, North Dakota, Nevada,
Nebraska, South Carolina, South
Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah,
Virginia and Wyoming.
Meany said the repeal measure
"will contribute immensely to
stabilized labor-management re-
lations, the goal President John-
son- urged in asking Congress to
repeal section 14B."
Reid Larson, executive dice
president of the National Right to
Work Committee issued a state-
ent declaring:
'Irresponsible'
"The sanctioning of compulsory
union membership via the repeal
of 14B by the House was an ir-
responsible act but not an irrevoc-
able one. For the benefit of the
labor bosses, that select group who
would deny freedom of choice to
the working man, let me make it
clear that the battle has just
begun."
The Senate, he said, "is unlikely'
to knuckle under to such demon-
strations of irresponsibility and it
most certainly will not be black-
jacked into the gag rule proced-
ures with which repeal was rail-
roaded through the House."
Through a tight procedural rule,
Democratic leaders- shut off all
Republican attempts to amend the
bill with stiffer restrictions on
labor unions.
Senate
But no such rule applies in the
Senate. And opponents are expect-
ed to carry their fight there to
forbid unions to spend dues for'
political purposes, tighten up bar-
gaining elections and prohibit
punishment of union members who
oppose union leaders.
However, Senate sponsors of the .
bill are confident they will win
passage eventually. Because of
other legislation, Senate a tion on
the repeal bill is not expected to
begin for at least a week.

Services
To Defer
Less Men!
Navy Will Use
Conscription
WASHINGTON ()-Stepped-up
draft calls may make it more dif-
ficult for young Americans to win
deferment from military service,
Selective Service Director Lewis
B. Hershey said yesterday.
Lt. Gen. Hershey said he fore-
sees no change in deferment poli-
cies. But he added local draft
boards probably will apply them
more strictly.
The draft chief said in an in-
terview he will have no difficulty
delivering 35,000 men a month if
the military services can give
them the examinations required
before induction.
Students
"I gather from what I heard at
two recent conferences of reserve
officers that the general feeling
may be that the local boards will
first look to the student defer-
ments if they feel a manpower
pinch.
"There are some 1.2 million to
1.3 million of those outstanding,
and some of the registrants may
not be keeping their boards in-
formed of their activities and may
not be maintaining good class
averages.
"After the student clean-up,
they'd probably turn to the mar-
ried men between 19 and 26 who
have been passed over, but not
formally deferred.
Married Men
"It has been our policy in re-
cent months not to take a man
who was married at the time we
wanted to take him in, and some
of these may not be keeping their
local boards informed of their
current status."
The general also disclosed that
he has begun to urge a study of
the evolution of "our now very
liberal deferment policies" with
the idea of determining "how we
would go back up the ladder if
we have to tighten them."
He expressed belief there would
be no changes in the relatively
high'"mental and other standards.
President Johnson announced a
step up to that level from the
current 17,000, to help meet the
manpower demands of the war in
Viet Nam.
At the Pentagon, officials said
the 35.000 draft call will be
reached in November.
Navy
And the Navy revealed it will
draft 4,500 men in October, us-
ing inductees for the first time in
nine years. Navy enlistments have
been lagging.
Only the Army had been using
the draft.
The Air Force will not draw on
Selective Service, nor will the
Marine Corps, at least for the
present.

To Add
U.S. VI*et

-Associated Press
VERSIONS OF HOW MUCH of South Viet Nam the Viet Cong control differ considerably. However,
all sources agree that the National Liberation Front has gained ground since last year, and it is in
the hopes of reversing this trend that President Johnson announced a heavier commitment of U.S.
troops yesterday.
ANNUAL ART CONFERENCE:
Calls Value Questions Crucial

5,000
Troops.

Hike To Come in Imunediate Future:
To Ask UN Aid in Bid for Peace
WASHINGTON (R)- President Lyndon B. Johnson an-
nounced yesterday he is adding 50,000 troops to U.S. forces in
Viet Nam, doubling the draft call and asking the United
Nations to start a new search for peace in the Southeast Asian
war.
Johnson said monthly draft calls will expand from 17,000
men to 35,000, to help increase U.S. troops in Viet Nam from
75,000 to 125,000 troops.
Johnson said he is sending the new air mobile division, a
helicopter-borne force of nearly 16,000 men, to Viet Nam.
With other forces to be dispatched now, he said, the 50,000-
man buildup will come almost immediately.
"Additional forces will be needed later, and they will be
sent . . ." said Johnson. He added, in a news conference
statement that had the ring
of a speech to the nation:
"This is the most agonizing and
painful duty of your President."
At the same time, Johnson said
he has told Ambassador Arthur J.
Goldberg to ask that the United
Nations use all its resources and
prestige "to find ways to halt
aggression and bring peace in Viet
Nam."

By JUDITH WARREN
Co-Editor
In an era of pop art, op art,
"junk" art and the art super-
market, the question of sound
value judgements needs to be
given more emphasis by teachers
and critics, Allen S. Weiler, dean
of the college of fine and applied
arts at the University of Illinois,
said yesterday.
Weller's lecture opened the
Thirteenth Annual Art Confer-
ence, sponsored by the University
Extension Service. The one-day
conference was held in conjunc-
tion with the opening of the Re-
gional Art Exhibition, to be held
in the galleries of the Rackham
Building through August 13.
Speaking on "The Joys and
Sorrows of Contemporary Ameri-
can Painting, Weller noted that
in a university community there
are only two fields in which the
"common man" feels capable of
asking questions and expressing
an opinion-education and art.
Such a situation leads to greater
widespread scrutiny, making the
fields "public" and a means for
overcoming the pluralism of
society.
Distinction
However, we have lost the dis-
tinction between professionalism
and amateurism. Therefore, it be-
comes increasingly difficult to
make sound judgements, Weller
said, and society rejects all stan-
dards because it is unsure of
them.
When standards are rejected,
art decreases in quality and people
begin to pay more attention to

how the artist works, rather than
the work of art he creates, Weller
pointed out.
"In a way, this is a kind of neo-
Romanticism," Weller commented.
However, while Romanticism in
art implies the importance of man
in conflict with his environment,
man today has built Vis own en-
vironment, but to such an extent
that he no longer has control
over it.
Anti-Naturalism
In art, this situation is mani-
fest in an anti-naturalistic trend.
When men were at peace with na-
ture, man's image was enormous
in comparison to the environment
in which the artist placed him.
Houwever, when man lost faith in
nature and his own ability to
control his environment, his loss
of confidence in himself is seen
Market Dips
After Speech
NEW YORK (fP)-Stock and
commodity prices fell from their
earlier advances yesterday imme-
diately following President John-
son's statement on the Viet Nam
conflict.
Some brokers said the pullback
was caused by a speech not as
warlike as had been expected.
Other brokers said the decline
came at least in part from "profit-
taking" on defense stocks. These
stocks had risen in price recently
in anticipation of further military
escalation in Viet Nam.

either in a nature which over-
whelms him, or in a presentation
of man's sensations, rather than
of nature, Weller explained.
Art today concentrates on im -
mediate sensations, emotions and
subjective responses, Weller said.
According to Weller, such ten-
dencies require definition because
they can not be judged by tradi-
tional standards.
Americans, he pointed out, are
hesitant to make objective judge-
ments, although in the art world,
this has been traditional, Weller
said.
He continued that there were
seven basic criteria that have tra-
ditionally been used to judge
works of art.
-Sincerity, or as Weller called
it, authority.
-Freshness and novelty.
-Excitement, in the sense that
the work of art makes us live
more intensely.
-Formal organization.
-The ability to suggest asso-
ciations in the viewer's mind.-
-Technical skill.
Sponsored in conjunction with
the Thirteenth Annual Regional
Art Exhibition, the conference
then adjourned to see the exhibits.
The show consists of a represen-
tative group of paintings selected
from regional shows held during
the year throughout the state.
Discussing the topic, "What the
Galleries and the Artist Should
Expect from Each Other," Mr.
Donald Morris, director of the
Donald Morris Gallery in Detroit,
explained, at an afternoon dis-
cussion, that the relationship be-
tween the artist and his dealer
must be one based on a mutual
trust and understanding.
According to Morris, this prin-
ciple is respected throughout the
art world. Problems arise, however,
because of unethical practices by
either the artist or the gallery
owner.
Expectations
Mrs. Jessie )Forsythe, partner in
the Forsythe Gallery in Ann Ar-
bor, elaborated, saying galleries
should be able to expect the'
artist will give the gallery his best
work, will not sell works from his
studio, maintain an integrity to-
wards his work and his materials
and accept the dealer's advice on
prices.
In return, Mrs. Forsythe ex-
plained, the artist has the right
to expect that the dealer has con-
siderable knowledge about the

Speech
Johnson covered his decisions
with a 1,200-word opening state-
ment, addressed not to the re-
porters who crowed the White
House East Room, but to "my fel-
low Americans," the millions who
heard and watched the broadcast
news conference.
"This is a different kind of
war," he said. "There are no
marching armies or solemn decla-
rations. Some citizens of South
Viet Nam at, times with under-
standable grievances have joined
in the attack on their own gov-
ernment.
"But we must not let this mask
the central fact that this is really
war."
Conference
Johnson said the United States
is ready now, as always, to move
For Related Stories See Page 3
from the battlefield to the con-
ference table.
"But we are going to continue
to persist, if persist we must, until
death and desolation have led to
the same conference table where
others. could now join us at a
much smaller cost," he said.
Johnson ruled out, at least for
the present, a callup of military
reserves.
However, Johnson said Secre-
tary of Defense Robert S. McNa-
mara will ask the Senate Appro-
priations Committee to add "a
limited amount" to the current
defense budget to help pay for
the buildup.
He said a supplemental appro-
priation will be sought when Con-
gress reconvenes next January.
Johnson mentioned no figures.
But Sen. John Stennis (D-
Miss) said the additional funds
will "be far in excess of $1
billion."
Hay Reinvite
Banned Orator
The Free Speech Front of Ohio
State University is considering re-
inviting Marxist speaker Herbert
Aptheker to speak on that cam-
pus despite the recent decision of
their Board of Trustees to keep
the speaker ban regulations.
"Hopefully, the Board of Trus-
tees will reconsider the present

SEN. EVERETT DIRKSEN

Buildup 'Gets
Support of
Congress
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-While Moscow
radio said last night President
Lyndon B. Johnson is taking a
"colossal risk" in boosting Amer-
ican armed strength in Viet Nam,
the increased commitment received
the endorsement of most congress-
men and criticism from some long
time Senate critics of the admin-
istration's policies.
The Soviet radio reported the
increase in U.S. conscription and
possibly higher military expendi-
tures, and said it foresaw "a wide
and complex of measures which
cannot but suggest the switching
over of the country to a state of
war.,
"The escalation of the war, of
which Johnson spoke, is a very
dangerous thing," the Soviet com-
mentary said. "Like any arms
drive and accumulation of military
potential, it can easily reach a
critical point beyond which it
will not be possible to control
events.
'Buries Myth'
"At the same time, his state-
ment buries forever the myth of
the U.S.A.'s alleged devotion to
peace, and it exposes the U.S.A.
before the entire world as the
most unbridled aggressor."
Senate Republican Leader Ever-
ett M. Dirksen of Illinois said he
fully supports the course outlined
by Johnson. Dirksen said he told
the President earlier:
"There is still some apathy in
the country about Viet Nam, and
the country has to be made aware
the situation is serious and that
you are playing for keeps."

CHILDREN'S THEATRE:

'U' Players To Give 'Pied Piper'

"The Pied Piper of Hamlin," a fairytale beloved by all children,
will be presented tonight by the University Players Children's Theatre
in Trueblood Auditorium. -
The play, written for children by Madge Miller after the poem
by Robert Browning, is the story of rat-infested Hamlin and the
disaster resulting from the citizenry's treachery. When the Pied
Piper is not paid for ridding the town of the rats, he plays a tune and
leads all the children but one, away from the town.
Returns
Returning, disguised as a minstrel, he teaches the people that
wealth and position are not as important as the happiness children
bring.
Unlike many plays written for children, "The Pied Piper" is

t .. .; ;: : .

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