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July 27, 1965 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1965-07-27

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Seventy-Fifth Year

NATO-De Gaulle's Plan
For French Autonomy

Popular Culture--
What Implications?


Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

U' Should Request
Su pplementary Appropriation

ATHE END of last Saturday's meeting
between University administrators and
state legislators about the recent tuition
hike, Vice-President for Business and Fi-
nance Wilbur K. Pierpont was smiling
And he had good reason.
The University's defense of the hike
was an excellent PR job which included
slides of comparative tuition levels at
other schools and a question and answer
period which led one to the conclusion
that relationships between the state col-
leges and the Legislature, the state Sen-
ate and the House, and between the House
Ways and Means Committee and its
chairman are all fouled up.
Typical of the confusion was the in-
quiry by Rep. Montgomery (D-Detroit)
why the University had not presented its
case for a higher appropriation before
the House Ways and Means Committee
and the answer by University President
Harlan Hatcher that the committee's
chairman said it would not be necessary
to have a hearing since he had heard the
University's case when it was presented
before the Senate Appropriations Com-
THE PROCEDURAL mishaps become
even more evident as politicians like
State Democratic Chairman Zolton Fer-
ency and Rep. Jack Faxon (D-Detroit)
claim that if they had only known that a
tuition hike was a financial necessity,

more funds would have been appropriat-
ed by the Legislature to fill the gap.
Yet University officials point out that
since they did request $55.7 million and
not the $51.2 million the Legislature ap-
propriated, the 'gap should have been
pretty obvious. And then Montgomery
says that in the past e'ducational appro-
priations requests are always slashed and
there were few complaints because the
requests are obviously padded.
There is still time, however, to rectify
the consequences of this year's legislative
THE UNIVERSITY should apply for a
supplementary appropriation from the
Legislature covering the $1.75 million in
added revenue that would have been
gained by the tuition hike.
If the legislators practice what they
preached last Saturday, the University
will be able to rescind the hike because
of added funds. If the legislators on the
other hand should decide not to give the
University a supplementary appropria-
tion, the blood for the fee hike will be
on their hands and not the University's.
Rather than having committees from
Lansing playing Monday morning quar-
terback at the conference table, the Uni-
versity should try to replay the game with
the state appropriations.

ticle is printed from the York,
Pennsylvania Gazette.
World News Service
PARIS-Paris political circles
believe there will be a show-
down between France and her
NATO partners by the end of the
year-i.e., after the West German
and the French Presidential elec-
They expect this to result from
the proposal of United States Sec-
retary of Defense Robert McNa-
mara made at the recent NATO
ministerial meeting in Paris that
a "select committee" of four or
five NATO members be created to
work out a common nuclear stra-
There exist two basic conflicts
between President Charles de
Gaulle and the rest of NATO: one
concerns atomic strategy; the
other concerns the structures for
carrying out that strategy. In the
view of NATO insiders the first of
these conflicts has been much
THE FRENCH continue to feel
that only the threat of "massive
retaliation" is likely to dissuade
a potential aggressor. If he knows
in advance that he will be hit in
his own territory, they reason, he
will not take the risk. On the
other hand, if he knows that he
will be met by only "gradual es-
calation," he may be tempted to
To support their argument, the
French point to the ineffective-
ness (so far, at least) of escala-
tion in Vietnam.
However, President de Gaulle is
well aware that France alone can-
not make "massive retaliation"
credible. If he were the first to
use his sparse atomic arsenal in
a war, he would simply invite his
country's total destruction.
more inclined toward suicide than
anyone else, it is considered high-
ly unlikely that they will ever take
that course. While they might
hope that the U.S. would menace
an aggressor with "massive re-
taliation," they would ultimately
have to content themselves with
whatever weapons the U.S. con-
sidered appropriate.
"Europe cannot be compared to
Vietnam," said an aide of McNa-
mara in Paris. "We would cer-
tainly employ whatever means
would be necessary to throw back
a Soviet attack.
"In 1964 alone, we increased
our nuclear potential in Europe
by 10 per cent. We have literally
thousands of atomic weapons over
here. Most of them are tactical, it
is true, but they can wreak tre-
mendous damage. General de
Gaulle need not worry. As long as
we are here, his country will be
well protected."
UNDER THESE circumstances,
the strategy quarrel between de
Gaulle and Washington is believed

to concern form rather than sub-
stance. De Gaulle wants to have
a say in the way France's protec-
tion is organized, and he wants to
know exactly what measures
would be taken in a large number
of potential situations.
He feels that so far he has not
been properly consulted. If he were
offered a chance to help work out
NATO's nuclear strategy in de-
tail - in a committee or some
other forum - he could be ex-
pected to grasp it, observers here
Much more fundamental is the
conflict between de Gaulle and his
partners over NATO's command
structure. While he sees a need
for NATO, he sees no need for its
executive organ SHAPE (Supreme
Headquarters, Allied Powers Eur-
SHAPE WAS conceived in 1950,
when de Gaulle was out of power
in France. It stems from the

may oblige him to do things he
himself did not decide.
This overlooks the fact that one
of the main reasons for forming
NATO was to bring Germany back
into the Western defense struc-
ture. But it does ont seem to both-
er de Gaulle that his own concept
would leave Germany out since it
it not a nuclear power.
The difference is unlikely to be
settled by any NATO committee,
for it goes far beyond the tech-
nical aspects involved and is at
bottom political.
AT THE MOMENT de Gaulle is
still cooperating within NATO-
in his fashion. General Jean Cre-
pin still commands the Allied
Ground Forces Central Europe
(including 2edFrench divisions)
from his headquarters in Fon-
tainebleu. French liaison officers
continue to serve on the inter-
allied staffs in Oslo and Naples.
General Jean-Marie Accart has
just been named head of NADGE,
which is to build a new network of
radar installations covering nine
NATO countries from Norway to
Turkey. Dutch troops are staging
exercises La Courtine in France,
and West Germany pilots have
training bases on Corsica.
However, the moment of truth
is approaching for the Allies.
Soon they will either have to bow
to de Gaulle's concept of an old-
fashioned military coalition or in-
sist on supranational integration.
IN THE LATTER event, de
Gaulle is expected to tell NATO
in December that its bases in
France can no longer be used for
any military moves which he has
not expressly approved.
This would mean that in the
event of an emergency, de Gaulle
would reserve for himself the
right to block any NATO actions
starting from French soil.
Since his partners would not
want to risk such a veto, they
would feel obliged to shift NATO's
logistical infrastructure fr o m
France to Benelux and Northern
HOWEVER, even that would
not mean acomplete break be-
tween France and her Atlantic
partners. In May 1965, de Gaulle
authorized common naval maneu-
vers between units of the French
Mediterranean fleet and U.S. war-
ships off Sardinia, even though
he had withdrawn the French
ships from NATO control two
years ago. French experts view
this as indicative of what lies
Even if France were to leave
NATO in 1970, a. year after the
present treaty allows-she would
still be prepared to conclude bi-
lateral military treaties with the
U.S. and other allies. She might
even be willing to make a pact
with NATO as a whole-on the
basis of equality.
But no one is going to budge
Charles de Gaulle from the prin-
ciple that France must remain a
completely independent nation.

First of Two Articles
S OMETHING is happening in
i literature, something deep,
gradual and serious, which mem-
bers of the academic community
-teachers, writers and students
-must realize and react to.
There is no ready name for
what is happening, but a few facts
indicate how literature is chang-
ing in this world of the Beatles,
James Bond, and James Baldwin.
Recently a publisher reported
that only one out of a hundred
books of poetry ever sells enough
to pay for the basic costs of
THIS Broadway season, only
ten of 58 plays made it into the
black, and all fourteen attempts
at "serious drama" have folded.
The New York Times headlined
the trend, THE THEATRE TO-
Book publishing is doing mod-
erately well, increasing publica-
tions ten per cent last year; yet
it is changing in nature. In 1964,
for instance, the top ten non-
fiction books outsold the ten fic-
tion best-sellers by more than
two-to-one, an amazing trend
compared with old tastes.
Yet television, the idiot-box,
boob-tube, etc., is flourishing. In
1964, Nielson reported that the
average home had the television
on 6 hours and 48 minutes every
day and that the weekly TV au-
dience totals up to 48.9 million
people. Movies, though losing to
television, are still going strong,
on sex, spectacles and-sometimes
THE CONCLUSION: the "popu-
lar media," the media chosen by
people who want entertainment,
enlightenment, stimulation or es-
cape, are, in terms of acceptance,
undergoing a drastic change.
Yet are these terms meaning-
ful, does popularity actually mean
anything about the state of an
art? Many react with Bostonian
distaste when sales figures are

mentioned in the same breath
with poetry, arguing that often
great works are enjoyed-and
bought-only by those educated
and sensitive enough to under-
stand them. The bad "Candy"
was 1964's top seller. A great many
writers refuse to write for "the
The best of these writers, it can
also be pointed out, are favorites
of "the people." "The people" to-
day, at least in the United States,
have reached an all-time high in
level of education and literacy
despite such idiocies as buying
IN FACT, the trend may be just
the opposite; popularity may pre-
cede the acceptance of the intel-
ligentsia in the modern develop-
ment of a great work of art. In
the 20's, writers like F. Scott Fitz-
gerald and E. E. Cummings were
popular but unacceptable; it took
years before they became accept-
ed by academicians as good-in
Cumming's case, great-writers.
Dylan Thomas, probably the
best English poet of the 40's and
50's, was greatly loved by the
English equivalent of "the people"
for his BBC radio broadcasts,
which were simple, homely, in-
teresting-and the work of a
IF, THEN, the forms of litera-
ture are changing, from the ser,
ious toward the entertaining, from
.fiction toward non-fiction, from
poetry toward television; and if,
further, popularity is a worth-
while standard of the state of an
art; if these, then what does it
all mean?
It means, of course, that teach-
ers and writers should be aware of
the change and adapt to it; it also
means that adaptation must not
be confused with revolution, and
that planners should make cer-
tain that the best of the old is
saved and combined with the new.
TOMORROW: The implica-
tions of these trends--for the
writer, for the reader, for the
teacher of English.


Leadership and the University

PROBLEM-SOLVING is nothing new for
Americans. Little has arisen that the
United States could not unravel with
some of its wealth and most of its will.
But today's challenges are directed by
many sophisticated and technical impli-
cations: moral, technical, and sociologi-
cal. They are difficult to perceive. It is
likely that few know what their solutions
would look like even while they strive for
If these problems are confusing, a good
approach to their solution is to examine
the approach itself.
It is easy to ask that problem solvers
should understand the problems they
work with. They should be quick and pre-
cise and most important, deeply learned.
English author T. H. White said, "...
you may see the world about you dev-
astated by evil lunatics, or know your
honor trampled in the sewers of baser
minds. There is only one thing then-to
enough" to face a crisis selflessly, ra-
tionally, and thoroughly? Who but the
learned can make national interest serve
JUDI TH WARREN . .. ...................... Co-Editor
ROBERT HIPPLER......................... Co-Editor
EDWARD HERSTEIN....................Sports Editor
JUDITH FIELIS.......... Business Manager
JEFFREY LEEDS......... ..... Supplement Manager
NIGHT EDITORS: Michael Badamno, John Meredith,
Robert Moore, Barbara Seyfried, Bruce Wasserstein.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.
Published daily Tuesday thruogh Saturday morning.

humanity's interest? Who but the learned
dare to face the "venerable lie" that is
symbolic of prejudice?
Modern prophecy is no more than well-
calculated hypotheses years ahead of it-
self. A man is a prophet and not a leader
only because contemporaries chose not
to accept him into the reality of their
times. America needs leaders, not proph-
A simple-minded people can sabotage
problem-solvers without knowing what
they are doing. It is easier to appease
crises with familiar trinkets of ration-
alization than to mark their complexity
and meet them as such. Talk of easy
global panacea to deep problems cen-
sures more realistic efforts.
An unseeing people stopped a League
of Nations and can smother teach-ins
with their own gross weight. They can be
assuaged by panderers and alienated
by thinkers. It is easier for an uneducated
people to label an objective thinker soft
on Communism than to worry about
themselves being soft on ideas. More iron-
ically, they can hobble a willing worker
by withholding votes because they don't
understand him.
can communicate on a sixth-grade lev-
el. Nor does it need to understand those
scientific elements of leadership that
came only after years of study and prac-
tice. The learned people need only rec-
ognize well-grounded authority in leaders
in every field.
That is, in fact, what life in the Uni-
versity is about.


American conviction that only the
teamwork of a fully integrated
military organization can achieve
true efficiency.
This has always been recognized
in war time. Marshal Foch was
supreme commander of the Allied
Armies in World War I, and Gen-
eral Eisenhower was in World War
Washingtoncbelieves that ever
more complicated weapons sys-
tems have made such integration
essential in peace time as well.
BUT GENERAL de Gaulle re-
mains convinced that the same
results can be achieved by a thor-
ough coordination and coopera-
tion between the various national
nuclear forces. He feels that, in
practice, integration means Ameri-
can control, and he does not want
to belong to any organization that

A Realistic Look, at Society?

To the Editor:
[ICHAEL BADAMO, in his "The
Playboy Philosophy: A Real-
istic Look at Society," appears to
be taking an unrealistic look at a
society composed of one individ-
ual from his societal context and
disregard that he is constantly
interacting with other people.
By the very nature of individual
differences (as I am sure that
Mr. Badamo of Viet Nam edi-
torial fame will concede) there
are bound to be a variety of in-

terests which cannot possibly co-
For example, while one individ-
ual may feel like getting drunk
in the wee hours of the morning,
I could not care less; however,
when he and his fellow carousers
rob me of my sleep by exercis-
ing their freedom of choice, my
choice to sleep cannot be realized.
TO SHOW what extremes free-
dom of choice can lead to, we
can look to the French Revolu-


'O Y ) OJ'M FlMe.


SE2MRpPYou ao 0Pl 6,PEFCCT-
ilIAT AS 's000 3As4(O() uY FK'
A(, R16HT?'

In France, during the early
1790's when individual liberty was
at the acme of values, the coun-
try had trouble training its army:
the soldiers refused to be drilled
because it interferred with their
liberty. Several officers were even
executed, since their subordinates
complained of this violation of
liberty !
Thus, an institution necessary
to cope with a problem (war)
which threatened the very welfare
of the state and the people was
rendered useless by such "whole-
sale" liberty.
YES, Mr. Badamo, it is appar-
ent that laws and governmental
restrictions seem to have a pur-
pose other than thwarting your
exercise of choice, namely, the
prevention of anarchy.
-Arlin Brown, '66
To the Editor:
I FIND IT HARD to believe that
Roger Heyns "is willing to
align himself on the side of stu-
dents interested in getting an edu-
cation here." Heyns was respon-
sible for planning thewsmall resi-
dential college. He did not invite
students or faculty to participate
in the planning and because of
this the whole idea blew up when
brought to light by The Daily.
Heyns later admitted that things
were at a critical stage at the
time and that the publicity harm-
ed the project. On the other hand,
but for the publicity the residen-
tial college would have been a fait

Disney1's Missing Link--
Tarzan Was Better
At the state Theatre
WALT DISNEY makes movies like the Mets play baseball; they
usually lose but the crowds keep coming to watch. "The Monkey's
Uncle" is no exception.
It stars Annette who plays Annette, and Tommy Kirk who plays
Merlin Jones, the same part he had in his last Disney movie.
The plot of "Uncle" is typical Disney-intricate, bizarre, and dis-
jointed. The action centers around the dilemma of preserving tile
football team at Midville College. One of the regents (boot) twice
attempts to have the team abolished (he didn't make the team while
in college). Merlin (yeah) joins forces with another regent, who had
made the team, and saves it (hurrah!).
Merlin in the short one and one half hours of this movie, finds an
honest way for football players to cheat on exams, and also learns how
to fly without an airplane. Never fear, Merlin is here.
THE MOST enjoyable part of "Uncle" are, unfortunately, those
least related to the main plot. The Beach Boys title song is one,
Annette sings this as well as another, "I Can Fly." Both are fun.
Somehow a preview of "Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying
Machines" was stuck into the middle of the movie; old flicks of primi-
tice attempts at motorized flight offered another distracting side-
track to Merlin's antics.
What is so "nice" about Disney movies is that one can find prac-
tically anything inside.
There is even "social commentary" on such topics as cheating
in exams and college athletics. And Disney also included a Mary
Poppins type word: shatterpated, which refers to one who is mentally
FINALLY, THE title should be explained: Merlin adopts a chim-
panzee named Stanley at the start of the movie and becomes its uncle
.(get it?). Disney does produce nice, family movies with pretty colors.
But this shatterpated individual-who looks to a movie for more than
fun and games-must quote the title song, ". , . the Monkey's Uncle
ain't for me."
Color Chaos, Comedy-
Ossie Davis Wins
At the Campus Theatre
JIM CROW flies low in this movie-low and laughable.
"Gone Are The Days" is a movie about racial prejudice, a
touchy subject at best. But actor-author Ossie Davis does not touch
the cliches of race--he clouts them.
Davis combines all the stock characters-the Southern plantation-
owner with bull-whip and barony (Stonewall Jackson Cotchipee of
Cotchipee County, Ga.) his integrationist son who went North to school
("College?" shouts Cotchipee, "Hell, my son can't even pronounce
nigra!") and the golden-mouthed, Negro preacher-orator (Purlie Vic-
torious, founder of "Big Bethal Church of the New Freedom for All
"BEIN' COLORED can be a lot of fun-when no'one's lookin',"
says one of the characters of the movie. And it is fun, as five main
characters jockey around a farcical plot that ends with Cotchipee
dropping dead standing up after his "dear semi-Confederate son" gives
Lutabelle her wrongful interitance and steals Cotchipee's only bullwhip.
SP~ralQ.Pn "f lhisr ndv ma1,y,.~r te mnviP_ nd o s~t of tnthem





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