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November 29, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-11-29

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Disunity Prevents Arab Block From Crushin,

g Israel

An Associated Press News Analysis
BEIRUT, Labanon - Bloody
riots in Jordan by Palestine refu-
gees demanding arms to fight Is-
rael have occurred at a time when
the Arab nations are militarily
more powerful than the Jewish
state but lack the unity to use
their strength effectively.
The six Arab nations most likely
to be involved in a conflict with
Israel-the Unite'd Arab Republic,
Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and
Saudi Arabia-have more soldiers,
planes, tanks and guns, but polit-
! ical and social conflicts between
them have blunted this edge.
The publications of the knowl-
edgeable Institute of Strategic
Studies in London, and other ref-
erences, say the six Arab states
UN To Vote
Today On
China Seat
British Spokesman
Concludes Debate with
Call for Admission
The U.N. General Assembly wound
up its general policy debate last
night on seating Communist China
but put off voting until today. A
close decision was in prospect, but
it appeared the door would be
closed again to Peking.
In the final hours of a debate
that opened 10 days ago Lord
Caradon, the British chief dele-
gate, declared it was time "to end
the international isolation of the
Peoples Republic of China."
Obvious Fact
"Indeed," he added, "it seems
overwhelmingly plain to us that
the facts of international life re-
quire the admission of China into
our counsels, for no one can con-
test the obvious fact that the
problems which beset the world
affect Asia and involve the Chi-
nese people."
Britain recognized Red China
soon ofter the Communists had
expelled the Chiang Kai-shek re-
gime from the mainland in 1949.
Indonesian Delegate Roeslan
Abdulgani a c c u s e d Communist
China of hostility but declared
nonetheless that Peking should be
seated in the United Nations as
the lawful representative of the
Chinese people.
Decisions Against Peking
The vote Tuesday will be the
16th time the assembly has come
to grips with the Chinese repre-
sentation issue. Each time the de-
cision has gone against Peking.
Three Asian allies of the United
States-Japan, New Zealand and
Australia-also spoke in the as-
sembly, and they all opposed a
resolution by Communist and non-
aligned countries calling for the
expulsion of the Chinese National-
ists and the admission of the Chi-
nese Communists. Malaysia also
opposed the resolution
The brief speech by Abdulgani
amounted to only a mild plug for
seating Peking, and was in marked
contrast to the vehement demands
made in the past by Indonesia on
q behalf of the Chinese Communists.

outnumber Israel 308,000 to 250,
000 in troops, 1,000 to 400 in air-
craft andt2,800 to 1,000 in tanks
when both sides are at full
There are at least four defense
agreements and organizations that
bind the members of the Arab
League collectively and among in-
dividual countries, but none of
these appear to have become ef-
fective instruments in forging a
unified military stance against
A case in point is the Israeli
attack two weeks ago against the
Jordanian village of Samua, for
which Israel received the strongest
condemnation in the United Na-
tions Security Council in 15 years.
The attacking force, including
80 tanks, 80 half-tracks and 12

jet fighters, met virtually no re-
sistance from the lightly defended
village and a Jordanian relief unit
arrived too late.
Syria and the United Arab Re-
public, who do not see eye-to-eye
with King Hussein, accused Jor-
dan of "treason" and "collusion
with Israel." Saudi Arabia, whose
army was supposed to be unified
with that of Jordan under a 1962
agreement, offered to send 20,000
troops to Jordan-10 days after
the attack.
Jordan blamed the Unified Mili-
tary Command, an organization
set up two years ago to coordinate
Arab defense against a possible
Israeli attack. Prime Minister
Wasfi Tell said that under the
command's plans, the United Arab
Republic should have provided air

cover for Jordan during the Is-
raeli raid, but failed to do so.
He said if other Arab countries
had opened battle on another
front during the Samua fighting,;
pressure on Jordan would have
been reduced. Tell charged Arab
plans against Israel were hindered
by "instability" in Syria.
The command answered Jor-
don's criticism by saying Jordan
had rejected all its proposal to
station planes and troops from
other Arab countries on its ter-
ritory. The command said it had
offered to supply Jordan "a cer-
tain type" of jet fighter, but Jor-
dan insisted on buying "obsolete"
planes from the United States.
This appeared to be a reference
to Jordan's reported purchase of
36 F104 Starfighters from the

United States. The command said
none of the fighters had 'jeen de-
livered to date.
King Hussein, in a newspaper
interview last week, admitted
frontline villages along the 500-
mile border with Israel were light-
ly defended.
"Our army operates w-thin its
limits. If it had to be everywhere,
it would be nowhere and could
never do battle with the enemy,"
he was reported as saying.
Then why not let in other Arab
troops to fill the gaps? This issue
is a major cause of the riots
sweeping Jordan's West Bank,
where most of the Palestine refu-
gees live.
They want the Palestine Li-
berations Organization to be al-
lowed to organize them into mili-

tary units to face Israel. The PLO
was formed two years ago under
the leadership of Ahmed Shukairy,
a Palestinian.
Palestinian military units are'
stationed in Syria and the Gaza'
Strip, armed with tanks, anti-
aircraft guns and automatic wea-
pons, Shukairy said. A more con-
venient base for PLO's troops
would be in the West Bank, where
they would be fighting on home
ground in the event of war.
But Hussein has accused the
PLO of being a Communist tool
and banned it from Jordan. The
PLO radio from Cairo has urged
Jordanians to topple the "im-
perialist agent regime" in Amman
and has helped fan the riots in
the West Bank.

Another fact against the Arabs
is that whereas Israel's forces are
concentrated in its small land
area, some Arab armies are sepa-
rated by vast distances from the
Saudi Arabia's 30,000 troops are
stationed hundreds of miles from
Israel and lack the transportation
equipment for a quick airlift to
the front.
Iraqu's army, too, is far from
the front and would take some
time to enter battle unless pre-
viously stationed in a country di-
rectly bordering Israel. Even then
tts line of supply would be danger-
ously long.
Saudi Arabia has ordered a $400
million air defense and radar sys-
tem from the United States and
Britain, including Hawk missiles

and supersonic Lightning fighters,
Most of this equipment, however,
will be stationed along the border
between Saudi Arabia and Yemen,
more than 1,000 miles away from
Egypt has an expeditionary force
of some 40,000 to 50,000 troops in
Yemen, where it backs a repub-
lican regime opposed to Saudi
Arabian King Feisal.
Following the Palestinian riots,
the Jordanian government has
asked the United States to step
up delivery of military equipment
and made a request for more arms.
It has also announced a mobiliza-
tion plan to enlist men from 18
to 40 years old as reservists and
said it would implement a pro-
gram to reinforce frontline vill-
ages bordering Israel.

-Associated Press
THREE CONTROVERSIAL GERMAN politicians have been seen as likely to be included in the
coalition cabinet of Kurt Georg Kiesinger, Christian Democratic candidate for chancellor. The
three are, (left to right) Herbert Wehner, Franz Josef Strauss, and Willy Brandt. Kiesinger is ex-
pected to make his cabinet slate public today.
War Continues Near Border,
Despite HolidawyTruce Talk

Boss Assails
China Policy
Kadar Accuses U.S.
Of Genocide; Calls
For Communist Unity
BUDAPEST, Hungary (A)-Com-
munist party chief Janos Kadar
assailed Red China's leaders yes-
terday for their "disruptive policy"
and pledged support for a world
Communist conference on the Chi-
nese issue.
In a speech at the opening of
the Hungarian, party congress,
Kadar said China's policy "in
practice supports the imperialists."
He presumably was referring to
Soviet charges that Red China
holds up shipments of East Euro-
pean military and other aid for
North Viet Nam.
Kadar accused the United States
of "the international crime of
genocide" in Viet Nam. "Even al-
lies of the United States are try-
ing to dissociate themselves from
the aggression of the American
imperialists," he said.
"We desire unity of action pri-
marily in aid to Viet Nam," Kadar
told the congress and visiting
foreign parties, including the
Soviet led party leader Leonid I.
Apparently referring to Com-
munist China, Kadar said there
was "no need for an excommun-
"If the Chinese leaders reject
this completely, the international
workers' class movement will not
come to a halt because of that.
Neither can we wait indefinitely
for the holding of a broad confer-
ence," Kadar added.
Kadar was referring to a meet-
ing of all Communist parties pro-
posed two weeks ago at the Bul-
garian party congress by Bulga-
rian party chief Todor Zhivkoc
and endorsed by Brezhnev.
The proposal for a world con-
ference on Red China ran into
considerable opposition at the Bul-
garian congress from Communist
nations and parties that want to
remain neutral in the ideological
feuding between Moscow and Pe-

WASHINGTON (P) - A possi-
ble tax increase still is an open
question, government officials said
yesterday, despite the expecta-
tion of one top congressional leader,
that President Johnson will ask a
boost of $10 billion to $15 billion
next year.
No final decision has been made
on the size of a possible increase
or even whether a tax hike must
be requested; officials emphasized.
"It's still a 50-50 chance," one
government figure said.
No Treasury Comment
The Treasury Department de-
clined comment on the weekend
remarks of Rep. Hale Boggs, D-1

La., the lIouse Democratic whip, that even if a tax increase were
that he expects Johnson to seek proposed the figures used by Boggs
a tax boost of between $10 billion seem high.
and $15 billion. The key ingredient in the tax
Boggs, a member of the tax- decision is the cost of the Viet
writing Ways ands Means Com- Nam war, and the Defense De-
mittee, emphasized that he had partment reportedly has not yet
no inside information on John- given budget officials its asses-
son's intentions although he spent ment of the extra money it needs
much of last Friday conferring to fight the war through the end
with the president and other con- of the current fiscal year next
gressional leaders at the LBJ June 30 or for fiscal 1968. ,
Ranch in Texas. If a tax increase is proposed it
"My guess is that the President is expected to include a rise in
will recommend an increase in in- both corporate and personal in-
come taxes," Boggs said in an come levies.

interview Sunday.
One economist said, however,

Brandt, Wehner, Strauss
Mentioned for Cabinet

SAIGON, South Viet Nam (_P)-
U.S. and Communist troops ex-;
changed artillery and mortar fire
in flurries of fighting in the cen-
tral highlands near the Cambo-
dian border yesterday while allied
hunt-and-kill forces reported 5091
Viet Cong slain in 19 days of a
coastal operation.
The shooting erupted around the
central highlands Green Beret
camp at Plei Djereng, 240 miles
north of Saigon, a few hours after
Premier Nguyen Cao Ky paid a
visit there to decorate U.S. mili-1
tary men.
U.S. spokesmen said the actions
cost no American casualties. Over-
all enemy casualties were un-

Tax Increase Still Uncertain
Despite House Whip's Remarks


Holiday Truce
officials said Premier
Cao Ky and other top

leaders of South Viet Nam have
just returned to Saigon after visit-
ing troops in the field, and a deci-
sion on a truce now can be ex-
pected in the next few days.
Presidential assistant George
Christian said that "obviously
there has not been any agree-
ment" on a cease-fire because con-
sultations between the two gov-
ernments in Saigon have not been
This was in answer to a question
about reports from the Far East
thatda truce definitely had been
decided on.
Withhold Fire
The Viet Cong radio broadcast
an order on Saturday directing
Red troops to withhold fire for
48 hours at Christmas and again
at New Year's. A similar an-
nouncement is expected from the
allies side once the discussions are
ended in Saigon.
The United States and its allies
hardly could reject the cessation
of fighting ordered by the Viet
Cong-which is contingent on ob-
servance of the ceasefire by U.S.
troops and their allies.
U.S. Intention
But there is a clear U.S. de-
termination that the brief lulls
will not be followed by extended
interruption of- the air strikes
against North Viet Nam unless the
enemy makes some comparable
concession-something which is
considered highly unlikely.
Last year's short respite in the
ground fighting was stretched to
37 days as far as the bombing of
the North was concerned.-

Yesterday's lull in ground ac-
tion in South Viet Nam appeared
to U.S. strategists to be another
of the periodic layoffs by the
Communist enemy rather than fue
to the moves toward truces for
Christmas and New Year's.
The Viet Cong proposal for 48-
hour truces at Christmas and
New Year's was a key topic of dis-
cussions between U.S. and South
Vietnamese officials in Saigon.
Plei Djereng
The U.S. Command in Saigon
gave this sequence of events
around Plei Djereng, where there
had been sharp clashes with North
Vietnamese army regulars this
B-52 bombers hit at suspected
enemy positions Sunday for the
sixth straigth day.
Yesteraay morning, a company
of the U.S. 25th Infantry Division
engaged an enemy unit in a 10-
minute scrap 19 miles northwest of
the Green Beret camp. Six Com-
munists were killed. There was no
report on U.S. casualties.
Premier Ky went to the camp
and presented South Vietnamese
medals to Maj. Gen. Arthur S.
Collins, commander of the U.S.
4th Division, and 30 other Amer-
ican officers. They were cited for
bravery in previous fighting in the
After Ky's departure, enemy
troops, identified as North Viet-
namese, laid down a 25-round
mortar attack against troops of
the 4th Division 18 miles from the
camp. All rounds fell short and
there were no U.S. casualties.

BONN, Germany (P)-Three of
the most controversial figures in
West German politics are expected
to go into the proposed Cabinet
of Kurt Georg Kiesinger, whose
Nazi past has been heavily criti-
Kiesinger, the Christian Dem-
ocratic candidate for chancellor,
is due to have his list ready today.
A meeting to consider it has been
scheduled by the Social Democrats.
in the Bundestag, who are cast as
junior partners in his "grand'
The Christian Democratic mem-
bers of the Bundestag overwhelm-
ingly approved final negotiations)
with the Social Democrats yes-
terday. Only six of the 251 mem-
bers were against, with nine ab-
Mayor Willy Brandt of West
Berlin, 52, Social Democrat chair-
man, is widely heralded to be the
next vice chancellor and foreign
minister. Brandt has many ene-
mies in West Germany because
he fled abroad during the Nazi
regime and returned in the uni-
form of the Norwegian army.


Herbert Wehner, 60, Brandt s
deputy chairman, is expected to
take the important job of min-
ister for all-German affairs and
to increase contacts with the
Communist rulers of East Ger-
Wehner once belonged to the
Central Committee of the German
Communist party and has been
heavily assailed by many. Chris-
tian Democrats.
Ex-Defense Minister Franz Josef
Strauss, 51, has been promised an
important job, perhaps finance
minister. Strauss was forced out
of the Cabinet in 1962 amid
charges that he misled the Bun-
destag in connection with treason
charges against the news magazine
Der Spiegel, which has since been
cleared. The Social Democrats
were among his most active critics
at the time.

world News Roundup

$700 Million
A one per cent increase in cor-
porate taxes would raise about
$700 million to $800 million in new
revenues. Treasury officials es-
timate a one per cent rise in the
personal tax rate would produce
roughly $3 billion.
Officials said they have no exact
idea what federal spending. will
total this fiscal year although it
is obvious the figure will exceed
$120 billion.
Last January, spending was pro-
jected at $112.8 billion.
Increased Receipts
But tax receipts also have isen
faster than anticipated and could
go as high as $118 billion by the
Treasury Department's own esti-
mate. The original estimate last
January was $111 billion.
These figures are part of the
so-called administrative budget in
which officials foresaw originally
a deficit of $1.8 billion for fiscal
1967. ,
Defense Spending
But this budget was based on
defense spending of $57.15 billion
including $10.5 billion for Viet
Nam. During the first four months
of the current fiscal year, defense
spending ran at annual rate of
$63 billion.

12 Noon, TODAY-Diag Rally
March into Administration Bldg.
VOICE-SDS, General Membership
Meeting, Room 3-G, Union, 8 P.M.

By The Associated Press
LONDON - Prime Minister
Harold Wilson and key colleagues
agreed yesterday that minor con-
cessions offered by Rhodesia's
white rulers fail to meet Britain's
terms for settling the year-old
But Wilson and his men de-
ferred until today a decision on
whether to take the dispute im-
mediately to the United Nations
or to have yet another try for
agreement with Prime Minister
Ian Smith.
MOSCOW-The Soviet Union
yesterday launched Cosmos 133,
one of the artificial satellites the
Russians say are being used for
space research, Tass newsy agency
reported. Cosmos 133 went into
orbit 112 to 144 miles above the
earth. The Cosmos program began
March 16, 1962.
PARIS-UNESCO voted yester-
day to deny to Portugal, South
Africa and "the illegal government
of Rhodesia" the right to any aid
in the field of education, science
or culture.
The resolution also excludes.
those countries from any confer-
ences or other activities of the
AMMAN, Jordan-Prime Min-
ister Wasfi Tell accused the Com-
munists, a refugees group, and two
hostile Arab nations of whipping

party appeared last night to have
suffered setbacks in town and pro-
vincial elections around the coun-
The Socialists slipped badly in
the only big cities involved in the
elections-Trieste, Ravenna and
Massa Carrara.
Partial returns showed they had
polled more votes in 1962, when
they existed separately as the So-
cialist and Democratic Socialist
parties, than they did in the week-
end voting just ended.



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