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August 30, 1966 - Image 21

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-08-30

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TUESDAY, AUGUST 30. 1966

-THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE NINE

As Nation Seeks Equity in FillingArmed F

orces

,,

In the nation's search for equity
in manning the armed forces,
more and more people have pro-
posed some sort of lottery or uni-
versal service. Either men are to
be chosen by chance or all are to
be taken.
Secretary of Defense Robert
McNamara in a speech suggested
inequalities in the draft might be
remedied "by asking every young
person in the United States to give
two years-to his country," in uni-
form, the Peace Corps, or similar
service.
U.S. officials filling in on the
speech later said the secretary
was against substituting any ser-
vice for military service.
Desire To Serve
The officials stressed that Mc-
Namara's intent was to;introduce
into the minds and hearts of young
people, particularly young men, a
feeling of obligation to serve in
some fashion.
They emphasized his use of the
word "asking" and "volunteer" to
throw down any impression that
he was suggesting some sort of

compulsory universal service for
young people.
At the same time, officials said
that McNamara sees a new appeal
in a so-far stillborn program to
rehabilitate, medically and educa-
tionally, young men who cannot
qualify for military service even
though they have volunteered.
This indicated a new impetus
behind what the Army used to call
its "step" program-a plan to re-
habilitate about 15,000 young
would-be volunteers and bring
them up to physical and mental
standards which would permit
them to serve.
Officials discounted the likeai-
hood of any legislation to back up
McNamara's proposal of service
for every young person, saying this
service is a moral obligation, not
one growing out of law.
They said McNamara had in
mind service in usch groups as
VISTA,' local and state helping
agencies, and such private service
organizations as the Society of
Friends.
But officials at the University

Twenty-five Republican mem-
bers of the House, the so-called
Wednesday group of liberals and
moderates, issued a position pa-,
per declaring that the present
program of deferring college stu-
dents results in "inevitable dis-
crimination between the rich and
the poor." The paper also points
out the many changes within the
country since the law was written
in 1951 which might tend to out-
mode the present system and
make it entirely inappropriate.
The Republican statements as
well raise familia'r issues:
-Whether it is fair to tavor
those who marry early or who are
wealthy enough to attend college;
-Whether men with "trick
knees" now often exempted should
not be allowed to perform clerical
duties, and
-Whether mental standards

should be lovered with the :rmd troin many of the nenbers of the

services providing special t'ach-1
ing for those below a certain level.i
Hershey commented hat. he
sees some congressional electon-
eering behind Capitol Hill's de-
mands for an investigation of tie
Selective Service investigation.
One 4lternative the Republican
group and many others would
like discussed is a peacetime Ai -'
my based solely on volunteers. Op-.
ponents of this proposal include,
however, most professional miii-
tary men. A voluntary sysem,
many claim, would work only if
military pay, fringe benefits, and
prestige are made commensurate
with civilian occupations. One un-
official estimate is that it -vould
take $6 billion to make abandon-
ment of the draft feasible.
A final alternative which sour-
I ces say met with sharp opposition

Pentagon study committee w'1s the
ilea of non-military options.
llough appeal on ideological
grounds is high and endorsemnents
ftromn Peace Corps and VISTA of-
licials lhave been favorable, objec-
tions are being based on s;rictly
practical grounds.
It has been argued. for example,
that there are not enough non-
military jobs to fill the demand.
Further, the Peace Corps and sim-
ilar programs might be damaged
by making them a haven for draft
avaders.
It the United States decides to
adopt a lottery or other conscripl
Live form of hale youth service,
it would be among one of a Land-
lul of nations in the world to have
such a system. Universal conscrip-
Lion today is more the exception
than the rule.

M7

ii
mE 1,

'U'Sends Rankings
To Selective Servie
(Continued from Page 1) whether to hold the vote, b
but under past procedure the stu- is expected to happen on Se
dent had to ask the University to WSU's action not to c
release the information. ranks next year came after
Officials commented that stu- ings between students and a
dents will probably be given a istrators and faculty.
form in the future authorizing the Keast's position was that
University to send class rank to set of class standings shat
draft boards. compiled for those who he
The University rushed every- registered for the draft ex
thing - allowing the students on- tion because they expected
ly two weeks to request the infor- high in class standings.
mation be withheld - because WSU il cotinet
they had not realized Selective WSU will continue to c
Service wanted the information standings of graduating ci
until they met with each other, Keast said "that the adde
according to officials. phasis on grades and class
They had been expecting some ings produced by the Se
communication, they said. How- Service procedures intensifi
ever, other schools, such' as Mi- eral undesirable features<
chigan State University, had al- present system of higher
ready informed their students of tion."
the situation. The fact that Selective
SGC's referendum on the policy boards can simply go dire
will probably be held near the end the students and force them
of September. Edward Robinson ly to submit their grades
gave as a rationale for the vote: legally set up new criter
"this is something that affects on- deferments makes Keast fe(
ly students and it is thus some- the problem lies directly wi
thing that they should decide for fact that the school gives
themselves." in the first place. He adv
SGC had not actually voted on stidy of a pass-fail system.

THE NATION SEEKS the best way to determine who men in pictures like the above will be
drafted.

e/

ut this
ept. 15.
ompile
meet-
admin-
a last
uld be
ad not
amina-
to be
ompile
.lasses.
ed em-
stand-
elective
es sev-
of our
educa-
Service
ctly to
legal-
and/or
ia for
el that
ith the
grades
vocated

and elsewhere praised the idea of
giving two years of service in ei-
ther a military or civilian role.
Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs Richard Cutler emphasized
that a national service require-
ment should be universal and
apply toboth sexes. Cutler wrote
a lengthy proposal on thep ame
subject six months ago.
"So long as national security
permits - until such time as we
have a bona fide national mili-
tary emergency, there ought to be
a variety of service options of-
fered," Cutler said.
National Problems
"There is plenty to be done in
the world," he continued, "and we
have resources to do more than
we are doing. Nationally, we have
urban redevelopment problems,
inadequate education, the Appa-
lachia problem, all of. which need
attention."
Cutler urged that some means
be found whereby individuals who
are either economically or intel-
be penalized by the fact that they
lectually less privileged should not
have been more likely candidates
than others to be tapped for na-
tional service.
"We should have a system in

which persons who are able to go
to college do not gain doubly by
both avoiding the service and get-
ting the consequent economic
ting the consequent economic
awards and status privilege," Cut-
ler said.
"For example, I could see some-
>ne earning a Ph.D. in physics giv-,
ing two years to his country with
little remuneration," he added.
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-
Mass.) urged the consideration of
a draft lottery, as did other offi-
cials and educators.
But Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, di-
rector of the Selective Service
system, said a lottery was used
during World War II and "it just
didn't meet things."
Kennedy called for a general
congressional study for a generrrr
congressional study of the Select-
ive Service system with particular
emphasis on the feasibility of a
lottery. He said, "I feel that the
present system provides inequality,

provides a lack of certainty."
He said that under his concep-
tion of a lottery system when a
person reaches age 18 or 19 he
would register with his draft board
physical examinations would then
and after passing mental and
receive a number.

A drawing would be held and all
.e numbers picked. Those drawn
rst would be drafted first.
Under the present system, Ken-
edy said, "those who have the
tellectual capacity or the boys
ho have the economic resources
go to college are provided with
deferment."
Calling this a built-in inequity,
ze senator added, "I say that
nder a national lottery there are
Dng to be inequities, but I do
iythere are less."j
The general said hehas been
worried about the exaggeration f
some individuals' inconvenience
'hen we ought to be thinking, I
Zink ,of national survival."

is immaterial
We have New and Previously
Owned books for all peop/e
who want to save mone
UDENT BOOK SgRV1CU
South University 761-0700

1215

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306 SOUTH STATE
Welcome to A

MICHIGAN

THE
W OMEN'S ATHLETIC
Welcomes you to campus
to participate in
RESIDENT HALL S
A special meeting for Universit)
at 9:00 a.m. in the lobby of th
Pool.
All are welcome.
Learn about our clubs and eve

wEs IN?,

ASSOCIATION
and invites you
the
PORT DAY
Tuesday, August 30
women will be held
ie Women's Swimmi9n
jI
1a
nts held throughout the
. TENNIS CLUB
* GOLF CLUB
* RIFLE CLUB
" FENCING CLUB..
s SPEED SWIM CLUB
" ARCHERY CLUB
r"t y

}
' ...::. ....: :=f
..::. , e,,,. t
:r:.,:>
,. .:
. <::: r h.:.r.. ,,., r:

school

year.

* CONCERT DANCE ORGANIZATION
* MICHIFISH SYNCHRONIZE CLUB
" FOLK AND SQUARE DANCE CLUB
* FIELD HOCKEY CLUB
" GYMNASTICS CLUB
* CROP AND SADDLE
" BASKETBALL CLUB

t
MICHIGAN BANKARD
u ui a

CNiE

UP-BEAT MOOS

Plus various tournaments thr

A JW ~ p ?~ 1I~ ....* - -

L:

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