THE MICHIGAN D AIIV
RRIDAF, SEPTEMBER 16, 1966
PAGE EIGHT THE MICHIGIN DULY FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1966
Philippines' President Hopes
For Free Asian Confederation
'U' 7" '!1' 1 A 3"t" - 3/ 7Ud t1'1'
President Ferdinand E. Marcos
told Congress yesterday it is the1
hope of Asian leaders that they
soon will be able to work out a
political organization to solve
such conflicts as exist in Asia
The 49-year-old Philippines
leader called for a loose confed-
eration of the free states, elastic
enough to accept the diversity of+
the peoples. But he warned. that
Communist China is the major
problem for all the other coun-
tries of the Far East.
(Marcos will visit Ann Arbor this
Monday to accept an honorary
He said the only troops capable
of deterring the Chinese in Asia
are American forces.
And he rsaid it is plain that the
plan of China's Communist lead-
ers to turn Latin America, Asia
and Africa against the industrial-
Ized nations must be frustrated.
Marcos, departing frequentlyI
~~ V V Vr V V V V V- V V-r V
from his prepared text, did not
refer to his proposal, outlined in
the written version, to roll back
Communist power behind the 17th
Parallel in Viet Nam and pre-
pare the way for a U.S. pullout
from the Asian mainland.
A Philippine press spokesman
said Marcos had not abandoned
this idea. But it was not pre-
sented to Congress in his spok-
Contain Communist Power
Marcos had written in his pre-
pared text that holding the line
in Viet Nam and rolling Com-
munist power behind the 17th
Parallel would provide a basis for
Southeast Asian nations to in-
sure their own collective securmy.
But he added that the time has
not yet come for the U.S. to lay
down the heavy burden of leader-
Only after Southeast Asian na-
tions are insured their own col-
lective security, he wrote, can
U.S. military power withdraw to
existing bases in the outlying
- v~- -r, - - -
islands and archipelagos-Japan,; V te m loII 111d1 U11
Okinawa, Formosa and the Phil-
Together with the U.S. 7th WASHINGTON ()-U.S. offi- produce a strong and continuous
Fleet, this line of defense of the tend to favor a presidential executiveleadership b e 1 i etv-. d
Asetian maind ouderenered th system for South Viet Nam's new needed for South Viet Nam. Par-
completely impregnable, while of government-but Washington is liamentary systems in many
fering needed support to any going to keep hands off the mak- countries have a history of 4ov-
mainland nation that may ing of the constitution. ernment instability amid the
threatened by Communist power." This post-election account was'jockeying of political parties.
"Cordon Sanitaire" given to newsmen after the White But a sure recipe for disaster
Houserissued Wednesday a -I would be for the United States
Marcos, here for talks with page report on what President to try to impose a formula oni the
President Johnson and the begin- Johnson terms "the other war"- Vietnamese, officials say. U S.
ning of a 15-day state visit to the the non-military campaign to spetnamist, willibesasay.aUle
United States, described the de- build South Viet Nam as a na-
fense line as a "cordon sanitaire" idontechnical advice if asked, but
around the eastern and southern . will shun any "made in U.S A."
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flanks of Communist China.
"No Asian country or govern-
ment desires the destruction of
Communist China," he wrote.
"We who are its neighbors re-
alize that we must coexist with
China and the Chinese people."
Until we receive assurance to
this end, the policy of the mili-
tary containment of China mustI
continue, he wrote.
Marcos, speaking in English,
conceded that the United States
has given more to the common
fund of human welfare than any
other nation in history.
Hinting at a new peace move
in Viet Nam, Marcos said several
Asian states, including the Philip-
i id1tQ y jonnson
Johnson hailed the big turnout
in Sunday's Vietnamese elections
as "a vote of confidence" and
said the results show the people
"approve of what we are doing
Both Johnson and his top aide
in charge of the civilian program
for Viet Nam, Robert Komer, said
"the other war" is not being won
yet but progress is impressive.
Last Sunday's election, spon-
sored by the Ky military govern-
ment, named a 117-member as-
sembly to draw up a constitution
for South Viet Nam within the
next six months.
Favor Presidential System ?
The U.S. officials said Ameri-
can experts are inclined toward a
presidential system-a popularly,
elected chief executive along with
an elected legislature-as better
for South Viet Nam than a par-
liamentary system, like Britain's,
under which the government head
is chosen by the legislature.
The presidential system is re-
garded here as more likely to
stamp on the constitution.
Many Vietnamese themselves
are inclined toward a presidential
system. What will emerge, now-
ever, is bound to have some dis-t
tinctly Vietnamese elements in it.
The Ky government will have
considerable power in the consti-
tution drafting because the as-
sembly will need a two-thirds ma-
jority to override government pro-
posals. But the government does
not appear to look on the as-
sembly as a rubber stamp.
The Ky regime seems to be'
looking for initiatives from the
assembly. If the assembly does
not produce, then the government
probably will put forward a num-
ber of its own suggestions for
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FRIDAY, SEPT. 16 munity School, an experimental pines, "have been working qui-
7 and 9 p.m. - Cinema Guild private school for five and six etly and unobtrusively to bring
presents Jerry Kawaloerowicz's year-olds, will conduct a workshop about the first prerequisite to
"Joan of the Angels" in the in Rm. 3Z of the Union for people peace in Viet Nam and that is to
Architecture Aud. interested in working as volunteer establish lines of communication
7 and 9 p.m.-Cinema II pre- assistants in its program. between North and South Viet
sents "Breakfast at Tiffany's" in Nam."
Aud. A. SATURDAY, SEPT. 17 But he said peace in Viet Nam
8 p.m.-Poetry Reading by Joel 7 and 9 p.m. - Cinema Guild: would involve long, tedious, confi-
Greenberg and George Abbott Lawrence Olivier's film, "Richard dential and secret negotiations.
White at the Wesley Foundation, III" in the Architecture Aud.__
admission free; sponsored by The "7 and 9 p.m. - Cinema II:
Michigan Daily. "Breakfast at Tiffany's" in Aud.
8 p.m. - The Children's Corn- A. 1
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