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March 21, 1967 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-03-21

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4

ENDORSEMENTS
FOR SGC SEATS
See editorial page

Sf14r i~au

E3at. i

UNSPRING
high-38
Low-30
Snow with rain expected;
mostly cloudy

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII No. 141 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 21, 1967 SEVEN CENTS

TEN PAGES

NEWS WIRE

Late World News
By The Associated Press
"SINO-SOVIET RIFT: Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy'
will be discussed Thursday at 4 p.m. in the League's Michigan
Room.
Professors William Ballis, Alfred Meyer, and Richard Solo-
mon of the political science department will moderate the talk.
The discussion is sponsored by the Honors Council and Offset.
* * * *
TOKYO M)-Communist China's Premier Chou En-lai has
told the nation's peasants they must resist the temptation to over-
throw even the most flagrant opponents of Mao Tse-tung and
concentrate instead on the spring planting.
Chou said this in* a meeting of, 2,500 representatives of
farmers from Peking's 13 suburban wards Sunday.
He was quoted as telling the mass meeting that the peasants
must put the more positive, pro-Mao elements among them ir
charge of production.
* * * *
THE VIET CONG mounted large ground and mortar attacks
at key American positions in South Vietnam today in what
seemed an effort to overshadow President Johnson's Guair con-
ference on the Vietnam war. The Communist assaults started
Monday 'about the time Johnson landed on Guam. American posi-
tions in vital sectors of War Zone C near the Cambodian border
were the hardest hit.
ACCORDING TO REPORTS, a ten-foot tall foot topped b3
a ten-foot high finger was constructed from yesterday's snow ir
the middle of Cambridge Road, obstructing traffic. Ann Arbor
police said that "a large amount of snow was blocking the road."
The snow was successfully removed early this morning.
MAYOR JEROME CAVANAGH of Detroit cancelled a speech
scheduled for 8 p.m. tonight in the UGLI multipurpose room.
Cavanagh will attend "an emergency meeting" in' Cleveland.
The talk has been tentatively reset for April 11. University
Young Democrats are sponsoring the mayor's appearance.
NANCY AMIDEI has withdrawn from SGC elections for per-
sonal reasons.
VINTON W. BACON, general superintendent of the Metro-
politain Sanitary District of Chicago, will speak tomorrow at
a joint seminar of the University School of Public Health and
College of Engineering.
The 4:15 seminar in the auditorium of the School of Public
Health is entitled "What the Third Generation in Waste Treat-
ment Portends" and is open to the public.
ANN ARBOR LEAGUE of Women Voters is sponsoring a dis-
cussion tomorrow at 7:30 p.m. between candidates for mayor and
probate Judge.
The discussion will take place in city hall council chambers.
'VERY GOOD YEAR':
Female Law Editor
Learns To Negoui~at(

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1

Romney Offers
Fiscal Solution
By WALLACE IMMEN The package, now under con-
Daily News Analysis sideration by committees, also
calls for a three-cent-per-pack
Governor George Romney increase in cigarette taxes, which
.million package program of fiscal woulreaise igthe taxeel toite
reform is a far from radical ap-would raise the tax level to ten
proach to solving the problem of cents
faltering state revenues. m This would place Michigan near
Although the proposal is facing the top in tobacco taxes. Only
lto ugh the o lgis fa cing M assachusetts, New York, Ver-
figures released recently by the mont and Wisconsin currently
fiureselased recentlyby the echarge 10 cents, while New Jersey,
research section of the State De- Texas and Washington are now
partment of Revenue indicate that taxing 11 cents a pack.
35 states have already instituted
state taxes on individual income Romney claims that this tax
similar to Romney's proposed fis- program would increase state rev-
cal reform program. enues by $331.4 million, or nearly
Predicts Passage 4 per cent. The current four per
Romney claims that his plan cent sales tax will most likely
Romne cia imsha tnhiseplan Iremain unchanged if an income
will finally win acceptance when tax is approved. In that case, the
it comes to a vote this spring or state will join 26 other states and
early summer. the District of Columbia in having
Romney's plan calls for 2.5 per both income and sales taxes.
cent graduated tax on personal
tin incomesaiv neightpe c to or

Open Legal
Aid Service

Faculty

For Students 4
Dismissal'

of

tion incomes ad eigh1tpercn ona
financial institutions.
City Council
Probes New
Ward Plans
By PAULA LUGANNANI
City Council voted 6-5 last night
to adopt a plan for ward reappor-
tionment on the basis of the exist-
ing five wards. The move came
two weeks before an election which
will place before the voters the op-
tion of a six-ward system.
In compliance with Public Act
No. 182 of 1966 passed by the
state Legislature it is necessary for
the city to reapportion its voting
districts before Dec. 1, 1967.
Two plans for meeting this re-
quirement were in question at the
Council meeting. Plan A, known
as the "Clerk's Plan" called for
continuance of the five ward plan'
and was adopted. Plan B pro-
posed six wards and will be voted
on by the city.
Apportionment Committee
Earlier in the evening a motion
which called for the creation of
a city council apportionment com-
mittee to be composed of three Re..

In a recent comparison of these
states, the Citizens ResearchI
Council of Michigan noted that'
the state is currently third highest
in total individual tax load-be-I
hind New York and Wisconsin-
with an average personal tax bill
of $290, 24 dollars above the na-
tional average.
It also noted that state local
per capita expenditures on edu-
cation are the highest of the sur-
veyed states.I
Individual Bill Increased
The income tax plan would in-
crease the average individual's1
state-local tax bill by from 23 toI
27 per cent. But the plan is grad-
uated, and families with below
$4,000 annual income will actually
receive a net decrease in their tax
load.
A personal exemption of $600j
for each dependent is allowed, and
the entire setup would function
in much the same way as the fed-
eral income tax.
The program does offer some
relief from sales tax. Deductions
for general sales tax payments will
be allowed. A $10 flat payment to
individuals in lieu of proposal to
drop the sales on food has also
been included. Another provision
of the measure is that the state
will pay 10 per cent of local prop-
erty taxes for individuals and
utilities.

System Similar to One
At MSU; Fully
Subscribed Friday
By ELEANOR BRAUN
All appointments for last Fr-
day, the first day of the legal aid
service sponsored by Student Gov-
ernment Council were filled, SGC
member Neill Hollenshead, '67,
said yesterday.
"The service seems to be work-
ing very successfully and most
likely it will be continued," he
said. He added that there are still
openings for consultation this Fri-
day.
The program began last Friday
afternoon as a local attorney re-
tained by SGC met in 15-minute
sessions with students in the SGC
offices.
Advisory Role Only
According to SGC spokesmen,
the attorney cannot take cases to
court for students making use of
the system, but can only advise
them.
Students are charged $2 for;
each 15-minute session with theI
attorney. SOC subsidizes the other
two-thirds of the cost. th
The first session dealt with a
housing c6mplaint brought by
Tom Van Lente, '67, chairman of
the Student Housing, Association
and George Steeh, '68, an organiz-
er of the service.
The Student Housing Associa-
tion is a subsidiary organization
of SGC and is worikng in conjunc-
tion with the Student Rental Un-
ion, an SHA subcommittee, to in-
vestigate the possibility of a col-
lective suit against an Ann Arbor
landlord.
Possible Court Case
Steeh and Van Lente reported
after their interview with the at-I
torney that "ive have definite
legal grounds for a collective suit,
but there could be complications."
They said that they would try
bargaining in their housing com-
plaint, but "if bargaining fails we
will enter suit."
Steeh explained that the new
legal aid service was modeledI
after one operating at Michigan
State University which "has been
very successful there." He plans1

Board

Urges
Case

- .f - 6-M6-L - - qeM _N

Against. Cinema Guild,
By R. M LANDSMAN
The University's Faculty Civil
Liberties Board will file a friend
of the court brief in Ann Arbor
Municipal Court today asking for
the "dismissal of the prosecution"
against four Cinema Guild leaders
now facing obscenity charges for
the Jan. 18 showing of "Flaming
Creatures.
The faculty group's legal memo-
randum "urges (the) court to or-
der the suppression as evidence of
the film seized," and ,its return"
::to Cinema Guild.
Acting as an "interested party"
{ k :; >}.:".. * the Civil Liberties Board of the
University Faculty Senate backs
the case of Cinema Guild lawyers
who argue the case should be dis-

-Daily-Robert Sheffield
ICICLE AND BICYCLE
Winter made a sudden return to Ann Arbor yesterday postponing
the first day of spring indefinitely. Enough snow had fallen by,
late last night to fill the basket of the bike parked outside
Angell Hall.
NATIONAL TREND:
Pass-Fail Courses
Meet with Success

By FAITH ADLER
How is a 23-year-old girl going
to handle a staff of 30 men," Sally
Katzen wondered when she be-
came the first woman editor-in-
chief of the 65-year-old Michigan
Law Review last March.
"I have had to learn to nego-
tiate-to handle people without
letting them know they're being,
handled," she said recently, a
year later.
"I'm constantly being teased
about being a girl,' she says. "We
created a TV lounge so the guys
could watch their football games
and stay at the office to work.
They kid me about wearing slacks;
I guess they like to see me looking
more feminine."
Miss Katzen's appointment last
year received national press cov-
erage, which was followed by
countless letters from men who
wanted to meet her. Her staff
mailed her a fraudulent letter'
from Connecticut ,accompanied by
a dozen roses.
Miss Katzen, '67, describes the1
Review as "the most important
academic organization at the Law3
School."
She explained that "it enables
the strident to do independent re-
search, to publish, and therefore,
to have some effect on the law."
The Review contains articles by
law professo and practitioners
or problems such as labor, tax, and
constitutional law questions, and
issues ranging from attorney-
client relations to developments
in the use of computers and the
law.

ington, D.C., after which she w
enter a law firm in either Was
ington or New York.
Asked about discrimination
the hiring of women lawyers, s
commented, "Law firms are fac
with a dilemma: The qualities th
make a girl an asset to a firm
intelligence, wit, looks-are t
same qualities that will quick
attract a husband and perha
prompt her to leave the firm."
"I experienced no trouble in i
terviewing for jobs," she co
tinued. "This is probably becau
my record allows me to standc
my own two feet. In a sense, n
being elected editor of the L
Review indicates to them that
may not be the typical female la
graduate."

publicans and two Democrats was Girdi for Figit to go to MSU later this year to By CYNTHIA MILLS
defeated by a 7-4 vote. study the system and its operation When the literary college's pass-
This move would have definitely Observers are uncertain how in East Lansing. fail option goes into full effect1
" blocked action until after the up- many changes will be made i Varied Areas this spring term, upperclassmen;
coming election. the plan before the bill gets out Steeh and Hollerishead both i electing to use this system will be
Proponents of Plan B contend of committees. Romney is girding emphasized that while the service in good company. Students at
that it will more equitably main- for a fight to keep it from being was originally designed to help other colleges across the country
win a the "pie-shaped" character-deatd with housing problems exclusive-j are participating in the experi-
Swrs ea "There may be some in the y t hassin been elg t ment. And they like what they see.
ward sections of the downtown Legislature and elsewhere who include any legal difficulty that Princeton, Dartmouth, Y a 2 e,
'ill area, and from there reaching out think that preventing tax reform students might have." Berkeley, Stanford and Columbia
;h- to the suburban areas. This plan might be harmful to me political- Hollenshead also expressed hope are working with pass-fail.-
would also give stronger repre- ly," he told reporters recently I for the eventual establishment of Despite the many ramifications
sentation to students living in the "If there are any who think by a legal aid fund to supplement the from any irregular grading sys-
he wards who were registered to vote, defeating a reasonable budget or consultation service. Junior - Senior Counseling, sees
e they contend, tax reform, they can hurt me, I The standard rate for local law- poram as w ell geied.
.ed sgs hytk oe aeu the program as well-received.
at Political Overtone sugest they take a more' careful yers in Ann Arbor is $25 an hour. Accomplishing
- Republicans hold a 7-to-4 na- sounding of the publicattitudes A spokesman for the legal services "It seems to be accomplishing
he jorority on the council. Last week in this country." program said that the $2 fee what the curriculum committee
ily the Democrats questioned whether He is facing strong opposition charged to students only insures hoped it would: encouraging stu-
ps council action on a reapportion- and counter proposals are being their keeping their appointments. dents to elect courses they would
ment plan was in order before city prepared. Romney claims, how- "SGC is paying for the program, otherwise avoid and giving them1
n- voters had acted on the issue. ever, that his plan represents the really," he said.. ithe opportunity to elect these
n- Republican council members best "genuine fiscal reform." Bar restrictions on lawyers for- courses on their own terms."
ise have charged that the wording of "My major objective-so that bid advertising the legal service Since the institution of this op-1
on the proposal sponsored by the there will be no misunderstanding or publicizing the name of the tion for graduating seniors lasti
ny Democrats would result in six seats -is not so much mere fiscal local. lawyer who has undertaken January, Shaw says, "I'm sur-
aw for each party guaranteed by 1969. reform as a protection of the fis- the program. prised at the quality of students1
I However, an opinion by city attor- cal integrity of the state. I will According to SGC spokesmen, who are taking pass-fail. It ap-
aw ney Jacob Fahrner Jr. says that not permit spending more than we the lawyer was chosen with the pears a better option for a goodl
this would not be the case. are willing to pay." agreement of local bar members. student than a weak one."
r~rr- -l-~A~-~-~ - ~ ~~

The only requirements for eligi-
bility are good standing, a two-
point average, and upperclassman
standing.
Shaw does not see the feasibility
of extending pass-fail to freshmen
and lower-classmen, although the
curriculum committee has discuss-
ed applying the option to distri-
bution requirements.
Freshmen and Grades
"I think there is a great
advantage to freshmen having
grades," Shaw commented, "be-
cause it tells us and them where
they stand and whether they
ought to remain here or not."
The prime disadvantage Shaw
sees in the present workig g of the
program is "not having any ma-
neuvering room at the beginning
of "the term. There is a motion
before the faculty to give us two
weeks' leeway so that the student
can get first-hand judgment of
the course, but not so long a per-
iod as to allow him to be graded."
Disclaiming any problems with
the draft, Shaw says pass-fail has
nothing to do with normal pro-
gress to a degree, nor class-rank-
ing.
Grad Applications
Because of the stringent require-
ment of a "C" passing grade and
restriction to courses outside the
student's major, Shaw said, "Pass-
fail courses should not have any
damaging effect on acceptance to
graduate schools."
t As in most other colleges elect-
ing such an option, the instructor
is not told whether his student is
taking the course on the regular
graded basis or otherwise. He
turns, the usual grade into the
records office, and they record
from the standard classification
either a "P" or "F."
Other Plans
Pass-fail programs, differing in
many aspects, have spread across
the nation.
California Institute of Tech-
nology instituted the system to
help new students adjust to the

See Full Text, Page 2
missed because the film was "un-
constitutionally" seized, in mid-
reel by the Ann Arbor police.
According to University Execu-
tive Vice-President Marvin L. Nie-
huss this is the first time an or-
ganized faculty group here has
formally backed students in -a
court case. "I know of no similar
action taken by the faculty in the
past," he said.
Prior Restraint
The memorndum prepared by
the Board's lawyers, Profs. Joseph
Sax and Terrance Sandalow of
the Law School, says that "What
is at stake here is whether a
police officer is to have the power
to determine, ex parte, that the
members of the University com-
munity shall not see certain films
or plays, or read certain books,
prior to a determination by a duly
authorized judicial officer that
such materials may be outside the
protection of the constitutional
right of free speech.
"At no time," says the brief,
"was the film in question ever
brought before a judge or magis-
trate; nor was any warrant ever
issued for its seizure; nor was any
judicial determination ever made
as to whether the film constitut-
ed obscene material within the
meaning of the first amendment,"
The motion to suppress raises
the question whether the proce-
dure employed by the police in
this case to enforce the state's'ob-
scenity law is consistentwith the
first amendment. A consistent line
of recent decisions by the United
States Supreme Court establishes
with abundant clarity that proce-
dures employed to suppress ob-
scene . materials must contain
adequate safeguards "to assure
non-obscene material the consti-
tutional protection to which it is
entitled."
The issue posed by the motion
to suppress thus transcends the
question whether any particular
film, book or performance is ob-
scene or protected speech under
the first and fourteenth amend-
mends to the federal Constitution.
William Goodman, attorney for
the defendants, said he was very
"glad to have the Civil Liberties
Board's support."
Prof. Hubert Cohen of the en-
.gineering English department, ad-
visor to Cinema Guild, and one of
the four defendants, said he was
"delighted that they have support-
ed us. There seem to be so few,
now."
The Civil Liberties Board stud-
led the film seizure in great detail
prior to deciding to file the brief.
Threats to Civil Liberties
The Board was, created by the
Faculty Senate Assembly to assist
persons who, in their roles as stu-
dents or staff, suffer threats to
their civil liberties."
The case may not be heard for
about a month yet, according to
Municipal Judge S. J. Elden. He
said that it will take that long for
the defense and prosecution to
complete briefs on the case.
Cinema Guild has filed a suit in
Detroit Federal District Court
against Ann Arbor police chief
Walter Krasny, police Lieut. Eu-
gene Staudenmeier, and Assistant
Washtenaw County Prosecutor
Thomas Shea, asking for an in-
junction restraining the local po-
lice from subseauent prosecution,

Presidential Candidates Call for Student Power

I
i

By LUCY KENNEDY
Both Student Government Coun-
cil presidential candidates-Bruce
Kahn, '68; and Tom Copi, '69Ed,
say students should have more
control over student-oriented deci-
sions such as rules for' conduct,
according to recent campaign
statements.
However, the candidates differ
on the limits of student power
and the means of obtaining it.
The campaign remarks were
made at an Inter-House Assembly
speaker's forum, a Young Demo-
crats meeting, and on a WCBN
broadcast. '
Kahn says, "The best means of
obtaining student power is to
rnniTIP he t71 P-t ta tl

their voters. This re-organization The greatest problem in the
is the first step Kahn would make office of Student Affairs-student
in obtaining student power. relations, Copi says, "stems from
Copi, also says "The key to stu- the OSA attempts to establish the
dent support lies not inchanging proper atmosphere for education-
the present student government its attempts at acting in loco
structure, but in dealing in is- parentis."
sues that most affect the stu- Regulations on personal con-
dents." duct such as women's hours should

be abolished, Copi says.- He says dents and should help the stu-
he would accomplish this by bring- dents. This is not necessarily the
ing the issue to a confrontation responsibility of the University."
with the OSA. Kahn, on the other hand, as-
Copi says that if Joint Judic serts the University has a certain
would refuse to prosecute students amount of responsibility for main-
or if students simply refused to taining the proper atmosphere for
obey personal conduct regulations, learning. He says, however, that
the only recourse open to OSA decisions as to what constitutes
would be to threaten to expel the the proper academic atmosphere
student or students. should be transferred from the
This he feels would cause OSA to the students.
enough adverse publicity to dis- His running mate, Miss Ruth
courage the administration from Baumann, '68, commented in ref-
------------- ------erence to the recent controversyj

I
i
t
i
I

A Smith College graduate who!
has worked as an intern for a
Senate subcommittee and as a!
researcher for the Justice Depart-'
ment, she feels her editorial posi-

I forc(inz stude1nts IY'toaccent H 1peUst H i . ;

conduct regulations. over "Flaming Creatures," De- special technical curriculum with
C fense of academic freedom is the less competitive strain. Grades are
Copi says that students should responsibility of the University as pass-fail in all freshman courses.
use any power they have or can well as SGC." At Princeton, where more data
gain to free themselves from con- Both candidates agreed that the - th cvetems em: In have heen

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