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January 08, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-01-08

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JANUARY 8. 196'7




'Soviet Revisionist' Charge

Red Guards
Clash Withf~F
Reports Maintain
Showdown Between
Mao and Liui Imminent
TOKYO P-Communist China's
Red Guards fought bloody battles
in Nanking for three days last
week against workers who poured
into the eastern Chinese city to
wipe out the Red Guard move-
Dispatches from Peking report-
ed Saturday that the city 530
miles southeast of Peking is in ~ ~X
the grip of terror. r:""-
A dispatch told of 60,000 cap-
tives on both sides in the fiht-k
ing who underwent torture.
A Prague news agency reported:
"Their fingers, noses and ears
were chopped off, their tongues MARINES
cut out."oprto
Red Guard wall posters in Pe-' prto
king reported 54 persons killed, troops in t
900 wounded and 6,000 arrested
in clashes Tuesday, Thursday andT
Friday. l
Foreshadow Showdown 1
Reports of the clashes came
amid accounts that a showdowno
wa1 mietbtwe omn st party chairman Mao Tse-tung .
and a faction lead by President:SIO
Liu Shao-chi. Liu is accused of sAgONd
being a "black commander of thestuge
bourgeois class." ve-in toeei
.; inth Red Guard posters said the icn thempni
clash last Tuesday tied up rail River delta
service in Nanking for two days. the bloodiest
Nanking's transportation was in ese war.
a state of paralysis and telephone The hea
connections were cut off. with mangr
Workers and students poured paddies lace
into Nanking. from neighboring miles of wa
Anhwei Province, Shanghai and of the martin
other cities of Kiangsu Province, of the pros
which includes Nanking. Shanghai against In
is 170 miles southeast of Nanking. bands would
The dispatch placed the work- casualties. I
ers' force at half a million. It native toi
quoted Red Guard leaflets as say- from peacefi
' ing the Workers' aim was to liqu- ants.
date the Red Guard organization. The delta
Events of Week of the Coin
Kyodo, Japan's news service, and now A
gave this account which it said Vietnamese1
was pieced together from the Red crush guerr
Guard posters in Peking: to total 100
-On Tuesday, 100,000 members efforts over
of the "workers Red Corps" at- to a stalema
tacked the Nanking Red Guards gains farthe
organization. Fourteen persons The Viett
were killed and 400 were seriously organization
wounded. The workers' uprising ties of men
on this day was led by I Su-ying, to Red units
described as a Kiangsu Province country. Ty
Communist party secretary. now in the
-On Thursday and Friday, tax agents a
clashes broke out again and 40 the peasants
persons were killed, 500 wounded nst control,
and 6,000 arrested. It did not make Swamp m
clear who made the arrests. Those proved a gre
arrested were not identified. Viet Cong fe
These uprisings were blamed by Ines who, ir
the Red Guards on Hsu Chi-chun, namese mar,
another provincial party secretary. first big Am
The wall posters contended Deputy delta. Eight
Premier Tao Chu, party propa- towed out.
ganda chief, was behind the
clashes. U7
Tao Chu on Blacklist l
At the same time Tao Chu's v i
name appeared on a list of offi-
cials described as followers of It er
President Liu Shao-chi, the main l Le
target of the purge.
Other Japanese correspondents
in' Peking reported that Red WASHINC
Guard posters condemned the week of pea
president as a "black commander" ficials repo

and "commander of the bourgeois North Vietn
class." in negotiatio
Liu Denounced namese war.
Liu was not denounced as a , The prima
counter-revolutionary. But it was Vietnam p
the first time that he had been judged here
attacked by name in such a list- public opinic
ing. ing' of the n
Last Wednesday Red Guards Some offic
posted the names of 41 persons fort being:
whom they said comprise the com- matic chani
plete list of those charged with statements
counter-revolutionary activities on most unpre
the Chinese mainland. That list Soviet an
did not include Liu, Teng, Tao diplomats a:
Chu, Li Hsueh-feng, Li Ching- telling U.S.
chuan and Ulanfu. months, iti
According to the latest roll the United
issued Friday Teng Hsiao-ping was bombing th
listed as head of Liu's followers would open
in the party's Central Committee in peace pr
secretariat. Other followers in the
secretariat were Peng Chen; for- Fail to
mer Culture Minister Lu Ting-yi; But, acco
Li Hsueh-feng, Lo Jui-ching and ants, these
Yang Shang-kun. to provide
Vice Premier Tao Chu, who rose some scalin
to No. 4 place in the new Chinese activity on
leadership last year but is now would result
being condemned by the Red Friday a
Guards, was listed as head of Liu's broadcast f
- ---A-- , + . ...14........1y~nr -y-.au ts,

Chinese Conflict

Powell Faces Chairmanship
Loss; Seniority Rule Attacked
WASHINGTON (R) - Some in- ing into the vacant chairmanship goal long sought by advocates of
fluential House liberals will ask of the important House Rules congressional reforms.
that Rep. Adam Clayton Powell be Committee. A move to deny Powell his seat
removed as a committee chairman The precaucus strategy has been at the opening of the 90th Con-
tomorrow, but that he be allowed worked out by leaders of the gress on Tuesday will be made by
to remain in Congress. Democratic Study Group, which, Rep. Lionel Van Deerlin (D-

Sees Peking
As Potential
SAdve rv


The attempt to strip Powell of
the chairmanship of the Education
and Labor Committee will be one
of two attacks on the House's al-
most sacrosanct seniority system
at the Democratic party caucus
a day in advance of the opening
of Congress.
The liberals will try also to pre-
vent Rep. William M. Colmer (D-
Miss), a conservative, from mov-

with a claimed membership of
145, represents a majority of the
248 Democratic House members.
In their effort to topple two
chairmen, the liberals will be go-'
ing against the wishes of Speaker
John W. McCormack (D-Mass),
who regards the seniority system
as a cornerstone of congressional
organization. If it succeeds, the
study group will have achieved al

As Chinese Problem ,
Given More Attention
Viet Nam Gets Less I
MOSCOW UP) - An important
shift in Soviet policy has occurred.
Signs indicate it means an in-
creasingly serious view of pos-
sible danger from. China.
Secrecy so far veils the newt
policy line. But things here and
there - newspaper articles and
words from Communist sources-
show that China is preying on
Kremlin minds as a .potential
And as China gets more atten-
tion, Vietnam gets less. Vietnam
is a relatively static problemsome
distance away, China an explo-
sively turbid problem along the
Soviet Union's longest border.
Pravda Announces Shift
The fact of an important shift
in policy by the Soviet Communist
party, which sets the govern-
ment's policies, was published Sat-
urday in the party newspaper
Pravda in an indirect way.
The indirect confirmation of an
important policy shift came in a
news item on the front page of
Saturday's Pravda.

Romney Holds 'Shaky' Lead
For 1968 GOP Nomination,

Calif). It is the view of study
group leaders that if the Demo-
crats fail to discipline Powell to-
morrow, the move to unseat him
probably will succeed.
A spokesman said if the caucus
strips Powell of his chairmanship,
"a significant number of Demo-
crats" would then oppose Van
Deerlin's move to unseat him.
Attack System
The second barrel in the blast
at the seniority system will be
aimed at the Rules Committee in
an effort to make it more respon-
sive to the House leadership.
Colmer, who has a long record
of opposition to administration
legislation, is in line to succeed
Rep. Howard W. Smith (D-Va)
who was defeated in a re-election
The study group will offer a
resolution instructing the Demo-
cratic Committee on Committees
to name as chairman Rep. Ray J.
Madden (D-Ind) who ranks just
below Colmer.
The proposals of the study group
leaders will be put before the
group's full membership today.

-Associated Press
MAKE SLOW headway through the swamp infested Mekong River Delta as the largest
of the war got underway yesterday. It was the first American commitment of combat
the heavily populated area that is a base for many Viet Cong operations.
. .
*a Tros Open Campaign in
)ulous Mekong River Delta.

(/P) - U.S. Marines'
through waist-deep,
ng swamps yesterday
ng phase of an Amer-
aign in the Mekong
that could make this
t year of the Vietnam-
vily populated delta,
ove thickets an rice
d by 25,000 nagivable
terways, has been out
al mainstream because
pect that sharp action
digenous Viet Cong
mean heavy civilian
It's hard for even a
distinguish guerrillas
ul pajama-clad peas-
has been a heartland
munists for 20 years
mericans are joining
troops in an effort to
illa bands estimated
,000 men. Vietnamese
the years had led but
ate negating hard-won
r north.
Cong's extensive delta
feeds large quanti-
, supplies and money
in other parts of the
e rice harvest is on
delta and Viet Cong
are levying grain from
in areas the Commu-
ud and water initially
eater obstacle than the
br the American' Mar-
n company with Viet-
rines, are making the
erican thrust into the
vehicles had to be

Enemy resistance to the 4,000-1
man task force, which stormed
ashore by landing craft and hel-
icopters on White Beach Friday
from a flotilla of 12 U.S. Navy
ships, was reported limited to scat-
tered sniper fire. The operation,
called Deckhouse Five, centers 55,
miles south of Saigon.
Fear Civilian Reaction
Their fear was-and is-that an
aggressive military stance among
the seven million or so delta dwell-
ers migh label U.S. forces a colon-
ialist army. That is a tag avoided
so far because the Americans have
been deployed where there were
fewer people and more room to
Ground was broken by the move-
met of some men of the U.S. 25th
Infantry Division to the northern
fringe of the delta last fall. They
have been largely engaged in get-
ting acquainted with the terrain
and villagers of a sector south-
west of Saigon.
Experts figure a full infantry
division, 15,000 or so men, is the
minimum needed to really start
carving through the stalemate.
They estimate the initial cost of
deployment of such a division and
its supporting units at a billion
dollars. The call for helicopters,
light armored vehicles and river
craft would be larger than normal
in a region 6f firmer ground. j
Diplomatic Action
On the diplomatic front, Pre-
mier Nguyen Cao Ky tossed out a
remark that he would be willing
to meet President Ho Chi Minh of
North Vietnam anywhere abroad
to start peace talks.
The premier indicated, however,

he had many reservations about' Party Leaders Briefed
peace talks and any extended Pravda reported that in recent
truce. Specifically he rejected the days seven party leaders had
Viet Cong's call for expansion to briefed regional party officials
a full week of the four-day truce across European Russia and into
the allies have proposed for the Siberia and a China border region
lunar new year, Feb. 8-12. of Soviet Central Asia. Earlier,
Reactions in U.S. two top party men, Leonid I.
eaons iUs r Brezhnev and Mikhail A. Suslov,
In developments elsewhere:
-Edward Pierce, managing gave briefings in Moscow and
editor of the Miami News, an- Leningrad.
A speechbyBehewano
nounced in Miami that three rep-madepulch afyrethe mwesing,
resentatives of the Center for the made public after the meeting,
Study of Democratic InstitutionsmanigT aeoommit eeitresoluti-
have traveled to Hanoi and will be following it. however, said the
going to Phnof nsenCam- great power "anti-Soviet policy ofj
bodia to invite persons in both Mao Tse-tung and his group has
cities to a convocation to examine entered a new, dangerous stage."
the requirements for peace.
Stronger Denunciations

ization of youthful, liberal Repub-
licans reports Michigan Gov.
George Romney is "in the lead,
albett shakily" for the 1968 GOP
presidential nomination-but adds
that his support seems to be cool-
Those comments were published
in the January newsletter of the
Ripon Society, a Cambridge,
Mass., organization devoted to the
causes of liberal Republicanism.
"Romney left both his admirers
and those who came to be im-
pressed wondering," the newsletter
Romney Cautious
Then, as now, Romney - the
favorite of many-liberal and mod-
erate Republicans for the 1968
nomination-said he was in the
process of exploring the possibility
of a bid for the White House.
"Some of Romney's backers
notably Gov. William Scranton of
Pennsylvania, were concerned with
the crawling start of the Romney
campaign," the Ripon Society
publication said. "Once again, the
press corps found Roinney un-
prepared and wainting in sub-
' t Support Faltering
"Romney's backers were slowly
putting together a national staff.
But it still lacked depth and
breadth and some early appoint-
ments had come as geniune sur-
prises to the governor's well-wish-
"Mome important," the news-
letter continued, "Romney support
was cooling.
The society reported some mod-
erates already were considering
"the fallback positions" of Illinois
Sen. Charles H. Percy and New
York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller
should Romney falter in advance
of the 1968 GOP National Con-
Conservatives Back Nixon

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson will personally deliver his
State of the Union message to
Congress on Tuesday night, the
opening day of the 1967 session.
The White House announced
Saturday that Johnson had ac-
cepted an invitation to address a
joint session of the Senate and
House at 9:30 p.m. EST Tuesday.
The speech will be televised and
broadcast live to the nation.
The White House announicement
was regarded as evidence that
Johnson has just about concluded
making a series of major decisions
on economic policy, 1967 legislative
program of the administration,
and the federal budget.
One big decision which Johnson
seems likely to announce Tuesday
is whether he will seek a tax in-
crease to help underwrite federal
spending-swollen by the Vietnam
war-and to dampen any infla-
tionary pressures.
CHICAGO - About 600 junior
college teachers have struck the
Chicago junior college system, and
many of the city's 23,000 element-
ary and high school teachers
threaten to do the same tomor-
The teachers struck after the
ChicagodJunior College Board
turned down demands for an in-
crease of $1,650, smaller classes
and a lighter course load. The

wing were preparing to support
former Vice President Richard M.
Nixon, because of reluctance "to
project Reagan onto the national'
scene prematurely."
"The conservative strategists face
perhaps the most difficult choice
of all-whether to take the safe
'unity' strategy with Nixon as
their candiate or draft Reagan."

I' World News RoundupJ

teachers'also want a reduction of
the academic year from 10. to 9
In another dispute over wages,
the Chicago Teachers Union,
which claims to represent 13,500
of 23,000 elementary and high
school teachers, prepared for a
strike Monday.
President Frank M. Whiston of
the Chicago Board of Education
said the only means of providing
additional salary, funds would be
to increase the size of classes or
reallocate money from other edu-
cational projects.
Public school teachers now re-
ceive $550 a month to start the
$750 a month after 11 years.
LAS VEGAS, Nev. - A three-
story motel was virtually destroy-
ed yesterday by an tpparently
suicidal blast that killed six per-
sons and injured eight.
The downtown area was rocked
at 1:25 a.m. by an explosion police
believe was touched off by some-
one firing a bullet into dynamite.
Dist. Atty. George Franklin Jr.
said a charred .25 caliber auto-
matic pistol was found in the alley
behind the motel close to a sev-
ered human hand. He said a bullet
from this gun was found in the
Franklin said it appeared some-
one had fired the gun into dyna-
mite taken to the motel room.

-U.S. officials in Washington.
after a week of peace probing, ex-
pressed serious doubt that Hanoi
is interested now in negotiations
on ending the war. They judged
the primary aim of recent North
Vietnamese maneuvers is to build
up public opinion against U.S.
bombing of North Vietnam and
thus try to force the United States
to halt these attacks permanently
and unconditionally.

to expose
On Dec
istry news
the other
the Chin
taught tha
the enemy
border ar

of the danger, of how
and to step up the
were not given publicly.
. 29 the Defense Min-
paper Red Star revealed
side of this coin. It
a long editorial saying
nese army was being
yt the Soviet Union was
1 newspapers from China
yeas then reported new
Anse programs. A border
was reported. Rumors
ulate of minor border
nd of Soviet troop move-
the Chinese border.

hington Doubts Hanoi
rest in Peace, Talks

-Addressing diplomats accred- civil defer
ited to the Holy See, Pope Paul violation
VI called on responsible leaders to now circ
heed this efforts to send the war. clashes an
Guerrilla Attack ments tot
In the central highlands fires
still smouldered at Camp Hollo-
way, a U.S. airfield and supply
center near Pleiku, from an attack;
by Communist mortar men and
suicide squads before dawn.
It was after a similar attack
on the camp 23 months ago-
Feb. 7, 1965-that the United
States launched the bombing of
North Vietnam and began the
buildup of American 'forces that
now has about 390,000 U.S. serv-
icemen directly committed to the Su
Enemy ground fire in the Saigon
sector downed two U.S. helicopters
one 12 miles east and the other 30
miles southeast of the capital.
Briefing officers said both were
destroyed, but those aboard es-
caped with minor injuries.
B52 jets staged four raids Fri-
day night and early Saturday
against Viet Cong troops and
holdings 25 to 30 miles northwest
of Saigon in Binh Duong Province.


The society's analysis said lead-
ers of the party's conservative

GTON (M -- After a
ace probing, U.S. of-
rt serious doubt that
am is interested now
ons on ending the Viet-
ary aim of the North
eace maneuvers is
e to be to build up
ion against U.S. bomb-
cials said that the ef-
made through diplo-'
nels as well as public
in this respect is al-,
Ld Eastern European
nd officials have been
authorities for several
is understood, that if
States would stop the
hey- believe the way
for an improvement
Give Assurances
irding to U.S. inform-
diplomats have failed
any assurances that
ng down of military
the Communist side
m English language
rom Hanoi said the

munist program would have to be
accepted for the future of the
Bombing Effectivej
U.S. officials said that the peace
probing is continuing. They said
there was no doubt that the bomb-
ing was proving extremely burden-
some and damaging to North Viet-
nam, but they doubted that the
situation had come to the point
yet where the North Vietnamese
were willing to get into serious
peace negotiations.
At the same time optimism per-,
sists in offical quarters here that
this year, and possibly the early
months of this year, will bring a
decisive turning point in the
This is based on calculations
that Communist forces in the
south are constantly suffering sev-
ere losses and that the bombing
in the north is putting heavy
pressure on North Vietnamese
eventually to find a way out.


N 4 Y'f4I


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