Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII, No. 82 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 6, 1967
Liset Sees Student Crisis in Hiher Euc
By CYNTHIA MILLS phone interview. Japanese family The family background which though studies have shown older A 1965 Moderator study found 83 eruption at Berkeley, he explain- look
The combination of intensive life is increasingly based on the students bring with them to the students to be more liberal. per cent of a national sample of ed, was "perceived by most of the ier t
competition and family pressure educational achievements of the college campus is also significant Political Passivity 500 campus leaders backing the campus as a continuation of the a co
for grades and of admission to the children. "I think we are' push- in their political activity--or lack Lipset, a former Berkeley so- position of the Johnson adminis- civil rights struggle." The students plac
better universities and graduate ing in the same direction . . . a thereof. Lipset pointed out that ciologist, listed several studies tration in Viet Nam. widely supported the movement. beca
schools is the most important cause change for the worse," Lipset students from the lower classes, which showed the majority of Lipset saw as indicative the re- but the present issue on the war cal t
of today's high student suicide said. "The number of first-rate especially those who are the first college students to be "politically suts of a poll at the University in Viet Nam is getting very little tion,
rate, said Prof. Seymour M. Lip- schools does not grow in propor- generation in their family to at- passive." "New Left" radicalism of Wisconsin in which 72 per cent student backing. they
set of the Harvard sociology de- tion to the need of the nation's tain university education, are dis- was shown to attract only a mi- of the entire student body and 75 Basof Support and
partment recently. He claimed the students." proportionately apolitical and ca- nority of students. per cent of undergraduates favor- eLi
rate rose 26 per cent over the Jump on Treadmill reerist oriented. Agreeing strongly with these in- ed U.S. articipation in the war. The success of such an activ- i]
post 10 years. In some American communities, Also, Lipset added, the field of terpretations, Lipset cited. a 1965 Wisconsin is a stronghold of the ist measr, Lipset maintained, ic
These pressures are bringing he remarked, "students jump on study which the student pursues is Playboy poll, which found that a National Coordinating Committee is the measure of its potential actio
about what hec alled a "Japaniza- the treadmill as early as elemen- a political differential. Social sci- majority of American higher-level to End the War in Viet Nam. base of support. If it arouses "set
tion of contemporary American ed- tary school to get ahead" in or- ence and humanitiesstudents tend students voiced strong approval of Lpst cla d more opposition than it can sup- elite.
ucation." Seven thousand students der to gain admission to certain to' be more politically active than the Viet Nam war. A sample ofLpse aime that the sup- port," he explained, "it cannot "S
take the entrance examinations for high schools. The tremendous those in the pure sciences or math, several university faculties were port a student revolution main- continue," been
Tokyo University with the knowl- strain entirely removes the im-d less bellicose, but large majori- tals among the passive majority The success of a college protest beca
edge that only 2000 will be ac- age of college as a time to enjoy Finally, he said, freshmen and ties also supported United States and the revolution's success de- movement usually depends on the are t
cepted, he explained in a tele- oneself, according to Lipset. sophomores are more active, al- military involvement in Viet Nam. pend on the issues involved. The ability of a small minority to lead
like a large group. "It is eas-
o get 5000 people together on
llege campus than any other
e," Lipset said. This is not
use students are more radi-
than the rest of the popula-
he explained, but because
are both easier to reach
pset attributes the impact
h student demonstrations and
ns make upon a nation to its
sitivity to the children of the
tudent protest," he said, "has
newsworthy around the world
use of the belief that these
he important people who will
in the future."
MIT ON TOP:
'U' Ranks Second,
In Federal Funds
Med 'School Expansion
By DAVID DUBOFF in various states is largely in-
The University ranked second fluenced by the concentration of
among the nation's colleges and such funds in a few institutions,"
universities in total federal sup- the report said. For example, it
port received during fiscal 1965, pointed out that Massachusetts
according to a report prepared by ranked third among all states in
the National Science Foundation total Federal support primarily
for. the Office of Science and because two institutions in Mas- Second Attempt for
Technology. sachusetts - MIT and Harvard MSU 4-Year Plan
Statistics in the report showed University-were among the lead-
that the University received $58.8 ing ten that received Federal Due End of Month
million in federal funds, represent- funds in 1965.
ing three-fifths of total Federal The report also pointed out that By NEAL BRUSS
funds in Michigan. Massachusetts three California and three New Expansion of the medical educa-
Institute of Technology ranked York universities received rela- tion program of Michigan State
first 'with $59.6 million. Both tively large amounts of Federal University was set back Dec. 21
schools received approximately 2.6 funds. The University of California when the State Board of Educa-
per cent of all Federal support. at Los Angeles and at Berkeley, tion failed to pass a resolution
'Afademic Support' 'And Stanford University, received extending the current two-year
The report also showed that a combined total of $138 million, medical curriculum into a four-
$50.2 million of the money received The three New York schools- year program.
by the University-approximately Columbia University, Cornell, and The defeated resolution would
85 per cent of its total Federal New York University-accounted also have authorized physical ex-
funds, was for "academic science for $137 million. These six insti- pansion of the medical schools of
support" (research and develop- tutions received about one-half of Wayne State and the University.
ment, R&D plant, and other aca- the total Federal funds for their Sources have indicated that an-
demic-science activities). The re- respective states. other vote will probably be taken
maining 15 per cent was for other According to the report, Fed- during the Board's meeting later
educational activities, consisting in eral support was also relatively this month
large part of the Office of Edu- highly concentrated in a few uni- tim h
cation's program for construction versities and colleges in the East The Board's damper move is
and initial equipping of under- North Central states. The Univer- the latest act of opposition to the
graduate facilities. sity of Illinois and the University development of a third medical
Total Federal support to the na- of Chicago received $45 million school for the state it East Lans-
tion's colleges and universities was and $36 million, respectively, ac- ig. Michigan State University ad-
$2.3 million, the report indicated. counting for three-fifths of all ministrators opened the two-year
Of this, 76 per cent was for re- Federal funds to higher education school last year against the wishes
search and development and other institutions in Illinois. The Uni- of the Governor's Blue Ribbon
academic science activities. versity of Minnesota and the Uni- Committee on Higher Fducation.
Eight Federal agencies that versity of Wisconsin were reci- Conflicting Interests
sponsor large programs supporting pients of approximately $40 mil- In the first vote, Fev Charles
universities and colleges provided lion apiece, accounting for about Morton, who works for MSU, led
data for the report. Agencies pro- four-fifths of the total Federal the fight to establish the new med
viding the largest support were the support to schools in their respec- school there. The Detroit News
vidig te lrget sppor wee te jsuportattacked him editorially for this,
Public Health Service (36 per ive states.
cent), Office of Education (20 per Federal funds for academic noting that Peter Opperwald, who
cent), National Science Founda- science were more highly concen- wo:ks for Northern Michigan Uni-
tion (14 per cent), and the De- trated in a few universities and vertsy, had disqualified himself
partment of Defense (12 per -;ent). colleges than was total Federal from voting on the issue of estab-
Others were the Department of support, the report showed. "This li-hing a Sault Ste. Marie branch
Agriculture, Atomic Energy Coin- vias because academic science of NWU. Opperwald said he would
mission, Department of Commerce, funds were received largely by in-hve i su 'sefcan sheol
Department of the Interior and stitutions awarding degrees in the voting on medical school
National Aeronautics and Space sciences and engineering and theseh
Administration. institutions are relatively small in Wher the vote comes up again
Few Key Institutions number compared to all U.S. uni- ' at the end of the month, the
"The amount of Federal support versities and colleges," there re-I'Board will have lost one support-
to institutions of higher education port said. er of the MSU school in Leon Fill
and one opponent in Donald M.D.
Thurber, Of the two newly elected
Boar d members, Leroy Augen-
' Hospital Investigates teinchairman of the MSU bio-
physics department, had said ear-
lier that he would disqualify him-
New Anesthesia's Effect l from voting.
A genstein, unavailable for com-
ment, I: as since changed his posi-
By WALLACE IMMEN ous burns where a patient must 'ion and said he would have to
undergo a series of short skin-graft "reassess" the situation. The
Use of , a new short-term non- treatments under anesthesia over a other Board member.s
barbiturate anesthetic at Univer- period of many weeks. It was also O'Neill has said he would "study
sity Hospital has proved it to be quite effective for minor eye and I the proposal" for the MSU school'
a considerable improvement over ear treatments. as well as an alternative proposal
conventional anesthesia methods. Th drug has en inect mr for a school of osteopathy plan-f
By PAT O'DONOHUE ceased, the United States will find
The student body presidents anq some of her most loyal and com -
editors of 100 universities sent ageous young people choosing to
an open letter to President John-, go to jail rather than bear their
son last week questioning and cri- country's arms."
ticizing U.S. policy in Viet Nam. The letter, accornmg to Ed
The letter expressed serious Robinson, '67, Student Govern-
doubts about the war and criti- ment Council president, was
cized the present "information meant to represent "the moderate
gap." It further claimed that student" who had "quiet doubts"
"unless this conflict can be about the war. The aim of the
letter is to "encourage a frank)
discussion of U.S. policy."
The idea for the statement was'
first conceived last summer dur-
ing the conference of the National
Student Association. Several peo-
ple worked on a draft of the letter
during the fall semester and dis-
tributed copies of it to the sucent
body presidents throughout the
The lettei urged that the holi-
day truces be extended. The letter
claimed that if a negotiated truce
was not the U.S. goal then yew
doubts will be raised about the
purpose of the war in Viet Nam.
The letter suggested that future
fighting should be
on a reduced scale.
The letter raised
tions about U.S. tactics and pur-
poses in the war:
--It asked if American interests
were being threaten to the point
that the growing U.S. commitment
-U American interests are
threatened, the letter questions
the claim that the present com-
mitment actually protects those.
-The letter expressed doubt
that the present destruction of
the country caused by the war
would lead to a stable South Viet
The letter stated, "There is in-
creasing fear that the course now
being pursued may lead us irre-
vocably into a major land war in
Asia - a war which many feel
could not be won without recourse
to nuclear weapons, if then."
As elected campus leaders, sev-
eral of the student leaders de-
scribed themselves as representing
the "mainstream" of student opin-
ion in the country.
In the letter, they refer to their
coaptemporaries as "people as de-
voted to the Constitution, to the
democratic process, and to law
and order as were their fathers
and brothers who served willingly
in two world wars and in Korea."
ST UDENT PRESIDENTS'LETTER
Following is the text of a let-
ter sent yesterday to President
Johnson drafted by the student-
body presidents or student edi-
tors of 100 collegesand univer-
sities in the United States:
In your talk to the student
interns last summer, as on other
occasions, you have recognized
and discussed problems that
have been troubling members of
our generatlion. We have been
grateful for your concern and
encouraged by your invitation
to express some of our thoughts.
Since many of these thoughts
center increasingly on the situ-
ation in Vietnam, the New
Year's renewal of the truce
seems as suitable occasion to
report to you that significant
and growing numbers of our
contemporaries are deeply trou-
bled about the posture of their
Government in- Vietnam. We
believe the state of mind of
these people, though largely un-
reported, is of great importance,
because there are many who
are deeply troubled for every
one who has been outspoken
A great many of those faced
with the 'prospect of military
duty find it hard to square per-
formance of that duty with
concepts of personal integrity
and conscience. Even more are
torn by reluctance to partici-
pate in a war whose toll in
property and life keeps escala-
ting, but about whose purpose
and value to the United States
they remain unclear.
The truces have highlighted
a growing conviction on Amer-
ican campuses that if our ob-
jective in the fighting in Viet.
nam is a negotiated settlement
rather than a military "vic-
tory," continued escalation can-
not be justified by the failure
of the other side to negotiate.
If, on the other hand, our
objective is no longer a nego-
tiated settlement, the nature
and attainability of our ob-
jectives in Vietnam raise seri-
ous new doubts. There is thus
increasing confusion about both
our tactics, and there is in-
creasing fear that the course
now being pursued may lead us
irrevocably into a major land
war in Asia-a war which many
feel could not be won without
recourse to nuclear weapons, if.
great many of our contempora-
ries, raised in the democratic
tradition of thinking for them-
selves, are finding a growing
conflict between their own ob-
servations on the one hand, and
statements by Administration
leaders about the war on the
other. These are people as de-
voted to the Constitution, to the
democratic process, and to law
and order as were their fathers
and brothers who served will-
ingly in two World Wars and
Unless this conflict can be
eased, the United States will
find some of her most loyal and
courageous young people choos-
ing to go to jail rather than to
bear the country's arms, while
countless others condone or
even utilize techniques for
evading their legal obligations.
Contributing to this situation
is the almost universal convic-
tion that the present Selective
Service law operates unfairly.
We write in the hope that
this letter will encourage a
frank discussion of these prob-
lems. If such a discussion clari-
fied American objectives in
Vietnam, it might help reverse
the drift, which is now from
confusion toward disaffection.
To this end, we submit for your
consideration some of the ques-
tions now agitating the acade-
-There is doubt that Amer-
ica's vital interests are suffi-
ciently threatened in Vietnam
to necessitate the growing com-
-There is doubt that such
vital interests as may be threat-
ened are best protected by this
-There is doubt that a war
which may devastate much of
the countryside can lead to the
stable and prosperous Vietnam
we once hoped our presence
would help create.
-There is considerable Con-
cern about apparent contradic-
tions in the American position
on certain points basic to any
efforts to negotiate .t settle-
ment. High Government offi-
cials reiterate our eagerness to
negotiate "unconditionally," but
we remain unclear about our
willingness to accept full parti-
cipation by the Vietcong as an
independent party to negotia-
Do you know what
is happening on campus?
Do you follow Wolverine sports?
Do you keep up with world events?
The development of this drug is
"a great step in the direction of
producing anesthesia with the
least amount of complications,"'
according to Prof. Guenter Cors-
sen of the anethesiology depart-
ment. He cited the advantages of
tis drug: "it is a potent yet safe
anesthetic; easy to administer:
prouces anesthesia within seconds;
is relatively short' lived and there-
fore controllable and its after-ef-
fects are minimal."
The drug, designated CI-581, is
a clear fluid, producing general
anesthesia for a period of 10-20
minutes when injected into a vein
or muscle. It was first tested in
various laboratory animals by a
private pharmaceutical firm. Cors-
sen and Dr. Edward Domino of the
pharmacology department then
performed the first tests on hu-
mans with volunteer subjects at
Jackson state prison.
than 800 times without any sig-
nificant side effects being ob-
served. Even large doses were tol-
erated extremely well. Nausea and
vomiting commonly seen with con-
ventional anesthetics were virtual-
ned for a site near Pontiac.
Augenstein has said that the
proposed $15 million structure
would cost an extra $1.8 million if
the project is delayed a year or
more. The school is not expected
to receive requested funds when,
Governor Romney announces his'
budget later this month.
WAKE UP TO THE DAILY
AND STAY INFORMED!
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The drug does have'limitations, News Attacks Members
however. The most severe of these s
is that adults may have vivid The Detroit News has attacked,
dreams, sometimes unpleasant, Augenstein and Morton for their
while awakening from the drug's alleged conflicts of interest and'
The psychotic disturbance arel
not encountered in children and
most satisfactory results have been
with infants and children under
urged the Board establish a policy
of disqualifications in these cases.
Three other .members are asso-
ciated in some way with higher'
I 15. It has been especially useful Sources have indicated that it is
in cases of orthopedic emergen- unlikely for the State Board to ap-'
cies, such as fractures, to which prove construction for both the ,
children are prone. , MSU and the osteopathic project3
"There is concern," Corssen in one year because of the high
warned, "in that the simplicity costs of the project. Members of'