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March 31, 1966 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-03-31

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THURSDAY, MARCH 31, 198.6

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PA .E THEW

THURSDA,.RH 1 16,HEMCHGN;A

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P

oviet Dilemma: Stalinist Revival or Chin

a Split

By WILLIAM L. RYAN
By The Associated Press
At the risk of frightening its
own people by reviving the spec-
ter of Stalinism, the Soviet Com-
munist party has laid down what
probably are its final terms for
reconciliation with the Red- Chi-
nese. Chances are the Kremlin.has
been unable to offer Peking nearly
enough and that the dispute will
continue.
By advancing its terms Tuesday
before an audience of Communist
chieftains from around the world

at the 23rd Soviet party congress.
the Kremlin sought to absolve it-
self of blame for the rupture. It
replied to violent abuse with a
soft answer and an offer of com-
promise. Now the Kremlin can tell
the world Communism that the
rest is up to Red China, that Pe-
king must bear the responsibility.
if the Communist world remains
divided..
Leonid I. Brezhnev, the Soviet
party chief, told the congress his
party was "prepared to do every-
thing possible" to mend relations
with Peking. But some Chinese de-

mands, from Moscow's viewpoint
are downright impossible.
For example, Peking wants the
Kremlin to concede that virtually
every policy step Moscow has tak-
en since 1956 has been wrong and
should be reversed. It has demand-
ed what would amount to a pub-
lic apology to Red China and an
abject admission of guilt for all
that happened to the movement
in the past 10 years.
Obviously, the Russians won't
oblige. The U.S.S.R. is the domin-
ant power in the Communist world.
The party would not put itself in

the position of knuckling under
to any other.
To many ears, the Chinese have
been abusive and insulting while
the Kremlin held its tongue, pre-
serving its dignity.
The Chinese have not confined
themselves to blasting Soviet world
Communist and foreign policies.
They have also made scorching at-
tacks on the Soviet internal sys-
tem. They have ridiculed Soviet
attempts to raise living standards
and increase consumer production
as capitulation to capitalist na-
tions. To Peking, the world revo-

lution should always have come ism-Leninism, the Soviet Union, Red China wants far more. It were risks greater than total war
first. Communist parties, China, the wants a Soviet Union ready to -the risk, for example, of retard-
Callig the present Soviet lead- people and all Marxist-Leninists take the biggest risks to advance ing the revolutionary wave. "There
ers "Khrushchev revisionists," the of the world." the cause of violent revolution, and is no other choice but to wage a
Chinese Communists' branded as All this blatant interference in it has said so clearly, bloody war for the complete an-
the rankest heresy the idea of Soviet internal affairs probably Peaceful coexistence, Peking has nihilation of the imperialist ene-
offering material incentives to has been hard for the Kremlin to said, is a sham and a cowardly de- my."
workers for higher production, swallow. But swallow it did, even vice. It has spurned the Kremlin's The 23rd congress gesture con-
They claimed Soviet production to the extent of backtracking in contention that this policy might ceivably could lead to some sort
has been placed "in the fetters of the anti-Stalin campaign and tak- advance revolution by disarming of meeting on the differences be-
capitalist production relations." ing steps which suggest echoes of its enemies. It has heaped ridicule tween the two Red giants, but
More than that, in their letter the dreary old Stalinist days. Ob- on the idea that total war-as there seems little prospect of a
rejecting an invitation to the viously there is widespread dis- opposed to small revolutionary meeting of minds. The outlook ap-
congress, the Chinese leaders told may among Soviet intellectuals at wars-should be avoided. pears to be for more and even
the Kremlin that "in attacking this prospect. The official Peking People's deeper division in the world Com-
Stalin you were attacking Marx- It won't be enough for Peking. Daily recently remarked that there munist movement.

France Will
Quit NATO.
By July 1
De Gaulle Tells U.S.
To Remove Troops,
Bases from Country
WASHINGTON ()-France has
served formal notice that it will
pull out of the NATO command by
July 1 and wants American head-
quarters and military installations
out of the country by April 1,
1967, it was disclosed yesterday,
President Charles de Gaulle's
deadline for French withdrawal
from NATO's military system and
the ouster of NATO installations
from her soil was set in diplomat-
ic notes delivered to the United
States and other NATO allies in
Paris.
Announcing receipt of the
French note Wednesday, State
3Department press officer Robert
J. McCloskey said the Unite
States would reply after "care-
ful study" The first order of busi-
ness is U.S consultation with the
other 13 NATO allies.
Pointed Issue
De Gaulle's deadline brought to
' a sharp point the issue posed by
his generally worded declaration
earlier this month of French in-
tent to pull out.
In reply to a March 11 U.S. note
asking France for specifics on
de Gaulle's proposal, the U.S. Em-
bassy in Paris received this four-
point note Tuesday night, offi-
cials said.
The French government has de-
cided:
-To terminate as of next July
1 the assignment of its air force
and ground'units stationed in West
Germany under NATO.
-Also effective July 1, with-
drawal of French military person-
nel assigned to NATO's integrated
command. This Includes the Su-
preme Headquarters Allied Powers
Europe-"SHAPE"-and the Al-
lied Forces Central European
Command-"AFCENT" - in the
Paris area, and the Southern Eu-
ropean Command at Naples, Italy
plus their sub-commands and the
NATO Defense College.
SHAPE to Move
-An end to the SHAPE and
AFCENT headquarters agreements
which have provided for their lo-
cation in France, effective as of
March 31, 1967, one year from
Thursday.
-Transfer out of France by
April 1, 1967, of the American
headquarters known as EUCOM-
European Command-now at St.
Germain near Paris, plus removal
of the several U.S. Army and Air
Force installations now on French
territory.
In Ottawa, Canadian Foreign
Minister Paul Martin said yester-
day 'NATO has taken no decision
to ask France to pay the costs
of transferring Canadian, U.S. and
other allied military installations
from France.
He also 'said in an interview
that NATO has not decided to
withdraw from France the use of
NATO's radar warning system.

Viets Stage Drop in British Deficit Boosts

Protest at
UL S. Basp

Chances of Wilson-Labor Win

LONDON (P) - Prime Minister on 13 years of Conservative drift in the world, it's living scale, so-
Harold Wilson is seeking a vote of and neglect. Heath has countered cial services, the value of the
Collision of Marine confidence in today's national elec- that it's all because of 17 months pound.
tion. People who should know say of Socialist muddle. i Outcome of the quiet, often dull,
Vehicle with Viet Bus |he will get it, bolstered by an elec- The country's 38 million elegible campaign contains implications for
tion-eve report that his govern- voters will be choosing the party the United States.
pursDemonstration ment has cut in two the country's they think better able to pull Brit- Wilson, shrugging aside the
deficit in foreign exchange. ain onto the prosperity trail. pressures of his own left wingers,
DA NANG {AP)-A traffic incident At breakfast tables, Britons From this central issue of get- has ranged Britain alongsile the
set off an anti-American demon- could read that the deficit, the ex- ting Britain to pay her way, all Americans in a program of total
stration by 2000 Vietnamese yes- cess of spending abroad over earn- else follows-the nation's standing cooperation.
terday at the United States Ma- ings, was brought down from
rine billet in this city, keyed up by 1964's $2.15 billion to $991 mil -
three weeks of political agitation. lion last year. Wilson has pledged Students Protest
Ramifications may involve the thatcouidtry wlldbeptysnPitstuest
way completely by the end of this
"Down with the Americans," said year.p
English-language placards car- yThe treasury report showed that A s President iakes O ffice
ried by some of the jeering demon- foreign earnings topped spending
strators. by $70 million in the last three
Others bore Vietnamese slogans months of 1965, a period normally ITOn E r IndEcnou seven lives'
interpreted also as derogatory to helped by seasonal factors. This 1st C ntes provisIndabursEnThrunanhad resiethe
the United States, which has been 'was more than,, $280 million bet- sworn in as provisional president drunkenness of President Carlos.
yesterday within earshot of shout- Arosemena became a scandal and
criticized here before for its sup- ter than in the last quarter of ed protests from students opposing the military threw him out in 1963
port of Premier Nguyen Cao Ky's 1964. 1--- - Ah +--+ ' +, ... .

;.
C,

-Associated Press
SOUTH AFRICAN ELECTIONS
A Negro newspaper peddler watches. voters leave after casting their ballots in the South African
parlimentary elections yesterday. Only white citizens are allowed to vote in the country, though
those of mixed blood, officially called Colored, voted earlier in the day elected four white members
to parliament. Early returns indicated that Premier Hendrik F. Verwoerd's white supremist Na-
tionalistic party would win a sweeping victory in the election, winning seats at a 3-1 ratio in the
170-member body.
World News Roundup'

military government.

By The Associated Press'
WASHINGTON - President
Johnson called yesterday upon
every agriculturally advanced
country in the world-principally
Canada, Australia and France-to
join with tihe United States in a
massive program to avert famine
in India.
In a special message to Con-
gress, the President said the facts
are simple, their implications are
grave - India faces an unprece-
dented drought.
"Unless the world responds, In-
dia faces famine," he warned.
The President said India esti-
mates a food grain deficit of six
to seven millions tons through
next December beyond what has
now been promised to her.
WASHINGTON-Farm product
prices declined one-third of one
per cent during the month ended
March 15.
This decline, reported yesterday
by the Agriculture Department,
signaled the possibility of a halt
soon in the rise of retail food
prices. Declines in farm prices
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usually are followed by adjust-
ments in food prices.
The farm price report followed
by one day a report by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics that the cost
of living increased one-half of one
per cent between mid-January and
mid-February.
* * *
WASHINGTON - Total U.S.
economiceandamilitary aid to
South Viet Nam since 1954 is
headed toward $5 billion this sum-
mer and may reach $6 billion by
mid-1967.
The Agency for International
Development reports that by the
end of fiscal 1966 on June 30, U.S.
economic aid to the Southeast
Asian nation will total more than

$3 billion, with another $650 mil-
lion in. nonmilitary aid earmarked
for fiscal 1967.
The exact amount of arms aid
is not available because of a 1962
Defense Department secrecy edict.
But informed sources estimate
that the United States spent $1.65
billion on arms for Viet Nam from.
1954 through' this year. U.S. arms
aid for Saigon in the coming year
is estimated at some $600 million.
SAIGON-About 200 U.S. caval-
rymen battled at a clearing in the
central highlands y e s t e r d a y
against a powerful Viet Cong as-
sault force that perhaps outnum-
bered them 5 to 1. Several heli-
copters were reported shot down.

The outcry stemmed from a col-
lision of a vehicle,. carrying eight
Marines, and a bus loaded with
members of a Vietnamese drivers'
union who were staging a parade.
A Marine security guard told news-
men the only damage to the bus
was a bent license plate.
There was some commotion in
the street before the Marines drove
off and one Vietnamese charged
that they had beaten him with
rifle butts. This was denied by
various witnesses, including a U.S{
Army captain.
But a spokesman. for the dem-
onstrators said they were pressing
the charge and would telegraph a
demand to President Johnson for
an apology. He said they wanted
a reply within 48 hours.
If Johnson's answer is not agree-
able, he said, "we will do some-
thing." He did not say what.
A Marine spokesman said the
incident is being investigated.
The city itself has been declar-
ed off limits to American service-
men, except for those on duty or
billeted here, as a result of ten-
sions growing out of the govern-
ment's ouster of Lt. Gen. Nguyen
Chanh Thi as the corps area com-
mander March 10.
________________________________ x

Wilson Picked Day
Wilson. himself picked the day3
for the ballot-the nation's second
in 17 months - in the hope of
strengthening his frail control of
the 630-member House of Com-
mons. A victory would give him a
five-year mandate.
In the 630 electoral districts.
Labor, Conservative and Liberal
contenders made final appeals.-
Wilson made no claim of certainl
victory but he had the look of a
man who knows he's going tot
win.
All pollsters made Labor easy{
front-runners, forecasting mar-
gins up to 162 seats in the Com-
mons.
Bookmakers shortened their
price on a Wilson victory from 20
to 25 to 1-you put 25 pounds
down to win one.
The contest for the leadership:
essentially is between Wilson, 50
and Edward Heath, 49, as leaders
of the nation's two biggest par-
ties. The man whose party wins
command of the Commons be-
comes prime minister.
Dominating the three-week cam-
paign has been Britain's wobbly
economy. Wilson has blamed it all

ile power wielded by the nations
Imilitary chiefs.
"The people yes, Yerovi no," the
shouts rang out. "The people are
not for sale."
Yerovi, 62, was appointed Tues-
day by the military high com-
mand which threw out the three-
man junta. Violent demonstrations
by students and the opposition
of businessmen and labor leaders
had preceded the downfall of the
junta.
The whereabouts of the junta
members was still unknown but
the country was quiet after days
of violence that had cost at least

Student opponentscimed the
junta's policies were oppressive.
Businessmen opposed 'new taxes
and important restrictions.
When the shouts resounded at
the swearing-in ceremony, Yerovl
responded: "I hear voices of oppo-
sition to my presence here. I re-
spect them. I want them to know
my points of view and after we
talk they can adopt their posi-
tions."
In an impromptu speech later,
he pledged a government of aus-
terity and vowed his term in office
will be "as short as possible."

SENATOR PHILIP HART
REGENT IRENE MURPHY
PROF. ROSS WILHELM
on
DISSENT & THE DRAFT
FRIDAY, April 1 ... 3:15, Auditorium A

Student Legal Defense Comm.,
Graduate Student Council

minimum
donation .50

I

r

(We

could rightfully say it's a World Premiere ...)
The
Ann Arbor Chamber Soloists,
inConcert at
y t H E A92.K
y, April 1, 1421 Hill St. 9-12 P.M.

Friday

i

1.~ ______ _______________

..r.

SUNDAY, APRIL 3
at 3:30 P.M.

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
MEN'S GLEE CLUB

I'minediately following the HONORS PROGRAM
THE HILLEL PLAYERS
present
"The Iron Man of Michigan"
a one-act play written and directed by Steven Coffman
and starring STEPHEN WYMAN

SPRING Co

ICERT

Saturday, April

2

. .. 8:30 P.M.

I

\®l M 1 i1F V~1iA jW Iw; 11 U U uYnJ *IWIu uauliug

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