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March 25, 1966 - Image 7

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-03-25

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FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1966

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY, MARCH 25, 1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE SEVEN

w

Oppose Communist
Organization Label

State Department Orders a Surveillance
Placed on Harvard Protestor in Europe

School Time
is
OLYMPIA
TIME

(Continued from Page 1)
In almost every instance in the
past, Katzenbach noted when he
announced his action, when a
group has been put on the subver-
sive list it tends to wither away,
due to public pressure aroused by
the action.
Set a Precedent
"We want to set a precedent,"
Rothberger said, "for groups that
are on the list or that are being
threatened with being put on the
list, showing that we can remain
as a valid student organization at
a Michigan public college. We
want to show the government that
this type of policy of red-baiting
will no longer work."
In reaction to the attorney gen-
eral's move, DuBois clubs are
"growing by leaps and bounds."
Where three months ago the or-
ganization had 2500 members, to-
day at least 700 more belong.
An example of this reaction is
the DuBois club chapter at Wayne
State University, formed seven
months ago.
Formed last September by 16
students, the chapter now numbers
about 40, and membership has
* doubled since Katzenbach made
his statement.
The students formed the chap-
ter, chairman Mark Nowakowski
said, because the organization "ex-
pressed the way we were thinking
about things."
Currently it is "struggling for'
student rights; trying to achieve
a representative student govern-

ing body." It will not take part
officially in tomorrow's Viet Nam
war protest march, "but as in-
dividuals everyone in the group
will probably take some part in it."
Because the DuBois clubs have
been obscure until now, over-
shadowed by larger and more mili-
tant groups, many of those famil-
iar with protest groups were sur-
prised by the government's action.
As one observer told the New
York Times: "Those DuBois guys
were considered squares by the
hard-nose radicals because they
always followed the Russian line.
That's considered reactionary by
the people who are really militant.
Now the DuBois club has status.
Why did the government do it?
It's crazy."
The organization is named for
W.E.B. DuBois (who pronounced
his name doo boys), a prominent
American Negro historian and so-
ciologist who became a member
of the Communist party at the
age of 93, in 1961. He died two
years later as an expatriate in
Ghana.
Most of the 36 member clubs
are located near campuses, pri-
marily in New York, California,
Wisconsin and Illinois. Many of
the members are teenagers. One
member of a group arrested by
New York police a few weeks ago
after a fight with a raid-baiting
group was only 14.
It is likely that the attorney
general was pushed into action by
the repeated blasts of F.B.I. Di-
rector J. Edgar Hoover.

Sen. Edward M. Kennedy has
lodged a stern complaint with the
secretary of state, demanding that
the shadowing of a Harvard pro-
fessor, H. Stuart Hughes, by the
State Department be explained.
Hughes was subjected to surveil-
lance by the department early this
month, while traveling in Europe,
Kennedy expressed "dismay" after
learning that certain citizens are
subjected to surveillance because
of political beliefs.
Hughes said that he has made
at least 10 trips to Europe since
World War II and that this was
the first time he learned of being
followed. Hughes stated that the
probable reason for the "sudden
interest" of the State Department
was the fact that he has recently
been "outspoken" on the Viet Nam
war.
First Surveillance
To his knowledge the surveil-
lance came only after he became
actively involved in this movement
and never occurred on his pre-
vious trips to Europe. During a
trip to Russia in 1960, he said that
neither the Russians nor the
Americans seemed particularly in-
terested in him at that time.
Originally Hughes learned of the
surveillance from the New York
Times. He said that they had been
told of it by a person in the State
Department who leaked the news
because of discontent with the de-
partment's actions. The statement
by Senator Kennedy was entirely
unsolicited, he also said.
The State Department disclosed
yesterday that it had ordered em-
bassies in Moscow and Paris to
carry on such surveillance early{
this month.

The State Department said yes-
terday it is not in the business of
"shadowing" Americans abroad at
the behest of U.S. investigative
agencies.
Press officer Robert J. McClos-
key gave this reply under question-
ing about the Hughes case.
Denying that U.S. embassies go
in for "shadowing" the American
travelers concerned, McCloskey
said "we are not undertaking an
investigative responsibility," but
what information comes to hand
is given to requesting Washington
investigators.
McCloskey confirmed that Fran-
ces Knight, the passport office
director, who has been in contro-
versy with some of her State De-
partment superiors, has had her
authority clipped somewhat under
new procedures.
Requests from investigative
agencies for embassy watches are
to be cleared by her superiors be-
fore transmittal overseas.
Only a Check
However, the procedure at this
point will involve only a check
to make sure a request has been
received from an investigative
agency, McCloskey said.
The FBI-requested message on
Hughes, McCloskey told newsmen
said Hughes "reportedly in the
past has had strong convictions to-
ward Communism."
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-
Mass) has asked Secretary of State
Dean Rusk for an explanation of
the situation. McCloskey said Ken-
nedy's letter had just been receiv-
ed and would be answered by Rusk
Hughes, a history professor
plans to go abroad this fall to do
research for a book.

It did so because the Federal
Bureau of Investigation held sus-
picions about Hughes' political be-
liefs. Hughes had opposed Kenne-
dy in the 1962 senatorial campaign
running as an independent.
'Communist Convictions'
The instructions to the embassy
to undertake surveillance stated
that Hughes "reportedly in the
past has had strong convictions
toward Communism." It also said
that "Mr. Hughes had testified on
behalf of Robert A. Soblen, a con-
victed spy, at a hearing for a re-
trial."
Hughes said that he had testi-
fied at the request of Dr. Sob-
len's lawyer "because of my spe-
cial knowledge, as a former officer
of the Office of Strategic Services
of the job that Dr. Soblen had
done for that organization. I testi-
fied that in doing his job, Soblen
did not have access to informa-
tion on highly secret weapons."
Hughes also refused to "dignify"
Pick up your
VW Station Wagor
in Europe.

the charges about Communism by
commenting on them. He did say
that "my views on Communism are
a matter of public record" and are
given in his book, "An Approach
to Peace and Other Essays," pub-
lished by Atheneum in 1962.

f F 5

~~-

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Home of OLYMPIA, the Precision Typewriter
613 E. William St..665-3763

r

11

Health Care Altered
By War in Viet Nam

(Gontinued from Page 1)
seen explosions.
Wegman's survey group was a
joint team on health and educa-
tion. The group included Secre-
tary of Health, Education and
Welfare, John Gardner, Surgeon
General Whilliam H. Stewart, As-
sistant Secretary of Health Edu-
cation and Welfare Francis Kep-
pel and other health officials.
Honolulu Declaration
The task force is a follow up
to the Honolulu Declaration made
by President Johnson, in which
he told; cabinet members that
there could be little progress in
Viet Nam until a social revolution
took place to improve the lot of
4 the civilian Vietnamese. Dr. Weg
man will not comment on his
recommendations until the Presi-
dent has seen his report.
There were indications that the
medical care of the Viet Cong is

running into difficulties, too. Hos-
pital officials in Viet Nam are
certain that many of the patients
in dispensaries are Viet Cong who
sneak in during the day.
Often the Vietnamese will not
build a dispensary unless they are
sure it can be staffed. The Viet
Cong wil blow up an empty hos-
pital, t dispensary or school, but
will not touch those which are
staffed and in operation.
Dr. Wegman was impressed by
the "unreal" quality of Viet Nam.
The U.S. and Australian embassies
in Saigon are surrounded by barb-
ed wire and protected by soldiers,
and uniformed men appear every-
where.
At a press conference given at
the administration building yes-
terday Dr. Wegman commented
that in some respects Viet Nam
is 50 years behind the United
States in public health measures.

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