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March 25, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-03-25

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See Editorial Page


L~ii igau


Generally fair.
increasing cloudiness

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
Conflict Resolution Center Plans ExpanS
By DAVID KNOKE "The Journal of Conflict Resolu- structured and advisers enlisted to as those of the center itself. The years have come from private many and Switzerland. are u
"War is hell" was true long tion: A Quarterly for Research counsel the graduate student on "International Peace Research donations, University grants to "Although we have primarily life c
before General Sherman made his Related to War and Peace;" Two the particular program and ad- Letter," published by a cosmopoli- specific projects, the National In- focused in the past on the de- Sin
famous observation, but for an years later the Regents created the vanced work which he would do tan group in the Netherlands, is stitutes of Health, the Ford velopment of theory and empirical projec
equally long time men have been center as a permanent organiza- outside the normal doctorate re- also edited in Ann Arbor. Foundation and even some research in international relations, Corp
ignorant about why many inter- tion to finance and carry on re- quirements in his field. In 1962, the International Arms branches of the armed forces. we originally had the idea of terna
national confrontations end in search of a theoretical and practi- William P. Barth, assistant di- Control Symposium was hosted As a unit of the University, the studying conflict at all levels of leonic
bloodshed. cal nature. rector of the center, says that by the center and the Bendix center endorses no ideological po- society," says William Barth, as- crimi
The Center for Research on The center is a unit of the students at the University and at Systems Division and attracted sition, but individual staff mem- sistant director of the center. resolv
Conflict Resolution has been stim- literary college and most of its other schools where he has talked many persons from abroad to the bers are free to express their A joint program between the which
ulating original research projects staff hold joint appointments in about the program have expressed four-day meeting. The results of personal political and moral views center and Tuskegee Institute is Hopef
in this area for the last half- such departments as psychology, some interest in it. their discussions were published on war, peace and political affairs, headed by Prof. Robert C. Angell the f
dozen years and just recently has sociology, economics, and political The center is suffering, however, in a huge 470-page double issue of according to Barth. of the sociology department and variab
embarked upon an ambitious pro- science. These professors have from a lack of funds with which the "Journal," edited by Prof. J. Current holder of the center's, Prof. Paul Puryear of Tuskegee. labora
gram to bring the multidisciplin- been able to establish courses that to award graduate fellowships, David Singer of the political rotating directorship is Prof. Ken- The purpose of the program is to contr
ary study of international rela- in their respective departments and this represents a potential science departmen. neth Boulding of the economics expand the research and training "W
tions within the reach of interest- deal with aspects of international drawback to the doctoral pro- The nature of the center has department. The joint research of facilities of the universities in the creati
ed University students. conflict and its outcomes. gram, Barth mentioned. changed slightly since its original Boulding and Prof. Emile Benoit social sciences and establish an ward
Enthusiasm for the study of Last summer the center began According to Barth a student in conception as a loose organization of Columbia resulted in the publi- institute at Tuskegee for research flicts
conflict situations dates back as laying the groundwork for a pre- the pre-doctoral would have to of scholars pursuing their individ- cation of "Disarmament and the into the problems of the Negro down
far as 1955 when a group of Uni- doctoral program, sponsored gain admittance to the graduate ual projects. A number of indi- Economy" (1963), one of the first in America. grati
versity faculty began thinking jointly by individual departments school first and then perhaps vidual studies have resulted in the national studies of the economic The "pure-laboratory" method in th
about and planning a convenient in the literary college and the could receive assistance from the development of center-wide re- consequences of disarmament. of research is of prime importance in the
way to bring together the best center itself. Hopefully such a Rackham funds, search programs as the cente Prof. Daniel Katz and Herbert because it allows for the research- struct
minds on the subject in a sort of program will ultimately culminate The center continues to publish grows larger both in man power Kelman of the psychology de- er to study one variable while con- the in
free-lance association. in a Ph.D. for the participating the "Journal," which prints the and budget. partment are doing comparative trolling all others. The theoretical taker
The result of their efforts ap- student. articles of noted scholars from Research funds of over one mil- studies of nationalism attitudes in constructs, such as Prof..Anatol flict n
peared in 1957 in the form of Special basic courses have been many parts of the world as well lion dollars during the past five the United States, Canada, Ger- Rapoport's game theory studies, intere

seful models reflecting real-
onflict situations.
ger is in the midst of a large
t, financed by the Carnegie
ration, to review all the in-
tional crises since the Nape-
wars with the aim of dis-
nating situations which were
ed in open wars and those
were settled by other means.
fully this study will lead to
formulation of hypothetical
bles which can be used in
atory experiments for the
l of conflict.
e prefer peace to war and the
ve conflicts that move to-
resolution to uncreative con-
which lead to mental break-
in the individual, disinte-
n in the family, disruption
e organization, factionalism
political unit, and mass de-
ion of life and property on
iternational scale. Hence we
not merely conflict but con-
management as our focus of

War Protests
Ann Arbor Activists
Plan March in Detroit,
Draft Board Picket
In Ann Arbor and across the
nation this morning, the Interna-
tional Days of Protest have start-
ed. Centering around a demand
for the immediate withdrawal of
United States, troops from Viet
Nam, they will feature discussions
rallies, picketing and marches in
major cities.
It is estimated that over 100,000
people will be involved in 200
cities and over 15 countries. 30,-
000 are expected to march in New
York City alone. m
As in Ann Arbor, many of the
protests will be directed against
the Selective Service as "the rep-
resentative of the American war
machine," in the words of a mem-
ber of the steering committee
which formulated the campus ac-
tivists' plans.
Activities Planned
The Days of Protest will begin
in Ann Arbor at 9 this morning
with a vigil on the Diag. At noon
a rally will be held, at which time
10 to 15 University students plan
#t to leave on a march to Detroit.
They will join up with the march-
ers in Detroit Saturday afternoon.
Later Friday afternoon the pro-
testors will picket the Ann Arbor
draft board. They will go into the
board office in groups to deposit
as individuals, signed protests
4J against the war.
Friday evening a Viet Nam open
house will be held in the Union.
Picket Democrats
The main event, a march down
Woodward Ave. in Detroit, will
start at four o'clock Saturday aft-
ernoon. The march is being orga-
nized by the Detroit Committee to
End the War in Viet Nam, which
is aiming for about 2000 partici-
The march will be followed by a
rally on Campus Martius, where 2
number of speakers will address
the marchers. This will be followed
in turn by the picketing Saturday
night of the state Democratic par-
ty's Jackson and Jefferson Day

l- mtr4tigal Baily

dollar atom smasher are seriously endangered by apathy among
influential businessmen, industrialists and labor unions, accord-
ing to Rep. Weston Vivian (D-Ann Arbor). The atom smasher has
been described as "the scientific prize of the century" but-Vivian
is not confident that the Ann Arbor site will ultimately be ap-
proved by the Atomic Energy Commission over the five other
after one currently existing at the University of California at
Berkeley, was considered last night when a group of about 20
teaching fellows met with Thomas Hill, an organizer for the
AFL-CIO Michigan Federation of Teachers, Preliminary plans
were discussed for the formation of a local University chapter of
the MFT consisting principally of teaching fellows. Any teaching
fellow interested in forming such a group should contact David
Katzman at 665-6092.
flying objects in Ann Arbor last night, the Air Force announced
that it hopes to come up with an explanation for these sightings
within 24 hours. The project officer in charge of the Unidenti-
field Flying Objects said the investigation of the Michigan sight-
ings is "beginning to shape up." Deputy Sheriff David Fitzpatrck
came up yesterday with photographs of streaks of light in the
sky which he said were made by unidentified flying objects he
A SINGLE FALL SORORITY RUSH was approved last night
by Student Government Council after much heated debate'.
Panhellenic Association had presented the proposal for fall
rush in the form of constitutional amendments which were pass-
ed last week by President's Council of Panhel. SGC must approve
any constitutional changes of student organizations before they
become effective.
PROF. JOHN T. DEMPSEY OF THE political science depart-
ment at the Dearborn campus yesterday announced his candi-
dacy for the 16th congressional seat currently held by Demo-
cratic Rep. John Dingell.
ed to four University seniors. The fellowships provide tuition and
living expenses for four years of doctoral study in preparation
for a career in college teaching. The students were nominated for
the grant by the University.

New Honors
Offered to Studenits
Who Desire More
Independent Research
The Honors Council has cut the
bonds of formal course structur
with the creation of College Hon.
ors 199 and 299, which are experi-
ments in closer student-teacher
discussions on subjects of the stu-
dent's choosing.
College Honors 199 is a group
seminar class on material not cov
ered by courses presently in the
curriculum. The Honors Council
established 199 as a credit course
in last year's winter term.
The Honors Council also agreed
to recognize College Honors 299 as
a credit course for independent
research. It is aimed at individual
students who want to study in
some area not covered by any par.
ticular course.
Students wishing to set up a 299
course must organize a bibliog-
raphy, have a faculty member de-
cide how many credit hours the
student should be awarded, and re-
ceive approval from a counselor
and the Honors Council Executive
A faculty sponsor and Honor;
Council Executive Committee ap-
proval are also necessary to set up
a 199 course. This course has beer
largely restricted to juniors and
seniors in the literary college in at
effort to get students with some
background and keep the course
on an intense level.
Prof. Adon A. Gordus of the
chemistry department and associ-
ate director of the Honors Coun-
cil, said that student requests foi
these courses are generally accept-
ed unless they duplicate a subjeci
already in existence. The aim 01
the courses is to avoid as mucl
structure and red tape as possi-


of Cnni

-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
Student and faculty voiced many grievances and complaints at a meeting at the Architecture and
Design School yesterday. Grievances centered around questions of curriculum and approach to
DuBois Club To Oppos
'Co m -mulnis t-Fronat' Tag


Only Slight
acfChange Seen'
School Attacked for
Gradepoint Pressure,
'Static Excellence
Growing student dissatisfaction
with the curriculum and adminis-
tration of the College of Archi-
tecture and Design led to a com-
plaint-filled open meeting of the
college's Student-Faculty Commit-
tee yesterday.
Major student grievances were:
-Current disagreement among
faculty members in the architec-
ture school over design philoso-
-Professors' use of grade points
to influence students' work towards
the design philosophies they be-
lieve in, and
--The architecture school grad-
ually phasing out research by
phasing out research-oriented pro-
'No Alternatives'
Prof. Robert Lytle explained he
is being forced to advise many
students to work within a certain
tradition and ignore alternative
methods. Lytle termed such a sit-
uaion "educational subversion."
Many students objected to be-
ing forced to do a rigidly defined
senior thesis.
-Some of the college's faculty
members objected to the students'
charges. Prof. Kingsbury Marzolf,
co-chairman of yesterday's meet-
ing, explained that the faculty has
already approved a proposal to
liberalize thesis requirements.
A student in the crowd yelled
out that this could not help this
year's seniors.
Conflicting Ideologies
The conflict seems to express
two trends of thought within the
school. One group contends that
design problems should be solved
within the framework of a partic-
ular philosophy of architecture. In
this framework craftsmanship -
what one student termed "static
excellence"-is emphasized above
all else.
A second group stresses archi-
tecture as a dynamic profession
which requires what Rob Elfler, '67
A&D, called a "flexibility of
thought." A variety of approaches
and the importance of research
are stressed.
Many students feel that profes-
sors are using the pressure of
grade points to demand that stu-
dents adhere to their particular
Chances 'Slim'
Marzolf and other professors
said the possibilities of the school's
curriculum being changed to ex-
press only one of these philosophies

Latin Study
One examole of the type of re-
search done in College Honors 299
is a study made by a science stu-

The recipients of the award
A. Kaplowitz, Kenneth Verosub a

Viet Nam Health Car
By War According to

Disrupted health services are
the result of "a war that has no
front" in Viet Nam according to
Dr. Myron E. Wegman, dean of
the University's School of Public
Dr. Wegman returned Wednes-
day from Viet Nam where he was
part of a Presidential task force
sent to survey the health needs
of the Southeast Asian nations.
He noted that the war in Viet
Nam offered even more problems
in health and sanitation than
most wars, because a war of this
type is fought "everywhere and
affects everyone."
Although the language barrier

a serious health problem with
1,794 new cases in Saigon since
the first of the year. The Saigon
cholera hospital, however, had lost
only five persons. Dir. Wegman
termed this incredible and said
such a record would do credit to
the best American hospitals.
All areas of the country are
affected by the war. The cities are
faced with crowding and sanita-
tion problems while the rural
communities are constantly in
danger of being completely cut
off by the Viet Cong.
Some of the major problems
that must be overcome in order to
raise health standards involve

are Evelyn K. Falkenstein, Stan dent who was interested in Latin
nd George Abbott White. literature but could not arrange
__________-_______ the prerequisites for a regular
course in his schedule.
A ltered Since the establishment of Col-
lege Honors 199, two courses have
A lteredbeen organized. Last, semester stu-
drnts studied American forein
policy on developing nations with
W e -m-anProf. William A. Gamson of the
sociology department.
Th- seminar tried to avoid for-
mality and structure, and students
rebuildngrprojects. in the course came from various
In rural areas any effort at a departments including mathemat-
continuous health program is dis- ics, economies and sociology.
rupted by the fact that many Formal Role
villages are controlled by the Prof. Gamson said that he tried
Vietnamese during the day and the to avoid the usual formal teacher's
Viet Cong at night. ro1 and tried instead to a t as a
The guerilla war has caused;oleanrieonstad roatns.a
serious occurrence of diseases such sre f and readinas.
as malaria and tuberculosis. Sol- n Sarah Mahler. '67, a participant
inGarrson's course. said that th~
diers on duty often cannot use
repellents against disease carrying but were, on the whole, better
mosquitoes, since the odor of the than most seminars. e
spray would disclose their position Prof. Otto G. Graf. director of
n the jungle. . the Hlonora Council. said that stu-
Transportation Difficulties dent reaction to last semester's
Supply presents a major ob- course had been very good and
stacle to the rural areas. The Viet that he honed it would serve as P

"The W.E.B. DuBois club will
function as one of the antiwar
groups on campus and also as a
protector of civil liberties on cam-
pus. It will oppose American im-
perialism as well as the more
subtle imperialism of the Com-
munist countries."~
These lines are taken from the
proposed constitution of University1
chapter of the W.E.B. DuBois
clubs, now being formed here.
Not stated in the constitution,
though, is the real purpose behind
the planning of the club, which
is to oppose United States At-
torney General Nicholas Katzen-
bach's recent move to have the
DuBois clubs listed as a com-
munist front organization. The
organizers of the club believe
Katzenbach's decision represents
infringement of civil liberty.
Nearing Completion
The group behind the organiza-
tion of the club is nearing com-
pletion of its plans, having col-
lected the twenty names necessary
for a student organization to re-
ceive official recognition. They
soon hope to finish acquiring the
requisite number of faculty spon-

Fraternity System Favors
Eeof Colonies

- The establishment of a new
Sigma Pi colony on campus is
part of an overall expansion pro-
gram planned by the Interfrater-
nity Council.
"With the number of registered
rushees up 800 this year and the
number of pledges up 200, the sys-
tem 'mustdexpand to meet an in-
creased demand," said Douglas
Dunn, '67, executive vice-president
of IFC.
He called the establishment of
a new fraternity such as Sigma Pi
"an opportunity for the men to
set the tone and direction of a
fraternity in the absence of some

Most fraternity men are gener-
ally in favor of expanding the sys-
tem, although several reservations
are commonly held. One such fear
is typified by the attitude of Gil-
bert Premo, '67, president of Delta
Sigma Phi, who feels that if the
system is expanded, IFC energies
would be diverted from assisting
some of the weaker houses already
John Feldkamp, assistant to the
vice-president for student affairs
said "the benefits of the large
rush helps all fraternities. The
solution to the problems of some
of the weaker fraternities does not
lie in limiting the competition, but
through internal changes in the

Rothberger claims the govern-
ment tried to harass SDS last
fall, but failed "because most
people realize, no matter what
they think of SDS, that it isn't
a front for any power or the
Communist party."
Thus the reasons behind his

group's and the nationwide re-
action to the attorney general's
move "is to show unity among all
the people interested in protecting
civil liberties and to prevent an-
other McCarthy 'era from happen-
See OPPOSE, Page 7

"We feel" said Rothberger., of 1ho Pi. thtra a -thpr

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