UNIVERSITY VS. UNIONS:
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Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVI, No. 121 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1966 SEVEN CE'TS
Reclassification of Protestors Helps
By ROGER RAPOPORT
Daily News Analysis
The reclassification of 12 Uni-
versity students who participated
in a sit-in protest against their
country's policy in Viet Nam has
provoked a nationwide controversy
over the merits of using the draft
But overlooked in the furor has
been the effect of the reclassifica-
tions on the students themselves.
Have the changes to 1-A status
had the intended effect of dis-
couraging student protest against
the war in Viet'Nam?
Today, four months after the
sit in at the Ann 'Arbor draft
board, the demonstrators sound
convinced that the Selective Serv-
ice action has actually strength-
ened the student protest move-
ment against American policy in
Public anxiety over the reclas-
sifications has given the university
protestors a new podium and wider
audience for their dissenting views.
Most important, contend the pro-
testors, the controversy has re-
sulted in many supporters of the
war re-examining the wisdom of
United States involvement in Viet
"The government of this coun-
try has been gratifyingly slow in
realizing that attempts to intimi-
date the peace movement merely
strengthen it," Sam Friedman,
Friedman, a magna cum laude
graduate of Harvard thinks he
has, "had a chance to give a lot
of people a better understanding
of my reasons for opposing U.S.
policy in Viet Nam," through in-
terviews with the press, radio and
Eric Chester, '66, points out
that membership in VOICE, the
campus chapter of Students for a
Democratic Society, has tripled
since the sit in. "Students and
professors I've never seen before
in my life have come up to tell
me that they are outraged over
David Smokler, '66, like the
other students involved said that '
the reclassifications have merely
reaffirmed his opposition to Unit-
ed States policy in Viet Nam.
"Many people have now begun
to wonder if it is worth it to fight
to preserve the freedom of the
South Vietnamese when freedom
in our own country is being sub-
verted," Smokler contends.
A curious public has been fed a
more than ample supply of in-
formation on the incident. In ad-
dition to strong news coverage, the
national television networks have
carried a number of short features
on the incident. The latest was a
10-minute feature last weekend
on NBC where five of the stu-
dents explained in depth their
reasons for taking part in the
Editorials in newspapers rang-
ing from the Wall Street Journal
to the Los Angeles Post have de-
nounced the Selective Service for
A number of public figures,
among them House Minority
Leader Gerald Mord (R-Mich),
Rep. Emanuel Celler (R-NY) and
Sen. Phillip Hart (D-Mich) have
denounced the reclassifications as
an infringement upon the right
of free speech.
Locally more than $4000 has
been raised by a student-faculty
committee to finance the protes-
tors legal defense. Moreover, the
American Jewish Congress, and
the American Veterans Committee
have called for the resignation of
Selective Service Director Lt. Gen.
Currently Hershey is making a
full report on the Selective Service
in response to a request by House
Armed Services Committee Chair-
man Mendel Rivers (D-SC). The
review was partially prompted by
Carl Oglesby, president of SDS,
believes a major reason behind
the success of the protest is that
the demonstration occurred under.
"optimum conditions for change."
He said that the peace move-
ment couldn't be more respectable
and have better arguments and
that the administration couldn't
be less respectable and have worse
"I think more people trust Ben-
jamin Spock (a leader of SANE)
than Lyndon Johnson. At least
Spock helped them raise their
babies," Oglesby said.
"What has happened now," says
Oglesby, "is that people have said
to themselves, 'if those rascals are
going to start the McCarthy stuff
again, well this time we are not
going to ignore it and be innocent
bystanders.' As a result people look
for ways to testify their outrage
and are subsequently open to new
evidence on the war itself."
While the protestors are opti-
mistic, about the impact of their
demonstration, they are not equal-
ly jubilant over their personal
situation. To date only two of the
the 14 students reclassified have
won back their student defer-
ments. Five others have lost their
They contend that a United
States Attorney General's ruling
on the situation was carefully
worded so' that it would have no
effect on the reclassifications. A
long appeal procedure, with a fed-
eral suit against the Selective
Service seems to be in the offing
for the protestors.
Still they indicate satisfaction
over the results of their protest.
"Because of all the fuss the gov-
ernment has made about us,
people have begun to wonder if we
really haven't got a point," Ron
Miller, '68, says.
"Basically that's all we wanted
to do-to arouse discussion and
get people to think about this
situation.'If we can bring this war
down to the 'context of rational
thought, I think people will begin
to realize the mistake the govern-
ment is making."
NEw ir dalPolicy Hit by'
NEWS IRE Economist
Ann Arbor Police dispatched three police squad cars and
nine officers to the State Theater late last night after re-
ceiving a report that a riot was in progress.
Observers reported several hundred people were milling
around the theater after having attended a performance of
the Sir Laurence Olivier film "Othello." It was reported that
4 technical difficulties with the film's soundtrack had marred
most of the performance.
At least 200 persons remained at the theater after the
performance ended in a futile attempt to retrieve their ticket
stubs for a possible refund, according to an observer on the
scene. About half the crowd received stubs, but police officers
began to push others out of the theater, one of the theater-
Police officials denied that people were attempting to
remain in the theater after the performance. Theatergoers
were leaving in an orderly fashion when the police arrived,
Sgt. Richard Hill said.
Peter Wolff, Grad, and Richard Shortt, '66, have filed suit
n U.S. District Court in New York against local draft boards
16 and 66. The students claim that their draft status was un-
constitutionally changed after they took part in demonstrations
protesting the war in Viet Nam. The students were part of last
October's sit-in at the Ann Arbor Selective Service office. Both
had appealed their reclassification from 2-S to 1-A by their
draft boards, but had lost the appeal.
Vice-President for Student Affairs Richard L. Cutler said
yesterday he would have no further comment on the case involv-
ing a disease-stricken girl who claimed to have had relations with
more than 200 male students "until we know where we are and
what the situation is."
An investigation into the incident is being conducted by J.
Duncan Sells, director of student organizations. Cutler indicated
that the possibility of disciplinary action against fraternities and
other groups allegedly involved must await further information
on the case.
The incident involved a 20-year-old girl who reportedly
resided in rooming houses and fraternities for several weeks from
mid-December until late January. During that time, she was
treated at University Hospital for a case of gonorrhea. The girl
was cured of the disease in mid-January, a spokesman for the
Medical School reported.
Sen. Gilbert Bursley (R-Ann Arbor) has indicated that he
thinks "the sentiment in the legislature is almost unanmious
in support of Public Act 124." This act, which calls for the state
controller to select the architect to design state college con-
struction, is opposed by the University and Wayne State.
Bursley noted that "ifthe University waits too long and the
issue is not resolved, they run the risk of setting projects back
a year or more." Appropriations for the University's Modern
Language Building were rejected last week because of the Regents'
refusal to comply with the act.
A resolution commending state universities for upholding
free speech died in a legislative committee late Wednesday.
The decision closed another round in a week-long battle over
whether Communists should be allowed to speak at state-support-
ed universities. The controversy was sparked by the appearance
of Communist theoretician Herbert Aptheker at the University,
Wayhe State and Michigan State universities last week.
The resolution, sponsored by 16 House Democrats cited the
universities "for their staunch support of freedom of speech and
the free exchange of intellectual ideas." The vote on the resolu-
tion tied at 4-4.
The literary college steering committee is accepting petitions
for membership. The committee is a student advisory committee
that meets with James Robertson, associate dean of the literary
college, to discuss improvements that could be made in the col-
lege, such as curriculum. The petitions may be picked up at 1220
Angell Hall. For interested students there will be an open meet-
ing of the committee at 4 p.m. today in 1412 Mason Hall. Petitions
By MARSHALL LASSER >w:'> ~;<" ;<rir:
At every turn in American his- >
tory where the government has A
tried to promote the public in-u
terest or aid a deprived segmentu
of the population, the plan hast
backfired to the detriment of the
people, Prof. Milton Friedman of
the economics department of the
University of Chicago, said last
Friedman's lecture, on "good in-
tentions versus bad results" in s
government economic and wel-t
fare policy, was sponsored by the.
University of Michigan Libertar-
The same is happening today,.
because the trouble with modern STUDENT GOVERNMENT COU
liberals, the people who promote by Ed Robinson, '67, shown at le
these programs, "is not that their ganizations into a committee on
hearts are soft; the trouble is
that their heads are." A NNBCImI
Agencies Fail ARBOR II
He illustrated his thesis with a
host of examples of programs and'
claimed-the ICC, the FCC, the kYtuden
CAB, etc.-have invariably failed
to advance the interests of theM
consumer, but in fact have long
since been working against them.
ample, he pointed out that it has
harmed the public by not letting By NEAL BRUSS
competition run its course, com-
petition that would have brought Students attempting to register
down fares. for the April municipal election
He attacked the minimum wage must prove themselves full-time
and urban-renewal laws as hurting Ann Arbor residents. According to
the very group they were designed Assistant City Attorney Fred S.
to th erye poor. Urban renewal, Steingold, city officials interpret
he said, destroys slums but builds state laws so that attendance at
housing that the slum dwellers the University is not sufficient to;
can not afford - which in t fulfill the residence requirements
fcesnhepoorintonwslums of otherwise qualified students.
orces the poor into new slums. Campaigns to motivate "eligible"
Leaves Mistakes students to register are being
The government only con- planned by Student Government
pounds its mistakes by its inability Council and other politically-ori-
to erase them. When a program is ented groups.
passed that turns out to be a Student organizations feel that
lemon, he said, 'nothing is done students should establish them-
about it. selves as a group within the com-
munity with voting power.
sid Hewsus hisearicletalsbState Statutes
shey lawssd hti exame:t bst However, state statutes hinder
tbbeneihurt the small farmer formation of such a power block.;
proabl hrt he mal frme IA statutory provision from th
they were intended to help; and se Miian constitution ates:
they definitely hurt the tax-pay- "no elector shall be deemed to
ing public, have gained . . . a residence .
He drew an analogy to one of while a student is at any institu-
the more infamous mistakes of tion of learning." The statute im-'
industry, the Edsel, and said that plies that if University students1
while Ford dropped the money- wish to register, they must estab-1
losing project, "if the government lish a strong commitment to re-
had put it out, they'd still be pro- side in Ann Arbor beyond their
ducing it." college career.
Bad Deals Whether a student is a resident'
Social Security and public sub- or not is determined by the cityI
sidy of' higher education were hit clerk and his staff. The clerk is
as benefitting the better-off at empowered to take a sworn affi-I
the expense of the poor. He told davit from the applicant and then1
his audience "you shouldn't con to decide on his eligibility from
poor taxpayers into subsidizing that statement.
you." As to Social Security: "it Assistant City Attorney Stein-1
doesn't provide security and it gold said that the basic require-,
compels people to buy a particu- ments for registration in Ann Ar-;
larly unfavorable annuity." bor are United States citizenship,;
21 years of age, residence in Mich-
The war on poverty was de- iga for six months prior to anl
scribed as a "great heterogeneous election, and residence in Ann Ar-I
mess of progress." In fact, "there is bor for 30 days before an election.
not a single welfare program, with Residence Requirements
two exceptions, which has not Steingold said that the decisionI
-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
NCIL, at a meeting last night, approved a proposal to lower the Michigan voting age to 18 presented
-ft. Pat McCarty, '67 (right), also introduced a motion to incorporate members of existing student or-
academic questions, which was tabled until next week's meeting.
ts Must Prove Residence
t Voting Requirements
In Selection of New
By JANE DREYFUS
Student Government Council
last night killed a motion to re-
consider allocation of funds to
the Student Housing Association's
voter registration drive; then ap-
proved in principle a proposal to
increase student involvement in
the selection of the next Univer-
SGC also gave final approval to
the newly-formed Inter-House
Assembly, the product of a merger
between Inter-Quadrangle Council
and Assembly Association; passed
a motion asking SGC support for
tbhe current drive to lower the
voting age in Michigan to 18, and
postponed action on a motion
which would expand the scope of
SGC's educational affairs com-
The proposal to review the allo-
cation of SHA funds submitted by
Steven Schwartz, '67, was in re-
sponse to a motion passed last
week. Last week's proposal was
for money to be spent on a mail-
ing of 13,000 letters to graduate
students asking whether they had
previously voted and whether they
intended to vote in the forthcom-
ing city elections. The mailing
program is aimed at increasing
student participation in Ann Arbor
affairs, hopefully increasing the
community's responsiveness to
Schwarts asserted in his motion
that mailing was "both costly, in-
effective and inefficient.
"The 13,000 students to whom
SHA will address letters repre-
sent little more than one-half of
the students over 21. In addition,
no attempts have been made to
research the number of students
eligible to vote. Nor have obviously
ineligible students such as foreign
students been eliminated from the
Finding out who dii and' will
vote is meaningless for the pur-
posed of registration, Schwartz
added. Graduate students are the
most fluid body; those going for
their masters will be gone next
year. This registration is for next
year, and these things must be
taken into consideration, he said.
Attacking Schwartz's motion,
Neill Hollenshead, '67, said, "Most
of the points in the motion were
simply not true."
"For example, foreign students
will not receive letters, there are
not 25,000 students 21 or over and
the SHA has made a great deal of
effort to research the project as
effectively as time will permit,"
The motion on ' presidential
selection, submitted by- Edward
Robinson, '67, was approved only
in principle; its specific provisions
will be considered next week.
Robinson proposed that an outside
consultant firm make a study of
"the workings of the University"
and that this study be submitted
to the faculty, student, and alumni
committees created by the Regents
last week to advise them on the
final selection of University Presi-
dent Harlan Hatcher's successor.
The motion emphasized the need
for communication among these
three.a<ronnand e htwn them
marriage is considered a move to-'
ward residence, as is property
"When a student lives in a
dormitory, rooming or fraternity
house only during the period of
the school year and returns to his
parents' home outside Ann Arbor
during vacation time, he does not
acquire a legal residence here,"
City Attorney Jacob Fahrner said.
"In other cases, the city clerk
looks for facts other than attend-
ance at the University. I have ad-
vised him that one does not change
his former residence to Ann Arbor
when his presence is due to the
sole purpose of receiving the edu-
cational benefits conferred here.
In such a case the formal legal
residence is retained. If a student
having no domicile, in good faith
settles in a college town and en-
ters college as a resident citizen;
then he is entitled to vote there,"
Steingold said that a person
must first make a statement before
he can register.
The clerk decides from his ex-
amination of the applicant wheth-
er he has fulfilled the require-
ments. If the individual is allowed
to vote, he is asked to cancel his
registration in his previous home
as evidence of good faith. -
If the city clerk cannot make a
decision or if the applicant is
denied voting power, the advice of
the city attorney may be sought.
Rejected applicants may appeal
the decision to the Circuit Court,
and beyond that, to the Michigan
'IFC Plans New Scholarships;
By LAURENCE MEDOW
The new administration of th
Interfraternity Council is planning
a wide variety of new projects ant
programs to improve the academi
posture of fraternities and bring
them into closer integration wit'
the University community.
To achieve this goal, a nev
Academic and Cultural Relation
Committee will be establishes
within the next two weeks. Ir
addition, the IFC officers intent
to review current pledge program;
of fraternities in an effort to de.
termine services IFC could provid
to make pledge programs more ed-
ucational, in terms of the Univer
sity and the fraternity system a.
a whole as well as acquainting
pledges with their individua
Explaining the reasons behinc
the establishment of the new aca"
demic committee, Richard E. Var
I dose. 67E.newly-eeted nresi.
be. really effective, both in num-;
ber of tutors and subject matter,
e according to Van House.
g Presently, the program provides!
d 15 tutors for fraternity men in'
¢ seven academic fields, emphasiz-
h ing introductory courses.I
If the program can succeed for
Sfraternity men, Van House would
I like to open it to the entire under-
s graduate community as "one of
n the services IFC can provide for
d the whole campus."
s jMore Scholarships
- The academic committee will
e also take over the distribution of
-IFC scholarships and expand IFC
recognition of scholastic achieve-
s ment. In addition to the present
g $2500 in scholarship distributed
L yearly, many new programs will be
initiated and implemented by the
d committee, Van House said.
"Awards should be given to the
n pledge in each fraternity with the
.- :., ,- r _ . _ n a -
In an effort to provide more
services for people outside the
system, Van House believes IFC
should sponsor a regular lecture
series "on things of interest to
the whole University."
The new administration will also
work for a by-law requirement
for each fraternity' to submit a
written pledge program.
"This would not be intended as
a strict outline to which each fra-
ternity must adhere or face judi-
cial action," Van House explained.
"Rather, we expect that each
house will submit only the most
constructive elements of their pro-
gram and give us some indications
of the services IFC could and
should provide to aid fraternities
in achieving the common goals un-
covered by the reports."
New Pledge Programs
"We are hopeful that making
these :services available will en-