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February 13, 1966 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-02-13

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See Editorial Page


S ir

:4IaiI t

Turning colder in
the evening

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom


Federal Research Funds

Doubled in Five

Scientific research funds from
the federal government have dou-
bled in the last five years and the
outlook is for more financial sup-
port of other areas of scholarship
than the 'hard" sciences. This is
the review and forecast made by
National Science Foundation Di-
rector Leland Haworth in the
NSF's 15th Annual Report, releas-
ed last week.
Haworth noted that federal al-
locations for research and develop-
ment have increased from $8.1 bil-
lion in 1960 to $16.1 billion in fis-
cal 1965. The largest increase came
in the category of basic research,
which tripled while development
funds did not quite double.
Haworth said this was a signifi-
cant shift in federal policy from
the early 1950's when the major
emphasis of government spending

was for immediate, practical appli-
cations of research in military de-
fense, public health, conservation
and industrial development.
Haworth said that the passage
last summer of an act creating a
National Foundation for the Arts
and Humanities indicates that the
federal government is genuinely
interested in increasing support
for all levels of education in the
United States.
"There is no reason to believe
that science will suffer by sharing
the spotlight of federal support
with other branches of scholar-
ship. Rather, science can be ex-
pected to prosper all the more as
a climate more favorable to scho-
larship in general is developed,"
wrote Haworth.
The National Science Founda-
tion was established in 1950 to
raise the level of scientific re-

search and education in the
United States. The NSF, accord-
ing to Haworth, plays a funda-
mental role in the formation of a
national science policy.
Originally NSF concerned itself
with studying, gathering -data and
oublishing reports on government
and non-governmental activities in
science, attempting to build up a
unified picture of scientific policy
across the nation.
Many of the policy-making du-
ties of NSF for the federal govern-
ment have been transferred to the
Office of Science and Technology
(OST), created in 1962. However,
NSF is by law responsible for "the
broader context beyond the per-
imeters of the federal complex."
To this end, NSF spent a total of
$415.8 million in fiscal 1965, most-
ly on basic research projects and
science education programs.

Basic research monies from NSF
went largely to academic and
other institutions closely allied
with campuses across the coun-
try. Of all federal funds allocated
for science research and educa-
tion, about $1.8 billion, or 10 per
cent, are funneled into the edu-
cational institutions, according to
Rep. Henry Reuss (D-Wis). Thus
it would seem that NSF handles
about one-fourth of the federal
allocations to educational institu-
Both Reuss' figures and those
presented by the NSF annual re-
port indicate that the majority of
the money. went to five states:
California, Illinois, New York,
Massachusetts, and the Maryland-
District of Columbia area. The
state of Michigan was sixth on the
NSF list, with a total of $4.9 mil-
lion going to six universities and
two other establishments.

According to Reuss, in an article
in The Nation, 98 per cent of fed-
eral research funds go to the
natural sciences and the other 2
.per cent go to the humanities and
social sciences. Yet, the NSF's
$119 million direct appropriations
to colleges and universities includ-
ed $9 million for the social
sciences, a considerably more than
2 per cent. This is in line with
Haworth's prediction that human-
ities and social science research.
projects would be coming in for a
greater share of federal funds. ,
The NSF annual report states
that most of the monies for basic
research are distributed in the
form of project grants awarded
for the work of individual investi-
gators. Over 3000 awards were
made last year to members of 288
universities and colleges. Average
size of award was $30,000 per in-

However, research is
to projects originating
cational institutions.

not limited
from edu-

Six."natural research" programs
were in operation under NSF aus-
pices during the last year. The
United States Antarctic Research
Program carried on biological
studies of the Wendell seals, began
a four-year investigation of the
uncharted East Antarctica reglon,
and established two satellite-mon-
itoring projects, at Byrd and Mc-
Murdo stations.
Project Mohole involves drilling
through the crust of the earth
beneath the ocean floor into the
mantle, seven miles below. Test
drillings and development of im-
proved equipment last year con-
tinued to bring the scientists
closer to their goal last year.
Other projects financed by the
National Science Foundation in-

elude geographical and geophysi-
cal investigations of the Indian
Ocean; weather modification stud-
ies attempting to discover how
man can control his meterological
environment; a joint series of 53
projects b e i n g conducted by
scientists from Japan and the
United States; and participation
in the International Years of the
Quiet Sun, designed to study the
sun during a time when sunspot
activity is at a minimum.
NSF Director Haworth noted
that statistics compiled by NSF
have shown a decided tendency
for federal support of basic re-
search to drop off over the last
few years. This is the case at the
University, according to Vice-Pres-
ident for Research Geoffrey Nor-
man, who said that the Univer-
sity's research budget stands at
$47 million, but is unlikely to in-
crease at the same rate.

Yields Few
SGC-UAC Student
Faculty Symposium
Faces 'U' Problems
Yesterday's student faculty aca-
demic conference resulted in few
What did come out of this SGC-
UAC sponsored symposium, how-
ever, were a number of sound,
potentially feasible suggestions
aimed at easing the problems cur-
rently faced by students at the
Perhaps the most important
idea posed during the meetings
was upgrading more advanced-
level courses, making them worth
four instead of three credit hours.
SSuch a move would reduce a stu-
dent's course load, while still al-
lowing him to meet minimum hour
Dean James Robertson of the
literary college said that he has
been in favor of this proposal for
a long time, feeling that various
f departments within the college
are in need of a restructuring in
the area of course credit hours.
An alternative suggestion made
was that of requiring students to
take a certain minimum number
of courses per trimester rather
than a minimum number of hours.
Pass-Fail Option
A second major proposal made
during the conference was that
upperclassmen be permitted to
take one course per trimester on
a pass-fail basis. Thus students
electing to take this option would
not be graded, but would either
pass or fail the course. A pro-
gram similar to this is currently
in use at Princeton University.
The committee dealing with the
problems of extra-curricular ac-
tivities rejected the proposal to
give academic credit to students
% involved in major campus activi-
ties. Feeling that such action was
not warranted and would dilute
the quality of leadership in activi-
ties, the committee statement did
recognize the need for a flexibility
in the academic programs of stu-
dents involved in such activities.
Function AchievedP
The purpose of the conference
was to define and present pos-
sible solutions to the more critical
problems confronted by students,
as well as serve as a liaison be-
tween students and faculty. At-
tending the conference were not
only students and faculty mem-
bers, but also leading administra-
While the suggestions made by
the committee are not binding in
any form to the University, the
organizers hope many of the pro-
posals will soon be incorporated
into actual policy.
Robert Bodkin, '67E, said yes-
terday that he will propose a mo-
tion to SGC that a committee of
students and faculty members be
established on a permanent basis
to serve in an advisory capacity to
Vice-President for Academic Af-
fairs Allan Smith.
Student Pressure
The conference was aimed at
getting to the roots of student
discontent, and in a committee
dealing with ways of reducing aca-
demic pressure it was brought

Passage Of
l 1AMiraigan aiI SpeakerBan
NEWS WIRE Not Likely


I _



EDITOR'S NOTE: Significant world and national news which is received
immediately prior to The Daily's early-morning deadline will henceforth
be included as a new feature of our news digest.-C.F.
Late World News
SAIGON (R)-Vice-President Hubert Humphrey left Viet
Nam after a brief fact-finding visit late last night. In a farewell
statement to government leaders, the Vice-President said he. was
"sure victory will be won." Humphrey continues his trip today
with visits to other Asian nations. (See earlier story in World
News Roundup, page three.)
Philanthropist Charles Mott has taken issue with the State
Board of Education's opposition to expanding Flint's two-year
University branch into a four-year school. Mott has pledged.
$2.7 million toward the expansion, but the board has suggested
a new and autonomous four-year school.
The 90-year-old Mott said "We're having a little contest
on that but we're going to win out-don't worry about that."
"It's immaterial to me whether they have any more
branches," he said. "Who gives a hoot outside Flint about sending
our kids to college and letting them live at home?"
Mott made his statements at a meeting of the Flint
Industrial Executive Club.
* * * *
Prof. Arthur W. Burks has been named chairman of the
communication sciences department of the University for a five-
year term beginning January 1, 1967.
Burks is presently serving at the Indian nstitute of Tech-
nology in Kanpur, India, as a participant in the Indo-American
program, where the University is one of the cooperating institu-
tions. He will assume the chairmanship immediately' upon his
return from that assignment.
Burks, who received his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees at the
University, has been a member of the Michigan faculty since 1946.
A House Education subcommittee plans to study the effect
the drafting of college students wculd have on the nation's need
for trained professional manpower
The hearings are prompted by reports that a continuing
military buildup in Viet Nam will require the drafting of college
students who fail to keep up their grades. College students are.
now in a deferred status.
The effects such a change in student draft status would have
on federal education programs will be considered at the hearings.
Lt. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, director of the Selective Service
system, will be called as a witness Thursday and representatives
of the Office of Education and the U.S. Public Health Service
will appear Friday.
Long Distance
A political science professor at Queens College in New York
City recently discovered a unique formula to rid her classes of
Dr. Mary Earhart Dillon reportedly asked all "Goldwater and
Buckley sympathizers" to leave the class. 277 students had signed
up for the class which was set up for 160 students.
Dr. Dillon told the students it was necessary to reduce the
size of the class and to have told the conservative students that
she "might say things during the semester that woull hurt or
offend their political feelings."
Three of the students asked to leave reported the matter to
school officials, who have had no comment on the .incident. The
students accused Dr. Dillon of terming them "troublemakers"
and "rowdy" for having reported the incident.
Asked for comment, conservative spokesman William F.
Buckley said, "Dr. Dillon's elimination procedure suggests either
that Goldwater-Buckley supporters don't need any further in-
struction in political science, or else that Dr. Dillon is incompetent
to cope with students whose views disagree with her own. I am
torn between the two alternatives."
" ,. * *
Dr. Thomas A. Preston, a third-year resident physician at
the Medical Center, won second place in the national "Young
Investigator's Awards" sponsored by the American College of
Cardiology. His scientific paper, presented during the meeting
of the College in Chicago, Feb. 5, describes a new method of
testing hart renonnes tn the signals of an electronic "Pace-

Senate May Attempt
To Pass Rider on
Education Funds Act
State Senator Gilbert Bursley
(R-Ann Arbor) expressed doubt
last night that the Senate's reso-
lution requesting a ban on Com-
munist speakers would have pass-
ed if the entire Senate had been
He also noted that an attempt
to put a provision in this year's,
state appropriations restricting
Communist speakers on state-sup-
ported campuses would likely be
unable to gain the needed support
of the Senate.
Friday's m~otion requesting col-
lege presidents to prohibit Com-
munist speakers was passed 15-14.
"For a bill to become law, it takes
20 out of the 38 senators," noted
Bursley. "I don't think there
would have been 20 votes if they
had all been there."
In respect to a possible rider on
legislative appropriations for high-
er education, Bursley felt that
such an amendment would prob-
ably be defeated. "It is extremely
unlikely that retribution against
a university would take place."

-D)aily-Andy Sacks
TO ANY OPPONENT, Cazzie Russell looks like he's always jumping higher and higher and growing
bigger and bigger. And when Caz goes up for one of his indescribable layup dunks, he looms huger
than ever. Trick photography? Try and convince Wisconsin, the victim of this shot yesterday afternoon.

Passage Doubtful 0 "
Bursley said that such an added plS W2bi Ti0 o n-
clause would likely come before

the Senate Appropriations Com-
mittee, of which he is a member.
He felt certain that any restrictive
clause could not gain necessary
votes from the nine-man com-
Bursley explained that "legally
and technically" a rider could re-'
quest a ban on Communist speak-{
ers. In a parallel. type of legislative
action, the House has tried in the
past to put a rider on higher edu-
cation funds demanding a reduc-9
tion in out-of-state students at
state-supported institutions. These
have met with defeat.
Majority leader Raymond Dzend-+
zell (D-Detroit), who sponsored
Friday's motion requesting a
speaker ban, said last night that{
he is trying to represent "the
sentiment of the taxpayers" and
not the universitie4. He said that
he has no definite plans at the
moment on putting a clause in the
appropriations to state colleges.


Rabbi Adler
Shot Before
Former 'U' Student
Attacks Rabbi, Then
Turns Gun on Self'
Rabbi Morris Adler, Detroit
clergyman and civic leade, was
shot and critically wounded yes-
terday before 1500 worshippers at
a, Sabbath service. His assailant,
Richard Wishnetsky, a former
University honors student, shot
himself in the head after attack-
ing the rabbi.
The rabbi was taken to Detroit's,
Sinai Hospital where his condition
was listed as very critical. He un-
derwent emergency surgery for
bullet wounds in the brain.
Wishnetsky was taken to De-
troit's Providence Hospital where
he too, underwent emergency brain
surgery. His condition was listed
as poor.
Sabbath Shooting
The shooting occurred after
Rabbi Adler's Sabbathesermon.
Wishnetsky stood up just as
Rabbi Adler finished his sermon
and began walking down the
synagogue's main aisle.
Wishnetsky fired a shot into
the ceiling of the synagogue with
a .32 caliber pistol and then read
a statement denouncing the con-
Finishing the statement he
fired a shot into Rabbi Adler's left
arm. A second shot grazed Adler's
forehead, and the rabbi fell.
Wishnetsky then fired the gun
into his forehead.
In his statement Wishnetsky
had said:
"This congregation is a travesty
and an abomination. It has made
a mockery by its phoniness and
hypocricy of the beauty and the
spirit of Judaism.
"It is composed of people, ah, it
is composed of people who on the
whole make me ashamed to say
that I am a Jew.
"For the most part . . . it is
composed of men, women and
children who care for and love
nothing except their own vain,
egotistical selves. With this act I
protest the humanly horrifying
and hence unacceptable situa-
tion .
Wishnetsky had received a de-
gree in philosophy at the Univer-
sity, according to his parents, and
was admitted to Phi Beta Kappa
academic honorsdfraternity. He,
had ,been awarded a Woodrow'
Wilson scholarship for graduate
study. He is said to have consider-
ed religion the basis of philosophy.
Wishnetsky worked as a sub-
stitute teacher in the Detroit pub-
lic schools after recovering from
an emotional breakdown. Wishnet-
sky's parents, members of South-
field's Congregation Shaarey Ze-
dek, said their son had been under
psychiatric care for several years.
According to several members of
the congregation, Rabbi Adler had
recently counseled Wishnetsky.
Rabbi Adler had recently re-
turned from a sabbatical leave in
Israel. He had been an observer at
sessions of the Ecumenical Council
in Vatican City.
He assumed spiritual leadership
of Congregation Shaarey Zedek in
1938, when the synagogue was lo-
cated 'in Detroit. He was an or-
ganizer and is chairman of the
United Auto Workers union's pub-
lic review board, vice-president of

The barn on State Street rock-
ed to the melody of broken records
yesterday as an anvil chorus with
finesse, personified in the form
of the Michigan cage quintet, roll-
ed over the hapless and helpless
Wisconsin Badgers by the score of
The points came three-a-minute
in the Michigan barrage, spear-
headed by Cazzie Russell's 36
Yet this was not the good news
of the day. You see, Cazzie Rus-
sell, no matter how brilliant his
shooting (it was), no matter how
deadly his passing (it was), and
no matter how effervescent his
joy in victory (it is), is expected
to yield such results.

But Craig Dill? That is, and he
was a different story.
Plagued all season by the echo-
ing catcalls of his fairweather.
friends in cavernous Yost, the
junior from Saginaw had not
been able to throw around his lim-
ited weight under the boards and
had not been able to display his
highly-touted hook. But then yes-
terday was a different story.
"I was ready to play today,"
said the young giant, glowing in
the post-game locker room. "All
week people have been telling me
I've got to shoot, shoot, shoot. As
it turned out, I had the best
game of my Big Ten career."
As he said, they told - him to
shoot, shoot, shoot. And he shot,
shot, shot, netting seven deucers

Danger of Inflation Rises

in 12 attempts from the floor, and
adding four more from the char-
ity stripe for a total of 18 points
while playing only half of the.
Hooking, jumping and dunking,
Dill was nonpareil-much to the
delight of Michigan mentor Dave
Strack. "Dill wasn't really sur-
prising," Strac'k remarked, "I've
always maintained that he was a
good player. And, using this as
an indication, he is going to be a
very good player."
Smiling Loser
Just as Strack was full of praise,
Wisconsin Coach Johnny Erickson
was full of the glum, wry wit of
defeat. Questioned as to the' dif-
ference between tens yesterday
as to two weeks ago in Michigan's
69-67 squeaker win in Madison,
the succinct and explicit Erick-
son stated: "About 16 points."
Then, for the sake of the gen-
eral weal and knowledge, the Wis-
consin head man elaborated. "The
zone press was just too effective,
too successful. We had hoped that
our guards would be able to get
past the three pressers and then
outspeed the Michigan team, but
we couldn't do it."
Thus attributing his team's
shoddy passing (resulting in 23
turnovers) to the Michigan press,
he went on to eulogize his own
team's game.
Nice Shot
"You can't knock our shooting
-53 per cent from the floor is
far from disappointing. It's just
that our defense never jelled. I
must say, however, that our per-
formance under the boards was
as good as can be expected against
a team with such superior size
and strength."
As much as it may have ailed
Coach Erickson, the Michigan
full-court zone press made the
smiling Strack beam even more.
"The press enabled us to control

Free Speech
When he proposed the motion, "
Dzendzell insisted that "the intentW ith Continuing Prospert
of the resolution has nothing to doy
with free speech. It asks the in-
stitutions to stop permitting the By MARSHALL LASSER sultation with the government may
enemy to infiltrate upon a captive soon become a prerequisite for
audience." . hile Viet Nam is the issue raising prices in these industries.
He added that "this is only a that holds the national spotlight, Though the White House strong-
another area is quickly coming in- ly denies any behind-the-scenes
resolution, making a request of to importance: economic policy. As
the colleges, but we hold the purse the five year old boom continues deal with the steel companies, the
strings." to grow, the danger of inflation gaigmsaledTer hnt
The controversial resolution is rising along with it. The John-gaid t le e Was t
arose as a result of the speaking son administration knows this well Post said the settlement was the
visit of Herbert Aptheker, Comn- though they have not publicly high administration officials and
munist theorist and historian. warned of the danger--and has steel company executives. Thus in
Aptheker spoke at the University, acted accordingly; so has the Fed- the future big companies may find
Wayne State and Michigan State, eral Reserve Board. it wiser to consult the government
thuhthe resolution was not in- i ie ocnuttegvrmn
though until after Aptheker had in Last month saw the latest crisis beforehand--especially since the
in the administration's drive to danger of inflation is growing and
spoken in Ann Arbor. hold down inflation, the administration is getting anx-
Hanoi Sojourn The steel industry made a se- ious.
In his speeches, Aptheker re- lective price increase, met govern- As a third "esult of the conflict,
ported on his recent trip to Hanoi ment opposition, and backed off. Rep. Emanuel Celler (D-NY),
with Yale Prof. Staughton Lynd The result was a compromise that chairman of the House Judiciary
,,,,. r ma-.- bears littl edanger of inflationary tCinmite a h nil intron_

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