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February 08, 1966 - Image 4

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-02-08

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Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Choosing Grocers and Presidents

.ere Opinions Are Free. 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN. ARBOR, Micr.
Trutb Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1966

NIGHT EDITOR: JUDITH WARREN

By MICHAEL HEFFER
(Last of a Two-Part Series)
MOST PEOPLE spend as much
time in choosing their grocer
as they do in choosing their presi-
dent, but few realize how close to
the grocer the later really it.
The grocer is someone who is
trying to sell you bad fruit, and
he will succeed if you don't check
everything he offers you. Slight
hints about a neighborhood com-
petitor or a two-week lapse of
patronage are deemed necessary to
the grocer the later really is.
The politician, however, is con-
ceeded the possibility of carrying
as much bad fruit as the grocer,
but not only is checking more
difficult, it seenis indelicate to
try. Politicians also seem to be so
easily offended by any suggestion
of dissatisfaction or someone else's

competancy that one decides not
to mention the possibility.
For the politicians have suc-
cessfully concealed from the public
the simple fact that candidates
are no different from grocers. If
the populace were to realize this,
they would immediately realize
the implications.
IF A POLITICIAN is the same
as a grocer, then any man who
can be a grocer can be a politician.
There is also the danger that
people might discover what even
the grocers have been hiding for
years-that a competitor may be
just as good or better.
The above realizations would
cause anarchy. Anyone and every-
one might run for office and any-
one might win. People would lose
the natural respect they hold for
any politician and feel no com-

Ke 1to1 MSU Investigation:
eDefining Academic Freedom

MANY P-EOPLE have habitually referred.
to Michigan State University as a cow
college; and the publicity of the Shiff
case and the resignation of the State
News editors conjured up for many more
a picture of MSU students herded by ad-
ministrative cattle prods.
It is gratifying to see that the MSU
administration is not cying over this
spilled milk. The Faculty Cornin'ttee for
Student Affairs (CSA) will begin uAs
week to evaluate the university's pres-
ent rules, holding hearings and investiga-
tions in several areas of student regula-
tions in relation to academic freedom.
The committee will make its first re-
Humphrey vs.
Hershey
NICE-PRESIDENT Hubert Humphrey in
his speech yesterday referred to the
non-technically trained youth, who have
dropped out of school, as "a serious prob-
lem to the future of America." Humphrey
continually encourages, in his position
as chairman of the President's Youth
Opportunity Task Force which focuses on
the problems of dropouts, every young
American to go to or go back to school.
Education, Humphrey emphasized, is nec-
essary for obtaining sufficient skills and
basic intelligence in order to hold down a
job in anincreasingly automated society.
According to Humphrey, "Brain pow-
er," as he labeled the end product of edu-
cation, "is the ultimate source of Ameri-
can power and might." The Vice-Presi-
dent further commented that each indi-
vidual has certain skills which should be
developed through education in order to
make tilat individual a productive mem-
ber of American society.
However, the Vice-President faces ser-
ious opposition to successfully completing
his Johnson-appointed, noble task. The
opposition rises in the form of Gen. Lewis
B. Hershey, director of the Selective Serv-
ice Commission.
The Vice-President, as it appeared in
his speech, seems to be oblivious to the
threats to his programs lurking in the
present draft situation, which calls for
the bottom 50 per cent of epilege classes
to be inducted into the armed forces.
Humphrey's fight to make all youth
prepared for a highly technical society
will be In vain. The student who may at
one time have dropped out of school be-
cause of poor grades and has gone back
realizing the necessity of improving and
enhancing his limited skills may not be
able to realize his goal. It is this student
who in all probability falls in the bottom
50 per cent of his class and therefore will
be drafted.
VICE-PRESIDENT Humphrey is wasting
his time and energy, unless someone
reaches Hershey and alleviates this vi-
cious arrangement. Otherwise, the drop-
out student will be denied the right to
return to school and the potential drop-
out yanked out of school.
-MARK LEVIN

port to the Academic Council today.
Hopefully this report shall contain a
working definition of academic freedom.
A member of the State News staff who
talked to nearly 50 people noted a defi-
nite conflict between liberal and conserv-
ative concepts of academic freedom,
along with a number of apathetic shrugs.
If the committee does not take a defi-
nite stand immediately on the amount
of restraint involved in academic free-
dom, the investigation will be able to do
very little.
The academic freedom issue in the
Shiff case is thought by many to have
caused the formation of the evaluation
committee at this time. This appears like-
ly because final plans were made imme-
diately after the incident.
PROF. FREDERICK WILLIAMS of the
CSA disagreed, however, pointing out
that President John A. Hannah has had
this idea in mind for some time. But
Williams went on to say yes, censorship
would very likely be investigated; so
whether the Shiff case was a direct cause
or not, it will have a definite bearing on
the investigation. "The administration
is still embarrassed by the publicity the
case caused," one student commented.
If the administration is trying to make
up for the adverse reactions, hopefully
it will choose a definition of academic
freedom that would eliminate another
Shiff case.
Student participation in rule forma-
tion is also dependent upon a definition
of academic freedom. Williams said there
has "definitely" been student participa-
tion, while several students retorted that
the few students who are consulted are
"handpicked" by the administration rath-
er than elected; and they have little say
anyway.
"I think the administration wants to
avoid another Berkeley," another student
said. Some strides ahead have already
been taken with a member of MSU's
student governing board serving on each
faculty subcommittee for the investiga-
tion; and the student government is con-
ducting similar hearings independently of
thefaculty. Hopefully the rest of the stu-
dent body will voice their opinions in
letters and testimonies to the committees.
Many at MSU feel that the investiga-
tion is merely an attempt to butter up
the students. One campus liberal term-
ed the administrative effort "throwing
bones to keep the dogs away for awhile."
But once a dog has tasted bones, he will
usually come back demanding more. It
seems likely that the students will be-
come more vociferous in their demands
for change when specific evidence has
been collected.
WHETHER OR NOT the committee re-
port will eventually result in a lib-
eralization of rules, problems with exist-
ing policies will be pointed out. Even the
most skeptical student recognized the
avaluation of rules as "the first real ac-
tion" the administration has taken. It is
encou'raging to see that MSU may be be-
ginning to move now instead of just moo.
-GAIL JORGENSEN

punction about voting anyone out
of office.
The key to a politician's success
is his ability to remain distant
from his constituents. That is not
to say he should not be a good
guy, a comradely sort, knowledge-
able about local affairs, often seen
with local good guys and with his
family; but it does mean he must
foster the natural psychological
barriers between himself and his'
voters.
Politicians have learned from
the political history of the nation
that the candidate who is asso-
ciated with a trade not only in-
curs the animosity of those in
his trade, but also those people
who have had intimate connec-
tions with fellows of the same
trade.
THE PROBLEM is that voters
cannot associate the responsibili-
ties of holding high office re-
sponsibly with tradesmen they
meet everyday.
Let us say that a candidate was
originally a grocer. All of his
constituents deal with grocers.
This has two major implications.
First, the voter knows what gro-
cers are like and feels he knows
what it takes to be one. In fact,
he is quite sure that.he could be
a successful grocer if he wanted to.
In his dreams, the voter also
imagines himself as president. Yet
he has realized that he, although

he could be president, would really
have a rough time of it. Having
been president in his dreams (and
having never been grocer) he
realizes immediately that the two
occupations do not go together.
Secondly, he meets his grocer
every week. Whether he is satisfied
with the service or not, very few
men see in their grocers the quali-
ties they expect from their presi-
dent.
NOW IT MAY seem that George
Romney is a contradiction of this.
Romney was the president and
chairman of the board of Ameri-
can Motors Corp. Then he ran
for governor in a car-producing
state. According to my theory the
car workers and car owners of
Michigan should have annihilated
him.
However the good people of
Michigan who work for car com-
panies never are in contact with
chairmen of the board, and un-
derstand that the factory boss or
the car dealer is not the same per-
son as the top executive. There-
fore most of these people were
able to vote for him.
The notable exception to this
trend came from American Motors
workers and car owners; but since
the company is relatively small,
they were not numerous enough to
defeat him. It must be noted here
that all American Motors board
members and top executives voted

Romney into office (or1 out of the
company).
However, when Romney at-
tempts to run for President of the
United States he will find to his
horror that his automotive back-
ground will destroy him. For car
owners across the nation do not
know the difference between the
president and the dealer, and will
blame car troubles on Romney.
THE DEMOCRATS will be sure
to remind everyone of Romney's
past, neglecting to mention the
company he controlled.
That makes every car owner a
potential blackballer. Romney the
distant, Romney the lofty will be-
come Romney the car dealer, or
even Romney the car repairman.
And no one, car owner or not,
will vote for a repairman of any
sort.
In fact being a repairman might
be worse than being a grocer, for
a repairman often comes into your
house and sees the mess you live
in. It hurts the pride. The grocer
is more distant, but he needs little
imagination to understand why
certain customers buy TV dinners
every week.
No, the best occupations for a
candidate to have must be in-
herently separated from the
people, like policework.
Undoubtedly the best occupation
for candidates is to be a profes-
sional politician.

Letters: Ad Wasted

0

To the Editor:
IT WOULD BE splendid if the
co-eds could keep some boys
from being drafted as envisioned
by the sponsors of the adver-
tisement in Saturday's Daily. Yet,
it would do men on campus no
good were the girls to sacrifice
their grades.
In Hershey's proposed guide-
lines, part of the criteria for de-
termining Selective Service classi-
fications of college men is the
rank In the male part of the col-
lege class. Thus, the girls can-
not help unless they make the
atmosphere more conducive for
men to study.
THE AD was a waste of money,
fellows !
-Robert R. Simpson, Jr., '68
An Apology
To the Editors:
RUMOR HAS IT that The Daily
has been accused of sponsor-
ing THE AD. We apologize for
any condemnation The Daily may
have incurred on our account. To
set the record straight, five boys,
working independently, motivated
by a love of excitement and a be-
lief that warped standards prevail
in the Selective Service procedure,
collected $168 from over 200 stu-
dents, faculty and others to fi-
nance the AD. We feel sorry for
those readers who took offense at
our "serious" efforts to subvert
the academic excellence of the
University.
We, the undersigned, are the
sponsors.
-Dick Berman, '69
-Joe Breines, '69
-Marty Lieberman, '69
-Jim Murphey, '69
-Larry Ruhf, '69
Gold on Moon
To the Editor:
THROUGH A SERIES of unfor-
tunate misquotations, com-
ments originating from Harold
Masursky of the U.S. Geological
Survey concerning the recent So-
viet soft landing of the Luna-9
space vehicle were distorted to
the extent that Daily readers were
told Sunday that "The Luna-9
may be sitting on a gold mine...'"
Masursky's original interpreta-
tion of the first photographs ever
taken from the lunar surface were
not to this effect, however. In a
phone conversation with The
Daily, Masursky pointed out that
the Russian spacecraft had pho-
tographed an area on the moon's
surface already thought by USGS
scientists to be characterized by
volcanic features similar to those
occurring on earth. Terrestrially-
based photography and USGS
maps show numerous domelike
hills and sinuous ridges on the
surface of the Ocean of Storms
west of the craters Marius and
Reiner, in addition to scattered
hypervelocity impact craters.
These domes have been provi-
sionally interpreted by some geol-
ogists as volcanoes, and the ridges
as lava flows. Masursky advised
that the finer structure shown on
the Luna-9 photographs greatly
resembles the morphology of cer-
tain terrestrial lava fields strewn
with various sorts of ejects from
nearby volcanoes. Small impact
craters and what have been in-
terpreted as collapse depressions
in lava flows also dot the moon's
surface around the spacecraft.
OCCASIONALLY associated with
terrestrial lava flows, Masursky
continued, are subsequently ap-
pearing depositsof minerals, one
of which may be gold. In view
of the possible and probable dif-
ferences inthe geologic histories
of the earth and moon, in addi-
tion to the fact that economically
exploitable deposits by no means
necessarily occur in terrestrial la-

va flows, virtually never in fresh
surface flows-such as those pho-
tographed by Luna-9 must still
remain - the likelihood- of gold
being found in the lunar surface
materials to the west of the cra-
ter Marius is indeed remote.
-R. Pike, Grad

from the very students who have
just experienced them-the Liter-
ary College Student Steering Com-
mittee has arranged a Student
Counseling Seminar.
Just as The Daily and many
all-campus student organizations
worked to present to the students-
at-large a comprehensive evalua-
tion of courses based on student
opinion, the Steering Committee
hopes to give students the op-
portunity to discuss these, and
other, opinions on courses.
The counseling session will be
informal, but hopefully also in-
formative. Three or four stu-
dents concentrating in each de-
partment in the literary college
for example, majors in econom-
ics, or chemistry or history) will
be answering any and all ques-
tions concerning the courses of-
fered by their respective depart-
ments.
Refreshments will be served free
(coffee and doughnuts probably,
if you'r curious), so that the dis-
cussions need not be interrupted
for lack of stamina!
WE URGE all students with
questions of any sort about cours-
es and classes to stop by, tomor-
row afternoon in the Union Ball-
room.
-Robert Golden, '67, Chairman
-Paul Bernstein, '66
--Joseph Litven, '67
for the LSA Steering Comm.
UAC Goofs
To the Editor:
NAT HENTdFF'S lecture on
"The Fine Arts and Individ-
ualism" was covered perhaps as
best it could be by Mr. Knoke
in the Feb. 5 Daily, but I think
it might be pointed out that many
people felt this was not Hentoff
at his best and the problem lay
primarily with the extraordinar-
ily bad organization of the whole
program.
The first mistake was remov-
ing Hentoff from the literary sym-
posium sequence and associating
his lecture with the Bruce Fisher
jazz band (no doubt an insulting
association for Hentoff).
THE SECOND, and most unfor-
givable mistake was the UAC's
timing and location, for the lec-
ture which caused Hentoff's audi-
ence and the jazz band's audience
confusion and frustration, not to
mention the frustration Hentoff
must have felt. How rude and in-
sulting! I think UAC and the au-
dience owe Hentoff an apology.
-Michael Meyer,'67
Lack of Knowledge
To the Editor:
THE ARTICLE by David Knoke,
Wars Aren't What They Once
Were," shows the immaturity, lack
of accurate knowledge, distortion
of facts, and certainly little in
the way of background reading
in the subject he is discussing.
This seems to be so general among
the present students, they have
a cause and anything, true or
not is used to help the cause
along.
As an example Knoke says,
"Pairing off they would swing
their war clubs, brandish their
spears and shields and begin
pounding away without finesse,
taking care not to hit any vital
spot . . on the whole achieving,
at the end of the day, nothing
more than a relaxing exhaustion
and a healthy appetite."
Perhaps Knoke has yet to take
a course inbhistory. Let us ex-
amine one battle - many more
could be examined with the same
result-near Tadcaster, England,
about 1461, before the days of fire-
arms, a total of 40,000 men were
left dead on the field after a six
hour fight out of about 100,000

men who took part. Perhaps those
left had a good appetite. This
slaughter per hour considering the
number engaged is many times
higher than any recent combat
including the First World War's
four year total. An equivalent
engagement in South Viet Nam
combat would eliminate the U.S.'s
involvement in little over 12
hours. Perhaps Knoke wnud thir

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Hentoff's Picture: Grim But True

4i

Reporter Creates Suspicion

WAS NOT WARNED. It came as a com-
plete surprise. I had been told time
and time again that working on The Daily
would most certainly lead to trouble with
someone.
They said my draft board would change
my status, I would be blacklisted by the
University and J. Edgar Hoover would
delve into the secret reaches of my pri-
,.,ate life.
However, never was I warned of the
Secret Service, that fine, upstanding
group of men who guard the life of our
President, Vice-President, Lynda Byrd
and Luci Baines. Yet, now, I may be in
their files.
Yesterday, I innocently went to cover
the speech of Vice-President Hubert
Humphrey in Ypsilanti. At approximately
9 a.m., a time when I am usually drowsy
and not fully aware of the world around
me, I picked up my press credentials and
started to walk to the auditorium across
the street where the speech was to be
given.,

THEN IT HAPPENED! I was apprehend-
ed by two Secret Service agents who
quickly flashed their credentials and ush-
ered me into a private office. I quickly
flashed back my credentials-press card,
student I.D., Young Democrat member-
ship card. They weren't impressed.
They then asked me, being fully aware
of my constitutional rights, if they could
search me for firearms. I told them all
right as long as I kept my clothes on.
They discovered nothing-to their disap-
pointment.
By this point I figured it was about
time to begin dropping names-my moth-
er, my father, my grandmother. They
weren't impressed.
Luckily, I spotted an aide of Congress-
man Weston Vivian's who recognized me
and quickly and efficiently came to my
rescue. In quick succession I was chauf-
fered across the street, my suit brushed
off with a wisk broom, seated in the front

By DAVID KNOKE
DURING the panel discussion
which followed Nat Hentoff's
discourse last week on the future
of the artist in the Great Society,
it was suggested that his grim,
frightening picture of the de-
personalized society was somewhat
exaggerated and that perhaps a
trend to cybernation would not be
all that bad.
Hentoff, speaking through the
mike in measured tones, seemed to
reply with a iredness and a wear-
iness not stemming from just his
travel to Ann Arbor for the speech.
He had not exaggerated-"If any-
thing the horrors of the mechan-
ized, impersonalized existence for
the creative individual will be
much worse than anything I can
imagine and perhaps some of these
horrors are upon us already," he
said.
Hentoff spoke of the rebellion
in art, the nonart, antiart and the
existential fear of the artist of
becoming an unheeded voice cry-
ing in the wilderness. The prac-
tioneers of the new art do not
follow a disciplined pattern or fall
neatly into pigeon holes; like Bob
Dylan and the articulate creators
of the new "folk rock," the spokes-
men of this new Lost Generation
see themselves as a bulwark
against an overwhelming tide of
conformity and complacency.
There are two ways of looking
at dissidence, Hentoff said. "There
is the way of Samuel Beckett and
William Burroughs who show us
when thev themselves are. and

the part of the jurors. Graphic as
is the violence and perverted sex
of Selby's twilight world, his aim
was not to titillate but to nauseate.
Selby's characters are drawn
from the low life of Brooklyn; they
are the dregs of society, the
twisted, perverted alienated mem-
bers of a social body that has lost
the capacity to care what happens
to its frailer, sicker brethern.
Alienation is a theme hardly
new to literature. It was spawned
in the wake of disillusion and
repulsion from the atrocities that
came out of World War II. The
lonely man, the isolated man, the
man in the crowd, the member of
an impoverished minority living
in an untouchable sea of plenty;
the outsiders-the bums, the mi-
grant workers, the prostitutes, the
homosexuals, unskilled laborers
and high school dropouts-these
are the figures, the antiheroes of
today's novels and plays.
The theme of alienation is not
new, but it is becoming more
frightening as the depersonalized
treatment of individuals leaves the
realm of fiction and becomes a
way of life in American society.
THE FEDERAL government is
attempting to alleviate the situa-
tion of so many of its under-
privileged citizens which has sud-
denly been found too shameful
to ignore. In order to implement
this seemingly admirable program,
the bureaucracy has to be mo-
bilized on a massive scale.
Power, centralized into huge,

one's brother's keeper must be
legislated and reduced to the role
of handouts, the lack of warmth
and compassion destroys any
sense of community the outcasts
may have with the rest of the
starched-collar society.
THE CREEPING impersonaliza-
tion that is eating at America has
nothing to do with political, re-
ligious, or traditional heresies.
America's weakness is in the very
structure of her society: the semi-
automated mass production that
forces demand rather than the
other way around; the frustrated
expression of natural sex and
creative drives which fills our
divorce courts and mental hospi-
tals with broken individuals; the
faceless filing of job-and-security
histories, reducing the individual
to a number on a card and an
object of competition and eploi-
tation rather than a partner in
cooperation and the political and
moral apathy that permits people
to tolerate out of sight. abuses to
other peoples which they dread
ever happening to themselves.
Hentoff had to confess that the
power structure that drives this
country almost by inertia seems
destined to insensitively sweep all
poets and reformers under the rug.
Thirty years ago, during a black
depression and an approaching
Nazi menace, Thomas Wolfe was
able to raise his voice from the
bottom of the abyss, "I believe
that we are lost here in America,
but I believe we shall be found ...
I think that life which we have

4

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