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February 02, 1966 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-02-02

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ing opposition led by the Soviet
Union and France threatened yes-
terday to doom efforts by the
United States to give the UN Se-
curity Council a try at ending
the war in Viet Nam.
The U.S' claimed it had enough
support to win approval by a nar-
row margin for full-scale debate,
but the opposition appeared to
rule out any chance of pushing
through a U.S. peace plan.
U.S. Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
berg pleaded with members of the.
15-nation council to help the world
open a new avenue to peace.
Defends Bombing
He defended the resumption of
U.S. bombing of North Viet Nam
as the only course open to Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson because
of refusal by Ho Chi Minh, the
North Vietnamese leader, to re-
spond to U.S. peace moves. He
proposed that representatives of
both Saigon and Hanoi be invited
to take part in the council delib-
But Soviet Ambassador Nikolai

T. Fedorenko a
States of stagi
show in the Sec
objected to any
tion of the U.S.
In Hanoi the
government sai
as null and vo
approved by tl
clared that only
Conference pros
framework for t
Cover Up
Radio Hanoi
nouncement by
try spokesman,
United States
use the United
up expansion o
gression" and1
ment on Americ
ting the Viet Na
council agenda
from French
Seydoux, who s
ress could be m
er Communist
Viet Nam nor
were UN Membe

ition in
ccused the United Only British Ambassador Lord
.ng a propaganda Caradon supported the United
urity Council, and States at the morning council ses-
council considera- sion. Mali was opposed to put-
move. ting the issue before the council,
North Vietnamese and Nigeria said it would ab-
d it would regard, stain.
id any resolutions It takes nine affirmative votes
he council. It de- in the enlarged council to put the
y the 1954 Geneva issue on the agenda. The big
vided a competent power veto does not apply, since
he Viet Nam issue. this is considered a procedural
p Aggression matter. Practically speaking, an
broadcast the de- abstention has the same effect as
a Foreign Minis- a negative vote.
who accused the Soviet Veto
of attempting to It was plain that any U.S. reso-
Nations "to cover lution would run into at least a
f the war of ag- Soviet veto. Goldberg has already
to force a settle- introduced a resolution to have
an terms. the council set up discussions with
opposition to put- interested governments on hold-
am question on the ing a conference that could lead
got quick support to peace in Viet Nam and all of
Ambassador Roger Southeast Asia.
aid that no prog- Thus it appeared that the best
ade because neith- the United States could hope for
'China, nor North was an opportunity to spell out
South Viet Nam its peace efforts before the coun-
ers. cil, and seek to put blame on the

opposition for killing any peace
Fedorenko asserted that Gold-
berg's plea to the council was only
further confirmation that Wash-
ington had not yet begun to think
of a genuine Viet Nam settlement.
"They have addressed them-
selves to the Security Council for
the purpose of staging a propa-
ganda show," he said.
He charged that the United
States refused to comply with the
1954 Geneva accords, land added:
"They refuse to recognize that
the solution of the Viet Nam prob-
lem can only be effected with the:
participation of the National Lib-
eration Front, which is the sole
genuine representative of the peo-
ple of South Viet Nam."
The National Liberation Front
is the political agency of the Viet
Attack Bombing
He declared that the U.S. re-
sumption of bombing worsened the
atmosphere for a settlement - a
charge echoed also by the dele-
gates of Mali and Nigeria.
Goldberg opened the council de-
bate with a declaration that the
U.S. action in turning to the Unit- U.N. A
ed Nations constituted a new di- positio
mension to the U.S. peace offen-
He said the United States sus-
pended the bombing of North Viet W
Nam to test the validity of claims
by some governments that the
bombings were a final barrier to
bringing Hanoi to the conference B
table, and to determine whether TRIVA
Hanoi wanted to reduce the range S. Nam
of armed conflict. tary of t
U.S. Position party, w
"The United States is not re- his arriv
sponsible for resuming the bomb- demonst
ing," he declared. "Ho Chi Minh State.
is responsible for resuming the While
bombing by rejecting an offer from Trivandr
the United States to sustain it, to rala, th
continue the suspension if there violence
were a reciprocal response from About
North Viet Nam."Aechn
Meanwhile the Hanoi broadcast miles no.
came through almost simultane- ed the
ously with a United States pro- and cut
posal to the Security Council call- municati
ing on Hanoi and Saigon to par-
ticipate in the UN discussions onT
a conference to seek peace in the The
wartorn Southeast Asia country. reached
At the same time Ho Chi today. A
Minh's regime protested the re- from Pe
sumption of U.S. air attacks on in Mosc
North Viet Nam, resumed Monday preparin
after being suspended since Christ- sible fo:
mas Eve. Commu




WASHINGTON 0P) - President
Lyndon B. Johnson asked for $3.69F
billion in new foreign aid funds
yesterday and proposed a major
legislative revamping to put the
global program on a five-year,
basis, separating arms and eco-
nomic aid.
"A new look and a new pur-
pose," was how Johnson labeled
his foreign aid message to Con-
gress. It asked for $2.47 billion
in economic assistance and $917
million for arms aid in the new
fiscal year starting July 1, an in-
crease over this year.
Johnson stressed self-help by
foreign nations as a condition for
getting United States dollars. "We
are not going to allow American
aid to become an international
dole," he said.
'Great Society'
He stamped a "Great Society"
brand on $1 billion of the eco-
nomic assistance, saying this ex-
panded amount would be used to
fight hunger, disease and ignor-
ance abroad. Lack of food, medi,
cal care and schooling forms a vi-
cious cycle in backward areas
which "must be broken if democ-
racy is to survive," he said.
Congressional reaction was mix-
ed but warned of a fight beyond
the usual tussle over money. Since
the four-year Marshall Plan for
European recovery began after
World War II, the legislators have
stuck to a year-by-year authori-
zation, which sets terms and ceil-
ings for the multi-billion-dollar
Johnson set no ceiling in asking
for a five-year authorization "to
signify the depth of our commit-
ment to help those who help them-
selves." Congress would still pass
on appropriations annually, as be-

President Requests
New Aid Program

functions of these programs in the
minds of the public and the Con-
Some aid supporters have resist-
ed this split in the past on
grounds that military assistance
carries congressional votes for the
economic portions. In practice, the
two are administered separately
-arms aid by the Pentagon, eco-
nomic aid by the Agency for In-
ternational Development.
Praise came from Senate For-
eign Relations Committee Chair-
man J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark),
long an advocate of long-term aid
authorization and splitting the
package. No comment was imme-
diatel yavailable from House For-
eign Affairs Committee Chairman
Thomas E. Morgan (D-Pa), a
past opponent of both moves.
The largest single portion of
the $2.47 billion econofic authori-
zation for the coming year would
be $550 million for South Viet
Nam, the President said. This is
about the same rate as the cur-
rent year.
Another $600 million is going to
the South Vietnamese army and
other countries militarily engaged
in Viet Nam, but that amount is
being included in the U.S. defense
budget rather than in the aid bill
in the new legislation.
Another $197 million of the new
economic aid is for countries like
Laos, Korea and Thailand, along
the Communist rim.
For the Alliance for Progress
program of assistance to Latin
America countries, Johnson sought
$543 million in new funds for the
1967 fiscal period. This is a $33
million increase.
For development loans -- easy
term loans for projects aimed at
raising economic levels in less de-
veloped countries--Johnson pro-
posed $665 million, a $47 million
increase over the current year. All
but 10 per cent of this is planned
for India, Pakistan, Turkey, Ko-
rea and Nigeria, he said.

'Air Force Hit's Viet Nam
In Aim To Halt Offensive

-Associated Press

n on Viet Nam before the Security Council yesterday.
T rld News Roundup

SAIGON (R)-United States Air
Force Thunderchiefs struck yes-
terday at the port of Ben Thuy
and other American planes hunted
targets of opportunity on rail-
roads and highways in the re-
vived campaign to curb North
Viet Nam's military movements.
In coastal plains south of the
border, American and allied troops
tightened the squeeze of Opera-
tion Masher. A spokesman said
four days of heavy fighting yield-
ed 488 Communists killed and 420
men seized as prisoners or sus-
Red survivors were reported rip-
ping off their green uniforms and
donning peasants' garb in an ef-
fort to escape. The operation had
expanded over an area of 130
square miles since elements of the
U.S. 1st Cavalry Division launch-
ed it last week in the Bong Son
sector, 300 miles northeast of Sai,
Ground Operations
Among ground operations else-
U.S. 1st Infantry Division
troops uncovered a big bunker
complex 10 miles east of Saigon-
and, meeting resistance from dug-
in riflemen, called for air, artil-
lery and tank fire to destroy it.
Explosions from the air bombard-
ment could be seen from the heart
of the capital.
-U.S. Marines who landed from
the sea last Friday below Quang
Ngai, 330 miles northeast of Sai-
gon, reported no significant con-
tact 'with enemy forces. They list-
ed 23 Viet Cong killed and 57
suspects picked up in the whole
operation, called Double Eagle.
The Marines described their own
casualties, mostly from sniper fire,
as light.
-A regiment of South Viet
Nam's 9th Division which launch-
ed a search-and-destroy drive
Monday 62 miles southwest of
Saigon, reported it killed 78 Viet
Cong, captured eight and seized
31 weapons, including two East
German machine guns.
Ben Thuy
The Thunderchiefs' target, Ben
Thuy, is on the South China Sea
140 miles north of the border and
160 miles south pf Hanoi, which
remains immune. It is a sea out-
let for the city of Vinh, two
miles to the northwest, where
armed forces, radar and railroad
centers were raided repeatedly last
A U.S. spokesman said the jet
fighter-bombers rained 750-pound
bombs on the port facilities, which
could accommodate vessels with
draft up to 13 feet. A low over-
cast Prevented an immediate as-
sessment of the damage. Both
Air Force and Navy pilots took
part in armed reconnaissance runs

The spokesman said three Amer-
ican planes were lost in strikes
Monday on the Communist North,
the first since Christmas Eve. The
planes were two Navy jets and
an Air Force Thunderchief. The
Navy pilots were rescued. The
Thunderchief pilot, who vanished
in clouds 20 miles south of Vinh,
was officially listed as missing.
Radio Hanoi had claimed five
planes were downed.
Moderate Losses
Briefing officers told newsmen
U.S. and Korean casualties re-
mained light, but the South Viet-

namese suffered moderate losses.
The term moderate, as used in
this context, can mean anywhere
from one-tenth to one-third of the
total force committed.
Red China objected again to
visits by American servicemen and
warships to Hong Kong, a British
crown colony adjoining its south
coast. Radio Peking announced
Mao Tze-tung's regime demanded
that Britain "immediately take
effective measures to stop all U.S.
activities of war preparation in
Hong Kong. Or eat the bitter
fruits of its own making."

y The Associated Press
ANDRUM, India - E. M.
boodiripad, general secre-
he pro-Peking Communist
'as arrested yesterday on
val to take part in food
rations sweeping Kerala
police enforced order in
:rum, the capital of Ke-
ire was no letup in the
400 students of a poly-
schol in Kottayam, 80
rth of Trivandrum, storm-
city telephone exchange
cables, disrupting com-
Soviet-Chinese quarrel
a new level of harshness
n anti-Kremlin blast came
king and there was word
ow that Soviet leaders are
.g their nation for a pos-
rmal split in the world
nist movement.

Greenville Negroes
Ejected From Base

The Peking People's Daily, in a
broadcast article, accused Soviet
leaders of helping the United
States to contain Red China
through a series of actions in
OAKLAND - Resumption of
bombing raids on North Viet Nam
has inspired new demonstrations
by groups opposed to the U.S. role
in Southeast Asia.
About 350 marched Monday
from Berkeley, and with police
protection all the way, invaded
the offices of Rep. Jeffrey Cohe-
lan (D-Calif) in adjacent Oak-
land. Colhelan, who was in Wash-
ington, opposes resumption of the
Stanford University also was
the scene of protest with an esti-
mated 800 gathered in White Pla-
za to hear speeches attacking the
decision to resume bombing. Near-
by, a group of fraternity men
burned an effigy of North Viet-
namese President Ho Chi Minh.
for information calf

The President proposed
the customary arms andE
ic aid package as "a

step in clarifying the goals and

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Force tossed a group of Negro
squatters off its deactivated base
near here yesterday some 30 hours
after they moved into an empty
building, demanding food, jobs
and land.
Before the Negroes were expell-
ed, however, a federal spokesman
promised that anti-poverty aid to
Mississippi would be speeded up.
The Negroes set out on a march
to Greenville, some four miles
away. They were convoyed by
highway patrol cars at front and
Take Over Building
The crowd, led by civil rights
workers, rushed past the base gate
guard Mohiday and took possession
of a building. They said they were
homeless. They demanded quick
anti-poverty aid, job training and
The Air Force brought in 150
air police from several bases to
handle the ejection. About 30 Ne-
groes, mainly elderly and chil-
dren, walked out of the building.
The other 60 - some white civil
rights workers-were lugged out,
one by one ,and the crowd was
herded off the base. They were
released after they left federal
Maj. Gen. R. W. Puryear, com-
manding the air police, ordered
the Negroes ejected after Mrs.
Unita Blackwell, an official of the
Freedom Democratic party, told
him: "The group unanimously
voted to stay."
Talk to Squatters
Gen. Puryear and James Turner,
a Department of Justice lawyer,
had both tried to talk the squat-
ters off the base.
"If any -of you are really home-

less we will see what can be
done," said Turner.
Turner said Secretary of Agri-
culture Orville Freeman realizes
that "Operation Help" has been
delayed in Mississippi and will
move to expedite the program.
Forced Off Jobs
Mrs. Blackwell said most of the
Negroes involved had been forced
off nearby cotton plantations,
where a farmhand strike was call-
ed in an effort to force higher
Gen. Puryear, stating that he
represented the President, then
read from handwritten notes.
Health Hazard
"By forcefully occupying this
building, by bringing heating
equipment which create fire haz-
ards and not having sanitation
facilities, you have created dan-
ger to the property and to your-
selves," he said.
"My orders, if you do not leave
peacefully, are to remove you with
whatever force necessary," said
Gen. Puryear. "I implore that the
children and elderly go out will-
Invasion by Poor
The invasion of the base was
sponsoredby the "Poor People's
A spokesman. said the confer-
ence is connected with the Mis-
sissippi Freedom Democratic par-
ty and with the Delta Ministry,
an organization backed by the Na-
tional Council of Churches.
"We are at the Greenville Air
Force Base because it is federal
property and there are hundreds
of empty houses and buildings,"
the conference said. "We need
those houses and the land. We
could be trained for jobs in the

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