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December 07, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-12-07

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TUESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1965

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THREE

XGtin

Reserve
S SPENDING REDUCED:

Boarc

stocks

ases

..
ibling~
Trade Heavy
As Investors
Rush To Sell.
Raised Interest Rates
Leads to Fears of
Expansion Slowdown
NEW YORK (4)-The Federal
Reserve Board's boost in the basic
price of money rippled across the
economies of the nation and the
world yesterday in a widening
circle of cost-price reactions.
The stock market reacted vio-

Orders Cutback in I

Spacesuit in
Space Cabin
Astronauts Treated
To Music; See Firing
Of Polaris Missile
By The Associated Press
HOUSTON - Pilot James A.
Lovell Jr. flew through space in
his underwear yesterday-first
United States Astronaut to shed
spacesuit protection. The two-man
Gemini 7 hurtled on toward a
world record 14-days in orbit-
to the tune of "Fly Me to the
Moon."a
Mission control played them
tape recorded music-among the
songs:; "Stardust" and "I Got
Plenty of Nothing."
Lovell, a Navy commander, be-
came the first U.S. astronaut to
test the comfort of the Gemini
space cabin and show confidence
in its "shirtsleeve" environment.
He wore short-sleeved, cotton un-
derwear.

LovellShedsDe Gaulle Facing Rough Battle

By The Associated Press
PARIS-Charles de Gaulle faces
a tough political test in the presi-
dential runoff if he is to win with
a telling majority.
An analysis of the results of
Sunday's presidential election;
which turned out to be a primary,
indicates de Gaulle will be lucky
to win 52 or 53 per cent of the
votes in the runoff Dec. 19. He
will face leftist Francois Mitter-
rand, the runnerup Sunday.
To make a good showing, de
Gaulle must take a big share of
the 3% million votes that went
to the third man, Jean Lecanuet.
In the first round of balloting,

de Gaulle had to settle for 44.61
per cent of the popular vote, a
letdown from the polling in 19621
which gave him 62.8 per cent.
Mitterrand got 31.72 per cent
and has a good chance of col-
lecting many of the votes scat-
tered among four also rans, who
won't be in the runoff.
The analysis of Sunday's vote
raised the question whether de
Gaulle would risk damaging his
pride by failing in the second
round to win with a sizable ma-
jority.
The battle will, be largely for
the votes that went to Lecanuet.
Supporters of this 45-year-old

WASHINGTON {F) - Another
149 military bases at home and
abroad will be closed, consolidated
or substantially reduced, Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
announced yesterday.
But he delayed until Wednesday
formally identifying them.
An immediate protest came from
L. Mendell Rivers (D-SC), chair-
man of the House Armed Services
Committee, who said the action is
a calculated risk that could prove
costly in view of the Viet Nam
fighting.
And Rep. William H. Bates (R-

In Runoff Bid for Big Majority

Mass), ranking Republican on the
committee, said he is "extremely
disappointed" that McNamara did
not consult with Congress and
hadn't "even advised us in ad-
vance."
"It appears to me," Rivers said
in a statement, "that the closing
of these bases is being done purely
for the sake of saving money. At
a time when the war in Viet Nam
is escalating with sudden, and in
some respects, unexpected inten-
sity, now is not the psychological
time to close any of our defense
installations."

Russia Fails Try for
Soft Moon Landing

MOSCOW (A)-The Soviet Un-
ion admitted yesterday that it
again had failed to put an un-
manned space vehicle on the moon
via a soft landing.
The official Soviet news agency
Tass reported - that the attempt
at man's first such landing mal-
functioned in its final stage.
The Tass announcement said all
other stages of the spaceship had
worked flawlessly.
Time of the crash on the lunar'
surface was given as 12:51:30 a.m.,'
Moscow time. The Jodrell Bank
Observatory in England heard the'
Comm--ission
Airs Report
On L.A. Riot
LOS ANGELES (J)-The Mc-
Cone Commission said yesterday
that last summer's Los Angeles
Negro riots were "an explosion-a
formless, quite senseless, all but
hopeless violent protest."
The commission added in a
widely awaited 101-page report:
"So serious is the situation that,
unless it is checked, the August
riots may seem by comparison to
be only a curtain raiser for what
could blow up one day in the
future "
The report, 100 days in the mak-
ing at a cost of $25,000, recom-
mended "expensive and burden-
some" programs to prevent a rep-
etition of the six days' terror that
left 34 persons dead and $40 mil-
lion property damage.
Eight leading citizens headed by
John McCone, former head of the
Atomic Energy Commission and
the Central Intelligence Agency
4 held 64 hearings and took state.
ments from hundreds of persons
They said they found no singl
cause, but "sowing the winds'
were:
-Not enough jobs, especially fo
untrained Negroes.
-Not enough schooling designed
for disadvantaged Negro children
-"A resentment, even hatred
of the police, as the symbol o:
authority."
Intensifying these problems
shared with seven Eastern citie
racked by Negro riots in 1964, the
commission said, were:
-An exploding Negro popula
tion, up nearly tenfold from 75,000
in 1940 to 650,000 in 1965. Man
Negroes from Southern states, ar
riving with high hopes, have foun
frustration and disillusionment.
-"What may well be the leas
adequate network of public trans
portation in any major city i
America."
-Local bickering over the hand
ling of federal poverty project
which, when they did arrive, di
not live up to advance billing.
-Almost daily "exhortations,
here and elsewhere, to take th
most extreme and even illega
-"in addition, many Negroe
here felt and were encouraged t
feel that they had been affronted
by voters' 2-1 repeal in Novembe

signals from the spaceship stop
two seconds later.
Tass implied that the flight had
had made a positive contribution
to its program to achieve a soft
landing on the moon-a feat that
would bring a man-on-the-moon
space project closer to reality.
"As a result of the flight of the
station Luna 8, a further step
was made toward the realization
of soft landing," Tass said in its
brief dispatch.
Before the announcement, Jod-
rell Bank had reported "some evi-
dence of a near success of a soft
landing."
The spaceship was launched 31
days ago.
The press here has played up
the importance of the flight.
Pravda, the Communist party or-
gan, said a soft landing would,
have "important practical signi-
ficance in the preparation for
interplanetary flights." Izvestia,
the government paper, called it a
"key step" and said that once
man lands on the moon he can
move on from there to explore
Mars, Jupiter and Venus.
Luna 8 is the fourth Soviet
attempt this year to make a soft
landing on the moon.
The United States, committed to
landing a man on the moon by
1970, has plans for the soft land-
ing of instruments but has not
yet begun launchings.
Two earlier Luna flights this
year crashed on landing. A third
missed the moon.
The Soviet Union started its
attempts at a moon landing al-
most seven years ago. Luna 1
missed the moon Jan. 4, 1959,
and went into orbit. Luna 2, sent
up the following fall, crashed but
became the first manmade object
to reach the moon. Luna 3, shortly
afterward, took fuzzy pictures of
the back side of the moon, never
. seen from the earth.

But McNamara, announcing his
order at a news conference, said
the bases are "surplus to our
needs" and the cutbacks "will be
completed without decreasing mil-
itary effectiveness or limiting our
current and future activities."
Few Closings
He indicated outright closings
will come to only a minority of
the installations affected. Most
of them will be reduced in size
or consolidated.
Some of McNamara's words
were almost a reply of his an-
nouncement in November last year
closing down 95 .bases. Money will
be saved-$410 million a year un-
der the new order-the strain on
military manpower will be eased
and the civilian workers affected
will be offered other government
jobs, McNamara said.
The secretary, anticipating
some loud protests from members
of Congress and communities in-
volved, said, "It is painful to elim-
inate these bases no longer needed
for military reasons, but it must
be done."
$1.5 Billion Saved
The 149 bases added to 703
previous base closings and cut-
downs ordered since March 1961,
McNamara said, will bring total
savings to $1.5 billion a year.
McNamara said 53,000 jobs will
be eliminated, mostly uniformed
positions, but he did not have a
precise breakdown. Involved also
are shifts of 29,000.
The delay in identifying the
bases in this country is the same
procedure as last year to allow
time for notifying members of
Congress whose areas are involv-
ed. McNamara said the bases are
in 39 states, the District of Colum-
bia and 10 foreign countries.
No Political Significance
The 23 foreign bases, which will
account for $93 million of the
annual savings, will not be iden-
tified until after discussions with
the nations involved. But McNa-
mara said no political significance
is attached to any of these clos-
ings and they will not affect
United States troop dispositions.
His department, McNamara said,
will file reports on the closings
on Jan. 10 with the Senate and
House Armed Services Commit-
tees, as required by law for all
bases at which more than 250
persons are employed or stationed.
The requirement is a watered-
down result of efforts by Congress
this year to exercise more control
over Pentagon base-closing ac-
tions. President Johnson had ve-
toed a 120-day delay voted by
Congress.
McNamara said he is acting
not only under Johnson's general
instruction to economize but also
under a new and more specific
order given to all cabinet officers
in connection with next year's
budget.

lently in early trading to the Spatial Striptease i eeuio give Cambodia miary
discount rate increase, but recov- Mission control called it "a spa- aid which the Cambodian chief
ered much of its severe loss as: tial striptease." It took Lovell of state, Prince Norodom Siha-
trading progressed. I nearly 10 minutes to take off the nouk, described as "magnificent."
Volmesoaedto 1.8 mllon'ne earthigt pstations he islwerewasmamomentarilykng t he Sihhanouk'st sttinslettersnariy dated's eteNov.ed o 292
ses , the fo e en they stopped get- to Communist Chinese leaders-
te trading day in the history of ting Lovell's vital data-such asichairman Mao Tze-tung, Premier
the New York Stock Exchange. breathing rate and heartbeat. Chou En-lai and Lo Juiching,
Brokers said apprehensive in- chief of the general staff of
vestors were selling 'big blocks ofl There was another minor prob- China's army, Radio Peking said.
stock because high interest makes sem-with Frank Borman's space- No further details of the Com-
stocks less attractive than bonds suit. The soft helmet is equipped munist Chinese offer were made
for investment purposes. There with a device which Borman uses available.
also was fear that the higher cost to take his temperature orally. It Y
of money might blunt the business didn't work. SAIGON-Troops of 'the United
expansion. While Borman sleeps in space, States 1st Infantry Division killed
The Dow Jones average of 30 his dreams are logged on a tape 231 Communists in the fierce
industrials plunged 17.60 points inIrecorder. weekend battle near the Michelin
the first hour and later shaved It's part of a major medical plantation 40 miles north-
the loss to 6.57 at 939.53. . experiment to determine how well rubber lanaion U.mil th-
the ossto .57 t 99.5. iman sleeps in orbit and whether west of Saigon, a U.S. military
Trading in the first hour to- the sleep m g rsi rnd e h. spokesman said yesterday.
taled 3.94 million shares, heaviest the sleep he gets is restful enough. *
ever recorded for the period. Attached to two shaved spots NEW YORK-North Viet Nam
Of 1,432 issues traded, 1,011 fell on Borman's head are the leads to President Ho Chi Minh spoke in
and 240 rose. an electroencephalograph which esisn o Ch Min spoke
meaurebran wve attrnsasEnglish over an American tele-
Sunday night the Reserve Board measure brain wave patterns as vision network last night and
raised the discount interest rate he slumbers. The study hopefully isted conditions for peace in Viet
for its member commercial banks will tell the depth of sleep, levels lit, cnding peac inViet
to 4% per cent from 4 per cent It of consciousness and sense of am, including U.S. withdrawal.
alertness. The interview was made Nov. 24
also boosted the ceiling to 5% per emns 7in Hanoi by Felix Greene, a free-
cent from 4% per cent on interest Gemi 7 entered its 34st orb ance British journalist who
banks may pay to attract deposits 7:15 p.m. EST. formerly worked for the British
of 30 days or more. View Missile Launch Broadcasting Co.
The increase in interest rates The astronauts spotted the Ho's televised statement was:
had these immediate domestic re- launch of a 31-foot Polaris missile "The Vietnamese people eagerly
actions: fired from near Cape Kennedy by want peace to build up their
-Banks increased the interest the nuclear submarine Ben Frank- country. But real independence
rates they charge, though there lin at 2:25 p.m. They tracked the must be achieved if there is to
was no quick indication they in- fiery military rocket for some be real peace.
tended to raise the level of rates three minutes-nearly 3000 miles. "The question is very clear:
they pay for deposits. At Cape Kennedy work contin- American imperialism is the ag-
-Long-simmering e c o n o m i c ued around the clock to set up gressor. It must stoy its air at-
contention between President the launch of Gemini 6 for Dec. 13. tacks on North Viet Nam. It must
Johnson's administration and the The Gemini 6 will fly in pursuit put an end to its aggression in
independent Federal Reserve of Gemini 7, track it down and the south; withdraw its troops
Board over what is good for the fly in formation with its sister- from South Viet Nam and let the
expanding economy broke into the ship-a complex performance to Vietnamese people settle by them-
open. test moon flight techniques. selves their own affairs as pro-

By The Associated Press
TOKYO-Peking Radio disclos-
ed yesterday that Red China has

world News Roundup

"French Kennedy," as backers call
him, appear to be mixed in their
views on communism.
De Gaulle needs at least 1.3
million of Lecanuet's votes. This
goal would not appear too diffi-
cult if de Gaulle would warm up
to the voters and put an a whole-
hearted campaign.
He may even have to pull back
a bit from stances which Paris
newspapers blame partly for voter
alienation: The Common Market
standstill, atomic arms and rockets
instead of schools, housing and
roads, and hostility toward old
friends.
Only de Gaulle will decide, and
there was no word from him yes-
terday. But he did call his usual
cabinet meeting for today, at
which time he may. announce his
decision. He has until midnight
Thursday to decide.
The setback of de Gaulle raises
major questions in Washington
about the course of French for-
eign policy.
Initially, de Gaulle's failure to
win a clear majority encouraged
those officials who long have ar-
gued that cooperation with the
other NATO allies, including the
United States, has strong popular
support in France despite de
Gaulle's leadership in the opposite
direction.
A round of second thoughts in
Washington, however, has led to
a more gloomy view of the situa-
tion's significance because of the
backing the communists gave Mit-
terrand.

vided for in the Geneva agree-
ments. Then peace will be im-
mediately restored."
WASHINGTON-The Air Force
announced last night a 100 per
cent successful test of its newest
weapons system, the Minuteman
II intercontinentalhballistic mis-
sile.
The announcement said the
missile was launched at Vanden-
berg Air Force Base in California
recently and hit right on target
more than 5000 miles downrangeI
in the Eniwetok Lagoon. It didt
not specify the date.

STU DGNT BOOK SGRVICG
Srespectfully requeststhat the
residents of University Towers
stop throwing beer cans down
on us.

1215 South University

761-0700

r +e ws.usnc, « s., .w.

4
'l~w 9...e'

No Tinsel

I

A-6 a
I MEN'S NIGHTI
{I
~Iat JaIcoIsons
Wednesday, Dec. 8
x - -- fum n . nw : r- 7 f - n n -m Pr- h 9

The season of
unbridled festivity is at hand. VILLAGERS,
however, remain bridled...
cool...controlled. Celebrative, yes, but
never disheveled. Visit
the holiday collection. Enjoy the. calm
distinction of its clear
pale colors, its smooth quiet lines. No
tinsel, no colored lights, no bells.

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you're in perfect tempo.
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not to settle for less!
JUST RECEIVED!!
A New shipment of men's

DEPENDABLE
IMPORT SERVICE
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