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October 30, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-10-30

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See Editorial Page


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Windy and

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom
. conomists Predict Period of Great Gi


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By MARSHALL LASSER timation of the change in the When the output per man hour Suits also pointed out that the
number of hours that the U.S. was mltiplied by the number of article's predictions "presuppose
A "Business Week" magazine population will put into work in man hours put in in 1980, the we will use intelligent government
prediction of amazing growth 1980, and an estimation if 'the product was the gross national fiscal policy to maintain growth";
was termed very reasonable by a growth rate of output per man product--1.2 trillion. specifically, that the government
wstreveyraoaebyahour.! must hold demand up. The figures
sampling of University economists .Iorss noted that the achieve- used by the magazine he consider-
recently. . McGraw-Hill economists igured ment of the "Business Week" Goals sed to be reasonable estimates.dr
All three of the professors con that 94.9 million will be employed would require a sophisticated ov-t
sulted-Dept. Chairman Warren L. in 1980, based on census data, and ernment economic policy (includ- Suits added that government
Smith, Prof. Elliott Morss, and that the work week will drop only ing judicious use of deficit fi- guidance of the economy does not
Prof. Daniel B. Suits-agreed tiat slightly. (They assumed that nancing) to prevent cyclical down- necessarily mean continuous def-
the figures of a 4.1 gross national Americans, given a choice between turns in the economy, a point icit spending. If private spending
product growth rate over the next extra income and liesure, wiil take that was not stressed in the a!i- grew too great, a tax brake not a
15 years and a 1.2 trillion 3NP in income.) ticle. tax cut would be in order. The
1980 are reasonable and attain- The result was the figure that He disagreed with the tnaga- key to the envisioned growth is
able-depending on the key con- 175.2 billion man hours of work zine's estimate of the productivity balance, preventing either depies-
dition of what policies the gov- will be registered in 1980. As to growth rate, terming it a con- sion or inflation so as to insure!
ernment uses to attain them. productivity, the magazine used servative figure in light of the smooth expansion
The predictions, made )y the a per-year growth figure of 24 1947-65 productivity growth rate
McGraw-Hill Economics Dept. in per cent, which woul raise the average of over 3 per cent; this Smith also stated that a steady,
the Oct. 16 issue (McGraw-Hill is gross national product per man higher growth rate would lead to high rate of expansion must de-
the publisher of "Business Week"), hour from $4.65 in 1965 to $6.98 a GNP higher than the 1.2 trillion pend on government policy. But
were based tn two things: an es- in 1980. estimated. he added, expansion is not a goal


in itself, for the government al- rate would result in a higher GNP
ways takes into account what level if employment were held at a
of employment it wants to achieve, steady level.
and must prevent demand froma
becoming inflationary-conbide ra- Smith said the article ignored
tions that affect growth. the fact that the government can
(If the government decides to affect the rate directly by a stiro-
push for a low unemployment ulative monetary policy and tax
rate, 3 per cent for example, the incentiv es, and in a long-range,
result would be inflation, which indirect manner, by greateren-
is undesirable; the government couragement of research and edu-
must aim for a balance rtween cation training (which would re-
noninflationary demand and low sult in more highly skilled and
unemployment to get the fi4;res thus more productive workers).
the magazine predicts.) Conceivably, the rate can be af-
fected one-quarter per cent either
As to the article's estimation of way-which over a 15-year period
productivity growth, Smith said can add up to a much healthier
the figure could turn out to be increase in GNP than the one
low if automation becomes more produced by the article's 24 per
widespread, or if the government cent.
adopts strong actions to spur Though the government has

continued, only now will a truly
sensitive, skillful use of govern-
ment planning be necessary. Since
1961, the economy has clearly call-
ed for policies to spur growth, but
with the higher level that the
country has now attained the
more delicate job of keeping the
expansion on an even keel is the
government's task.

When a decision has to be made.
the country will not be allowed
the luxury of two years that it
took to accomplish the tax cut.
For these reasons the mainten-
ance of stable gr'iwth rate may
not be as easy to achieve as the
articles seems to imply, Smith
The "Business Week" article
made two other noteworthy pre-
dictions: first, that state and local
government spending will rise

three times as fast as federal
spending; and second, that the
greatest growth of all industries
will occur in chemicals, especially
Smith, Morss and Suits agreed
with the first prediction; Smith
and Suits noted one reason is that
defense, which constitutes one
half of government spending, will
not grow much (if the world situa-
tion does not change radically).
Smith also added that local and
state governments will be spend-
ing a sizable amount more than
currently on education, urban
problems and public services.
All three said the prediction for
the growth of the chemicals and
plastics field is the result of the
magazine's assumption that these
products will replace presently
used materials.

A higher productivity grov,'th

been using obvious expansion poli-
cies for the last five years, Smith

\ 3

What's New at 7644817 Outstate



111 1111, IM.. -

Hot Line
Ira Miller, '66, of the Interfraternity Council: membership
committee which is currently investigating the relationship
between the local Sigma Chi and those of the national, said yes-
terday that some doubt has been raised about whether the
suspension of the Stanford chapter by the nafional was a result
of that chapter's pledging a Negro.
Miller said the decision to suspend had been made before
the Negro student was pledged, however the Stanford chapter
did notify the national before spring Irush that it would reserve
the right to pledge any Negro during rush.
Student Government Council candidate registration was
closed yesterday for the fall election.
Registered to run independently are Joan Irwin, '66, James
Wall, '67Ed, Robert Bodkin, '67E, and Eduard Mauer, '67.
REACH party candidates are Neill Hollenshead, '67, Robert
Smith, '66, Alexander Goodwin, '66, and Patricia McCarty, '67.
The GROUP candidates are Edward Robinson, '67, Donald
Resnick, '68, Ruth Baumann, '68, and Darryl Alexander, '69.
f * * *
The Citizens Committee on Housing in Ann Arbor, which
campaigned for a "no" vote in the recent Housing Commission
referendum, has completed an analysis of the referendum. George
Lemble, spokesman for the group, said yesterday that the most
significant finding indicates that approval of the commission
came primarily from citizens living in rental units, with less
support from homeowners. The analysis recommends an amend-
ment to the Housing Commission Ordinance placing a number
of stipulations on the commission, including no use of federal
public housing, no local' tax increase, housing only for needy
residents of the city, close council control of the commission,
and no building until a comprehensive and definitive survey has
been made. Lemble said that these were the key statements by
the proponents of the commission that brought a "yes" vote.
Applications for LSA scholarships for the Winter Term (ID,
and the Spring-Summer Term (IIIA and IIIB), 1966, are now
available in Rm. 1220 Angell Hall.
The applications will be due no later than Wed., Nov. 17,
1965. Applicants must have had at least one full semester of
residence In the college.
Those applicants with a 2.8 or. better overall grade-point
average are eligible. However, in the recent past awards have
been made only to students with at least a 3.0 because of the
limitation of funds.
Stockwell residents at a recent house vote decided to con-
tinue to have sit-down dinners once a week. Many residents had
previously voiced a desire to completely eliminate these dinners.
Newberry Hall, alway's having had sit-down servings for every
meal; has been limited this term to sit-down dinners only. Al-
though Newberry residents petitioned for the reinstitution of
sit-down servings for all meals, Stockwell Director John A.
Pearson explained that, for economic reasons, dormitory sit-down
meals must be limited to one a day.
This term's first issue of the Michigan Technic, published.by
students of the College of Engineering, came out yesterday with
a cover story on the Apollo Spacecraft flight systems. Also con-
tained in the October issue is a picture essay on the college, high-
lighting its special research facilities.
Long Distance
Congressman Weston E. Vivian announced yesterday 'that
the Office of Economic Opportunity will award a $31,742 demon-
stration grant to the University for a detailed study of the effects
of tutorial services which have been-offered underprivileged Negro
youth by University students for the past three years.
Prof; Morton M. Shaenitz, of the psychology department,
will direct the program.






Law Students Serve
In Defense of Poor

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Legal aid clinics composed of
students who provide counsel for
those who cannot afford it, have
recently received notoriety due to
the arrestsresulting from the End
the War in Viet Nam protests
over Homecoming Weekend.
It was thought that the court
had refused to allow legal aid
students to represent those ar-
rested in this case. However, Judge
Francis O'Brien, to whose court
the protesters were brought, ex-
plained that all defendents were
represented by practicing attorn-
Therefore, as far as O'Brien
knows, no law student was involv-
ed in the defense of the demon-
strators. The problem now facing
the legal aid clinic is to decide
.whether or not to represent in-
digent demonstrators in the fu-
Lawyers Favor
According to both O'Brien and
George Newman, the student
chairman of the Law School's
Legal Aid Society, most lawyers
are in favor of legal aid and have
been very cooperative.
In general, the use of legal aid
has been successful, especially in
providing legal service for those
who are not financially able to do
so themselves. Without legal aid
the provisions for counsel of the
poor was not adequate. The court
only appointed attorneys in crim-
inal cases and lawyers were paid
only if a felony was involved.
The Bar Association had at one'
time provided lawyers for those
unable to pay, but this public
service could not adequately meet,
the need and was a imposition on
a few members of the Bar.
Prepare and Research
Also, legal aid students are par-
ticularly useful to lawyers in do-
ing research and in conducting
other preparations for a trial in'
the felony cases.
They have also been especially
valuable in dealing with legal

problems which do not involve
court action.
The experience gained as a legal
aid is useful to the law student.
In fact, the legal aid clinic has
more student participation than
most extra-curricular activities.
This is true despite the fact
that legal aid students are not
paid for their services. Thus, the
students, attorneys, and clients
benefit from the clinics.
,No Conflicts'
As long as legal aid students do
not assume the role of a practic-
ing attorney, there will be no con-
flicts between them and the mem-
bers of the Bar. Because of their
lack of experience, O'Brien strong-
ly emphasizes that legal aid stu-
dents should not plead a case un-
less they were supervised by an
attorney of record.
In other words, they should
work under a practicing lawyer
who would be responsible for the
case and who would direct and ad-
vise their actions.
As Newman pointed out, legal
aid students must establish a rep-
utation of good, competent service
before they can be accorded addi-
tional privileges and responsibili-
Rules Not Rigid
The rules governing the con-
duct of legal aid students have not
been rigidly set in Washtenaw
County, and the official policy will
have to come' from the Circuit
The legal aid clinic at the law
school was the first established in
the state of Michigan. Only jun-
ior and senior law students are
allowed to participate.
In Newman's opinion the future
of legal aid depends upon the
quality of representation and the
extent to which it continues gain-
ing the confidence of clients and
the professional Bar. Also, be-
cause of the need for legal serv-
ices for those who cannot afford
them, O'Brien foresees a wider use
of legal aid.

-Daily-Richard Seiner
THESE FIVE SOUTH VIETNAMESE students spoke in the UGLI yesterday on the war in Viet
Nam, supporting United States policy there. The Viet Cong are supported by a minority of the South
Vietnamese people, they said, and are receiving aid from the north.
U.S.Action Supported,

27% Freeze'
Not Intended
Smith Says Ratio
Won't Mean Pressure
From Legislature
The proportion of out-of-state
students at the University's Ann
Arbor campus edged up slightly
this year, following six straight
years of decline in the relative
number of non-Michigan students
Including all of the University's
campuses, the out-of-state ratio
was constant, again folldwing six
years of continual fall.
Marvin Niehuss, executive vice-
president, emphasized that the
stability of this year's ratio was
not an intentional University
General Intent
"There is a general intent to
keep the number of out-of-state
students at the University con-
stant," Niehuss explained. As the
University's enrollment rises, this
policy would tend to lower out-of-
state ratio.
Last spring, Niehuss estimated
that this fall's enrollment would
be 25.8 per cent out-of-state stu-
dents, which would have been a
decrease from last fall's figure of
27 per cent.
The final figures for this fall,
however, show an out-of-state en-
rollment of 27.2 per cent at the
Ann Arbor campus.
500 Extra
Allan Smith, vice-president for
academic affairs, explained that
the difference between the esti-
mate and the final total is some
500 extra out-of-state students
who were not expected to return,
but who did so.
Niehuss said that most of the
500 were upperclassmen and grad-
uate students. Smith emphasized
that the number of out-of-state
freshmen who were admitted has
remained constant.
If the University had kept its
number of out-of-state students
constant at around 8,000 as
planned, this fall's enrollment in-
crease of some 2,000 would have
cut out-of-state enrollment to the'
planned ratio.
Above Planned
It was thus the unexpected 500
that kept the ratio above what
had been planned.
"I don't object to it," Smith
said, commenting on the increase.
He felt the University had still
"lived up to its policy" of holding
the number of out-of-state stu-
dents constant.
Prior to 1959, when the present
decline began,, the University's
out-of-state ratio had wavered be-
tween 30 and 40 per cent each


Vietnamese Students

A panel of five South Vietna-
mese students said here yester-
day, that the Viet Cong is sup-
ported by a minority of South
Vietnamese people-and indicated
the need for student involvement
in the corruption of the Saigon
The students, all leaders of the
youth movement of South Viet
Nam, spoke before a capacity au-
dience in the Multipurpose Room
of the UGLI.
The students concerned them-
selves primarily with the issue of
the role of the National Libera-
tion Front.
Graduate Student
Nguyen Ang Tuyet, a graduate
student at the University of Sai-
gon in French Civilization, and
past president of the Catholic
Student Association of the Uni-
versity of Saigon, gave the gen-
eral feeling of the group when he
said that the Viet Cong was led
by "hard core" Communists sup-
ported by North Vietnamese mon-
ey and supplies.
He also said that only a minor-
ity of the people of South Viet
Nam support the Viet Cong, point-
ing out that most of their sup-
port comes from people who were
dissatisfied with the Diem regime,
and from the families of men
fighting for the National Libera-
tion Front.

of the South Vietnamese student'
movement in aiding the situation
of the people suffering from the
affects of the war. Tuyet told of
two incidents of social service work
carried on by youth groups.
In one program last summer, 8,-
000 students went into the coin-
tryside around Saigon and worked
with North Vietnamese refugees,
teaching them health and agricul-
tural methods and buildings roads,
houss and bridges. Tuyet also
mentioned a project in which stu-
dents worked in the poorer sec-
tions of Saigon, fixing up homes
and establishing a school.
The, students' role in alleviat-

ing the corruption of the Saigon
government was also dealt with
at length. Dang Van Thu, vice-
chairman of the Anti-Corruption
Youth Conference, said that cor-
ruption occurred as a consequence
of the exploitation by the French.
Both Duc and Dong said that
what is important is not the war
itself, which is what the protestors
here concentrate on, but the sit-
uation of the South Vietnamese
people. Dong pointed out that aft-
er the war the people's problems
will still remain, and this is why,
he said, the Vietnamese students
are obliged to" become involved in
politics and social service.

Viet Cong Medical Aid To
Go Through Red, Cross

City Lawyers Rej'ect Civil Disobedience


Civil disobedience is no differ-
ent from any other violation of
the law, Ross Campbell, an Ann
Arbor defense attorney, and Wil-
liam Delhey, Washtenaw County
nosetr. ar vasterday.

"There are legal methods for considered in the prosecution of
changing laws," he stressed. "We civil disobedience cases. Campbell
have representatives." answered that this was up to the
Campbell agreed with Delhey. jury to decide.
"We have a built-in system of "Social change is not my func-
change," he said. tion," Campbell emphasized. The
Campbell referred to laws as a job of a lawyer is to see his client;
Fnl~rv.lnti - f .iih .a-f4 ' - -ir nar t O nih n ta fra-

that civil disobedience is often
necessary to give urgency to prob-
lems. Petitions protesting the
Vietnamese war attracted no at-i
tention, he said, but the arrests
were given a great deal of cover-'
age in news media.

The International Red Cross
committee in Geneva, Switzerland
stated Wednesday that it would
accept medical aid for the Viet
Cong. Because of this announce-
ment, the campus group involved
in selling stamps and pins to
raise funds to aid civilians wound-
ed in the Viet Nam war will now

through the International Red
Cross, instead of sending it direct-
ly. Supplies of many drugs such
as penicilian, which the Libera-
tion Red Cross cannot obtain, are
more readily available to the in-
ernational organization. By send-
ing aid through the highly re-
spected International Red Cross,
Nadel said that his group hoped
fna cr - a m of - o ssn hli nr_

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