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October 19, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-10-19

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See Editorial Page '-




Slight breeze,
warmer Wednesday

Seventy-Five Years of Editorial Freedom

VOLb. LXXVI, No. 44





,JL4Allaa. i. a cauai ,7

Today's Housing

Vote: Factors and Trends

Ann Arbor voters go to the polls
today to decide whether their
town will establish its first hous-
ing commission.
The question is put before the
voters as a result of the petitions
of the Citizen's Committee on
Housing which were submitted on
Oct. 4.
The city council had in fact al-
ready established the commission
two weeks before, but with the
consent of over three per cent of
the voters, council's decision was
put before the people.
Since the petitions were submit-
ted, the strategy and composition
of the opposing sides have crystal-
lized and four major issues have
The first is the question of

need: how need is to be defined,
and whether it is extensive
enough'to merit the establishment
of such a commission.
Secondly, is the council's con-
trol of the commission sufficient?
Third, what will be the cost of
the commission to the taxpayer,
if any.
Finally, will the commission
serve only i the present needy in
Ann Arbor, or will it attract
others of a similar situation to
the city?
The 22 city organizations sup-
porting the establishment of the
commission may be laboring under
a distinct disadvantage as voters
go to the polls today.
According to Prof. William
Gamson of the sociology depart-
ment, the fate of the referendum
depends upon the effectiveness of

the proponent's campaign.
Gamson, who had done studies
of referenda in 18 New England
towns, pointed out recently thatI
the proponents' relative disadvant-
age stems primarily from the psy-
chological factors influencing the
way in which a person will vote
in referendum elections. Since the
average citizen is interested in
maintaining the status quo, Gam-
son said, if there is any doubt in
the man's mind that the referen-
dum, is not completely right, he
will be inclined to vote against it
for security's sake. Thus, the bur-
den of proof that the referendum
is good for the community falls
on those supporting it, while the
opposition must merely create;
doubts in people's minds.
Gamson pointed out two excep-
tions to this general trend. They

feel fluoridation is probably a good
thing. Gamson pointed to two
possible causes for this discrep-
ancy: that they were either un-
certain, and didn't want to take
the risk, or they knew people who
were strongly opposed to fluorida-
tion, and didn't want them to be
A situation that closely paral-
lels the current referendum in
Ann Arbor occurred in the spring
of 1961 in Kalamazoo. City build-
ing and health officials had rec-
ommended that a housing com-
mission would be the best way to
solve a need for low-cost housing
which they termed "critical."
Although virtually every major
city organization, with the excep-
tion of the Board of Realtors, of-
ficially supported the commission,
the opponents were able to get

three times the number of signa-
tures needed to bring the proposal
up for a referendum vote.
Six weeks after the commission
was formed by the Kalamazoo city
commission, the Board of Realtors
was able to stir up enough doubts
in people's minds for the commis-
sion to be defeated by a 61 per
cent majority.
Donald H. Bouma of the soci-
ology department at Western
Michigan University in Kalama-
zoo, conducted a survey to deter-
mine the reasons why so many
people voted against a housing
commission, when most city or-
ganizations supported it.
Bouma, found from interviews
of a random cross-section of the
population of Kalamazoo that pro-
nounced support of the proposal
came from non-whites, college

graduates, those with below an
eighth-grade education and mem-
bers of both the extremely high
and extremely low incdme groups.4
Almost half of those who voted1
both for and against the proposal
indicated that they were influenc-9
ed most by their personal opinions,{
subordinating the influence of the;
extensive radio and television
campaigns conducted by both
sides. Most were not even awarel
of the editorial policy of the
newspaper, which strongly sup-'
ported the housing commission.
The most surprising fact thatj
Bouma found was that practically
everyone who voted realized that
the Board of Realtors had an eco-l
nomic interest in wanting the
housing commission defeated, butj
voted in support of the realtors

The Kalamazoo defeat has a
great deal in common with today's
election in Ann Arbor. Here, as
in Kalamazoo, a wide cross-sec-
tion of civic, religious, political
and student groups have come out
in favor of the proposal, and only'
one group is actively working
against it.
The major issues of the cam-
paign are also quite similar. In
Kalamazoo, the people who voted
"no" did so for three main rea-
sons: because they felt that "peo-
ple should help themselves, it's
not my problem," that state and
federal taxes would rise and that
public housing would become "so-
cialistic." These are among the
major arguments against the Ann
Arbor housing commission set
forth by the Citizen's Committee

on Housing in Ann Arbor, the
group which raised the signatures
to demand the referendum.
Finally, as in Kalamazoo the
opponents recognize the need for
low cost housing but feel it can
be accomplished without the use
of federal ioney. Both in Kala-
mazoo and in Ann ' Arbor, non-
profit private organizations have
been proposed to provide homes
for sale at low cost, in the belief
that by becoming home-owners
the poor will gain self-respect and
become self-supporting.
Neither side has conducted cam-
paigns as active as those in Kala-
mazoo. The proponents of the
commission, who have organized
into the Federation for the Ann
Arbor Housing Commission, are
concerned primarily with bringing
out the voters.

, I


What's New
At 764-1817

Rig hts




Vice-President for Student Affairs Richard L. Cutler and
John C. Feldkamp, assistant to the vice-president for student
affairs, met yesterday with the Student Government Council's
Committee for a University Bookstore, and received SGC's final
report on establishing a University Bookstore. The committee had
hoped for consideration of the report at the Regents' meeting
Oct. 22, but it seemed unlikely, according to informed sources.
They said discussion of the report will wait until the OSA has had
time to consider the report carefully. Committee member Mickey
Eisenberg, '67, said that "we will wait and see what the OSA
does now." He pointed out that the committee had collected over
13,000 signatures and will give them to Cutler today.
* * * *
The University of Michigan Student Employes Union has
amended its constitution to clnge its name to the University of
Michigan Student iconomic Union. George Steinitz, '66, ex-
plained, "Our efforts are in a broader field and entploye problems
come under the broader title of economic problems."
UMSEU decided unanimously to support the demands of the
Stockwell kitchen staff in the sit-down dinner controversy there.
The kitchen staff ask -that they not be required to work more
than two sit-down dinners per month and, in view of the extra
labor involved serving a sit-down dinner, that they be paid time
and a half for their services.
UMSEU will seek, through the National Labor Relations
Board, to be the official bargaining agent for the girls on the
condition that the majority of student kitchen employes at
Stockwell join UMSEU.
"The shortage of student employes in the residence halls
continues but the situation is improving gradually," Eugene Haun,
director of residence halls, said yesterday. Hit hardest by the
shortage, West Quad is short 35 employes; East and South Quads
are short 20 employes each. To alleviate this scarcity 25 non-
students have been hired, though Haun specified this is only "a
temporary measure." Several efficiency measures adopted to
make up for employe shortage: Bus carts have been placed in
dining rooms to speed dish removal, pre-sliced butter is used to
free kitchen help and pre-processed foods are used to reduce
cooking time. Haun attributed the labor shortage to the general
affluence of University students and the abundance of scholar-
ships and loans available.
Leslie W. Dunbar will begin a lecture series Oct. 21 on the
"Ascendancy ,of American Liberalism." He will be the fifteenth
lecturer to give the annual William W. Cook Lectures which are
sponsored by the Law School through an endowment given by
Cook who also donated the William W. Cook Law Quadrangle
and the Martha Cook Building.
In the series of five lectures to be given Oct. 21, 26, 28, and
Nov. 2, 4:15 p.m. at Rackham Aud., Dunbar will discuss various
aspects of the civil rights movement. Dunbar is executive director
of the Southern Regional Council and has supervised research
on racial problems.
Long Distance.
University of Colorado students have been complaining re-
cently that their school is being turned into a "diploma mill."
Many feel that the sciences are being accentuated too much, and
that the humanities are being neglected. These views were aired
recently at a campus "Bitch-In," a meeting where anyone can
complain about anything.
Charges were made that the faculty was too publication
conscious. Others also said that the- students were generally
too apathetic.
One result was the formation of the Anti-Big Time Football
Committee. This organization would like to see Colorado removed
from the Big Eight.

Judge Hare
Of Alabama
Sets Policy
Says Law Violates
States' Rights To Set
Voting Requirements
SELMA MAP-An Alabama circuit
judge ruled yesterday that the
federal Voting Rights Act of 1965
is unconstitutional.
Circuit Judge James Hare, rul-
ing on an injunction request by
the State of Alabama, held that
the new federal voting law vio-
lated the provision of the United
States Constitution allowing the
states to set up their own voting
requirements, "so long as there is
no discrimination," and also vio-
lated the "equal footing of states"
doctrine of the U.S. Supreme
Hare issued the ruling in gran--
ing an injunction requested by
the State of Alabama through
Gov. George C. Wallace. The in-
junction asked that the court en-
join the probate judge of Dallas
County from certifying as voters
lists of persons approved by fed-
eral voting examiners.
Selma Examiners
The injunction referred to ex-
aminers in Selma.
The circuit judge held that the
federal act, under which voting
rights examiners have been sent
to seven Alabama counties, vio-
lated the doctrine that all states
have politically equal footing since
the law applies only to those states
where less than 50 per cent of
the voting-age population was
registered or voted in 1964.
The "equal footing" doctrine,
Hare said, was applied notably in
the tidelands oil issue of a few
years ago.









Lose Di






Without Trial
He ruled further the law en-
ables the federal government to HOWARD JONES (RIGHT), until recently the American
"inflict penalty or punishment on ment before his speech in Rackham Amphitheatre yesterday
the entire population of the state
without judicial trial for statu-!
torially presumed past malcon-:
He said the law also makes no
provision for the right to appeal
or remove the stigma of the law's"
effect except through a single,s1
In holding that the law violates
the constitutionally guaranteed
right of the state to set its own By MARK R. KILLINGSWORTH Nationalism, Islam-moe
voter standards, Hare held that nesians are Moslems - an
the Constitution makes no provi- Howard Jones, who for eight munism have in the past
sion. for universal suffrage. years until this spring was the Sukarno's political policy
The suit in the Alabama court United States ambassador to In- he calls "Nasakom." Jor
was not entered into by the fed- donesia,said here yesterday he that the nationalistic ar
eral government. The petitioners was "inclined to doubt" that In- over 95 per cent of the pe
and the defendant are all state donesian President Achmed Su- non-Communists, and thf
officials. karno would be able to "paper of those are anti-Commun
"I'd say this was just the open- over the bad splits" in his country He added later that a m
ing round," he said. after the abortive Oct. 1 Commun- government could surmo
ist cou. ,

Cutler Says OSA
Will Not Release
Names, Information
Students who participated in
last Friday's sit-in at the Ann
Arbor Selective Service office may
face loss of their student draft
deferments and immediate induc-
tion, according to Col. Arthur
Holmes, director of the State Se-
lective Service Board.
In a. statement released yester-
day Holmes said, "This is a nor-
mal procedure that is always fol-
lowed when there is a violation.
We are in the process of securing
the files of those who were ar-
rested in Ann Arbor Friday. There
will be an investigation to deter-
mine whether there were any in-
terruptions of the procedure of the
Selective Service Board of Ann
Arbor, and to determine whether
there are any violations of the
Selective Service Act.
"If it is decided that there were
such violations, the local board of
each of these individuals will be
requested to determine whether he
is delinquent and to determine if
immediate" induction should fol-
William Merrill, chief assistant
to the U.S. district attorney for
the eastern district of Michigan,
said in a statement yesterday that
there were other possibilities for
action open to the Selective Serv-
One would be to determine, un-
der Section 462, Title 50 of the
Federal Criminal Code and other
statutes, if the demonstrators were
"interferring with the draft," that
is, trying to prevent others from
being drafted, in which case, they
could be prosecuted.
Another -possibility would be to
determine if the demonstrators
had upset the normal procedure of
the office or had destroyed files
and records, in which case they
could be charged with destruction
of government property.
Merrill also said that if any ac-
tion were taken against the stu-
dents, they would retain all rights
to appeal, hearings and applica-
tion for conscientious objector
On the national level, reaction
to lasqt weekr's demons tratinscame

-Daily-Steve Goldstein
ambassador to Indonesia, talks with David Steinberg of the history depart-
Am bassadorJones
krno -s Srn
rka ' S gth1

st Indo-
nd com-
, which
nes felt
my and
ople are
at most
lnt the
,ms with

relative ease and make consider-
able domestic progress.
Except for Java, Jones said, In-
donesia has relatively little popu-
lation pressure, and her basically
non-monetary rural economy has
helped insulate much of the popu-
lation from the swings of the
country's economy.
Even though urban areas have
been hurt by the dwindling
amount of Indonesia's exportI

earnings and the cost-of-living in-
dex has nearly doubled since Sep-
tember,. 1964, Jones added, the
country's economy is still stable.
Now the chancellor of the Cen-
ter-for East-West Studies at the
University of Hawaii, Jones added
that although not enough facts
had become available for a final
judgment, _ "a plausible explana-
tion" of the unsuccessful Oct. 1
See OFFICIAL, Page 6



Committee Requests No Grades.
In Residential College Marking

Other observers have advanced
a similar view of the coup's after-
math, suggesting that Sukarno
may have become the virtual pris-
oner of the army while nominally
keeping the appearance of being
in complete authority.
But even if Sukarno can tem-
porarily resolve his country's po-
litical conflicts, Jones added, "The
basic conflicts remain, and some,
day may break out again."

Pennsylvania Faculty Objects.
To Research on Germ Warfare

country's economic proble


A moun o f acul tyimmhi-c a t

Mann said that the ICR was
working on methods to "poison

not been resolved for the adminis-
tration has failed to fulfill its

im- Air _irri R f .nnu i

i PC.ginnA.1 r.miYlCPling ref!orc3.q_ The I

I three faeiujlt n mrmhcpic ,.ovl'fip,-i

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