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October 03, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-10-03

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Crisis Could Affect Chinese Prestige

Associated Press Special Correspondent
WASHINGTON - In the ab-'
sence of persuasive evidence to
the contrary, United States offi-
cials are becoming convinced that
President Sukarno of Indonesia
probably has lost the capacity to
govern his troubled island country.
The question of what has hap-
pened to Sukarno is regarded by
experts here as the key to the
mystery of the political explosion
in Jakarta, which has been mark-
ed by an extraordinary silence on

the part of the 64-year-old presi-
dent of the republic.
Speculation abroad has centered
on the possible death or crippling
illness of Sukarno. U.S. authorities
consider either of these possibili-
ties could prove true. Or there
may be some other explanation.
What they think likely is that
while Sukarno clearly remains a
symbol of almost godlike attrac-
tion for most of Indonesia's 100
million people, his ability to exert
effective political power in Jakarta
probably is ended.

Whatever explanation emerges
as true will have an important
bearing on how the results of the
coup and counter-coup are to be
assessed. This in turn could vit-
ally affect Communist China's in-
ternational prestige.
A complete Communist take-
over in Indonesia would have to
be registered as a Red Chinese
victory. An end to, or marked de-
crease in, Chinese Communist in-
fluence in Jakarta would be a
severe defeat for Peking.
The Communist aspect of the

conflict is probably the most con-
fusing single element, apart from
the fate of Sukarno.
Interest in this angle developed
sharply Saturday with a report
from Jakarta that the newspaper
Harian Rakjat, an outlet for the
Indonesian Communist party -
PKI-had published a brief en-
dorsement of the Sept. 30 move-
ment, which reportedly carried
out the original coup.
The publication seemed to pro-
vide a solid link for the first time
between the pro-Chinese PKI and

the rebel group that
power early Friday.

tried to seizeI

This in turn raised a question.
Why should the Chinese Commun-
ists or a party favoring their poli-
cies try to topple Sukarno, who
has led Indonesia into close ties
with Peking?
Up to the disclosure of the en-
dorsement some experts on Indo-
nesia rejected the notion that
there could have been a Com-
munist element in the rebel move-
ment because it did not appear to
make sense. Assuming now that

there was such an element, the
question arises as to why it -should
This in turn focuses new atten-
tion on the fact that for the first
day and a half of the crisis Su-
karno, a man who loves public
appearance, had not been heard)
from. The fact suggested either
that he considered his safety in
grave jeopardy and felt too inse-
cure to speak upnor that he was
physically unable to do so.
Without this issue being sharply
posed the Jakarta crisis makes

little sense from the Washington
point of view unless some other
radical development were assum-
ed-for example, the possibility of
a switch in policy or policy em-
phasis by Sukarno,
Authorities note that the Indo-
nesian Communist party has
exerted increasing influence with
Sukarno over the past two years'
and he has fallen into step along
side the rulers of Communist
China so that the Chinese Com-
munist alignment of Indonesia
has been virtually complete.

Yet Sukarno stopped short of
putting decisive power into the
hands of Indonesian Communists.
One of his strongest supporters
has been Gen. Abdul Haris Nasu-
tion, a nationalist who has long
been considered pro-Western.
Had Sukarno-which U.S. offi-
cials think unlikely - decided to
try to balance his own position by
shifting somewhat away from the
Communists and encouraging the
nationalists it could have trigger-
ed a pro-Communist revolt against



Two Viet Cong Explosions Kill
11 in Downtown Saigon

TONIGHT at 5:30 p.mt.
Kosher Delicatessen
1429 Hill St.
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1 PW
Willis Says I
Cut Will Hurt
Charges No Warning
Given By Keppel of
Rights Act Violations
CHICAGO ()-Chicago's school,
administrator said Saturday the
threat of holding back $30 million
in federal school aid funds "for
unknown, unstated reasons" will
set back "an increase in opportun-
ities for Chicago school children."
This, was the comment of Ben-
jamin C. Willis, superintendent of
Chicago public schools, on a state-
ment from the U.S. Office of Edu-
cation that federal aid will be
held back unless alleged discrim-
ination is halted.
"This is an alarming and threat-
ening kind of procedure," Willis
said at a news conference. "My
first knowledge of the threatened
action of the Office of Education
came yesterday afternoon.
No Indication
"At no time-even now-have
I received any indication of what
the complaints are or what the
probable noncompliances are."
Willis said so far as he knows,
a team of three federal Office of
Education investigators began its
work on Aug. 26. He said he has
not seen any of the three-man'
team since then, does not know
whether any person on the Chi-
cago school staff was ever con-
tacted for information, or if the
federal teams "spent any more
time here."
He said that the 1964 Civil
Rights Act specifically states that
no "order refusing to grant federal
assistance shall become effective"
e6.e si-r.: .euntil the applicant has been ad-
vised to comply with regulations.
The money cannot be withheld
"until there is an express finding
of noncompliance on the record,"
Willis said, and added: "I have
t not been advised wherein we do
Some Failure
Vvis U sThe Office of Education said
rovisio n s Friday its preliminary investiga-
tion indicated some instances of
feel let down by loss of the battle failure in Chicago to comply with
fee le don b los o th batlethe 1964 Civil Rights Act. It said
against medicare. He contendeTl it believes that the "situation can
r "the profession has been enslaved be resolved satisfactorily."
1 by clever politicians." No specific charges of discrim-
A resolution introduced by Dr. ination in schools were made.
John K. Glenn of Houston, Tex., Illinois is to receive $61.7 million
asued the House to recommend under the 1965 Education Act, of
that a boycott by individual phy- which $30 million would go to
sicians "is legal, ethical and de- Chicago.
1 sirable." Allocate Funds
A proposed resolution by Dr. State education heads, under the
s Thomas Parker of South Carolina act allocate thefunds within
suggested that the House state their states. In Illinois, Ray Page,
, "it is ethical, proper and desirable state superintendent of public in-
for reputable physicians as indi- struction, said he had been order-
viduals not to participate" in the ed by Francis Keppel, U.S. com-
medicare program.m i oo, to.wit-
The Wisconsin delegation offer-hold hicao' hedae of the f h-.
ed a resolution holding that, sincehPag s a tegrmst
medicare is law, doctors should Keppe tat hiehasa teleen ad
provide constructive leadership in vised about any complaints con-
its administration and seek any cerning Chicago's school system
necessary improvements.
On July 1, 1966, Americans 65 and added: 'No investigator from
and over will have hospital care the Office of Education has called
under Social Security. Those who upon me and I am completely un-
. want it can have voluntary med- informed as to the specific
ical insurance under the medicare charges. What noncompliance is
slaw. alleged?"
The complaints were filed last
July with Keppel's office by Al-
bert C. Raby, Negro schoolteacher
and convenor of the Coordinating
ur p Council of Community Organiza-
tions. The group has opposed Wil-

lis' program for desegregation and
has conducted dozens of street
deputy premier, made earlier, was demonstrations in downtown Chi-
confirmed by the Parliament - cago, at Willis' home and the
, the Supreme Soviet, home of Mayor Richard J. Daley
* * * in protest of what it terms alleged
VATICAN CITY-Pope Paul VI de facto school segregation.
appointed the first full-blooded
Roman Catholic Negro bishop in Hundreds Arrested
f the United States yesterday, and Hundreds of persons have been

SAIGON (/)-Two bomb explo-
sions in Saigon yesterday killed 11
Vietnamese and wounded 42 per-
sons, including three U.S. service-
The blasts, attributed to the
Viet Cong, came six hours and
two miles apart.
The spray of deadly metal was
the greatest here since Viet Cong
agents hit the national police
headquarters with explosives and
machine guns Aug. 16. Those
raiders killed six policemen and
wounded 15.
In the Air
Afield, the collision of two U.S.
Air Force AlE Skyraiders on a
c o m b a t reconnaissance mission
about 250 miles northeast of Sai-
gon killed three Americans -_the
pilots and news photographer
Bernard Kolenberg, 38, of the ,Al-
bany, N.Y., Times-Union.
Kolenberg was on leave from his
newspaper and was working on an
assignment for the Associated
In the Da Nang air base area
farther north, it was announced
U.S. Marine patrols fatally shot
seven Viet Cong in a series of en-
gagements. A spokesman said
three were killed by a patrol in
the Marble Mountain area only
two miles east of Da Nang.
No Losses
The Marines were reported to
have suffered no losses in these
actions, but incurred what were
called light casualties from en-
counters with a guerrilla mine and
a booby trap four miles southeast
of the town.
The Saigon explosions came
at noon and about dusk.
The first roared at the base of
a steel utility pole near the Cong
Hoa National Stadium, a training
center for Vietnamese police of-
ficers. Police said nine persons-
four Vietnamese children and five

police officers - were
Thirty - two Vietnamese
Steel Pellets



apparently under the rear seat. It
went off in front of a Saigon the-
atre, near four American mili-
tary installations, killing two Viet-
namese and wounding 10 persons.
One of the dead was believed to
be the cab driver.

Experts believed the device
a Claymore type mine, which
be aimed to fire steel pellets

a shotgun.
The second device was an ex-
plosive carried in a small taxi,
Cuban Party
Ousts Leader
HAVANA (A) - Cuba's Com-
munist party eliminated former
Industrial Minister Ernesto Gue-
vara from the party hierarchy
yesterday. '
The Argentine - born guerrilla
war expert was not included in a
100-member Central Committee
named by the party's National
Directorate. The committee will
d i r e c t the party's activities
throughout this island nation.
Prime Minister Fidel Castro will
head the committee's two major
agencies-an eight-member Polit-
ical Bureau and six-member Sec-
Guevara disappeared early in
the spring.
Castro, in a speech Tuesday
night, said he would read in a
few days "a document from Com-
rade Ernesto Guevara which ex-
plains his absence during these
months." The crowd in ,Revolu-
tionary Plaza cheered the men-
tion of Guevara's name.
Guevara and Castro reportedly
disagreed on the development of
Cuba's Communist party, eco-
nomic matters and the degree of
cooperation with the Soviet Union
and Red China.

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member of The Christian Science
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Tuesday, Oct. 5th at 8:00 P.M.
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AMA Delegates Deb
O f New Medicare P
CHICAGO ()-Resolutions sug- like thing to do is to "try in the
gesting that the nation's doctors most effective way possible to
boycott medicare went before the bring about regulations and other
House of Delegates of the Ameri- implementing actions that wil
can Medical Association yesterday. mitigate the baneful effects."
But A. Leslie Hodson of Chicago, Standing Ovation
an attorney from the AMA, told Delegates gave Dr. Appel a
the conferees that any "invita- standing ovation when he finish-
tion" from the House for a total ed his speech-a possible augury
boycott would be a violation of of the position the House will
the anti-trust law. take.
He pointed out, however, that "We must prepare amendments
any physician-as an individual- to the law which will mitigate its
can refrain from participation if harmful effects," Dr. Appel said
he so desires. "and gradually mold it in the di-
Policy-Making Body rection of eldercare, the insurance-
The policy-making body of the based plan the AMA has advo-
organization of 206,000 physicians cated."
received 43 resolutions and threw Dr. Appel also said the AMA
open its two-day sessions to de- must carry a good public image
bate. The Reference Committee into what he said may be a new
planned to bring in a report today battle-an effort to extend medi-
for action by the 201 delegates. care from the 18 million Ameri-
The AMA president, Dr. James cans over 65 to the 180 million
Z. Appel of Lancaster, Pa., main- under that age.
tained that medicare endangers Let Down
the quality of health care for the At the outset of the debate, Dr
elderly. Eugene S. Rifner of Van Buren
He added, the only statesman- Ind., contended that the doctors

Tues., Oct. 5, 2-5
ROOMS 3-C, 3-D, 3-G
For Freshmen and Sophomores
seeking advice on concentration





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World News Io

program schedule
Tune in the Philharmonic each Sunday at 2:00 p.m.,
(WUOM-FM, 91.7 on your dial), brought to you through
specialarrangements between the University of Mich-
igan, Ann Arbor Federal and the Liberty Music Shop.
The current program schedule is:
Sunday, October 3
BERNSTEIN, Conducting; CURTIN, Soprano
Sibelius: Symphony No. 7; Sibelius Songs; Nielsen:
Symphony No. 3

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By The Associated Press
NEW DELHI - Indian troops
exchanged shots with a 25-man
Communist Chinese patrol in the
bleak mountain frontier between
Tibet and the Indian protectorate
of Sikkim, Indian officials report-

MOSCOW-The Soviet Parlia-
ment approved yesterday a reor-
ganization of Soviet industry and
for the most part, put engineers
rather than party politicians in
charge of carrying it out.
At the same time the Parlia-
ment added to the prestige of


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