For Direct Classified Ad Service, Phon
from 1:00 to 3:00 P.M. Monday through Friday, and Saturday 10:(
)0 'til 11:30 A.M
By MOHAMMAD HAFIZ SHEIKH
President of the Pakistani Students'
IlE CRUX of the Kashmir
problem is Hindu India's de-
sire to rule all of South Asia from
the Islands of Bali in the East to
Afghanistan and parts of Iran
in the West-the so-called cradle
' of ancient Hindu civilization.,
For more than four hundred
years Hindus lived in servitude
under Muslims and the British,
and in their new-found indepen-
dence they seek an opportunity to
revive the glory of their ancient
Before independence was grant-
ed to the , territory comprising
British India, the Muslims of the
sub-continent could see the Hindu
dream in the making. Moreover,
the elimination of millions of
Buddhists, in the pre-Muslim per-
iod of India, by militant Hindu
sects is an historical fact. Today,
Buddhists are a small minority in
the land of their origin.
ALTHOUGH MUSLIMS had
been in India for over a thousand
years and most of them were
converts from native Hindus, they
were always treated by Hindus as
aliens in a Hindu land. Through
this attitude, the two religious
communities developed separately,
as alien to each other as any two
nations can be.
The whole pattern of their so-
cial and communal life developed
separately and even their eating
and dress habits were poles apart.
To a high caste Hindu, even the
touch of a Muslim (or for that
matter, a Christian) necessitated
purification. Hindus worshipped
cows as gods, whereas Muslims
For Muslims, all human beings
are born equal, whereas Hindus
believe in a caste system based on
inequality. These differences were
the basis for occasional blood-
shed between the two commpni-
MUSLIMS, who had ruled In-
dia from 1500 until the 1780's,
when the British took over the
subcontinent, became. apprehen-
sive about being a minority under
a militant Hindu domination.
When the British departed from
India in 1947, the Muslims thus
unanimously sought and obtained
a separate homeland, Pakistan.
The partition of British India
was accomplished with the agree-
ment of the elected leaders of all
the communities: Pa'kistan was
set aside for Muslim-majority
areas and India for Hindu-
majority areas. Native princely
states were given the choice
whether to join Pakistan or India
or to remain independent. This,
then, was the basis for the crea-
tion of two separate nations, Paki-
stan and India.
4 THE CREATION of Pakistan,
however, was the beginning of the
unfulfillment of the grand design
of militant Hindu organizations
like the Jan Sangh, the Rashtriya
Sewak Sangh and the Hindu Ma-
hasabha, whose red flag depicted
a swastika as a symbol of Hindu
domination of Maha-Bharat
These groups made plots, in
connivance with the so-called
preachers of nonviolence, to un-
dermine Pakistan and to create
conditions that would lead to its
crash. A blood bath followed the
10 path of hundreds of thousands of
Muslims from Hindu areas of In-
dia, with consequent repercussions
for Hindus in Pakistan.
Millions of people were left
homeless and forced to seek ref-
uge. Over half a million people lost
INDIAN LEADERS also exploit-
ed the clause regarding the acces-
sion of the princley states.
When the Muslim rulers of Hin-
du-majority states of Janagadh,
Manavadar and Mangrol opted to
join Pakistan, India sent in tanks
and occuppied the states, claim-
ing that the people and not the
rulers should decide accession.
When the Muslim ruler of Hin-
du-majority state of Hyderbad
decided to remain independent,
Indian forces marched in killing
thousands of helpless defenders.
The world looked on, and India
continued to be known as a cham-
pion of nonviolence.
But India acted differently with
respect to the State of Jammu
and Kashmir (or merely, Kash-
mir) in the northern tip of the
subcontinent, whose population
was 80 per cent Muslim but whose
ruler was Hindu: India made the
Hindu Maharaja sign. an instru-
ment of accession. The Muslim
population of Kashmir, dismayed
at the double-edged policy of Hin-
du India, rose in popular revolt.
They received the support of
their co-religionists, the Pathan
tribesmen of the famous Khyber
Pass. Increased Indian military
activity soon forced Pakistan to
intercede and halt the Indian ad-
vances. In the face of serious re-
verses, India appealed to the
designed in any way to influence
the state to accede to India. Our
view,, which we have repeatedly
made public, is that the question
of accession in any disputed
territory or state must be decid-
ed in accordance with wishes of
people, and we adhere to this
It is on this basis that Paki-
stan agreed to establish a cease-
fire in Kashmir on Jan. 1, 1949.
INDIA, .HOWEVER, did not
mean what it said. For several
years the UN Security Council
passed resolutions, made proposals
and sent mediators to help organ-
ize a plebiscite in Kashmir to
determine the wishes of the
people. Each one of these was
accepted by Pakistan but rejected
by India. On several occasions the
Soviet veto saved India from being
denounced in the Security Coun-
cil for its complacency.
India has put forward one ex-
cuse after another to stall off the
plebiscite. When, under the ar-
rangements of the UN observers,
Pakistan withdrew its forces to
its own borders-leaving the freed
territory in the hands of a locally
elected Azad (free) government-
India demanded the liquidation of
even the irregular border guards
and a clear field for advance into
and occupation of the freed ter-
ritory by the Indian army. On its
own part, India refused to move
its own forces out of Kashmir,
claiming this would create a
MEANWHILE, India accused
Pakistan of trying to change the
balance of power in Asia by join-
ing defense alliances with the U.S.,
the United Kingdom and some
Middle Eastern and Southeast
Asian countries. Nehru proclaimed
that India needed Kashmir to
maintain a balance of power in
Asia and to counter Pakistan's
Western military alliances.
But the same Mr. Nehru used
the threat of Chinese invasion of
India to underline the importance
of Kashmir for the defense of
India. Actually, Indian liability
was increased by its occupation of
with other religious groups. Indian
'secularism" is only a different
name for Hindu militarism: it is,
after all, the deeds which are im-
THE FIRST constitution of
Pakistan, on the other hand, de-
clared that the young country will
be officially known as the Islamic
Republic of Pakistan, in keeping
with the people's wishes. How-
ever, this does not mean that
Pakistan chose to be a "theo-
cratic" state, as India claims.
On the contrary, the national
constitution grants equal rights
to all citizens irrespective of race,
creed or religion. Pakistan has
gone, so far as to guarantee a
minimum proportion of all gov-
ernment positions to its minorities.
A visit to Pakistani commercial
cities like Karachi and Chitta-
gong will give ample evidence of
the unusual participation of Chris-
tions and other minority groups
in the nation's trade.
IN ORDER to mislead the Amer-
ican public, the Indians are quick
to draw a parallel between the
Kashmir fight and the American
Civil War. In recent years, India
has stated, on the basis of a
resolution passed by an India-
appointed, hand-picked, puppet
legislature, which declared Kash-
mir and integral part of India,
that the problem has already been
settled. Therefore, India argues,
the present struggle is an attempt
by Kashmir to seceede from India
-with the aid of Pakistan.
Kashmir is not, however, Indian
territory, and its not seceeding,
for it has still to decide, under UN
auspices, whether to join Paki-
stan or India. The present war is
not a civil war between two fac-
tions of the same nation-it is a
war between two sovereign nations
over a disputed territory. By call-
ing it a civil war; India seems to
be giving the impression that even
Pakistan itself is part of India,
and Indians are fighting to keep
it within the "union."
Neither the United Nations nor
any of its member nations has ever
accepted the Indian stand and
benefits of having peace with its
Pakistan even offered a treaty
of common defense with India,
but the offer was rejected by In-
dian Prime Minister Nehru, for he,
at that time, was busy fraternizing
with the Communist world.
"Common defense a g a i n s t
whom?" was his answer, and all
over India, banners proclaimed
common goals and friendship and
brotherhood with the Communist
world, especially China.
WHEN NEHRU found flirtation
with the West more profitable,
however, he did not hesitate to
instigate border clashes with
China. Yet even when the Indian
army was being routed by Chinese
forward troops, the majority of the
Indian army was poised against
Pakistan's peaceful attitude to-
ward India is further shown by its
large food shipments for relief of
India's hungry millions in recent
years. If Pakistan were really out
to further the disintegration of
India, it would have destroyed
India's disorganized, demoralized
army back in 1962, before that
army was heavily bolstered by
TO INDIA, Kashmir is just a
prize to be taken by conquest, a
matter of pride and a symbol of
its power against its neighbors,
To Pakistan, however, Kashmir
is both a matter of principal and
of Pakistan's and the Kashmiri
peoples' own survival. All the
large rivers entering into West
Pakistan flow from Kashmir, and
any enemy control of these could
stiffle the life in the lush green
fields of West Pakistan.
Indeed, this tactic is exactly
what India once tried. It was dis-
suaded only by the World Bank,
which was then helping India
finance its various development
projects, but in the meantime
much damage had been done to
standing crops in Pakistan.
KASHMIR is not only related
to Pakistan through religious, cul-
tural and blood ties, but the whole
economy of Kashmir, depends on
trade through Pakistan. Logs and
other heavy forest products, the
main source of income for Kash-
mir, could only flow down the
rivers into West Pakistan.
All main roads from Kashmir
connect it with West Pakistan, as
does the only rail link. India, even
today, has only one road link with
Kashmir. and that was made us-
able only after Indian occupation
of Kashmir. The vulnerability of
that road to hill torrents makes
this road link untrustworthy. In-
dia has had to spend huge sums
of money trying to keep it service-
able round the year.
THROUGHOUT the past six-
teen years India has maintained
its control over Kashmir with
100,000 heavily armed soldiers.
Indian jails have been filled with
Kashmiri leaders and with those
Muslims who were found in pos-
session of even such things as
kitchen knives longer than six
Despite such odds, Kashmiri
people have risen against the In-
dian oppression and tyranny in
nonviolent as well as violent re-
volts-all with bloody aftermaths.
The recent so-called "guerrilla in-
filtration" was only one of such
uprisings in Kashmir.
India decided not only to crush
this popular insurgence. but it
also made its troops cross the UN-
established cease-fire line en-
mass, with the declared aim of
"correcting" the cease-fire line.
Although clashes had occurred
quite often, this was the first time
since January 1, 1949, that the
cease fire had been deliberately
and officially violated by either of
the parties concerned.
IN THE WORDS of the Time
magazine, "this open seizure of
Pakistan-controlled territory left-
Ayub Khan (the President of
Pakistan) almost no choice."
Pakistan hit back to repulse
Indian attack. India followed this
with aggression against Pakistan
territory. This was the "choosing
of our own battleground" which
had been variously threatened by
Indian leaders, including Prime
India had thus crossed both the
cease-fire line and the interna-
tional border with Pakistan as an
act of violence against the Kash-
miri people and the people of
When the Security Council or-
dered a cease-fire, the Indians
were quick to agree to it, but they
never intended to honor it and
have not respected the cease-fire
agreement--in keeping with their
previous somersaults on interna-
tional pledges. One is reminded of
Nazi overtures of peace while
German armies were moving to
take over their unsuspecting
rrd1TlAQ7 Tnra k Q ntAr4d iinot
SZO WHAT'S NEW? SZO
Sun., Oct. 3-7:30 P.M.-1429 Hill
ENJOY THE comforts of the Pioneer
Mte, 28375 Sumpter Rd., 8 miles
souh of Belleville, Mich. F37
I see you at school
Where music's the rule
Playing Haydn's and Brahms'
But no combination
Brings forth jubliation
As your black cloth
And swinging viola.
DESPERATE! DESPERATE! Need one
or three tickets for Purdue football
game. Call Donna any day after 4
pam. at 662-5462. F42
Kitten-HAVE A HAPPY 21st.-SF. F32
READ the back page of Sunday's
THE Question of Viet Nam: a compre-
hensive answer to the White Paper
by Carl Oglesby, president of S.D.S.,
will appear in the coming GENERA-
TION, on sale October 5. Fl
STUDENT COUNSELING SEMINARS
Tuesday, October 5
2-5 P.M. Union rooms 3c, d, g
Sponsored by UAC and Lt School
Steering Committee. F33
HELLO THERE! I need two tickets for
the Georgia football game. Call
Nancy at 662-5462. Bye, y'all. . . F41
AUSTIN DIAMOND-"The best buy on
an Engagement Ring in Ann Arbor."
1209 S. University. 663-7151. F
ALPHA CHI OMEGA Open house 4:30-
6:30, Oct. 2. F49
MEN OF TAYLOR HOUSE-This is
your chance to be suave. Get the
knack, to wit-the Lamprey aphro-
disiac. Guaranteed to work. Look
whatit did to Roger-every day he's
out cavorting with a married woman.
ATTENTION ALL DAILY STAFFERS-
This year victory will be ours, the
trash can will be-wrested from the
clutches of the Union, and a cloud
of dust will descend upon Ferry
Field. Girls come to lead cheers; guys
get out on that field and fight. Oct.
1st at 4 p.m. (practice at 3) the Daily
versus the Union. Everyone welcome.
NEED A RIDE to Chicago Friday after-
noon, October 1. Will share expenses.
Call Sue, 761-3366. F34
WOULD YOU like to get a four point?
Want toimprove your grades? Need
a tutor? We can help you: call 662-
4431 for help. Ask for extension 1032.
REMEMBER October 5-The revolution-
ary Generation is coming. . . F3
ATTENTION ALL Daily Business Staff-
ers. Time permits for the winter term
are ready. Pick yours up in your man-
ager's mail box before pre-classifying.
Any questions, see Gail. 23
WAKE UP SERVICE-Have your phone
ring at any designated time-day or
night-LOW RATES DON'T BE LATE'
FOR CLASS OR WORK - AGAIN.
TELEPHONE ANSWERING SERVICE,
665-8871 (24 hours). F
HEY Y'ALL-Time permits for the
Edit Staff are in. Get yours from
Judy before y'all tries to pre-classify.
THE University of Michigan wishes
Nancy a Happy Birthday, and con-
gratulates her onher excellent term
as president - Sweet Seventeen.
FOR SALE-2 bedspreads. Also fur-lined
women's leather parka. Cheap! Call
PLAY JAMES BOND (a real mover) OR
WINNIE THE POOH (a truly "nice"
guy) on a 1965 SUZUKI (Black! ...
and lots of chrome!!) EXCELLENT
CONDITION. . . NOW HAVING 1000
MILE CHECK-UP. "MUST" SELL..,
LIKE REALLY!! (parents will stop
sending money, if not sold!!!) For
more information (like price and
other junk) call 764-4674 or leave
name and number at Garg office,
Stud. Pub. F39
RENT your TV from NEJAC
GE and Zenith portable for only $10
per month. FREE service and deliv-
ery. Phone 662-5671 NOW. F
ATTENTION ALL GIRLS
RUBBERIZED RAIN PARKAS
All sizes and colors including NAVY.
Special price pn yellow, red, and
olive drab - only $3.84. Available at
1103 S. University
(only one flight up)
NEED MAN to share double luxury
apartment, overlooking Hill a n d
North campus. Excellent study ac-
comodations. Maid service twice a
week. Air conditioned. Full bath,
kitchen, living and bedrooms. "in
the heart of the campus" - Contact
Mrs. Roberts, Main desk, University
Meet the Right Person
The purpose of our organization, using
established techniques of personality
appraisal and an IBM system, is to
introduce unmarried persons to others
with compatible backgrounds, inter-
ests and ideals. Interviews by ap-
pointment. Phone 662-4867.
FIND OUT what those strange noises
emanating from the top of the May-
nard St. parking structure were-in
the Fall GENERATION-on sale Oc-
tober 5. F2
Old white billfold lost. PLEASE return
the football ticket. Reward. Call
B.D. 662-2769. F13
GINA G. HOW CAN I TELL THE Editor
about your drawing experience? Call
me and we will talk about it. JIM
CHICAGO, CHICAGO, Chicago .. . Ride
wanted to, Oct. 8 and from, Oct. 10
(Friday and Sunday). Call Al, 668-
NEED A RIDE to Chicago Friday, Oct.
1. Will share expenses. Call Sue, 761-
STUDENT NEEDS daily ride from AA
to Brighton Area about 7 p.m. Call
546-3382 after 7 p.m. G15
WANTS RIDE from someone who com-
mutes from Det. Will share expenses.
Call Drew Balls, 761-0509. 018
WANTED - Rock and Roll band on
November 20 for private 'party. Call
REMEMBER October 5-The revolution-
ary Generation is coming . . . M11
STUDENT COUNSELING SEMINARS
Tuesday, October 5
Union Rooms 3c, d, g
Sponsored by UAC and Lit School
Steering Committee. M12
Figure 5 average words to a line
Coll Classified between 1:00 and 2:30 Mon. thru Fri.
LOST-History 561 notebook. Call Bob
at NO 2-4576. Reward. F28
TICKETS WANTED to Wild Duck for
Oct. 8, 16, or 23. Call 665-7121. F29
UNIVERSITY MUSIC HOUSE, INC.
518 E. William (Maynard House)
NO 2-5579. All your music needs:
music, texts, instruments, accessories,
A-1 New and Used Instruments
BANJOS. GUITARS, AND BONGOS
Rental Purchase Plan
PAUL'S MUSICAL REPAIR
119 W. Washington,
TUTOR OF FRENCH & GERMAN
lessons in conversation & grammar
by native speaker. Graduated rates.
Mme. Kerr, 701 S. Forest, NO 3-2108.
GRAD LANGUAGE EXAMS
Special courses for reading and screen-
ingtexams inFrench and German by
native speaker. Graduated rates. Mmne.
Kerr, NO 3-2108. J2
TYPING done in my home. 3308
Springbrook. Phon 761-0200. J4
WANTED TO RENT
WANTED-Apt. for Winter Semester,,
married couple..Neat, clean, modern.
Call 662-6662. L15
FEMALE TYPIST, part-time, 15-20 hrs.
wk. Steady, 10-4. Call Avshatian, 668-
THE RAVENS need a good lead guitar-
ist. Must sing. Call 662-8186. H29
MALES-I have several openings for,
part-time employment. An opportun-
ity for advancement, car necessary.
NEED CASH for those little extras?
Part time sales for men and women.
Set your own hours. Call 665-8618.
EARN $1.50 PER HOUR AND HELP
THE UNDERPRIVILEGED AT THE
SAME TIME. An exciting private en-
terprise "Job corps" manned by busi-
ness, law, and grad students is now
hiring part-time supervisors who
work with and direct work teams of
underprivileged people, some earn-
ing money for the first time because
of this program. Gain practical on the
job management experience, earn $1.50
per hour, and lend a helping hand.
Call Employment Enterprises, 663-
STUDENTS (men or women)-if. you
need a little work & have a full day
free or even a %/12 day. Manpower has
work for you. We can usually sched-
ule all the work you want even
around limited availability. Report to
Manpower Inc., 111 Miller or call 665-
DISPATCHER-Nights, 1 a.m. to 8 a.m.
Apply in person, Hilberts Garage, 1012
Pontiac between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m.
FLYING CLUB, 4-place, $8/hr.
662-7680 after 5.
sells great food.
Rah, Rah, Ralph.
Open every night 'til midnight
ONE GIRL to share apt. $55/mo. Mod- GIRL WANTED to cook in Exchange
ern bldg. on campus. 663-6304 alter 4. for meals. NO 2-5803. H22
NEIGHBORS--Prime Minister Nehru of
Premier Chou En-lai in 1957, five - years
Indian border dispute.
India visiting Chinese
before the Chinese-
FOUND-Grayish tabby kitten. Female.
Found E. Liberty, 2 blks. from AA Lib.
$5 REWARD for green schoolbag with
3 notebooks inside. Return to Eu-
Gene Won, 809 E. Kingsley, No. 6,
WILL THE person who took all of
imitation suede coat from Union last
Fri. night, PLEASE return to 1217
Willard, Apt. 3. 761-0165. Reward, no
ques. asked. Inexpensive sentimental
LOST: pair of black-rimmed glasses.
If found, please call Rick Mintz at
FOUND-Adolescent animal. Friendly
to humans; unfortunately is cat; will
give with one can cat food to first
caller. Otherwise it's off to humane
society and quick death. NO 2-9909.
LOST in Union-Navy blue wool coat.
If found please call Sandi. 764-2824.
LOST-Brown leather wallet, Monday
night; possibly at Union. Please re-
turn to Carol Mead, 3-2529, 900 Oak-
land. Reward. A18
REMEMBER OCTOBER 5-The refolu-
tionary Generation is coming . .. A17
LOST - MALE GOLDEN RETREIVER,
children's pet, positive identification
possible. Reward. NO 8-9850. A15
FOUND-2 bronze car keys on Monroe
btw. Haven and E. U. Call 764-5678.
WILL THE GIRL who took the wrong
espionage raincoat from R. Rapa-
port's Red Rug party pleasencall Carol
at 764-0957 to negotiate an exchange.
FURNISHED APT.-537 S. Division. 3
rms., clean. $85/mo. 663-4885, between
4 and 8 p.m. C2
FEMALE GRAD STUDENTS - Share
double. Kitchen and laundry facilities.
Good location. 662-2857. C3
4TH GIRL NEEDED - New apt. Call
665-4953 after 6. C4
TWO GRAD students looking for 3rd.
Modern apt., furn., near hospital. $53
a mo. MALE. 761-1936 after 6 p.m. Cl
BABYSITTER for afternoons, Monday
through Friday. One child at home,
four in school. 1043 Olivia. NO 3-
MEAL JOB - NO 10 O'CLOCKS -
LUNCHES ONLY. Call 663-3393, ask
for cock or steward. 23
We are looking for male and female
part-time sales, male part-time stock-
work. Apply in person, personnel of.
lice. Montgomery Ward. Arborland
Shopping Center. H47
$6 for Rh positive; $7, $10, $12 for Rh
negative. Hours: Mon., 9-4; Tues.,
9-4; Fri. 1-7. 18-21 years old need
parent's permission. Detroit Blood
Service, new location, 404 W. Mich-
igan, Ypsilanti, Mich. H
If you can meet the public, hours can
be arranged to fit class schedules.
CallNO 2-6274 afl er 7 p.m. RIO
FRATERNITY PORTER WANTED. 5
days a wk. Good pay. 761-1266 after
SITUATION WANTED' - Secretary, ex-
perienced. Available 1-5 p.m. daily.
WANTED-(1) Part or full time tu-
dent in elec. engin. w. interest in
biological sciences as lab assistant.
(2) Female, 2 afternoons a wk.,
cleaning lab. (3) Temporary secre-
tary 2-3 afternoons a week. Call for
appt. at 764-4430. H36
PHOTO TECHNICIAN WANTED, stu-
dent, evening hours. Leave name
and phone number at edit desk of
Michigan Daily. 764-0562. H34
Organ &/or Piano plus chatter or
originality. Top ray. Five nights.
For audition time, call Makon & Co.
BIKES AND SCOOTERS
1963 YAMAHA 80 cc, $300. Call Nick,
1965 HONDA 50 for sale. $225, or best
offer. 764-9816. Z24
For your dinner meetings, dances, or
banquets.. . excellent food ,and ac-
commodations for up to 140. Reason-
ably priced. Call Manager, Huron
Motor Inn, HU 3-1771, Ypsilanti. M
FOR THE AA individualist, a car with
personality-One '65 V.W., radio, seat
belts, all accessories wants a home.
NO 2-0545. N27
CHEVY '57, two door, great shape, new
tires, excellent interior. Call 761-3422
after 7. N26
CORVAIR MONZA - 1963. Reasonable
price. 663-3643. 128
'63 MONZA, 4-speed, performance en-
gine $1200. 349-1081. N25
1963 BUICK Special-Good physical and
mech. cond. Coupe. $1,100. Call 662-
1963 LARK-Standard shift; economy
6; excel cond. Asking $800. .One
owner. 665-2789after 4:30. N24
TR3, 1960, 'Ionneau, new BRG paint,
Michelin X, 47,000 miles. $600. Good
mechanically. Mike, 662-2185. NIS
1961 VOLKSWAGEN sun roof. $725.
Call 663-2733. N18
9-PASSENGER WAGON, 1960 Rambler.
Good body, good engine, runs well.
Power steering, radio, heater, 6-cylin-
der stick. Will sell for best offer.
M.G.-T.D. show condition, part by part
restoration, luxurious interior. New
top, side curtains,. heater, A tight
car, all accessories,tonneau cover,
shop manual. $975 firm. Please call
NO 2-5262 5 to 7 p.m. N38
TEMPEST LE MANS 1963, Sport coupe,
4 sp. trans; Call betw. 5 and 8 p.m.
MGA '62, ex. cond. extras, prts. 45,000
mi $1300. After 6, 449-2387. N21
1961 TR3. Needs transmission work.
$550. Call PA 2-2718 after 9 p.m. N22
1963 SUNBEAM ALPINE, one owner,
sharp, $1095, Williams and Loyd, '10
Mile at Pontiac Trail. GE 8-2791.
COCKTAIL TABLE, sq., sturdy, $20,
Car luggage rack, $10. NO 5-5808. B43
1960 JAGUAR-Recently overhauled. 3.8
Liters. Price: $1500 or best offer. Call
GIRL'S RALEIGH Bicycle, excellent
cond. Call 662-0529. B40
2 SEASON'S Football tickets, Mici. side.
Call NO 3-9565, preferably eve. B35
WEBCOR Stereo-Good cond. $50. Call
663-2771 after 5:00. B39
'59 FORD, 4 door, 63-6 cylinder, cheap.
Call U-2-3278. 81
GUITARS! Any model Guilds and Gib-
sons 20% off or best offer. Martini
list price. Call 761-3533 after 6 p.m.
OLD ELM ANTIQUES for the discrimi-
nate collector. 723 Packard, near
State. . 33
ABOUT 60 AVAILABLE NOW AT
COST. CALL 764-6701 or 764-6703. 142
Kashmir, thus opening another
front with the Chinese.
If Kashmir finally joins Paki-
stan, the defense of Kashmir will
rest with Pakistan instead, and
Indian liabilities will be reduced
to that extent.
INDIA HAS also stated that its
secular character does not permit
it to agree to a plebiscite in Kash-
mir, simply because Kashmiris are
Muslims. This argument indicates
that India has still not reconciled
itself with the establishment of
The secular character of India
is, however, exposed by its treat-
ment of its own minorities-Mus-
lims, Sikhs, Christians and Bud-
dhists. Communal riots and op-
pression of minorities is a com-
mon affair in India. In secular
India, it is safer to kill a minority
person than to kill a cow.
The balloon. of Indian secular-
ism was burst with India's own
admission that if Kashmir joins
Pakistan, there will be bloody re-
percussions on Indian minorities,
especially Muslims. In India, mi-
norities have been kept under a
constant threat of extinction.
Christians in the Nagaland were
crushed by India's military might,
their churches burnt and mission-
aries exiled. When India attacked
the Christian colony of Goa, a
large number of Christians fled to
Pakistan rather than stay under
SIKHS, TOO, have been in
trouble. Only one week before
India attacked Pakistan, the head
of the Akali Sikh sect threatened
to fast until death unless safe-
guards were provided to the Sikh
The plight of Muslims and their
not infrequent slaughter is also
known to the world. Their eco-
nomic position is precarious. Dr.
internationally Kashmir remains
a territory disputed between Paki-
stan and India. If India feels all
Kashmiris are with India, then
it should let them say so under a
UN-supervised free election.
IT IS SIGNIFICANT, therefore,
to note that the militant Hindu
political parties in India do not
yet accept Pakistan as a separate
sovereign state. As shown by their
manifestos, it is their avowed aim
to rectify the original sin of the
creation of Pakistan and to create
"Akhand Bharat," or reunited
This is, however, only the .short-
range goal. The long range goal,
of course, remains the achieve-
ment of "Maha Bharat," or Great-
er India, by piecemeal takeover of
neighboring countries. This is be-
ing attempted by threat in Nepal,
by intimidation in Burma and by
large-scale illegal migration of
Indians in Ceylon.
At the same time, Indians seem
to be afraid that if Kashmir is
allowed to join Pakistan, as it
certainly will, India will disinte-
grate into a number of smaller
nations as a result of the tradi-
tional hatreds of various national
groups-the Punjabi Aryan and
the South Indian Dravidian, the
Gujrati and the Maharashtriah,
the Rajput and the Jat, Bengali
and the Assami.
DIFFERENCES among these
national groups are more prom-
inent than among the nations of
Europe. The danger of disintegra-
tion of India may perhaps be true,
for India has never been a nation
but at most a loose union of na-
tions, even under the British.
However, if India is to disinte-
grate, disintegrate it will. It is no
justice to sacrifice five million
Kashmiris in order to delay that
ROOM TO SHARE with kitchen and HONDA, 150cc, 1963, 10 mile. Best offer.
living room privileges. 621 Church. Will finance. 662-0877. Z28
GARAGES-723 Packard near State. C4
APT, for 2. Campus area. $135/mo. 8
mo. lease. 665-6001 after 5. C27
7 MO. LEASE. One 2 bedrm. apt, avail.
immediately thru April 31. $200/mo.
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Standard luxuries of carpeting, air-
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Call662-7961 DAY or NIGHT ,
1965 YAMAHA 125 cc, 1600 miles, 4 mo.
old. Must sell. 663-9872. $430. Z19
1965 VESPA GL 150cc. Only 2 mo. old,
900 actual miles. Call Bill, 764-4703.
'64 YAMAHA, 125cc., 2600 miles. Best
offer over $325. NO 3-7779 after 5. Z23
1965 HONDA 250 Scrambler, 2000 miles,
beautiful machine. 662-6969. Z29
1964 HONDA, 50cc, Sports model, great
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1965 VESPA OL 150cc, only~2 mo. old,
900 actual miles. Call Bill, 764-4703.,Z20
FOR SALE-1964 Honda, 90. Low mile-
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'64 YAMAHA, YDS-2, 250cc., low mile-
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663-0885 after 7:30 p.m. Z16
1956 TRIUMPH 500 cc. rebuilt engine
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call Jeff at 764-0562 or 663-4086. Z9
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Close to campus
Built-in Kitchens, Parking
$232 per month
RR5.485R nr R65-2372 1