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September 08, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-09-08

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'.F F'




PAm.. TR


The European Economic Com-
munity has been totering for the,
past few months. The points of3
difference between France and the,
other member nations are vital-
so much so that Michel Maurice-
Bokanowski; French minister of
industry, indicated during July
that France might quit the Com-
mon Market.
This was a culmination of the
French boycott of Common Mar-
ket meetings.
The issues, which reached a
feverish pennicle this summer, in-
volve differing interpretations of
the responsibilities each of the
member nations carries. These re-
sponsibilities were outlined in the
form of goals in the Treaty of
Rome, the Common Market's con-
stitution, 1957.
The farm policy: France, serv-




ing its agrarian interests, wishes
stronger farm subsidies within the
Common Market. De Gaulle press-
ed for a longer range farm pro-
gram in Brussells this summer-
one that would last five years,
rather than the two-year pro-
grams suggested by the other five
member nations.
The political front: France,
foreseeing no direct benefit from
political unity with the other
member nations, has chosen to
support a "league of the father-
lands." This arrangement would
not dilute French prestige on the
extra-Common Market level. A
."league of the fatherlands" would
provide for economic intercourse,
but not political anonymity.
About the issues: There is an
unsavory hypocrisy shrouding
French behavior this summer.
Quite frankly, de Gaulle pro-
claimed that the other five mem-

ber nations were reneging on an
agricultural subsidy agreement set
forth in the Treaty of Rome when
they did not readily consent to his
five-year increased agricultural
subsidy program. On the other
hand, he opposes the organization
of a politically integrated Europe.
Apparently he did not regard
one fact-both argicultural pro-
grams and a politically integrated
Europe are outlined in the Treaty
of Rome. Nevertheless, de Gaulle
ordered a French boycott of the
Common Market meetings and the
Common Market was rendered
temporarily impotent.
The French continue to view
Common Market goals with one
eye shielded.
British Entry
Particularly interesting is the
fact that now France may sup-
port the entrance of Britain into
the Common Market. London has

announced that it supports de
Gaulle's formula for a "league of
In this case the tables may be
turned-instead of France vetoing
Britain's admission to Euromart,
as it did two years ago, any one
or all of the other five member
nations could very well do so.
However, even if Britain were
admitted, France might plan on
contending with another power
which would oppose the French
agriculture plans-although there
is no way to tell what London
might promise in return for the
cherished seat in the Common
Euromart Progress
These issues, however vital, will
probably prove insufficient to dis-
rupt Euromart progress. France
must and does recognize the bene-
fits of the market.
Conceded one of the "economic

wonders of the world," the Euro-
pean Common Market has out-
stripped the United States and the
"Outer Seven"-Britain, Austria,
Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Swe-
den and Switzerland-in growth
rates, boasting an impressive 7.6
per cent in 1963, as compared
with 6 per cent in the United
States and 4 per cent in the Outer
It appears more logical, there-
fore, that de Gaulle will seek to
preserve the customs union-
source of economic wealth-and
block political unity-source of
prestige dilution: for France.
The other members can only
wait, anxiously, for de Gaulle's
next move or proclamation which
will undoubtedly come forth with
some 'degree of righteous indigna-
tion at the other members' "ne-
glect of constitutional responsibil-




Drive Through Batangan

-Associated Press
MARINES HIT THE BEACH of Batagan peninsula together with Vietnamese forces searching for
suspected Viet Cong positions. Landing under cover of bombardment from guns of the Seventh Fleet,
the offensive encountered only small arms fire.
Rise in Voluntary Enlistments
Follows Increased Draft Call

WASHINGTON (R) -Voluntary
enlistments in the armed services
have jumped since President
Johnson ordered a sharp boost in
6 the draft, it was learned recently.
Figures for August - the first
full month since the President's
action-indicate a gain for all the
Marines reported a 20 per cent
increase, the Army a 19 per cent
rise. Both the Navy and the Air
Force said they expected to go
well beyond their goals for the
month when final reports are in.
The draft always has served as
a prod for young men to sign up
with the service of their choice.
Voluntary enlistments had lag-
ged, particularly in the Army and
Navy, until Johnson announced
on July 28 that Selective Service
goals would be doubled to about
35,000 a month as part of the
military buildup growing out of
the war in Viet Nam.
In data made available to the
AP, the Army reported that 10,8211
men enrolled voluntarily in Au-
gust-an increase of 1,743 over
July. This brought the Army to
96.3 per cent of its enlistment
objective for August.
Recruitment Upswing
The Navy said that "recruiting

appears to be on the upswing
throughout the nation."
It said "a definite increase in
Navy enlistments has been noted
since the President's speech re-
garding draft calls, the larger
commitment of armed forces to
Viet Nam, and the recently signed
military pay bill."
The Navy predicted that its
goal of 11,694 recruits for August
will be topped by more than 1,000
Navy Draft
For the first time in nine years,
the Navy will draw on the draft
next month. It is scheduled to get
4,500 men by that route.
If the enlistment trend con-
tinues, the Navy may be able
again to reply entirely on volun-
In reporting their increase in
enlistments, the Marines said it
was "not necessarily because of
the announced draft increases."
The corps did not cite any other
reason, beyond saying the rise
"reflects increased requirements."
20 Per Cent
The corps provided no actual
numbers, limiting itself to listing
a 20 per cent gain.
The Air Force said it expects to
top its August enlistment quota of
15,499 men and voiced confidence

it will fill its 13,799-man quota
for September.
In July, which was virtually at
an end by the time Johnson an-
nounced the draft rise, the Air
Force enrolled nearly 2,000 more
young men than the 9,500 it had
planned for that month.
"The Air Force has not had re-
cent difficulties in fulfilling man-
power requirements through en-
listments," it said.
The White House said Thursday
the number of American service-
ment volunteering for duty in
Viet Nam "has increased dramat-
ically" since. April and now aver-
ages more than 100 a day.
Steady Rise
"The number has risen steadily
to a peak of 1,653 last month," the
White House said, adding: "Au-
gust will be even greater, with
1,442 the first two weeks. Since
April the daily average of volun-
teers has more than tripled."
In April there were 925 volun-
teers, in May 945 and in June
The director of Selective Service,
Lt. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, said
Saturday tabs are being kept on
men who do not qualify for the
draft because of a disability but
who would qualify under wartime
or emergency standards.

Troops Find
Few Enemy
Light Action
Tear Gas Reported
Used Against Civil
Population in Caves
SAIGON () - Thousands of
United States Marines and Viet-
namese troops swarmed over Ba-
tangan Peninsula on the South
China Sea yesterday but the re-
ported Communist guerrillas there
eluded the massive assault.
The estimated 5,000 Marines
and an undisclosed number of
government soldiers encountered
little resistance and few of the
enemy as they attempted to re-
peat the Leathernecks' big vic-
tory over the Viet Cong in a
nearby sector last month.
A U.S. spokesman, meanwhile,
disclosed that a Marine unit used
tear gas Sunday as the most
humane way of removing women
and children from tunnels and
caves near Qui Nhon suspected of
being a Viet Cong lair.
Without Authority
He said a battalion commander,
on his own authority, ordered the
gas as the "most harmless meth-
od" of dislodging the people. The
spokesman said the civilians suf-
fered nothing more than crying
from the effects of the gas.
He added that the Marine com-
mander may not have been aware
of U.S. policy against the use of
tear gas or any.type of gas even
though it is issued as basic equip-
ment to the troops.
Controversy arose last March
when it was disclosed U.S. and
Vietnamese military forces had
been experimenting with non-
lethal gases of police-action types.
Sniper Fire
In the Batangan assault, a Ma-
rine spokesman said Marines drew
no more than 50 rounds of sniper
fire during the day after the
landing began at sunrise.
At one hamlet, Chan Thuan on
Cape Batangan, Marines had. ex-
pected heavy Viet Cong resistance
but found only women and chil-
The assault was launched with
support of gunfire from ships of
the U.S. 7th Fleet. The force
landed by sea and air in a joint
operation with Vietnamese ranger
and army units.
Reliable sources said earlier that
aerial photos showed Communist
positions in the area had been
growing considerably in recent
The Marines found gigantic tun-
nels, trenches, carrier pigeons and
stacks of intelligence papers.
About 200 civilians were rounded
up for questioning. A Vietnamese
boy, apparently wounded in an
earlier strafing run, was taken by
helicopter to the USS Princeton
for medical aid.
At Kien Thien U.S. Army heli-
copters flew emergency missions
in the face of Viet Cng mortar
last night to help evacuate about
50 civilians wounded by aid strikes
in this Meking delta area.
There were reports that the
Viet Cong deliberately had forced
the civilians to stay with them.

Tells Court
Former Klansman
Dissatisfied with
'Wrecking Crew'
NEW ORLEANS (-The for-
mer grand dragon of the Ku Klux
Klan in the Bogalusa area told
yesterday of a Klan "wrecking
crew" that checks out complaints.
Charles H. Christmas of Amite
cited the activities of the wreck-
ing crew as one of the reasons
why his Klan organization was
disbanded four months ago and
reorganized under another name.
His testimony came on the
opening day of a federal court
hearing on -a Justice Department
suit seeking to enjoin the Klan
from harassment and intimida-
tion of civil rights workers in the
Bogalusa area. The Klan and 38
of its members are listed as de-
Rights Act Invoked
A three-judge court was con-
vened under the 1964 Civil Rights
Act which specifically authorizes
such courts to hear cases involv-
ing alleged harassment and threats
against civil rights workers. Nor-
mally, a three-judge court deals
with constitutional matters.
This was the first use of the
1964 act against the Klan, al-
though the law has been used
against individuals in other in-
Christmas told the court the
Knights of the Ku Klux Klan no
longer exists in the 6th Congres-
sional District-of which Boga-
lusa is a part.
He said-he presided over the
transition of the Klan "into the
Anti-Communist Christian As-
Asked by United -States Dist.
Judge Herbert W. Christenberry
if this wasn't just a change in
name only, Christmas answered:
"It was more than just a name
change. The Anti-Communist
Christian Association is a replace-
ment for. the Ku Klux Klan. It
is not necessarily in conjunction
with the Klan."
Asked by Christenberry the
reason for the name change,
Christmas said "the Klan had a
bad reputation" and he didn't
like some of its methods.
Subpoened Records
Christmas and -Saxon Farmer,
identified as the grand titan of
the Bogalusa Klan were ordered
by the court to produce by 10 a.m.
Thursday records subpoened by
the Justice Department.

"What with increased productivity per man-hour, a
3.8 per cent, raise above my present 21-cent
hourly wage would not be inflationary!"
Sorld News Roundup j

By The Associated Press Schweitzer was buried Sunday in;
MIAMI - Gordon Dunn, chief a simple grave next to that of his+
United States hurricane forecast- wife, and on the grounds of his+
er, recommended yesterday that primitive hospital. Schweitzer died
Key Biscayne and partsof Miami Saturday night after suffering a
Beach and Fort Lauderdale Beach stroke last week. The famed hu-
be evacuated before Hurricane manitarian was 90 years old.
Betsy hits the extreme southeast J*, * S* A
coast. Betsy was roaring toward JACKSON, Miss. - State Atty.
Florida after leaving Nassau ini Gen. Joe Patterson asked Missis-
the Bahamas flooded and damag- sippi courts yesterday to keep off
ed. Gales up to 55 m.p h. and the voting rolls persons registered+
tides 4% feet above normal are by federal examiners under the
expected, new voting rights law.
ex ete .Filing of the suits sets the

stage for a legal. showdown on
conflicting federal and state re-
quirements for voting. In the suits,
Patterson said the federal law
ignored the state voting require-
ments and required the county
registrars to act in a manner con-
trary to state law.
* * *
yesterday approved 347-0 a water-
ed down plan requiring the Pen-
tagon to give Congress 30 days
notice of any military base clos-

LAMBARENE - Dr. Albert
Ladies: The Sheraton Hotel Corporation now maintains n on
campus representative to assist students, faculty and
Let us style a employees of the University of Michigan in obtaining
FLATTERING HAIR-DO reservations at discount rates at all Sheraton Hotels
to your individual needs."
-no appointment needed- BrueHiman,665-0915
For discount card only send a stamped self addressed
The Dascola Barbers envelope to 1320 S. University, Apt. 13, AA
near Michigan Theatre


Student employees needed in Residence
Halls for part-time food service jobs:
busing, dishwashing, counter work, etc.
$1.25 per hour-meals are optional
Apply to Mr. Wagner,
2258 Student Activities Building



Director: Sylvia Hamer, L.I.S.T.D. 32nd Season




Steel Settlement Not Expected
To Cause Drastic Price Hikes

for information call
Tickets are available
at Travel Bureaus or
the Michigan Union

question after the multimillion-
dollar steel settlement is how much
of the added labor costs will be
passed on to the public in price
increases over the next three
Informed sources do not expect
the kind of hefty price increases
on basic steel prices that roused
the ire of the late President John
F. Kennedy in 1962.
The steel package adds up to
the seeminayly inererihle toalo f

A big factor tending to offset possibility oft
the extent of price hikes is the lective pricer
rapid automation of steel mills. did this after1
The automation began in ear- nedy, and mo
nest after Kennedy beat back $6 tacking on m
per ton increases, forcing the in- tras" on price
dustry to seek other means of There is no
making up for increased labor the White
costs. guidelines, an
- Wage-Price Guidelines has no powerE
President Johnson called the imposing them
current steel settlement a non- Guide
inflationary one, but it obviously The guideli
exejded White T-Tp wani-driee

quietly imposed se-
hikes. The industry
the fight with Ken-
re recently has been
nany so-called "ex-
othing sacred about
House wage-price
nd the government
except persuasion in
lines Ignored
nes suggest that in-

Academic Division-Combined Curriculum of Dance
Pointe, Supported Adagio, KinderBallet
525 E. 'Liberty' * established 1932 0 Phone 668-8066-668-7227

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