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Vol. LXXX, No. 53 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, November 4, 1969 Ten Cents
By ALEXA CANADY
Ann Arbor voters yesterday rejected by a 5-3 margin the
adoption of a city income tax.
The proposal, which involved a levy of one per cent on
residents and one-half per cent on non-residents who work
in the city, was defeated on a 6,506 to 10,247 vote.
A proposal amending the City Charter to reduce city
property taxes by 7.5 mills was approved by a narrow margin,
but its implementation is contingent on approval of a city
income tax. The vote on reducing the, property tax was 8,433
All wards soundly turned down the income tax proposal
with the closest challenge coming in the heavily student-
By JAMES McFERSON
The relationship of the literary
college faculty to the Senate As-
sembly came under discussion at
yetierday's LSA faculty meeting.
Discussion centered around the
question of when the LSA faculty
should review the decisions of
Senate Assembly, the University-
wide faculty governing unit.
Some professors expressed con-
cern about when the faculty
would review the University by-
laws on student decision-making,
which will be discussed by the Re-
gents again at their November
A draft of the bylaws was al-
ready passed by Assembly. The
part of the bylaw issue that may
concern the college faculty is the
SGC bylaw draft which denies
that faculty members have the
primary authority for sole setting
curriculum and g r a d i n g pro-
In other business, the faculty
yesterday briefly discussed reor-
ganization of the college govern-
"If this faculty is to have any
voice, we should consider remodel-
ling," said psychology Prof. An-
gus Campbell, "We have an in-
adequate format of representing
1000 people in the literary college.
A stubborn cadre of traditional-
ists has defended the old way," he
An ad hoc student-faculty group
is currently considering a pro-
posal to delegate the faculty's
authority to govern the college to
a smaller faculty-student council.
A straw advisory vote on a plan
making the $5 rolling fee assess-
ment to fund the bookstore vol-
untary was defeated 30-23.
Admissions projections for 1970
were presented by psychology
Prof. John Milholland, chairman
of the LSA admission committee.
A ceiling of 11,800 students will
be reinstituted this year, he said,
after college enrollment jumped to
12,252 this year.
Fall 1970 enrollment will in-
clude 2,970 freshman and 350
transfer students fromz outside the
University. Each of these figures
is down from last year,
* populated second ward where
the plan lost by only 120 votes.
The widest margin occurred in
the fourth ward where the pro-
posal was defeated by a margin of
over 1,000 votes.
Technically, City Council adopt-
edI the Michigan Uniform Income
Tax-the proposed tax-on Aug.
24 and can still make it effective
Contacted last night, however,
Mayor Robert Harris said, "We
promised we would repeal the or-
dinance if it was defeated and we
Different reasons for the defeat
of the income tax were given by
the supporters of the income tax,
and by its opponents.
"We have not had time to an-
alyze the reason for the defeat,"
"A tax issue is always bad," said
Councilman LeRoy Cappaert (D-
Fifth Ward). "Where the in-
come tax has passed it has often
had to come up more than once."
George Cress, chairman of the
Board of the Chamber of Com-
merce, which opposed adoption of
the income tax at this time, agreed
with Cappaert. "It went down
mostly because of increased tax-
es," concluded Cress.
He also believes that the uncer-
tainty about what federal and
state taxes will be may have af-
fected the election. "With the
Senate fooling with the tax bill
and Milliken considering increas-
ing taxes one or two per cent, peo-
pl' are afraid of more taxes" Cress
Although he was not surprised
at the defeat of the income tax, he
said he was surprised at the
"We believe the citizens of Ann
Arbor are asking the Democratic
administration to review and care-
fully shape their spending prior-
ities." said Brian Connelly, chair-
man of the city Republican party.
Other possible factors in the de-
feat were presented by Jack Gar-,
ris, chairman of the Concerned
Citizens of Ann Arbor. "I believe
that this is a vote of no confidence
in the mayor and his council,"
He also said that the proposal
might have fared better if "the'
mayor and the council would have
established priorities on how they
were going to spend the extra
With the defeat, of the income
tax, Harris is uncertain how he is
going to raise the additional rev-
enue he feels is needed for neces-
sary capital improvements.
"We may go to the income tax
again. or ask for a special millage
assessment. or we may retrench
on services.' said Harris.
SAIGON (A)-The N o r t h
Vietnamese 1 a u n c h e d their
heaviest offensive in two
months last night, making
heavy ground attacks against
at least three U.S. firebases
north of Saigon.
The fighting came just hours
before President Nixon's Vietnam
policy speech and cost the lives of
three American, and wounded 57
more, field reports said.
Initial reports from both the
U.S. Command and other military
sources claimed at least 156 North
Vietnamese troops were killed and
seven more captured since the
heavy fighting broke out late yes-
The casualty toll for the past
24 hours totalled 182 North Viet-
namese dead, five Americans killed
and 65 more wounded.
However, a U.S. Command spok-
esman declined to call the increas-
ed fighting a new "high point" in
North Vietnamese troop activity.
which some U.S. intelligence
sources pedicted would begin in
In one of the most severe at-
tacks yesterday, North Vietnamese
troops moving under a mortar
barrage assaulted a U.S. 1st Air
Cavalry Division firebase 75 miles
north of Saigon.
The four-hour battle cost two
Americans killed and 27 wounded,
while North Vietnamese dead were
put at 55.
North Vietnamese ground at-
tacks also were reported against
two other Air Cavalry firebases
about 65 miles north and 68 miles
northeast of Saigon. Field reports
put total U.S. casualties as one
killed and 24 wounded, while the
North Vietnamese had 60 killed.
The sudden spurt in fighting
north of Saigon was part of a
flareup that began Saturday with
heavy Noth Vietnamese attacks
on :hree allied artillery bases in
the central highlands near Cam-
Heavy Noth Vietnamese press-
ire over the weekend forced they
abandonment of those three bases.
located near the U.S. Special'
Forces camp at Bu Prang 110
miles northeast of Saigon.
Withdrawal to depend
on . Vietnam strengti
WASHINGTON Du--President Nixon told the nation yes-
terday that he has a secret timetable for withdrawing all U.S.
ground combat troops from Vietnam. But he warned he "shall
not hesitate to take strong and effective measures" if re-
maining U.S. troops are endangered by stepped up military
pressure from Hanoi:
In a nationally-televised speech, Nixon said he would
seek a negotiated settlement rather than quick withdrawal,
but added that his plan "will bring the war to an end regard-
less of what happens on the negotiating front."
Nixon also failed to announce any specific troop with-
drawal plans for the near future, despite predictions of such
PRESIDENT NIXON APPEALS for national sup port for his Vietnam policy in his televised speech.
The President did not announce any new troop withdrawals or developments in the Paris peace
talks, but he said he has a timetable for troop withdrawals.
rTHREA TENS EXPULSION:
o n gd i
a move by congressional lead-
ers and major national news
The address broke no new
ground in the realm of peace in-
itiatives. It added up to a care-
fully prepared appeal for home-
front support of the administra-
tion's Vietnam policies and a de-
liberate attempt to place blame
for American failures on those
who have protested the war.
"I have chosen a plan for
peace," he said. "I believe it will
succeed. Let us be united for
peace. Let us also be united
against defeat. Because let us un-
derstand: North Vietnam cannot
defeat or humiliate the United
States. Only Americans can do
Nixon also disclosed a previous-
ly secret exchange of correspond-
ence last summer with the late
President Ho Chin Minh of North
Vietnam. Nixon said the exchange
bolsters his contention that Hanoi
is blocking the road to peace.
"The time has come to move
forward at the conference table
toward an early resolution of this
tragic war." he wrote to Ho Chi
Ho's answer, he said, "simply
reiterated the public position
North Vietnam has taken in the
- Paris talks and flatly rejected my
Noting the plans for massive
santi -war demonstrations at the
end of next week, Nixon said he
"would be untrue to my oath of
t office if I allowed the policy of
r this nation to be dictated by the
t minority who hold that view and
f who attempt to impose it on the
nation by mounting demonstra-
tions in the street."
"If a vocal minority, however
I fervent its cause, prevails over
r reason and the will of the major-
' ity, this nation has no future as
. a free society," he said.
n Discounting any support from
ranti-war people because they
would disagree with his plans,
e Nixon said he was addressing "the
s great silent majority of my fellow
s Americans," adding, "I ask your
,t See NIXON, Page 8
By JIM NEUBACHER
The Eastern Michigan Univer-
sity administration yesterday ap-
pealed a Student. Court decision
dropping charges against the staff
of "The Second Coming," an un-
derground campus newspaper.
Dean of Students Thomas Aceto
labelled the Student Court decision
"unacceptable" and said lie was
referring the case to a student-
faculty review committee. Thirteen
Second Coming staff members are
being charged with distributing
the paper on campus without per-
Meanwhile yesterday. EMU Vice
President for Student Affairs Rob-
ert Zumwinkle warned that stu-
dents selling the paper on campus
today "will face immediate ex-
pulsion." The third edition of the
bi-weekly paper is scheduled to
Second Coming Editor Frank
Michels, an EMU senior, said the
paper will appear on campus as
planned despite Zumwinkle's war-
ning. "We'll distribute all over
campus," he said.
The Student Court, a seven-
man elected body. ruled Saturday
for week of Nov. 15 war protest
that newspape's are exempt from
the EMU regulation requiring per"
sons to obtain permission to sel
or distribute materials. Aceto ap-
parently will challenge this inter-
pretation of the resolution in hi
"The Student Court did not
speak to the question of whethe
the rule had been violated, bu
spoke, rather, to the question o
whether the rule was good or bad
and decided it in terms of consti-
tutional law," Aceto said.
"Since they are a lay body,
find it difficult to accept their
opinion over that of the univer-
sity's attorney," lie continued
Aceto refem'red to a! opinion or
the question solicited from an Yp-
silanti law firm. He said thei
brief supports the right of th
EMU administration to make rules
regarding the use of its facilities
and the conduct of all its students.
However, the Student Cour
ruling exempting newspapers fron
the ('gulationi was based ona
Supreme Court decision issued
three months after the legal brief
The Student Court cited tie
Supreme Court's February 1969
ruling in Tinker vs. Des Moines
which states that students and
teachers cannot be deprived of
their constitutional rights to free.
dom of speech om' expression by
The Ypsilanti law firm reviewec
See EMU, Page 8
Reactions to President Nixon's
speech on Vietnam came along
predictable lines last night as
congressmen expressed divided re-
actions and anti-war groups ex-
pressed "grave disappointment."
The Saigon government had
given the speech advance approval
and the Communist delegations to
the Paris peace talks declined to
comment until they had time to
study the talk.
Congressional response ranged
from whole-hearted praise from
administration supporters 1i k e
House Republican Leader Gerald
Ford and Senate Armed Services
Committee Chairman Henry Jack-
son (D-Wash), to "deep discour-
agement" from doves like Sens.
George McGovern (D-SD) and
Jacob Javits (R-NY).
"I am deeply discouraged by it,"
McGovern said, adding that the
speech represented the "same,
tired, old, discredited policy" that
has led to the death of 40,000
Sam Brown, coordinator of the
Vietnam Moratorium Committee,
which conducted nationwide dem-
onstrations Oct. 15 and plans a
second round on Nov. 13-15, said
"it is clear that those of us who
are opposed to the war must con-
tinue to work against the war."
One local anti-war leader called
the speech "the best kept secret
about nothing that the American
people have ever heard."
Gene Gladstone, a member of
1the National Steering Committee
of the New Mobilization Committee
and projects director for the local
New Mobe group, went on to say
that "the American people are no
longer faced with a credibility
gap, they are faced with a credi-
Another local New Mobe offi-
cial, Barry Cohen, said, "Nixon's
posed the same alternative he's
posed all along. Things will pro-
ceed just as they always have-
Nixon said nothing new."
A New Mobe spokesman in
Washington called the speech "an
insult to the intelligence of the
"How can a man who claims to
represent and speak for the Amer-
ican people be so rigid in his re-
fusal to listen to the voice of those
people?" he asked.
WASHINGTON (P) - Nine vet-j
erans organizations, including the
Veterans of Foreign Wars, t h
American Legion andthe Disabled
American Veterans, ai'e planning'
a series of counter-demonstrations
next week to protest the three
days of anti-war marches and
other activities slated for the cap-
In a strategy session last week,
senior officials of the nine group s
planned activities for a "National
Confidence Week' beginning Vet- ;
erans Day, November 11, at the
The VFW, in a national "Oper-
ation Speakout," is asking labor,'
church and fraternal organiza-
tions to join in statements to'
newspapers to show solidarity
with President Nixon.
In another activity, billed as
"Tell It To Hanoi," former serv-
icemen are being urged by the
groups to telephone five persons
each to ask them to call five more
persons by Veterans Day.
They will all be asked to fly
the American flag that day, drive
their cars with the headlights on
and leave their porchlights burn-
These efforts are being support-
ed by the chief of the National
Guard Bureau, who asked the na-
tion's 500,000 guardsmen yester-
day to continue the show of sup-
port to Nov. 16.
"I am concerned that t h o s e
Americans who seek a capitula-
tory solution are creating a feel-
ing of comfort in Hanoi and are
leaving the enemy with the in-
pression that the vocal and active
groups represent the majority
opinion within the United States."
National Guard Chief Winston
Guard officers say the move is
probably unprecedented in t h e
long histoby of the citizen-soldier
These demonstrations will coin-
cide roughly with the anti-w a r
marches Nov. 13-15. The National
Mobilization Committee to End
the War, which is sponsoring the
activity, expects 500,000 persons in
On the nights of Nov. 13 and 14
there will be a "March Against
Death" to protest the deaths of
American and Vietnamese sold-
i- nnr .itrlctr>nin oZ n+
r New research shows doses
of LSD do not affect human
* Off-year elections will test
Nixon's political .influence
and the mood of the na-
By ROBERT JERRO
The University's ROTC pro-
grams have undergone a q u i e t
transformation over the past
few months through an increas-
ing utilization of regular Uni-
versity courses to supplement
Thr changes --- instituted this
fall at the Army, Navy and Air
Force units on campus - were
recommended by a national ad-
visory panel in an effort to
malke ROTC more relevant to
society and their universities.
"The changes reflect the trend
over the last few years toward
liberalizing curricula in ROTC
basis, but are now taught for
one hour a week with no credit
Credit for upper-level courses
was maintained, however.
The new Army ROTC curri-
culum consists of four literary
college courses, which will also
count toward the LSA degree.
The courses are Political Sci-
ence 160. an introduction to in-
ternational politics; Speech 100,
an introduction to public speak-
ing: Geography 201, a course in
physical geography which will
replace a military grid system
class; and History 332, a history
of th Miifd Can frnm,129r