Lut~u~U 31, 196 THlE MICHIGAN DAILY
By MICHAEL HEFFER
From the midst of chaos, 10,000
copies of The Michigan Daily roll
off the presses at 420 Maynard
Street six times a week during the
To some people The Daily, or
any newspaper, is just a sheet of
headlines to glance at. While some
people read stories thoroughly,
many just skim newspapers and
a few actually see them as just
the proverbial fishwrap.
Yet each paper is carefully as-
sembled by a staff of people who
are convinced that what they are
doing is of the greatest import-
ance. They are ready to make
many sacrifices so that the world
may know what happened yes-
terday, is happening today and
may happen tomorrow.
There is actually quite a story
behind the efforts of those dedi-
cated to the principle that you
have a right to know what your
world is up to.
Despite the chaotic appearance
of its busy city room (in answer
to those who send nasty notes
suggesting that The Daily adopt
style rules) The Daily is actually
a highly organized operation.
It has to be.
To run a daily newspaper one
has to solicit, receive and make up
advertisements, hunt up, dig out,
write, edit and print stories and
editorials, and then combine the
two with pictures in some attract-
It isn't very difficult merely to
produce a newspaper, but putting
out a newspaper of consistently
high quality is quite a task.
The, Daily, like any college
newspaper, starts off with several
strikes against it. Few people join
the staff with any relevant ex-
perience, and most stay on the
staff only a few months.
All staff members are doomed
to leave in at most four years, so
new people must be constantly
trained. Staff members are actu-
ally part-time workers, for they
carry full-time course loads.
The biggest untold story about
The Daily is why so many stu-
dents are willing, even anxious, to
come and work each week, for
very little pay.
The problem is that no one has
figured out why they persevere.
When questioned about their rea-
sons for staying, most staffers are
unable really to pinpoint them.
Apparently, some staffers are
there because they love to write.
Others want to create something,
or be active in doing something
meaningful. Some discover they
can make friends easily at The
Daily, and are reluctant to have
merely the doubtful warmth of the
quad to go to each day. Many de-
velop the journalist's keen desire
to know everything, and to uncov-
er hidden truths.
On important occasions, the the 2 a.m deadline (latest dead- such as coverage of one of the Daily by helping to provide
Daily senior editors may write a line in the state) with the night schools or colleges. staff with an overview of the U
"senior"editorial. All editorials editor C sThe Daily also prints a monthly versity and The Daily's role
are signed. Choices Open magazine put out by the magazine the University. He is the Dai
In charge of the editorial page The amount of work a staffer editor and his associates. Articles official liason with the comm
is an editorial director and his two wants to put in is entirely up to range from special interviews with ity. He frequently speaks to s
associates. him. Also, he has a great deal of leading figures, such as Secretary dent groups, explaining what
News copy for pages one, two, choice about the areas he wants of Defense Robert McNamara, to Daily is trying to accomplish,
three and eight comes under the to write about. a discussion of the chances for why it is important to read '
jurisdiction of the managing edi- The Daily has a beat system Wolverine sports teams. Daily and know what goes
tor, a city editor and two asso- which divides the University into The Daily also contributes to on campus.
ciate managing editors. a number of areas for news cov- The Daily, although highly
From the anagng dsk c mes erage. Each beat is headed by one and distributes the Midwest Liter- T e Diy lh u h hgl
From the managing desk comes oratwo Eatheads ho w y ose ary Review, a collection of book ganized, must always be prepa
the key to the news operation, the or two beatheads who work close- reviews by students at several to, and in fact has always be
assignment sheet. On the assign- ly with the managing desk and midwest institutions, changing its ways. The seniors
ment sheet can be found most of their reporters in making sure all tempt to lead the staff, the U
the stories that will appear in the the news is covered. Doors Open versity and even the world
next day's paper, plus many long- The Daily encourages its staff- Many story ideas come from seeking new solutions, new idea
er range stories which will come ers to familiarize themselves with The Daily's editor, the head of the Responding to the problems
out in a few days. all areas of the University. There- organization. The editor's position the world, The Daily challerj
New staff members, or trainees, fore, a reporter might spend one opens many doors for h i m itself and its readers to be aw
do not get important stories as semester covering. student activ- throughout the University com- and active, and invites ev
soon as they start work. At first, ism, and then start writing about munity. member of the community to j
they work in a training program some phase of academic affairs, The editor seeks to lead the it in open discussion of all issu
supervised by the personnel di-
rector, where they are taught the
basics of reporting and night desk
work. Initiative in digging up news
stories is encouraged.
The night desk is the busy end
of the city room where most of the
editing, layout and headline writ-
ing for each paper is done.
A student who joins The Daily
first works as a trainee on night
desk, learning all the style rules
and the tricks to writing head-
lines. After several weeks of this,
the trainee can -be promoted to
assistant day editor.
Assistant day editors come in
the afternoon and begimediting
copy to be set n the Daily's pro-
fessional shop. The ADE works
under the supervision of a day
editor, usually a sophomore or
The day staff is primarily res-
ponsible for the inside pages, a@ El
which consist mostly of world and
national news from the Associated
Press and reviews of local cul-
tural events The Daily has a
national-international AP wire
from NeW York, a Michigan news
AP wire from Detroit, and a Mi-
chigan capitol news AP wire from
From ADE staffers are promo-
ted to assistant night editor. The
ANE works from about 7 p.m to Locking Pages Goes Down to the Wire
.t.. ..-.. .. . ... . ...... .......... .-
An Editorial Gets the Routine Going Over
For most, The Daily becomes
more than just a newspaper. It is
an institution; a home, or at least
a place that's sure to have a
fourth at bridge anytime of day or
Sometimes the Daily appears to
be like any institution, cold and
uninviting. Yet it doesn't take new
staff members long to discover
the strong "Daily spirit" that is
the secret of the Daily's 77 suc-
cessful years of publication.
It is this spirit which binds The
Daily staff together and produces
the dedication that drives them to
produce a high quality Daily.
It isn't easy.
The Daily is run by editorial,
business, sports and photography
staffs composed entirely of stu-
The Daily is owned by the
Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications, but the board members
have nothing to do with editing
copy, and do not know what goes
into each day's paper until it is
delivered to them in the morning.
The Board's basic function is to
oversee The Daily's business af-
fairs. The Daily has an annual
budget of about $250,000 and does
not receive any money from the
University. The Board also ap-
proves the appointment of senior
The senior editors run each of
the four staffs. The staffs are
open to any student, regardless of
class year or school.
Most staff members join the
Daily worried about being with a
group of journalism students who
would scoff at people with no
Surprisingly, few of The Daily's
staff members are journalism ma-
jors, though a great many former
Daily staffers get so enthused
about the work that they remain
in the publishing field after gra-
In the past few years, staff
members havebecome more fami-
liar with the work of the profes-
sional journalist and have attemp-
ted to adopt some of the practices
and ideals of the professional
Staff members are more con-
cerned now with discovering ev-
erything that is going on and let-
ting the community know exactly
how decisions are made and events
occur than they were a few years
They are more convinced than
ever that the community must, for
its own benefit, be aware of what
is going on and be ready to
change unhealthy situations.
But there is no Daily policy on
issues. The Daily has an editorial
page open to all staff members,
who can express any reasonable
opinion on it. The Daily's editor-
ial page also features nationally
syAdicated cartoonists and col-
The Daily prints many "Letters
to the Editor" and opens its edi-
torial page to contributions from
the faculty and administration.
Night Editors Keep Track of National News
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The assertion that every student
is a number is no myth. In fact,
over 200 pages of publication have
been devoted to exposing each stu-
dent in the University down to his
The 1967-68 Student Directory,
published in October, bars noth-
ing except zip codes and zone
numbers in its contents.
The directory is published
through the facilities of the Board
in Control of Student Publications
and prepared by the campus chap-
ter of Alpha Phi Omega, the na-
tional service fraternity.
In its own- way, the directory
sweeps across the complete scope
of humanity - a nearly random
sampling of the world, achieving
nearly complete ambiguity. Let
there be -no doubt about it, the
directory is not an easy book to
read, but it is the book of life,
and nature does not easily yield
up her secrets unto lazy students.
Deceptively purporting simply to
list its characters alphabetically,
the directory embodies the most
perfect symmetry of human ex-
perience ever achieved.
And there is no dialogue, that
old distorter of experience - the
reader communicates directly with
There are a few subtle guide-
lines for the novice readers of our
generaton, but with what ele-
gance and persuasion do they
operate! Notice, for instance, the
change in type size between Ron-
ald Davis and Samuel Davis; type
size indeed! And the book is not
without its private jokes either:
look at the pace of Lowrie .. . Lu
*.. Lubin . .. Lucarelli, or the
charming turn-about in late regis-
tration: Averbach . . . Baar .. .
Ackes . .. Baehr.
Prepare yourself for the Student
M Directory. Though it might not
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