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May 10, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-05-10

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US. Attitude

Toward Greece Shocked,

Con fusee

WASHINGTON ()-After days
of confusion and shock, the Unit-
ed States has concluded the only
sensible thing to do is go along
with the new military regime in
No official would confirm this
or speak for quotation on how the
Johnson administration f e e 1s
about the April 21 military coup
in Greece.
Complete silence is observed:
Washington does not want to say
anything that could hurt a corin-
try which-whatever its form of
government-is an important ally
guaraing Eastern Europe's "soft
But in off the record talks with
administration officials the fol-
lowng picture emerges:
* The United States, while de-

finitely not enthusiastically em-
bracing the three military officers
who now rule the country, will
cooperate with their regime while
fervently hoping Greece someday
will return to a more palatable
political system.
# Meanwhile the United States
quietly but firmly will pressure
Greece's rulers to speed up the
process of return to parliamentary
* In accordance with this de-
cision and in recognition of
Greece's important role in the
North Atlantic Treaty Organiza-
tion military structure, U.S. mil-
itary aid will continue, although
probably limited to items thought
necessary for NATO purposes.
The decision is understood to
have been reached after consider-

able agonizing in highest circles
and after consideration of these
The administration is painfully
aware of growing criticism in this
country charging, as Sen. Clai-
borne Pell, (D.-RI), put it earlier
this week, the United States with
"sitting on its hands when a coup
is staged by forces of the right."
The administration had to rec-
ognizethat King Constantine of
Greece, who now is cooperating,
however reluctantly; with the mil-
itary regime, had his wings clip-
Domestic criticism of U.S. re-
luctance to condemn the military
coup is based on a long standing
dislike for military dictatorship,
the jailing of politcal opponents
and censorship.

A specific reason is the con-
troversial person of Andreas Pa-
pandreou, son of former Prime
Minister George Papandreou, now
reportedly awaiting trial for
The State Department it was
learned, is receiving considerable
mail protesting the arrest and
pending trial of the younger
Papandrou and requesting the U.S.
government do something on his
The explanation is that Papan-
dreou-who lived in this country
between 1940 and 1959, served in
the U.S. Navq became an Amer-
ican citizen and head of the Uni-
versity of California at Berkeley's
economics department and was
widely known and respected among
U.S. intellectuals.

Papandreou returned to Greece
in 1959 and became his father's
top aide and Cabinet member. His
friends in this country dismiss the
theory he became a Communist or
even a Communist sympathizer. It
is acknowledged, however, that he
and his father have accepted
Communist support during the un-
happy two years of continued gov-
ernment crises in Greece.
Phillips Talbot, U.S. ambassador
to Greece, is known to have been
surprised and distressed by the
April 21 coup. But he reportedly
nursed the hope that King Con-
stantine would not accept pas-
sively what was the accomplished
This hope vanished quickly and
now Talbot reportedly agrees with
Washington policy-makers the
United States is limited to pushing

quietly for restoration of parlia-
mentary democracy.
The hope the regime will relax
its present tight grip is admit-
tedly slim. Recent statements by
the three military leaders do not
indicate any such tendency, infor-
mants acknowledge.
There is concern here that mil-
itary dictatorship will o n1 y
strengthen an underground Greek
Communist movement. However,
there is no sign now indicating
resistance w o r t h mentioning
against the military rule.
Greece and Turkey are the two
NATO nations which still need
military aid in the form of grants.
In fiscal 1966 the United States
shipped $78.7 million in military
hardware to Greece, but estimates
for 1967 were about 10 per cent

Throughout 1966. Greece had
received miltary aid worth $1.9
billion and another $1.9 billion in
economic aid from this country.
But economic aid gradually has
tapered from over $200 million a
year in the late 1940s to just $6.8
million in fiscal 1966.
The State Department's official
line still is that the U.S. aid pro-
gram to Greece is under review-
the standard formula used in
times of crisis.
While it now is acknowledged
that military aid must continue
because of Greece's role in NATO,
the United States is expected to
take a hard look on what will be
As one official put it: "We don't
like the idea of American tanks
pointing their guns at people on
the street."

To Johnson
.Ra4 Proposal
Secretary of Labor
Rejects Making Plan
A Permanent Solution
WASHINGTON (P) - Secretary
of Labor W. Willard Wirtz reject-
ed yesterday the idea of making
the administration's proposal to
settle the rail shopcraft dispute a
permanent solution for all trans-
portation emergencies.
Wirtz indicated that he also op-
poses a suggestion by Chairman
Harley O. Staggers of the House
Commerce Committee that the
fairest congressional action in the
shopcraft dispute might be to do
~ This would be fine, Wirtz told
newsmen after appearing before
the committee, if it forces the two
sides to reach agreement. But he
added that if it doesn't work this
way, "I don't think this country
could tolerate a railroad strike."
Staggers offered his suggestion
at the start of what may be
lengthy hearings on President
Johnson's proposal for a new 90
day mediation period with a com-
pulsory settlement, if no volun-
tary agreement is reachet. that
would prevent a strike or lockout
until Jan. 1, 1969.
The West Virginia Democrat
noted that rail unions have of-
fered to make special arrange.
ments to continue shipments for
Vietnam and the public health if
a strike occurs, and that under
these conditions "it might be dif-
ficult to establish the contention
that a national emergency did ex-
ist and thereby warrant any gov=
ernment interference."


-Associated Press
ADMINISTRATOR JAMES WEBB, second from left, of the National Aeronautics and Space Admin-
istration, told a Senate Space Committee that the first manned flight of a newly-designed Apollo
spacecraft will take place early next year.t
Reschedule First Apollo Orbit
OfEarth for Early Next Year

Reported in
South China
Developing Upheaval
Among Mao's Forces,
Enemies in Clashes
TOKYO () - Reports from
Communist China yesterday indi-
cated a developing upheaval in the
turbulent southwest, where sup-
porters of Communist party Chair-
man Mao Tse-tung and his op-
ponents were said to be clashing
in bloody battles.
The struggle centered in Cheng-
tu, capital of important SzchWan
Province, according to dispatches
from Peking to Japanese news-
A wall newspaper in Peking
claimed that the highest ranking
Communist in the Southwest
China Bureau had been stripped
of all his powers as first secre-
tary of the bureau and command-
er of the Chengtu military districts
The report, quoting a journal
of the Peking Geological Acade-
my, said Li Ching-chuan, the boss
of southwest China, was accused
of siding with Liu Shao-chi, the
aging president of China and with
Teng Hsiaoping, the Communist
party's secretary general. Both
have been under constant attack
in Peking as foes of "Mao Tse-
tung's thinking."
Another man who once ranked
high in the party came under at-
tack in Peking. He is Ho Lung,
a former vice premier and a mar-
shal before army ranks were abol-
ished. Ho is believed hiding some-
where in Szechwan Province. A
Red Guard rally in Peking yes-
terday denounced him as a mem-
ber of a group of party officials
who had plotted to overthrow Mao
in a military coup last year, the
Japanese newspaper Sankei re-

NEW DELHI, India (A)-Vice
President Zakir Husain was elected
the first Moslem president of over-
whelmingly Hindu India yesterday
in a victory for Prime Minister
Indira Gandhi who fought bitter
religious opposition in her own
Congress party.
Husain, 70. vice chancellor of
Aligarh Moslem University before
he entered politics 15 years ago,
was Mrs. Gandhi's personal choice.
She had said failure to elect him
would damage India's reputation
as a secular state.
Husain received 471,244 votes to
363,971 for former Chief Justice
Koka Subba Rao, the Hindu nom-
inee of seven opposition parties.

Gains Support

Fifteen other candidates trailed.
The successor to Sarvepalli Rad-
hakrishnan, retiring at 78 after
five years as president and a long
career as statesman and educator,
was chosen Saturday by a system
of voting among state legislators
and members of Parliament. Bal-
lot boxes were flown to New Delhi
and opened yesterday..
It was the country's first pres-
idential contest in 20 years of in-
dependence. Opposition parties
decided to put up their own can-
didates after the Congress party
failed to win in last February's
general election the huge major-
ities that had made its nominee
an automatic winner in previous

Husain Wins Presidency,

See Change in Program
To Pacify South Vietnam

three man Apollo orbit of the
earth has, been rescheduled for
early next year, space chief James
E. Webb said yesterday, but late
1969 is still the goal of a manned
lunar landing despite the year's
At the same time, Webb an-
nounced that the crew will be the
backup trio for the astronauts
killed in the spacecraft fire last
They are Navy Capt. Walter M.
Schirra, 44, a veteran of the Mer-

cury and Gemini programs, and
two who have never been in space:
Air Force Maj. Donn F. Eisele, 36,
and Walter Cunningham, 35, a
Webb and his aides told the
Senate Space Committee of num-
erous steps taken to fireproof both
the spacecraft and the astronauts'
suits and to provide speedier es-
cape in an emergency.
Webb said a 100 per cent oxygen
atmosphere will be used, although
there have been suggestions that
a less flammable mixture be sub-

Set Deadline for Completion
Of Kennedy Round Negotiation

GENEVA ()-Negotiators have
set Sunday as the deadline for
completion of work on the Ken-
nedy Round of negotiations to
lower tariffs and other obstacles
to world trade.
If the deadline is not met, the
whole effort, launched in President
John F. Kennedy's administration
nearly five years ago, may fail.
The decision yesterday to carry
on through the weekend came
after an authoritative source re-
ported the U.S. delegation had
threatened to walk out if no pro-
gress was made "within the next
24 hours."
U.S. chief delegate William

Roth, President Johnson's special
representative, was quoted as say-
ing during negotiations on grains
that he would return to Washing-
ton tomorrow if the deadlock per-
The agreement on the deadline
was the first between the United
States and the six nation Euro-
pean Common Market, the world's
two greatest trading units. They
have emerged as the main adver-
saries in the last phase of the
Forty six other nations are in-
volved in the complex bargaining
and more will be affected. Many

World News Roundup

billions of dollars worth of trade
will be affected every year.
If the talks succeed, trade will
be stimulated all over the world,
more foreign goods will be availa-
ble and businessmen stand to
make considerably larger profits.
Some savings may be passed on
to consumers.
Failure would be a heavy blow
to international cooperation. It is
a possibility because President
Johnson's power to slash American
tariffs in half will expire June 30
and it is regarded as unlikely that
Congress would extend it.
Time is running short. It will
take weeks to prepare agreements
for his signature even when the
negotiators have solved all their
Eric Wyndham White, the neu-
tral who has been referring the
talks, said: "All are agreed that it
would not be possible to prolong
the negotiating schedule any fur-
ther and that failure to come to
a general agreement by May 14
would necessarily lead to the joint
conclusion that the Kennedy
Round cannot be successfully con-
cluded at all."
Jean Ray, the chief Common
Market negotiator, flew off to
Brussels after an hour long meet-
ing of the Kennedy Round steer-
ing committee.

stituted in view of the January
tragedy at Cape Kennedy.
The intensity of the oxygen fed
fire was blamed in part for the
inability to escape of Lt. Cols.
Virgin I. Grissom and Edward H.
White II of the Air Force and
Navy Lt. Roger B. Chaffee.
New Plans
The revamped plans for getting
the manned moon landing pro-
gram moving again were outlined
to the senators in detail by Webb,
head of the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration, and
George E. Mueller, his associate
administrator for manned space
Their key points included: North
American Aviation, Inc., will con-
tinue as chief contractor for the
Apollo program despite criticism
linking it with the January fire.
Frank Borman, a member of the
investigating panel which sharply
criticized both NASA and North
American on the original Apollo
program, is helping redesign the
new space craft.
The astronauts will not fly
Apollo Block II until they feel
confident it is ready to fly.
Several organizational changes
will be made in NASA's field cen-
ters and in the pattern of Apollo
Negotiations are underway with
the Boeing Co. to extend its pres-
ent contract "forthe integration
of the first, second and third
stages of the Saturn V along with
integration of this system of the
Apollo command and service
module and the lunar excursion
A third contractor will be se-
lected "to make all modifications
to standard vehicles which may
be required for their use in the
Apollo applications program." This
is the followup after the initial
lunar landing and return to earth.
Webb said the third contractor
will be picked in a competitive
contract negotiation among Lock-
heed Aircraft, the Martin Co. and
McDonnell Douglas,
Mueller told the senators that in
redesigning the spacecraft and the
space suits, all the recommen-
dations of the Apollo investigating
board were followed carefully.

SAIGON WP)-A decision will be
made soon that could put the en-
tire pacification program in South
Vietnam under military control.
The decision centers on the role
to be played in the U.S. mission
by Robert W. Komer, a special!
assistant to President Johnson.
Komer arrived last week.
The current pacification pro-
gram revolves about 59-man rev-
olutionary development teams
trained to re-establish the Saigon
government's influence in villages
wrested from the Viet Cong.
The Viet Cong have made the
teams a priority target. In 1967's
four months they killed 218 team

members and wounded 299 others.1
Another 51 are missing and pre-1
sumed captured.
There are some 570 teams, with
a total of about 20,000 members.
Many officials believe the program
will fail unless security for the
teams is strengthened. This se-
curity is a responsibility of the
South Vietnamese army.
Komer, 44, is known to want the
the military to assume control of
the pacification efforts. Komer
would serve as a deputy to Gen.
William C. Westmoreland, com-
mander of U.S. forces in Vietnam,
in charge of pacification.
Porter's replacement as deputy
ambassador, Eugene M. Locke,
would continue to handle the em-
bassy's day to day operations, and
would have overall control of ac-
tivities of the U.S. Agency for
International Development, the
Joint U.S. Public Affairs Office,
and the U.S. consulate.
Meanwhile, a U.S. Marine task
force has been rooting out North
Vietnamese infiltrators deep in the
1st Corps area while battles near
the border held world attention,
the U.S. command disclosed yes-
terday. It said enemy dead in Op-
eration Union totaled 346.

By The Associated Press
NUERNBERG, Germany-Nuern-
berg banned the right wing Na-
tional Democrats from conducting
their party congress in the city
today on grounds the city admin-
istrators feared violence.
There was a wave of protest yes-
terday at the scheduling of the
National Democratic party con-
gress in the city where Hitler
staged his annual Nazi party meet-
Shortly after midnight, the city
issued a statement that it had
received notice of planned protests
against the National Democratic
congress and even threats of vio-
passed 93 to 1 yesterday a bill
restoring major business tax in-
,n.,.anivt ofa.. .rn+4n f.1 4n mxira sa

Presidential candidates, major
political leaders and newspapers
refrained from raising religious
questions. But as the issue sharp-
ened late in the campaign, police
guarded Moslem communities and
government facilities against pos-
sible violence.
Indian Majority
Husain's links with India's Hin-
du majority are of long standing.
During communal rioting in 1947,
the late Jawaharlal Nehru went to
Husain's home one night to pro-
tect his friend by his presence.
The son of lawyer, Husain re-
ceived a doctorate in economics
from the University of Berlin. He
helped to found the Jamia Millia
Islamia, a Moslem university near
New Delhi, and became its top ad-
ministrator at the age of 29.
He will be sworn in as president
Saturday as V. G. Gir, governor
of Mysore State, is installed as
vice president. Giri, a Hindu and
the Congress party candidate, was
selected by members of Parliament
last Saturday over Mohammad
Habib, a Moslem.
Openings at
The Chicago Public Library
For graduating students from oIl
fields of speciolization.
Provide for work-study program
in which Trainee completes re-
quirements for Master's degree in
Library Science while acquiring
practical library experience.
Provide an opportunity to assist
professional librarians in an inter-
esting variety of library science,
without further educational re-
For Information Please Contact:
Mrs. Charlotte Shabino
Personnel Office
The Chicago Public Library
78 East Washington Street
Chicago, Illinois 60602

MOSCOW - A leading Soviet
space official strongly hinted yes-
terday that Russia intends to land
a man on the moon in a space-
craft similar to the Soyuz 1 that
crashed last month.
Lt. Gen. Nikolai P. Kamanin,
military commander of the man-
ned space program, suggested that
a 15 ton spacecraft could drop
down from moon orbit and place
a man on the lunar surface,
In a key disclosure, the general
said such 15 ton spacecrafts al-
ready have been tested. The re-
mark appeared to refer to the
Soyuz, believed the heaviest, most
sophisticated Soviet space vehicle
launched so far.
NEW YORK - Two American
radio executives expelled from
Bertrand Russell's international
wr nrm llfy trih4.tin'a 1" in Wrnr-

suffering from
spring semester slmg
The hero of this
bestseller found
an ingenious way out.
L tero t thO, u X55, .
~ yalII
s of fbe

GEN. LEWIS W. WALT, commander of U.S. Marines in Viet-
nam, scans the scarred Marine outpost of Con Thein, two miles
south of the demilitarized zone in South Vietnam.

ill I



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