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August 29, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-08-29

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Y .

A6i rn

743 t


Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom






Years: A Legacy of aissez-Faire

Harlan H. Hatcher will end his
15-year' term as University Presi-
dent in December. This article is
an analysis of his presidency writ-
ten by Leonard Pratt, Daily Asso-
ciate Managing Editor, 1966-67.
A m edr i c a n universities have
changed more during the last 15
years-during the term of office
of President Harlan Hatcher-
than -during any other period in
their history.,
A mushrooming research estab-
lishment, soaring enpollments and,
campuses increasingly divided in-
to segments unaware of one an-
other's existence have set the
stage for the certain and dra-
matic educational changes to fol-
low in the next two decades.
U n i v e r s i t y administrations '
throughout the nation were pulled
in many directions by these
changes for which few of them
were ready. Many could not stand
the pressure and their colleges are
now showing signs of wear in:

many ways, some obvious, some
President Hatcher's administra-
tion has a mixed record to show4
for these struggles, which is cer-
tainly more than many presidents
across the nation can claim. Yet
in many areas in which the ad-
ministration has succeeded it has
done so almostin spite of itself
and seldom through its own
ef forts.
President Hatcher has run a
caretaker government when the
times demanded innovation.
While the University has tre-{
beled in size - and certainly at
least trebeled in complexity-its
administration has r e m a i n e d
stagnant, that of the immediate!
post-war university in which
Harlan Hatcher gained his ad-
ministrative experience.
This was an experience of ad-
ministrative "laissez - faire" inI
which college deans and depart-
ment chairmen - later, research

officials-were left to run their;
respective shows with only mini-
mal budgetary coordination from
central university officers.
It is this attitude more than:
anything else which has left the
University its legacy from the
Hatcher years. In many ways itk
is a good legacy.
Colleges and departments whosej
executives and professors were}
ready for the challenges of the
knowledge explosion - law and
medicine, for example - have
come through the past decade-
and-a-half well. Others - many
languages and humanities -have
had heavy going.
Even .the segments of the Uni-
versity which have done well in
this period, however, have grown
haphazardly and in absolutely no
relation to one another. There
has been no rational central
guidance to decide, for example,
where additional University fi-

nances should best be placed to
shore up sagging programs or be-
gin promising new ventures.
The President's own reluctance
to ask the vital questions which
growth problems imply, and the
recurrent attempts by his vice-
presidents to enhance their own
administrative empires; have only
made things that much worse.
Periodic faculty revolts have
arisen over this issue, and severalI
brilliant administrators have left
the University because of it.
President Hatcher's impact on
the campus' academic atmosphere
has been similarly motivated and
similarly mixed.

academic areas and, compared to
many other universities, is often
listened to whenever it rouses it-
self out of its general lethargy
toward the University as an in-
But on the other, the adminis-
tration has never considered itself
as a defender of students' and
professors' rights when those
rights are challenged, be it by
the House Un-American ActivitiesI
Committee or the Ann Arbor p:o-
lice. President Hatcher, for ex-
ample, fired two professors who
refused to testify before HUAC
in 1954.

The only


in which

On the one hand, except for President Hatcher's record is en-
a b s u r d dormitory regulations tirely negative is that of state
which passed on in the early irelations. The President is any-
1960's. this administration has thing but a politician and has#
been generally careful about in- been described by close associates
fringing upon student and faculty as a man who would rather paper
rights. The University's faculty over a conflict than resolve it.
has an extensive say about their Education budget increases are

hardly top priority in the Legis- aries fall. The only attempt in the
lature around budget time and the last. 10 years to solve the prob-
yearly increases which have been lems of University growth is a
forthcoming have often been residential college that is dying
taken up by more rapidly-expand- on the vine for lack of financial
ing state colleges with cheaper support.
programs than the University's. Essentially the University has
The President's natural reserve become a corporate institution
has hardly helped this steadily- without a corporate philosophy of
deteriorating situation nor has it administration. It is immense, di-
made the University any friends verse and powerful but has had
in Lansing during a period in no one to guide it. And in a sense,
which they could have been very perhaps that is as it should be.
helpful indeed. for a guided university may well
President Hatcher's administra- be a contradiction in- terms.
tion has thus been a loose one, In any case it seems likely that
but the freedom it has given the the University will not long exist
citmpus has been costly. in this state. Its President-elect,
The University is an adninis- Wisconsin's Robben Fleming is
trative hodgepodge. Some pro- one of the new breed of col-
grams have more money than lege administrators, organization-
they need while others go beg- minded and determined. It is cer-
ging. Graduate and undergradu- tain that he will spend much of
ate programs coexist uneasily on his future time fighting the
inadequate budgets. Library main- legacy of the Hatcher years, and
tainence suffers and faculty sal- to what effect no one knows.
ition Hike,
ITB' Budget


Regents I









State Appropriation Falls
Short of Needed Revenue

Associate Managing Editor :
An appropriation of $59,160,-
998 for the University for fiscal
1967-68 was approved by . both
houses of the state Legislature
July 12. The figure represents the
lowest percentage increase over
last year's appropriations given to
any other state-supported school.
It is only $1 million more than;
last year's $58.1 million and falls+
$3.1 million short of the amount+

recommended by Gov. George
The appropriation also leaves
a $4.7 million deficit when added
to all other revenues from the
$83.2 million necessary to con-
tinue existing University programs
at their present levels, according
to statistics filed with the orig-
inal budget request last Spring.
The bill indicates the deficit
should be made up with an in-
crease in out-of-state tuition rates
of about $650.

The state appropriation was de-
termined by first deciding on the
minimum budget on which the
University could operate. Antici-
pated income from sources other
than state funds, mostly student
fees, was then subtracted from
that amount to arrive at the
state appropriation figure.
The Legislature used current
in-state fees to determine the
revenue from in-state tuition, but
used $1650 for out-of-state tuition
instead of the current $1000 per

Seek More Data,
Additional Study
Regents Remain at Presidential Call;
Date of Future Meeting Uncertain
The University Board of Regents, in a special meeting
July 15, delayed action on the University budget and the level
of expected tuition hikes pending further investigation of
revenue sources for the coming year.
The Regents indicated an "adjustment of the student fee
schedules" was likely and authorized continuation of opera-
tions and payrolls at existing levels for the rest of July.
The Board added that the tuition increases must be
carefully considered so to "make sure that no University stu-
dent will be prevented from t
continuing his education be-D or m Fees
cinsufficient 'fancial

The appropriation is $16.3 mil-
ion short of the University's orig-
Current Draft Law inal request, which was intended
tocovei commitments for faculty
, and non-academic staff salary
increases, new laboratory equip-
R et inenil ment, library additions and new
By GAIL SMILEY privileged -- has no protection The proportion of the burden
Under the provision of the new from exposure to the draft." for provieine the additional
draft law, all male, undergradu- President Johnson, however, has sity that falls on in-state and out-
ate students satisfactorily pursu- authority to defer vocational sf-t atastudent ninu- to the Re-
ing full-time studies cannot now school students and apprentices. gents. Executive Vice President
be inducted until they reach the Kennedy also objected that Marvin Niehuss explained that
age of 24, unless the President there is no ban on racial dis- although the Legislature recom-
finds that the needs of the armed crimination in appointments to mends a large non-resident fee
forces require the termination or' local draft boards., increase, "they, can't tell us how
substantial restriction of such d Managers of the bill said the to charge to raise the money we
ferments. The act extends the ban on drafting men by lottery need."

Selective Service system until
The new law was passed in the
Senate by a vote of 72 to 23,
and in the House by 377 to 29.
It specifically prohibits the John-
son - proposed lottery system,
FAIR, (fair and impartial ran-
dom system.
President Johnson had also
suggested that the federal govern-
ment recommend mandatory
standards for the local draft
boards, effectively cancelling any
local discretionary power. This
was also prohibited by the new
law. It specifically bars the a-
doption of any national test to
determine exemptions in a wide
range of professions.
Uinder the law that expired
June 30, individual draft boards
could use their own discretionI
whether to defer college students;
under the new law it is manda-
tory. However, discretionary au-
thority to draft graduate students
is continued. According to the
New York Times, President John-
son plans to limit graduate de-
ferments in the future to those
studying medicine or dentistry.
The new law further requires:
that a claim for deferment on
grounds of being a conscientious
objector be based on religious
grounds. This is in contradiction
a o a rentSunreme C urt de-

was included in the measure be-
cause the administration had not
yet agreed on details. They said
Congress would promptly consider
authorizing a lottery when the
administration submitted a spec-3


ific plan.I
Present policy is to take the
oldest first, starting with 25 year
olds and working downward. Un-
der the new law 19 year olds will
be drafted first along with others
as their deferments expire. How-
ever the President has full
authorityto reverse the age prior-

The higher- education appro-
priations bill approved by the
House and Senate was worked
out in a special conference com-
mittee. The figures are very close
to revised figures approved by
the Senate before the passage of
an income tax package which will
raise about $180 million in new
revenues this year. The appro-
priation bill dulled a trend of
yearly increases and allocated the
smallest percentage increase for
the University since 1958, the
year of a deficit budget in the

PRESIDENT-DESIGNATE ROBBEN FLEMING, o n the left, discusses the University's pressing fi- The Regents' actions were ex-
nancial problems with Regents Gertrude Heubne r and William Cu~dlip at their July 15 meeting. pected, since earlier in the week
--- -Executive Vice-President Marvin
3 L. Niehuss had confirmed that
NUMEROUS VARIABLES: there would be a tuition increase
for the fall semester. He did not
0 'speculate on the size of the hike.
Fu ds J Oje cted ]ekeds However, Vice-President for:
Academic Affairs Allan F. Smith
'told WXYZ-TV in Detroit that thec
University might raise tuition as
much as $300 in some schoolst
for theacademic year beginning
G o e n ' '.x a so at the end of August. Smith said
that the budget cut by the Legis-
By WALLACE IMMEN with all other requirements set success when compared to some Islatur left no alternative but to
by the state, working closely with past allocations.
Any attempt to list the new the controller's office in deter- Fund Shortages University President H a r 1 a n
building plans of the University mining estimated costs, it mustI This year, the fund shortage be- Hatcher requested the moves after
in detail would be obsolete befored. a brief review of the University's
it was printed. Not because the continue to demand its autonomy. came so acute that Gov. George financial situation with regard tol
administration doesn't know what t f a t construction be halted as an the $59.1 million state appropria-
isneebtbcueteUie-ways been lowi funds in the state new L ion approved in Lansing. The ap- e
is needed, but because the Univere ue o n es te at austerity measure. Fortunately, {inapr ci ani e
sity has not committed itself to treasury and University requests Iaurterityoneasuvsca dFoitunate$4y
am ditn t have always received drastic this problem was solved with the iaion leve a icit ofi$4.7
any rigid schedule for adn new million from a minimum Univer-
facilities, explains John McKevitt, slashes. This year's cut of a $24.1 approval of a state income tax. sity operating budget of $83.2 mil-
asistans, e ice Jresidnt d million request to $9.3 million) al- Supplements to state monies are lion which includes student fees
chief financial officer. location is actually considered a See LONG-RANGE, Page 8 and a small amount of other reve-
? Plannersiave to be concerned- nues. -
with long-range needs because so The Legislature believed the
many variables are subject' to r University could make up the d2ihnefr ebyicesn u f-stat
cange bforesground is broken nce by increasing out-of-state
for any building, he adds But firm A ' tuition.
commitments must eventually be Vice-President aef an
Imade and the University has ar- cial Officer Wilbur K. Pierpont la-
ranged its plans into priority lists. :-ter clarified the Regents' action
The most important factor gov- by saying that "payrolls for July
erning speed of expansion, of w ill be at the higher rates estab-
coureg smeyo expstinwhic- lished for the fiscal year 1967-681
course, is money, most of whichfralmmbs fheautynd
must be received from state capital for all members of the faculty and!
outlay appropriations. The Umn- sthff."
versity submits its priority list to Because of the problems creat-
the state legislature every year, ed by this gap, a bit more work
but funds have recently been held till have to be done," Hatcher s
up by legislative actions. - told the Regents. The Board is
One of the stumbling blocks hasv: They will meet when "enough
been Public Act 124, a law which data" is available in order to de-!
requires that the State Controller's termine the exact amount of ad-
Office act as the contracting agent :t.enin te t amoun fa-
? .ects justinent in student fees and final
for all state-supported 'rojcts passage of the University's oper-
Because this provision removes the 'ating budget for the coming fiscal:
Decision-making authority from "" year.

MVay Go Up
In" Fall Teri


An increase in resident hal
fees for University housing, pre
cipitated by a general cost in
crease has been recommended t
the University Board of Regent
by Director of University Housin
John Feldkamp.
The current "average" fee pai
by dormitory residents, about $95
per year, will be increased by ap
proximately $50, pending the Re
gents' approval, Feldkamp ex
The Regents' decision is expect
ed at the same time as their dis
closure of tuition increases for tb
coming academic year.
All housing units except Ver
Baits Housing on North Campu
are expected to be included i
the rate hike.
Discontinue Maid Service
Also included in dormitor
economy measures will be th'
discontinuation of maid servic
to student rooms. Feldkamp sai
that this will represent a $10-$
yearly saving per resident.
Feldkamp cited higher labs
costs as the chief reason for th
fee increaes. In order for th
University to remain on a con
petitive basis with local business
es, an across-the-board increa
for clerical, labor and service en
ployes is being implemented. Feld
kamp said that this would mea
an hourly raise of 15 cents fc
student help in the resident
halls, bringing the wage level I
$1.55 per hour.
Married-Student Housing
In addition to fee increases fc
dormitories, a rent increase
expected in University married

Cnstruction Tie-ups Delay
Completion of Bursley Hall
By JOHN GRAY and dining and recreational fa-
cilities for 2000. These facilities
900 students will be housed will be available for the use of
beginning this August in Bursley residents of the Vera Baits Hous-
Hall, the University's new North ing complex, located adjacent to
Campus addition to the dormitory Bursley.
system. Although the complex will Rd i of Vera Baits which

house 1180 students when it is
completed, delays in construction
will force nearly 300 male stu-
dents originally assigned to Burs-
ley Hall to be accommodated in
converted double rooms in one of

resiaen s ved s, ,«i~
has no dining facilities of its own,
will be offered selective meal con-
tracts at Bursley. They will be
able to buy contracts for dinner,
lunch: breakfast and dinner:
lunch and dinner: or all three.

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