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THE BOOKS
BUDGET BATTLE
See editorial page

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GRAY, PLEASANT
High--73
Low--54
Partly cloudy
and a little cooler

Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII, No. 65S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, AUGUST 10, 1967 SEVEN CENTS
After the CIA Scandal: ew Freedom for

SIX PAGES
NSA

By STEPHEN FIRSHEIN
Summer Co-editor
Special To The Daily
WASHINGTON -- It has been
nearly six months since the Cen-
tral Intelligence Agency (CIA)
was caught with its finger in the
NSA cookie jar, but people are
still sweeping up the crumbs in
a four story row house just off
fashionable Connecticut Avenue.
As the National Student Asso-
ciation Headquarters readys for
its twentieth congress there is an
air of post-confessional vigor.
Sam Brown, chairman of the NSA
National Supervisory Board put it
this way: "We call it 'the new
freedom,' and it gives ug great op-
portunities after the CIA revela-
tion. We want to get out of our
legislative bog and start acting on

certain types of important things
like Vietnam and the draft."
Edward Schwartz, national af-
fairs vice president noted, "we
plan to tell the student congress
what happened in past years; in
this year and give them plenty of
time to discuss it. Then we can go
on to the important questions on
NSA as an institution and what
can be done to build it."
To provide this forum, the of-
ficers have decided to air the CIA
topic first thing when the gather-
ing convenes this Sunday at the
tree shaded Georgian style Uni-
versity of Maryland campus in the
Washington suburbs.
The opening day will feature
a symposium entitled "Secrecy in
a Free Society: the CIA"; from
there, the 11,000 student leaders

"I don't think the CIA affair is
the biggest concern of the dele-
in attendance will move on to a
wide range of domestic and inter-
national topics. The convocation
will last until Aug. 26.
The general feeling at head-
quarters is that the CIA matter
should be disposed of quickly,
since financial ties have been
broken, and since the 600 dele-
gates will have more important
busines to consider. People inter-
viewed don't foresee a significant
movement at the convention for
extensive re-organization of NSA..
"There are some people who see
changing the structure as a pana-
cea, remarked Mike Vozick, NSA
aid "but more crucial is the notion
of what students are doing in the
60's.

gates," seconded Noah Hudson,
campus co-ordinator.
What will concern the delegates
is a diverse program of lectures,
workshops and seminars. Nation-
ally known speakers will include
Senator Daniel Brewster (D-Md),
Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass),
former Presidential asst. Richard
Goodwin, Asst. Sec. of State, Wil-
liam Bundy, Harvard economist
John Kenneth Galbraith, and U.S.
Commissioner of Education Har-
old Howe II.
This program is aimed at what
.Schwartz calls markedly improved
student governments around the
country which are "getting them-
selves involved in anything going
on at universities-more are will-
ing to attack illegitimate author-
ity."

But NSA itself is also seeking to
reach out beyond affiliate student
government and to "relate to a
much broader constituency," ac-
cording to Vozick.
"There is a realization of a
need for progress. Students are
looking for a context in which
they can retain their self images
while providing for change."
NSA, in striving to meet these
goals has been hampered by a
number of frustrating problems
w h i c h Schwartz enumerated:
"First we don't have enough
people and finances. For example,
I'd like to see eight regional of-
fices, but we can barely afford
to adequately staff the national
headquarters. But there also re-
mains the question how do you
get through to campuses - how

do you arouse student govern-
ments? Most students don't even
feel an identity with their cam-
puses much less with their stu-
dent government and finally
NSA.
"We have a long way to go,"
he continued, "I think people
have to get away from the idea
that 15,000 persons staging a pro-
test march is a national student
movement."
Action in both home and for-
eign matters is the keynote of the
conference, "If 300 student body
presidents go to jail for refusing
to comply with the draft," theor-
ized Brown, "the effect would be
electric.' '
But we can at least provide for
an extensive program of draft
counseling around the country.

Richard D Stearns, international'
affairs vice-president cites last
spring's student body presidents'
letter to the White House as
evidence of this potential.
"There are basically three dir-
ections we can move in," Schw-
artz said speaking more generally,
"We have plenty of programs
coming in state-wide and region-
wide co-ordination projects. We
can also set up networks between
schools of similar types, say all-
Negro or all-Catholic colleges.
Finally, we can attempt to bring
students with similar program in-
terests together.
Sterns believes these models can
be applied internationally. "We've
got to abandon the idea that if
you get together with foreign stu-
dents over tea the world's pro-
blems will be solved.

But Stearns too faces finan-
cial difficulties: "the big problem
now is convincing people who
would support us that we intend to
go on with our international pro-
gram after the CIA mess."
Commenting further on the
disclosure Stearns said, "The
reaction has not been as severe
as expected. We underestimated
the sophistication of most foreign
students who have long experience
dealing with antagonistic govern-
ments. Also we did a better job
than we thought in getting the
stories overseas. There has been
general sympathy with the NSA
position vis-a-vis the CIA. Iron-
ically, in fact, many people don't
understand why we gave up our
profitable relationship with our
government."

FUNDS NEEDED:
REP To Add New Programs
After Productive First Year

By BETSY TURNER
The Radical Education Project,
with national headquarters in Ann
Arbor, is beginning its second year
of 'operation.
Originally conceived as a pro-
gram of Students for a Democratic
Society, REP is now an "independ-
ent education, research and pub-
lication program," although it has
continued its close cooperation
with SDS.
During its first year, REP has
published oyer a dozen pamphlets,
reprints and information sheets.
Six study guides including ones
on the "New Left," power in
America, Marxism, U.S. Foreign
History, and U.S.-Chinese Rela-
tions have been distributed to peo-
ple connected with the left "move-
ment."
REP has also prepared a book
of original essays to be published

by Doubleday next year. The book,
entitled "Beyond Dissent: Papers
from the New Left," includes essay
on power and pluralism, economics
of the national interest, labor, the
nation's universities, electoral pol-
itics, and civil rights. T
Speaker's Bureau
REP has also compiled a 28-
page list consisting of people will-
ing to speak on their respective
fields of interest to SDS chapters
across the country.
In the past seven months, REP
has also distributed a tape on the
Vietnam War, called the "Prag-
matic Warriors."' The 50-minute.
tape consists of a series of 80
excerpts from newscasts and inter-
views with soldiers on their way
to or returning from Vietnam, and
remarks made by pilots after they
have returned from important
raids there.

State Tax Withholding
To Begin in October,

By WALLACE IMMEN
The 2.6 per cent personal in-
come tax approved by the state
Legislature in June is scheduled
to go into effect on Oct. 1. Any-
one who makes $300 or more in
the state between October and the
end of the year must file an in-
come tax return, according to
Clarence Lock of the state budget
bureau.
Withholding by employers will
be compulsory from paychecks of
both residents and non-residents.
The income of non-residents is
not taxable, but non-residents who
live in Michigan for more than 180
days, which includes all full-time
students, are considered residents
for tax purposes. Lock said this
will not change any of the existing
University or state residency reg-
ulations.
Non-residents and those who
make less than $300 are not re-
quired to file returns, but they
must if they wish to get back the
2.6 per cent withheld from their
paycheck.
$1,200 Exemption
A $1,200 personal exemption,
twice the federal income tax de-
duction, is allowed. However, be-
cause the income tax is effective
for only three months this year,
only one fourth, or $300, will be'
Permitted for each deduction. A
table of other allowable deductions
will be distributed next month.
S Many of the details, such as the
wording of the return forms and
how they will be made available,
are still to be worked out. A large,
staff of new personnel is being
hired to handle the increased
bookkeeping necessary for the tax,
but the system will also be com-
puteriged as soon as possible, Lock
said. The deadline for filing re-
turns will be April 15.
The bill taxes income from "any
source whatever." For example, a
student who earns $2,000, and also
receives a $420 scholarship, will be
able to subtract $1,200 from the
total of $2,240 and then have to
pay 2.6 per cent of the remaining
$1,220 ($31).
Married Student
A.,vmn.ria - cf.,iAnt with nnAn

dents to contact the state budget
bureau in Lansing for specific in-
formation.
..The $238 million in revenues
from the tax will all be added to
the state's general operating fund
and can be allocated to any pro-
gram. It had-been hoped that this
would provide money to increase
the state's higher education bud-
get. However, while most of the
other portions of the budget re-
ceived substantial increases, there
was no increase for higher educa-
tion.
The tax bill includes a clause
which will reimburse individual
counties with 17 per cent of their
current property tax revenues.
This will permit relief of up to 20
per cent on local property taxes.
Problems are arising with the
start of the tax. The budget ;.bu-
reau claims that the money for
this year will come in too late to
take care of the budget needs this
winter and the state may have to
borrow to make up the difference.
The entire package could also
be determined unconstitutional.
Attorney General Frank Kelley
has been aksed to make a ruling.
The ruling will be difficult, how-
ever, because this is a flat rate tax
and although the state constitu-
tion forbids the institution of
graduated income taxes, it makes
no other specific mention of state-
wide taxes. '

In- addition to publishing, REP
has sponsored several conferences
and workshops. A national con-
ference concerning "Radicals in
the Professions" held in' Ann Ar-
bor last month was an REP spon-
sored project.
REP, during the past summer
has also coordinated a number of
summer research programs de-
signed to train students in "power
structure" research.
One such project was held dur-
ing June in Chicago, where over
60 people attended a power re-
search institute. Participants at-
tended classes where they learned
how to pinpoint sources of power
within a municipal city govern-
ment. Eventually, it is hoped these
"power researchers" will go into
areas where community organ-
izing projects already exist, re-
search the area's power structure,
and provide needed information
to the permanent organizers.
Commenting on the success of
the past year's programs, one staff
member said, "after 12 months of
concentrating primarily on fund
raising; the staff has settled down
to more substantive ideas and
plans for more long range, in-
volved projects. If we can over-
come the fund raising problem,
REP will go far beyond the level
of study guides and speakers
bureaus."
Next Year's Program
A tentative outline for next
year's program has already been
laid out. Included in possible pro-
gram ideas are: the publication
of counter-curriculum material
and the initiation of correspond-
ing programs; commitments to
further, more detailed research;
preparation of critiques on par-
ticular professions and academic
discipliines, and organization of
radical protest groups in various
professions.
During the past year, REP
solicited and received private do-
nations to provide funds for a
$20,000 budget. The staff hopes to
operate next year on the same or
an expanded budget if funds can
be raised. At the beginning of the
summer, applications for grants
and aid were made to various in-
stitutions but none were received.
Private donations are the sole
source of support for the project.
REP presently has a staff of.
four full-time paid members re-
ceiving a salary of $30 a week.
If the necessary funds can be sec-
ured, the staff will be expanded
to at least six full time members.
Most work is now done on a vol-
untary basis.

Boycott Plan
Abandoned*
For Present
SHA Approves Rent;
May Continue To Press
For 8 Month Lease
By LUCY KENNEDY
"Most of our reasons for threat-
ening a boycott of some Apart-
ments Limited buildings have been
taken care of," Tom Van Lente,
grad, who is chairian of the Stu-
dent Housing Association (SHA)
said yesterday.
"However, we still do not have
an eight-month lease policy we
are satisfied with," he added. "We
intend to continue to pressure
Apartments Limited and all the
other managers on campus for an
eight-month lease with no increase
in rents."
Until yesterday, SHA and the
Student Rental Union (SRU) were
considering organizing a boycott
of four buildings under the man-
agement of Apartments Limited
that were formerly under the con-
trol of Ron Smith.
Last night the managers of
Apartments Limited announced
that they had obtained control of
damage deposits in all of their
buildings.
Inequitable treatment in dam-
age deposit refunds and high rents
had been the chief complaints of
SHA and SRU.
"Apartments Limited have low-
ered their rents to the point where
we feel they are in line with the
rest of the campus, Van Lente
said.
Apartments Limited announced
yesterday a transitional leasing
policy has been set up to allow
students to break a 12-month,
lease at the end of the winter;
term. To do this, they must find!
someone who is willing to sublet!
for the other four months, put up
another damage deposit and sign
a new lease.
"The chief advantage of this,"
an Apartments Limited spokesman
explained, "is that students will
not have to face the responsibility,
of still leasing an apartment over
the summer."
In the past students have had
to hold the apartment in their
name and sublet.
"I'm not sure I approve of thej
pressure tactics employed," Karl
Malcolm of Apartments Limited=
commented, "in trying to makej
improvements. I think, however,1
it has been good to set up com-
munications with students."
SHA is planing to publish a list-1
ing of apartments by what they
consider their worth. This may
serve as an automatic boycott,
Van Lente said.

Warn Strike
Might Close
City Schools
Board of Education.
; Opens Contract Talks,
Cancels Millage Vote
By BILL COPI
Donald Newstad, president of
the Ann Arbor Teacher's Associa-
tion, warned the Board of Edu-
cation last night that Ann Arbor
may be faced with a teachers'
strike.
The board and association ne-
gotiators had reached agreement
on a new contract for the next
school year, but there is general
teacher dissatisfaction with the
contract. In addition, the board
has discovered it has more money
that it must spend next year.
At last night's meeting the head
of negotiators for the teachers
said he would ask the teachers at
their meeting tomorrow to ask for
a reopening of negotiations.
The board was asked if they
would agree to do this. Hazen
Schumacher, board chair presi-
dent, said he would check with
the board's legal council and re-
open negotiations.
Newsted said that "if the letters
and phone calls he has received
from teachers "are any indication
of the feelings of the teachers,"
"the master agreement will not
be ratified."
He said that "the honeymoon is
over. We've got many teachers
who are going to stand behind us
for the new negotiations."
Newsted said the board should
impress, upon board members and
the board's attorney, absent from
last night's meeting, that "we're
serious."
Newsted said the teachers want-
ed the negotiations reopened be-
cause of the information received
last week by the board that the
capital reserve fund, now $2,563,-
538, was being held illegally. This
means the board of education has
to incorporate this money into the
budget for the next school year.
The teachers went to the bar-
gaining table last month asking
for a $2.1 million package. How-
ever, they came out with a $1.58
million package.
The consequence of this, dis-
covery was the cancellation of a
school millage vote, which had
been slated for Aug. 28. The board
voted unanimously last night to
cancel this vote.

-Daily-Thomas R. Copi
STUDENTS QUESTIONED around campus yesterday felt that the University was not to blame for
yesterday's tuition increase. Students interviewed included (top-left to right) Louise Fleece, '71,
Ken Jones, '68E, Frank Miller, '68A&D (bottom) Richard Winegarden, '71, Peter Roan, '69 and
Cindy Goldstein, 70.
Students Speak on Tuition Hike:
'Bad Dealfrom Legislature'

By JOHN GRAY
"We got a really bad deal from
the Legislature," says Peter Roan,
'69.
Roan, like most of the Univer-
sity's students, does not blame the
Regents for the tuition hike which
they approved at their meeting on
Tuesday. The Regents says that
a lower-than-expected appropri-
ation from the State Legislature
forced them -to raise student fees.
Roan explains that he thinks
"the Legislature favors MSU a lot,
more than they do us. For one
think, it's because of the political
activity on this campus."
Michigan State was also forced
to raise tuition for next year be-
cause of a low state appropriation.
Blame Legislature
Other st ud en ts 'interviewed
around campus had come to much
the same conclusion as Roan, if
not for the same reason.
Ken Jones, '68E, says that "the
fault lies not with the school but
with the State Legislature. They
have representatives up there
from the country representing pigs
and telephone poles instead of
having more the city where the
people are."
"It's just the ignorant State
Legislature," he concludes.
One ex-student, Laurence Mo-
nero, '64, thinks that the state has
shirked its responsibility to the
University: "If you're going to
make the pretence of having a
state university the state should
fulfill its responsibility by funding
it. "

cerned with the added expense
imposed by the tuition hike.
Frank Miller, '68A&D; says that
he, for one, earns "enough so the
increase won't really phase me.
I don't like it, but if that's what
it's going to be that's what I'm
going to pay." Miller is an in-
state student.
Undergraduate tuition went up
$72 per year for in-state students
and $300 per year for out-of-state
students.
Richard Winegarden, '71 of
Grosse Ile, says that "I don't think
the $72 is going to hurt anyone
very much. What's really going to
hurt is . the out-of-state hike.
They're not getting any more, so
why should they pay more?"
"My parents are paying my way
here, so I don't care," says Louise
Fleece, '71, also of Grosse Ile.
"Some other colleges are going up
on an income basis, you know, on
how much your family makes, and
I like it better this way."
Students on full-tuition scholar-
ships seem to be the least con-
cerned. Their scholarships auto-
matically pay any increase in tui-
tion.
'It's Reasonable'
Jones says "it's reasonable. I
just transferred here from a pri-
vate college and for out-of-state
people it costs about the same. It's
fair, considering the circum-
stances."
Eileen' Stein. '65Ed disagrees.
"It's as expensive as a private in-
stitution now, and if it's a state
institution it shouldn't be."

"For example, the University of
North Carolina has a fine reputa-
tion and tuition there is only $650
a year for out-of-state graduate
students. That could be a strong
factor when I'm making plans."
Judy Bossen has a friend, she
says, "whose chances of ever com-
ing back here again might be sev-
erely decreased by the new tui-
tion rates."
Linda Johnson, '69, says "All its
going to do is cut down on the
amount of clothes I'm going to be
able to buy."

ACLU Suit Seeks To Limit
Government Power in Riots

Kamisar Blasts Courts' Critics,
Urges. Higher Pay for Lawmen

Prof. Yale Kamisar of the Law
School yesterday attacked critics
of current courtroom Justice for
attempting to blame society's
problems on scapegoats.
Kamisar, addressing the Crim-
inal Law Section of the Ameri-
can Bar Association in Honolulu,
Hawaii, maintained that the
courts do not "tilt the scales

He maintained that the courts
have not downgraded law enforce-
ment officials. Police and prosecu-
tors, according to Kamisar, are
overburdened with trivia that pre-
vents them from concentrating on
their primary tasks.
"The American people," Kami-
sar haid, "are prepared to do any-
thing to win the war against crime

lice officer's salary to $10,000 a
year and making the prosecutor's
job full-time with a salary of
$15,000-$17,500 a year will do
more good than attacking the
courts.
"We simply do not come to grips
with the crime problem because
most politicians and most citizens
talk big but think small about
thi,, ,s whlp nipt tt.rkina th

l

By The Associated Press
NEWARK, N.J. _ A suit ques-
tioning a u t h o r i t y government
officials may constitutionally ex-
ercise during riots was filed yes-
terday in New Jersey.
The American Civil Liberties
Union filed charges in U.S. Dis-
trict Court against Gov. Richard
Hughes of New Jersey and the
heads of the state police and
national guard. The charges stem
from an incident that occurred
during civil unrest in Newart last
month.
When 45 carbines were stolen
from amunitions factory in New
Jersey, a mass house-to-house
search was conducted in a Negro

The state police report the
searches turned up seven of the
stolen weapons.
The suit was filed under the
auspices of the American Civil
Liberties Union, the Plainfield
branch of the National Associa-
tion for Advancement of Colored
People, the American Jewish Con-
gress and the Scholarship, Edu-
cation and Education and Defense
Fund for Racial Equality.
According to a statement by the
ACLU, the plaintiffs are 63 Negro
families "whose homes w e r e
searched without warrants" on
July 19, one woman whose home
was searched on July 25 and two
families whose homes were search-

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