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August 05, 1967 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1967-08-05

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AL "NA -/ J AAAV-"


Tax Boost Would
Affect 82 Million
'Temporary' 10 Per Cent Surcharge
To Start Oct. 1 if Congress Agrees

Judiciary Committee Leaders
Ask Probe of Poverty Funds

ury Department said yesterday
about 82 million individual tax-
!payers would pay more money to
Uncle Sam under the 10 per cent
surcharge, plan sent to a gener-
ally cool Congress by President
Only 16 million taxpayers in the
two lowest brackets-those paying
14 to 15 per cent tax rates -
would escape the surcharge which
is actually a tax levied on a tax
and not on a person's basic in-
Reserves To
R To
rill Vietnam
Troop Quota
WASHINGTON (P) -- The ad-
ministration will draw from the
nation's strategic reserve to fill
out the newly authorized 525,000-
man strength level for Vietnam
by n e x t summer, Pentagon
spokesmen confirmed yesterday.
The bulk of the additional 45,000
to 50,000 troops to go to Vietnam
after the previously approved
480,000-man level is reached in
October will come from existing
active units of the strategic re-
serve force, officials said.
Units Not Identified
This force presently includes
two brigades of the 191st Airborne
Division in Kentucky, the 82nd
Airborne Division in North Caro-
lina, the 1st and 2nd Armored
Divisions in Texas and the 5th
Mechanized Division in Colorado.
As a matter of policy, the Pen-
tagon does riot identify specific
units until they reach Vietnam.
Pentagon spokesmen would not
say what effect the decision to
draw the strategic reserve would
have on draft calls in coming
months. Earlier Friday, the Pen-
tagon had discounted reports that
these calls might reach 35,000 a
month in the final quarter of the
24,000 a Month
It is known that while opera-
ting under the 480,000-man force
level for Vietnam, it had been
planned to call about 24,000 a
month throughout the fiscal years
which began in July. Calls an-
nounced for August and Septem-
ber were 29,000 and 25,000, res-
The strategic reserve force
exists as a back-up for American
units deployed overseas and for
use in contingencies arising else-
where in the world.
Any diminishing of this force
may stir considerable controversy
in Congress where there have
been expressions of concern in
the past over the state of the
continental-based units.
Some strategic reserve forces
have been giving up experienced
officers to form cadres of new
units destined for Vietnam, low-
ering their combat capabilities.

Americans would feel a new tax
squeeze with their first paychecks
after Oct. 1 if Congress adopts
the plan recommended by John-
son. That's when the Treasury
plans to step up tax withholding
from paychecks to reflect the sur-
charge if Congress goes along.
For corporations, the surcharge
would be retroactive to last July
Officials said the same amount
of added revenue--$4 billion from
the individual surcharge through
next June 30-would result if bas-
ic tax rates were raised 10 per
But this latter method would
destroy the temporary nature of
the plan emphasized by Johnson
and create more administrative
headachesin collecting the tax.
It would, for example, result in
fractional rates such as raising
the 19 per cent tax bracket to
20.9'per cent.
Basic tax rates on individuals
now range from 14 to 70 per cent
while the corporate tax rate is 48
per cent.
Most of the 82 million individ-
uals affected by the proposed sur-
charge would be husbands and
wives who file joint returns.
Of the 82 million taxpayers ex-
pected to pay more under the sur-
charge plan would be 17 million
single persons and 65 million mar-
ried ones filing joint returns, the
Treasury said. It added that of
the 16 million taxpayers who
would be exempt from the sur-
charge, 5 million are single and
11 million are married.
In money terms, these taxpay-
ers would be exempt:
-Single persons who pay $145
or less in taxes a year.
-Married persons filing joint
returns who pay $290 or less.
-Heads of households who pay
$220 or less.
Figured another way, the Treas-
ury said, the exemption would ap-
ply to all single persons with tax-
able incomes of $1000 or less and
all married persons with taxable
income of $2000 or less.

WASHINGTON 'i1-Spurred by
more testimony linking poverty
workers with racial riots, Senate
investigators called yesterday for
a closer look at the use of anti-
poverty funds.
After hearing police accounts of
riots in Newark, N.J. and Nash-
ville, Tenn., Sen. James O. East-
land (D-Miss), said an inquiry
into the use of government sub-
sidies should be broadened to in-
clude New York and other cities.
Eastland is chairman of the
Senate Judiciary Committee, which
has been questioning police offi-
cials from violence-torn cities on
a proposed law that would make
it a federal offense to cross state
lines to start a riot.
Riot Production
Two other committee members,
Sens. Sam J. Ervin Jr., (D-NC),
and Hugh Scott (R-Pa), said the
inquiry should seek to determine
whether antipoverty funds are
being used, as Ervin put it, "to
promote policies that have a ten-
dencytto produce riots."
Scott said the Office of Econo-
mic Opportunity, which admin-
isters the poverty program, should
be asked whether funds are going
to the Student, Nonviolent Coor-

by the Black Power group?" he'
asked. He said the corporation is
linked with OEO.
"I don't. have any knowledge of
that, sir, not to my knowledge,"
Millard replied.
"Do you believe that much of
the agitation came from employes
of the United Community Corp.?"
Thurmond asked.
"Yes, sir," Millard said. "I be-
lieve they contributed, put it that
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-
Mass), said the committee had re-
ceived no substantiation of a
charge voiced Thursday by Police
Capt. John A. Sorace of Nash-
Sorace said antipoverty funds
were being used to subsidize anti-
white teaching at a summer school
for Negro children.

The charge brought the Rev. J.
Paschall Davis, chairmen of the
Nashville Community Action pro-
gram, flying to Washington with
his top antipoverty aide, Nat Wil-
liams, for a conference with OEO
At the same time the OEO sent
a field inspector, Harold Carpen-
ter, to Nashville. Amid the charges
and denials a bill providing for an
additional $2 billion for the anti-
poverty program came to a virtual
halt i na Senate subcommittee.
Sen. Joseph S. Clark (D-Pa),
the subcommittee chairman, said
"we have been able to make some
barely perceptible progress" with
the bill.
The delay was attributed to the
subcommittee's failure to muster
a quorum at two out of three ses-
sions scheduled this week.

Justice Department Answers
Questions about Carmichael

-Associated Press
REVEREND J. PASCHALL DAVIS, director of the Metropolitan Action Committee of Nashville, sits
in the witness chair before the Senate Judiciary Committee. Davis was summoned to answer
charges made by Nashville Police Capt. John Sorace. Nate Williams, deputy director of Nashville
MAC is at right.
'Che' Guevara May Show Up
AtRevolutionary Conference

dinating Committee or other
tant Negro organizations.
"We're going to ask1
whether they're subsidizing
ers, the persons involved in
in other cities," Scott said.
Hate White People


HAVANA (P) -- Revolutionaries
from 27 Latin-American countries
continued their debate behind
closed doors yesterday on their
most effective path to power amid
persistent speculation that Cuban
guerrilla chief Ernesto ("Che")
Guevara will show up to give the
conference a dramatic finish.
Guevara disappeared from the
Cuban scene in 1965, and his
whereabouts have never been dis-
closed. But there have been fre-
quent reports that he is working
with Communist guerrilla move-

ments in a number of South Amer-
ican countries.
Guevara's wife, Aleida March, is
attending the conference of the
Organization of Latin American
Solidarity-OLAS-as is Argelia
Bravo, wife of Venezuelan guerril-
la chief Douglas Bravo.
Rumors Alive '
Although Mrs. Guevara fre-
quently attends important Com-
munist gatherings, her presence
at the OLAS conference and that
of Mrs. Bravo has kept alive ru-
mors that one of the two guerrilla

U.S. Pilots Bomb North Vietnam

n Record
SAIGON (P) - United States
pilots blanketed North Vietnam
with a record 197 multiplane mis-
sions Thursday in the air war that
opened Feb. 7, 1965 with raids on
military installations of a single
Forty-nine United States Navy
jets launched the offensive 2 /2
years ago at Dong Hoi, 40 miles
north of the border.
Navy, Air Force and Marine,
squadrons - evidently totalling
nearly 600 planes-bombed and
strafed bridges, boats and other
targets from the border to the
heartland area north of Hanoi in
the record operations, announced
by the United States Command

197-Mission Strike

fighters may appear at the con-
ference windup,
U.S. black power advocate Stok-
ely Carmichael has been the dom-
inating figure so far at the nine-
day conference, which opened last
The secret meetings now under
way are aimed at framing a com-
mon strategy to oppose the Unit-
ed States and the Organization of
American States and achieving
success with so-called national lib-
eration movements.
Armed Revolt
Although differences existed
among some delegations on the
best approach. it was expected
that, when open sessions resume
Monday. the organization will put
its stamp of approval of Prime
Minister Fidel Castro's thesis that
armed revolt is the answer.
Several delegations, mostly from
the Caribbean and the West Indies
but including Chile, Colombia and
Uruguay, have indicated in public
statements that they believe less
violent forms of revolution should
also be part of OLAS policy.
U.S.S.R. vs. Castro
The Soviet Union, interested in
increased trade contacts with pres-
ent Latin-American governments,
has advocated a moderate course
and has found itself sharply at
odds with Castro supporters on
the most effective policy.
Throughout the Cuban-sponsor-
ed conference, however, the em-
phasis has been on the guerrilla
approach. The Cuban press has
been giving continuing prominence
to the Castro line, publishing fre-
quent interviews with guerrillas
among the delegates.

OEO Director Sargent Shriver
already has denied that antipov-
erty workers were involved in the
Newark rioting, and the agency
disputed testimony Thursday that
it subsidized a summer school in
Nashville where Negro children
were taught to hate white people.
The Newark charge was raised
again Friday by a Negro police
detective from that city. Detective
William Millard told Eastland's
committe that poverty workers
"contributed" to the atmosphere
that led up to Newark's five-day
"I'm not saying they're respon-
sible for the riot," Millard said.
"I am saying their participation,
particularly in the City Hall meet-
ing contributed to the atmosphere
that could very well have brought
on the riot."
Negro Grievances
Millard said the atmosphere was
tense after a series of stormy
meetings, one at City Hall, in-
volving Negro grievances against
the municipal government.
Sen. Strom Thurmond (R-SC),
brought up the poverty question
in more specific terms.
"Has the United Community
Corp. of Newark been infiltrated

WASHINGTON (M)-The Justice
Department answered about 1,000
letters from the public during the
past four months inquiring about
the activities of Stokely Carmi-
chael, founder of the Black Power
movement, it was learned yester-
Copies of some of the depart-
ment's replies, obtained by a re-
porter, show that many of the
letter writers-among both the
general public and Congress-
asked about the applicability of
various laws in connection with
Carmichael's activities.
Judicial Decisions
The letters showed:
-The Justice Department says
it is "reviewing Carmichael's ac-
tivities to determine whether he
has violated, in any particular in-
stance, any applicable federal
--"Judicial decisions make it
clear that before any form of
speech can be suppressed, there
must be convincing evidence that
grave harm and danger to the
nation would otherwise follow:
--Court decisions say that coun-
seling draft evasion means "at-
tempting to persuade specific per-
sons to evade such a duty, and we
know of no decisions indicating
that counseling evasion contem-
plates expressions of views and
opinions made to a general audi-
-"Appropriate action will be
taken whenever it appears that
criminal prosecution would be

-Since Carmichael derives cit-
izenship through naturalization of
his father on April 27, 1953, he "is
not subject to deportation under
existing federal law."
The department's letters also
explained what evidence is nec-
essary before convictions can be
obtained for various crimes.
In one letter the department
said. "any individual who calls
upon his fellow citizens to dis-
obey our country's laws, who ad-
vocates violence, or who seeks to
set one race against another does
his nation and himself a grave dis-
First Amendment
"But whether his statements
can be suppressed depends on
whether they fall outside the pro-
tection accorded to speech by the
first amendment to the Constitu-
tion," it added.
The letter said court decisions
make clear "that before any form
of speech can be suppressed there
must be convincing evidence that
grave harm and danger to the
nation would otherwise follow."
Thus a prosecution for sedition
--advocating overthrow'of the gov-
ernment-must show that the in-
dividual deliberately and specif-
ically intended to overthrow the
government,, the letter said.
a o
in that WILD,
WACKY Comedy-
The first of the
7:00 & 9:05 P.M.
Architecture Auditorium

World News Roundup

Appropriations Committee ap-
proved yesterday a $70-billion De-
fense Department money bill -
including a $63-million item to
permit the Navy to buy seven Brit-
ish-made minesweepers.
In one of scores of changes it
made in the House-passed bill,
the committee eliminated an
amendment, adopted on the House
floor, which would ban U.S. pur-
chase of any foreign built war-
* * *
AMMAN, Jordan-Premier Saad
Jumaa said in a statement pub-
lished Friday that Jordan will not
sign a separate peace with Israel.
The statement was a denial of
published reports that Jordan
might reach a settlement with Is-
rael in return for Israeli with-
drawal from Jordanian territory
west of the River Jordan that was
overrun in the Arab-Israel war
two months ago.
* * *
KHARTOUM, Sudan A r a b
foreign ministers meeting here
have decided to recommend an
Arab summit meeting, Prime Min-
ister Mohammed Mahgoub of Su-
dan reported Friday night.

He said Sudan has been ap-
pointed to draw up an agenda and
draft a communique to be placed
before the foreign ministers Sat-
* * *
TOKYO - Armored opposition
to Mao Tse-tung has spread from
the industrial complex of Wuhan
to such important cities as Nan-
king, Shanghai and the World
War II capital of Chungking, re-
ports from Red China said Sat-
Czechoslovakia's news agency
CTK quoted a wall newspaper as
saying clashes between Maoists
and anti-Maoists e r u p t e d in
Chungking, in central China,
several days ago and were con-
* * *
US space agency named 11 new
scientist-astronauts Friday, bol-
stering the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration team to
One, Dr. Anthony W. England,
a graduate fellow in geophysics at
Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology at 25, became by two years
the youngest astronaut ever pick-

Good weather and the imme-
diate availability of an unusuallyi
large number of 'aircraft from1
bases in South Vietnam and Thai-1
land and from carriers at sea con-
tributed to surpassing the previous
high of 175 missions, flown Oct.
14, 1966.
A United States Air Force F105
Thunderchief was shot down and
the pilot is missing. Spokesman;
announced that this, and four
other losses not previously dis-
closed, increased to 635 the num-
ber of combat planes destroyed
over the North.
Field dispatches told of the
seizure of four enemy rocket
launchers by South Vietnamese
troops Thursday. Two were ob-
tained in a fight near An Loc, 60
miles north of Saigon, and two
were among seven crew-served
weapons found in an arms cache
12 miles northwest of Da Nang.
Operations Abandoned
No significant ground fighting
was reported across the country.
Two major allied operations were
called off.
These were:
-Coronado II, the biggest Me-
kong delta sweep of the war, which
involved about 10,000 U.S. and
South Vietnamese servicemen. A
communique said 285 were killed
in eight days of campaigning
southwest of Saigon, though only
19 weapons were reported cap-
tured. Of the United States forces,
eight men were killed and 33
wounded. Casualties among the
government troops were officially
described as light.
-Operation Pike, a three-day
drive by several battalions of Unit-
ed States Marines that centered
22 miles southeast of Da Nang.
The Marines said 100 Communist
troops were killed, many by air
strikes and artillery. Marine losses
were eight men killed and 60
Five Raids
United States B52 Stratofortresses
made five raids against suspected
enemy positions and lighter planes
staged 431 sorties--single combat
flights - over South Vietnam

Two of the B52 strikes were
against Communist gun positions,
base camps and storage areas in
the A Shau Valley, a major North
Vietnamese infiltration route near
the Laotian frontier 400 miles
north of Saigon.
Military authorities here refuse
on security grounds to specify the
number of planes involved in
strikes against North Vietnam, but
missions ordinarily average three
planes. U.S. pilots have been turn-
ing in 120 to 150 missions on nor-
mal days.
Seventy-two North Vietnamese
cargo barges and supply boats
were among targets reported de-
stroyed or damaged in the raids




August 9-13

Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre


"r\ s * ..'.i *s % ' f

requires personnel director. Will be responsible for
employee recruitment, test selecting, and in plant
communication. Must be personable, and have
desire to grow with growing company,
Would consider part-time director until studies
are complete. Please send resume and salary re-
quirements to



- .1




presents the
flew ?IO P haonic
LEONARD BERNSTEIN, Music Director and Conductor









in Two Special Concerts
TUES., SEPT. 12, 8:30
Program: Symphony No. 4, G major ........Mahler
Symphony No. 2 ...........Charles Ives

the emu summer theatre
production of,

"One of the most hauntingly, beautiful films
years. As impressive asSundays and Cybele and
valid as David and Lisa."


WED., SEPT. 13, 8:30
Pronrom -Overture to "Condide".........Bernstein

"Has considerable merit!"




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