JOHNSON AND CONGRESS
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- C, r
:43 a t tjS
Fair and pleasant
with a cooling trend
Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII, No. 62 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 5, 1967 SEVEN CENTS
By WALLACE IMMEN
Last of a Series
Special To The Daily
PONTIAC-Today, the Michigan
College of Osteopathic Medicine
consists of a grey prefabricated of-
fice building in a weedy field.
Planners of the college say this
field will soon be the site of the
largest and most advanced osteo-
pathic school in the country.
However, they are encountering
serious obstacles. Chief among
them: its $85.9 million construc-
tion cost, which can only be pro-
vided through state and federal
Osteopaths throughout the coun-
try are now throwing their weight
behind a campaign to gain
MCOM's approval as the fourth
medical school in the state. They
complain that the state is cur-
rently biased against osteopathic
medicine, even though osteopaths
go through similar training in
many respects to medical doctors.
Their practice, however, does not
depend entirely on drugs, but on
a theory that disease is caused
by dislocations of muscles and
The request to make MCOM the
second state-supported osteopathic
college in the country is now be-
fore the State Board of Educa-
tion, which coordinates the plan-
1 ning of the state's higher educa-
tion system. The project had been
approved about for years ago, be-
fore the new state constitution
established the board, but beforel
plans could get under way, ap-.
proval was denied pending "an-,
other look at the proposal."
There are currently five opera-
ting osteopathic colleges in the
country, two in Missouri and one
each in Pennsylvania, Illinois and
Iowa. A sixth osteopathic college
became a state supported non-
osteopathic medical school in 1963
because of its connection with the
Los Angeles County Hospital.
The precedent for state support
is in Pennsylvania, whose legis-
lature is currently financing the
construction of a $7.6 million os-
teopathic hospital for the Phila-
delphia college and providing
operating allocations of $3,600 per
student. The other colleges are
supported mainly through grants
from federal health agencies,.
alumni and foundation contribu-
All these sources of revenue,!
however, will all have to be com-
bined to cover the cost of facil-
ities, which will average $9 million
a year over a ten year period of
The MCOM planning committee
has prepared an impressive set of
drawings and studies which are
based on a national "Education
for Health Care" report of 1965.
This set a goal of 690 medical
graduates per year for Michigan
to meet its medical needs in the
next decade. Last year the Univer-
sity and Wayne State University
graduated a total of 296 doctors.)
A third school at Michigan State
University has receiyed board ap-
proval, but its construction has
been delayed by budget cutbacks.
Student response has been re-
ported excellent to the possibility'
of the 128 openings per year,
which the new osteopathic school
would afford. According to Dr.
Vincent Murphy, chairman of the
MCOM board, 2,240 students from
Michigan applied to osteopathic
schools in other states last year
because there' are no such facil-
ities in the state. He said that of
those, about 100 were rejected for
mere lack of space in existing
The "fourth college" plan has'
been under intensive study by the
State Board for several months.
Board president Edwin Novack of
Flint said recently that the pre-
sentation was "received favorably"
and that the fate of the project
will be decided in the early fall.
In the meantime, preliminary
work in Pontiac is going ahead stitution, it can get large amounts
using private donations.
Over $3 million has already been
collected, according to Dr. Peter'
Bubeck, of Grand Rapids, presi-1
dent of the Osteopathic College
Foundation. "At the present rate
of donations, we won't need money
until we begin construction in
1969," he said, "but a 'project of
this scope is impossible to build
purely on private funds."
But falling profits in the auto-
motive industry have caused a
fiscal "belt tightening" in Michi-
gan Education programs.
"We still think more funds can
be found for so important a facil-
ity," Bubeck noted, adding that'
no alternative plans have been
drawn up. He said that if the col-
lege gains'approval as a public in-
of federal construction aid under
a bill known at HR 12. This would
match federal funds with those
allocated for the school from other
But, one of the biggest argu-
ments used against the osteo-
pathic college is that because it
must be built from the ground
up, it will cost more than $500,000
per first-year opening to get into
operation. This compares with
about $280,000 for the same facil-
ities in an established college.
Because some facilities could be
shared to reduce costs, MCOI is
seeking affiliation with nearby
Oakland University, which is a
branch of MSU.
But the major advantage of the
Pontiac school is its growth poten-
tial at much lower costs because
of its special design.
The structure will eventually
take up most of a 160-acre site and
will contain three laboratory and
classroom buildings. Attached will
patient clinic and a basic science
be a 360-bed hospital and out-
and research department. Some
housing will be provided in a
Even though the structure will
be connected as one unit, it. will
be completed in two phases to al-
low partial operation while the
time-consuming hospital construc-
tion is continuing. The first phase
will be started in 1969 and is
scheduled to open in 1971 at a
cost of $29.6 million while the sec-
ond phase is to be completed in
1976 and cost $59.2 million.
'U' Experts Seek New Means
Of Controlling Civil Disorders
By JILL CRABTREE
Last of a Series
Recent outbreaks of violence in
Detroit and elsewhere h a v e
prompted members of the Uni-
versity community to offer their
opinions on possible new means
of civil control.
Interviews with University soc-
iologists, psychologists, represen-
tatives of the school of social
work, and members of the legal
profession reveal a general agree-
ment that enforcing stiff penal-
ties on the majority of rioters
will not prevent violent outbreaks.
According to many of those in-
terviewed, such measures may
only intensify the problem.
Prof. Yale Kamisar, of the Law
School, an authority on criminal
law, cited what he called the "po-
litical mood" of the times and
said it had become "publicly at-
tractive" to attack the Supreme
Court for its so-called freeing of
criminals and hampering of law-
"Tougher laws will not ac-
complish the objective of making
people more law-abiding. They
only confirm the alienation of
those who take part in the riots,
because these people must bear
the brunt of any repressive legis-
lation," Kamisar said.
According to Prof. B. James
George of the law school, im-
prisonment of people guilty of
what he described as "infectious
looting" would be "more frustra-
ting to the community than the
"If you invoked a maximum
penalty 'for these people, you'
would be imprisoning for several
years men and women who must
probably have no prior police rec-
ord. What would you do with
their families? You would have
to- put hundreds of people on
Self-Defeating Penalties a
George added that setting up .
a "harsh minimum" penalty for
for such infractions would end
up being self-defeating. "Such
laws would become dead letters,
because their use would be too
impracticle." He cited as an ex-
ample of such a "dead lteter" law
the 20-year minimum penalty for
narcotics sale. "Most people guilty
of this crime are now charged
with possession or use, infractions
which do not carry as stiff a pen-
George noted that "no abstract
legal principle will keep a 16-year-
old boy from throwing a fire-
bomb when he isrcaught up in
a riot, nor,'will it keep a sniper,
from firing. The only way to con- The Music School presented Mot
trol rioting and looting is through (Robert Schneider), kneeling, di
the use of applied, well-known Don Ottavio (Kenneth Scheff'
group force." threaten vengeance for his mis
Prof. Robert D. Vinter of the
school of social work noted thatW-G
the National Guard troops which
had been ordered into Detroit to
quell the riots were "poorly pre- ' ae, n ht t eri ep r
ience in dealing with violence led
to many "tragic episodes."
David Segal of the sociology By JOHN GRAY
department contended that the Second of a Series
responsibility for riot control
should not be vested with either "Marks and terms are clumsy
the local police or the National devices, more suitable for meas-
Guard. He said that because the urmg cordwood than culture."
National Guard does not have a American educators have never
continuous, intensive training been quite satisfied with the use
program they "don't know how of grades in their colleges and
to face dangerous situations." universities. But the debate over
The local police, according to whether to mark students with
Segal, are usually the object of letter grades or only pass or fail
considerable antagonism in the has recently been stepped up.
community. He felt that the only The problem of pass-fail grading
effective means of controlling is not at all a simple one. There
riots would be immediate use of are complex social and adminis-
federal troops, which he said trative' problems which tend to
would be "more respected." cloud the basic question of what
MOZART AT MENDELSSOHN
zart's "Don Giovanni" at Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre last night. Here, Giovanni's servant Leporello
Isguised as his master, pleads for his life as (standing, left to right) Donna Anna (Dorothy Burleigh),
el), Donna Elvira (Lynda Weston), Masetto' (Michael Robbins), and Zerlina (Mary Wakefield
deeds. (See page 2 for review).
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO-A group of draftees charged out of a Selective
Service induction center at 615 W. Van Buren St., today and
attacked some 50 chanting, sign-carrying antiwar pickets.
Reporters present said the pickets were slugged and kicked,
their signs shredded and their handout literature scattered. None
apparently was injured seriously, although some were bloodied in
the five-minute melee.
Several squads of police appeared as the fracas ended. The
policemen usually stationed at the induction center entrance
were not there.
*~ ** *
LANSING-Detroit's riots and looting caused an estimated
$25 million loss to more than 100 food stores, the State Agricul-
ture Department reported yesterday.
B. Dale Ball, department director, said that in addition there
were as yet undetermined losses suffered by restaurants, ware-
houses and food processing plants.
AN HOUR-LONG "VIGIL" in protest of the war in Vietnam
will be held Sunday morning at 11:30 at two locations in Ann
Arbor. The demonstratioins, sponsored by the Interfaith Con-
ference on Religion and Peace and the Vietnam Summer, will be
held at the corner of Huron and State Streets and at the corner
of South University and Washtenaw.
In State of
Gov. Terry Applies
By The Associated Press
Gov. Charles L. Terry, Jr., de-
clared a state of emergency in
Wilmington yesterday, less than
an hour after the state's General
Assembly had given him the au-
thority to make such a move.
Terry, said reports were that
Wilmington, scene of violence last
weekend, was quiet but that the
"potential" for trouble existed. The
governor put into force only the
section of the new law which pro-
vides a jail sentence of from at
least 3 years for anyone convicted
of malicious destruction of prop-
New Riot Act
Earlier the General Assembly
had enacted far-reaching legisla-
tion which included a strong new
riot act, designed to cope with
outbreaks of, violence.
The three bills were signed iM-
mediately by Gov. Charles L. Ter-
ry Jr., who had proposed them In
the wake of a series of disturb-
ances in Wilmington last week-
The laws enacted Friday con-
stituted the first major action
taken by a state legislature as the
result of racial disorders which
have erupted in many cities this
Milwaukeeans were free tomove
around on downtown streets last
night for the first time since a
riot shook the city's five-square-
mile Negro district last Sunday,
but troops and police stood by to
clamp on another tight curfew at
Milwaukee Mayor Henry Maler,
who sealed the city for 26 hours
earlier in the week and kept a
dark-to-dawn quarantine in effect
last night, ordered the further re-
laxation Friday after the questest
night of the week.
And in Madison, Gov. Warren
P. Knowles, who had ordered 4,800
of the 32nd National Guard Di-
vision's troops into the city on
Monday in response to Maler's plea
for help said that the next few
days would show whether the dis-
orders were over.
City commissioners in Wichita
agreed to hear complaints next
week from three Negroes who
asked for a chance to present
grievances on behalf of the Negro
The action came after an early
mornning incident in which four
Negroes and Sheriff Vern Miller
were pelted by shotgun slugs as
the sheriff was talking to the men.
The sheriff said the shot was fired
from a passing car containing
three white men.
iil Grading: Pro and Con
kind of grading procedure tends ly the general level of scholar-
to facilitate learning and teaching. ship.",
Prof. Stuart Miller of Rutgers Although the arguments for the
University recently wrote a book- retention of the letter-grade sys-
let examining the arguments on tem are persuasive, there has been
both sides of the pass-fail ques- a growing protest against it.
tion. The booklet, published by Those favoring pass-fail con-
' the University's Center for Re- tend that although there are!
search on Learning and TeachingI benefits to be derived from grades,
leans somewhat in - favor of a the advantages of doing without
pass-fail system. them are greater.
l The greatest recommendation There is considerable evidence
for the now-popular method of that a high proportion of non-
letter- grading is its administrative academic considerations goes into
e efficiency. The standardization of a student's grades. Independent
grades allows easy evaluation of studies have shown that many
transfers students and of students professors bias their grades on
who apply to graduate schools. Al- bases such as sex, attendance,
though an A at one college may conformity and their own exper-
be worth less than an A at an- ience in teaching.
other, administrators can, over the Some critics of grading argue
years, develop means for dealing that the motivation to earn a
with this discrepancy in their ad- grade is not necessarily the same
missions procedure. as motivation to learn, and that
Bennington College the kind of learning it does en-
Some graduate schools go so far courage is not particularly rele-
as to say that grades are an ab- vant.
solute necessity. Bennington Col- Impress Instructors
lege, in a survey, asked 13 grad- If the student's goal is to im-
uate schools if they could act on e stutis
uat scool ifthe cold ct n ;press his instructor, he is able to
Proponents of pass-fail point
out that when Brown, Princeton
and, to some extent, the Univer-
sity experimented with pass-fail
programs, undergraduate edu-
cation became somewhat less res-
trictive. That is, students felt
more free to break away from
their fields of concentration and
elect courses that could broaden
There is evidence that grades
are, in fact, not a necessity for
administrative procedure. Studies
recently concluded in California
indicate that the administrative
problems of pass-fail are hardly
insurmountable. The s t u d i e s
strongly recommend that no
grading reform be held up for ad-
Although there is no real agree-
ment on the question of pass-fail
grading in any sufficiently large
group of educators, many are be-
ginning to feel that the system is
at elast worth a try. After hear-
ing the arguments from both
sides, colleges and universities
have begun experimenting with
the pass-fail system.
HONOLULU EDITORS' CONFERENCE:
Representatives of News Media Criticize
ABA Plant To Limit Coverage of Trials
HONOLULU ()-News media the right to manage crime news to
'representatives opened fire yes- every town constable and marsh-
terday on recommendations by al?"
an American Bar Association study The ABA recommendations are
group that would limit reporting the result of a 20-month study by
of crime news. 10 prominent judges and lawyers
"The classic function of the on the constitutional guarantees
press is to find out everything it of free press and fair trial.
can about government, about law Unveiled last October by the
enforcement," said J. Edward panel headed by Justice Paul C.
Murray of the American Society Reardon of the Supreme Judicial
~f N ~ ' Court of Massachusetts, they stir-
fendant is in custody, or that a Hu Blonk, chairman of the Free- sample transfer applications that do so by assimilation of a body
defendent is being mistreated, dom of Information Committee of contained teacher comments but of factual material. Yet, is
sometimes by finding political chi- the Associated Press Managing no grades. The schools replied argued, what students really need
canery in the prosecutor's office, Editors Association, told the pan- that they could not act without to learn is the process for acquir-
sometimes by turning up overlook- el that in the states of Washing- grades. ing and retaining new knowledge.'
ed witnesses." ton and Oregon "we have both. It is argued that grades are -i_ _l
"Press freedom is precious" free press and free trial" without an effective predictor of perform-
Murray said, "and, ekcept in time adopting "stringent restrictions." ance in both graduate schools and
of war or great national emergen- Blonk, managing editor of the in the student's career. B road cast
cy, it is an indivisible, all-or- Wenatchee, Wash., Daily World, Salaries = Grades
nothing freedom. said this has been attained American Telephone and Tele-
"The first hint of censorship "through the cooperative approach grah has discovered a significant
poisons it. And, as the dictator- spelled out in statements of prin- correlation between the final sala- N ew spaper
ships illustrate, censorship itself is ciple urging restraint by both press ries of employees and their col-
a contagious thing. A little breeds and bar, statements that bar, I lege grades.
a lot." bench and press can subscribe to Finally, many feel that the By GAIL SMILEY
D. Tennant Bryan, chairman of in good conscience, knowing they grading system is both a motiva- "The local newspaper is no
the Fair Trial-Free Press Com- are not bargaining away the pub- tion for students to work and a longer the top cat" claimed key-
mittee of the American Newspa- lics right to know." 'preparation for the competitions note speaker Willard Schroeder of
per Publishers Association, said in Walter B. Potter, chairman of of life. Virgil Whittaker, dean of WOOD-TV at the Fifth Annual
prepared remarks: the board of the National News- the Graduate School at Stanford Broadcast Editors Conference here
Editor Claims Local
'No Longer Top Cat'
US1 ewspaper .~1? S
"That's 'what the free flow of
news means, what the reporter can
find out, not what the public serv-
ant wants to give him on a plat-
Murray, managing editor of the
Arizona Republic, is chairman of
the society's Freedom of Infor-
mntion and Prea-Bar Committee.
red immediate controversy within
the law and journalism profes-
In the main, the Reardon re-
port calls on lawyers and police to
restrict their comments on pend-
ing criminal cases and to cut back
on the release of information
about them. The stated objective
ifi +on a.--me ~ar tr +iao fnr
Life, Look, and Readers Digest as
evidence of the swing from fiction
magazines. He said that televison
was still oriented heavily toward
entertainment but was starting to
catch up with magazines.
-i~l., A ,,,- - ~y h +A1 .o
controversial issues is to pile re
ulation on top of regulation."
Willard was referring to I
fairness doctrine which provid
that both sides of all controvers
issues be presented. "We've be
nin +nn mma-in-toatin o