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May 09, 1967 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1967-05-09

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" Seventy-Sixth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
n-UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Whee Opinions AreFee, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH. NEWS PHONE: 764-0552
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily ex press the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
TUESDAY, MAY 9, 1967 NIGHT EDITOR: AVIVA KEMPNER

K M
_ .nm"""a

A..A Ift . 6 - a

the crystal palace
Russell Tribunal:
A Moral Reckoning

!

Johnson's Dirty War
UNITED PRESS International's respect- In view of the desertions and diss
ed White House correspondent Merri- within the President's camp it isn
man Smith lashed out the other day to understand why young men acr
against outspoken critics of President country are fleeing to Canada, m
Johnson. In a speech Smith said Johnson graduate schools and struggling t
has become the target of a widespread draft physicals so they can avoid
villification that could "tear down public trip to Johnson's circus of hor
confidence" and lead to a state of chaos. Vietnam. After all they are only
Smith criticized stores that sell licefse different from the President's you
plates "associating the President with in-law who is now residing comf
barnyard filth" and peace demonstrators in a new $70,D0O house in sunny Au
that "openly and plainly challenge the As long as this country's polic
President's normalcy. like a cross between the Chicago']
He said that if the groups are "suc- editorial page and the John Birch
cessful" they could lead us to a "rudder- Blue Book the President is going
less society of irresponsibility to the plenty of flak.
group, amorality for the further erosion As it has been pointed out aga
of the family unit, and finally the confu- again the Vietnamese war is fun
sion of anarchy." tally a civil war between the Vie
"It is open to legitimate public debate" and the Republic of South Vietna
whether the nation's leaders "are em- Viet Cong attacks began only af
barked on a wrong course," he said, but dictatorial South Vietnamese gove
"under our system they cannot be dump- decided, with U.S. backing, toc
ed overboard." scheduled elections in 1956 that h
Smith is tangling up his premises. No promised in the 1954 Geneva con
one is dumping the nation's leadership The elections were cancelled bec
overboard. The administration has dived even President Eisenhower admi
into the soup head first and the sane ele- the time, the South Vietnamese kn
ments in this country are trying desper- couldn't win.
ately to fish it out before they pull the It is true that North Vietnam i
whole ship down with them. substantial aid to the Viet Cong. B
IT IS NO ACCIDENT that Lyndon John- large extent the North Vietnames
son stands an excellent chance of go- has been largely in response to U.
ing down as the most unpopular president tary escalation in Vietnam. It is n
in American history. By plunging the ing to say we are fighting agains
country into a war of lunacy he has in- munist aggression, since we bro
vied vicious criticism. There are people that aggression ourselves with o
in this country who find it hard to ac- military efforts.
cept the deaths of thousands of Ameri-
can young men because the nation's lead- THE GLUM PROSPECT is thatt
ers think war is the way to peace. may actually turn its illusion o
The critics have plenty of company ternational, Peking-based, Com
when they question the motives of a man conspiracy into reality by continue
who was elected on a peace platform in lation. Just as the U.S. bombing
1964 and then jumped into a senseless North Vietnam's military units i:
war. Senate Majority Leader Mansfield, war, the U.S. may force China i
Foreign Relations Committee Chairman war. Then the President woul
Fulbright, Senators Kennedy, Percy, Hat- around and accuse the Chinese of
field, McGovern, Gruening, Morse, the sion (as he did with North Vietna
head of the World Council of Churches, launch an attack on the Chinese
the secretary-general of the United Na- land. Since the Chinese have un
tions, Cassius Clay, Paul Newman, Har- manpower, a protracted battle cos
lan Hatcher, John Lindsay-the list is lives of many more American me
endless-have all openly questioned the result.
President's conduct of the war. Is it any wonder that young pe
It is getting to the point where the sounding off so vehemently a
only encouragement the President can get President who is provoking s
is an occasional phone call from Barry fighting that could ultimately co
Goldwater out in Phoenix who thinks of them their lives?
Johnson is doing a fine job with the war. Merriman Smith is incorrect w
Even the President's top advisors have thinks the President's critics will
bowed out in the midst of the fighting. an "erosion of the family uni
Jack Valenti is now screening dirty pic- President himself is doing t
tures in Hollywood and Bill Moyers is prompting a war that is costing t
publishing a daily newspaper on Long Is of thousands of sons, fathers ai
land. bands.
HE FACT IS that Johnson has gone so It is said the President often h
far out that even his secretary of de- culty going to sleep at night bec
" a ttta vnhssceayo e the war. And well he should. By c
fense (secretary of war?) now finds him- the waruA h. ell he shol Byc
self a dove. Robert McNamara opposed the ing o pursue his suicidal polcy
recent bombing of MIG bases in Northonad
Vietnam for fear that it could eventually y pages.
lead to a war with China. Johnson bombed -ROGER'RAP'
anyway. Editor
Preserving Demorae in Asia
.&VJ

_ -----

sension
't hard
oss the
lobbing
o flunk
a free
rors in
a little
ng son-
ortably
stin.
y reads
Tribune
Society
to take
in and
damen-
t Cong
im. The
ter the
rnment
call off
ad been
vention.
ause, as
tted at
ew they
s giving
3ut to a
e effort
S. mili-
aislead-
ft Com-
ight on
ur own
the U.S.
f an in-
amunist
ad esca-
forced
nto the
nto the
d turn
aggres-
m) and
main-
ilimited
ting the
n could
ople are
bout a
enseless
st many
hen he
induce
t." The
iat, by
he lives
nd hus-
as diffi-
ause of
ontinu-
in Viet-
ling the
OPORT

9, TeRgse nd Tribune Syndicate

"Just who the hell WAS Presi dent in

1954 . . .?"

Letters to te Editor

By DAVID KNOKE
The International War Crimes
Tribunal, sponsored by British
philosopher-pacifist Bertrand Rus-
sell, quietly opened hearings in
Stockholm, Sweden, last week.
Since its inception a year ago,
the tribunal has been assailed by
both critics and supporters of the
American intervention in Vietnam.
Anti-war groups called the ven-
ture "irresponsible," cited the ob-
vious Marxist-leanings of the 15-
member tribunal and the failure
of the group to investigate atroci-
ties by National Liberation Front
and the North Vietnamese troops.
A hawkish analyst for the New
York Times, Bernard Levin, per-
formed a hatchet job on the Rus-
sell group, alleging that Russell
had lost his mind and was being
manipulated by dissident Ameri-
can expatriates.
The conclusions at which the
tribunal will arrive are foregone.
President Johnson, Secretaries
McNamara and Rusk will be in-
dicted in absentia for crimes
against humanity that will include
illegal intervention in a civil war
and the use of genocidal weapons
against civilians. But, as the tri-
bunal statement of purpose ac-
knowledges, its findings can have
no conceivable effect upon the
persons it indicts:
"We command no state power;
we do not represent the strong;
we control no armies or treasur-
ies. We act out of the deepest mor-
al concern and depend upon the
conscience of ordinary people
throughout the world for the real
support ...
Recognizing their own limita-
tions, why does this assemb,',ge of
angered intellectuals persist with
their investigations in the face of
ridicule and scorn? Whatever pub-
licity they receive is certain to he
more adverse than beneficent; at
best they will reinforce the anti-
war groups' convictions,
PART of the answer seems to
lie in the composition of persons
sitting on the tribunal. Jean-Paul
Sartre, the French existentialist
philosopher, chairs the tribunal.
He has broken a public silence for
the first time since he spoke out
against the French atrocities in
Algeria. American pacifist David
Dellinger once defied a State De-'
partment ban to travel to Castro's
Cuba. Vladimir Dedijer has been a
persistent critic of statist tactics
in his native Yugoslavia
And Lord Russell, too old to
travel to Sweden, is financinig the
venture with royalties from his
autobiography detailing nearly a
century of moral courage as a pro-
ponent of minority opinions.
For these individuals not to go
ahead, even under adverse condi-
tions would be, in Sartre'shwords,
"to keep bad faith with one-
self." To act may well be futile,
but to Use futility as an excuse
for not speaking out against abom-
nities is to deny the existential
freedom of choice that each man

must make when faced with acqul.-
esence or opposition to injustice.
LORD RUSSELL has not grown
senile: the vigorous rationality of
his arguments are avoidable only
at the cost of self-deception. And
this scares critics with less moral
courage and makes Russell the fo-
cus of irrelevant attacks.
His insistence on moral absolutes
is the answer to critics who see
him as one-sided in his condem-
nation of the U.S. and not the
NLF terrorism. Those who excuse
U.S. atrocities because the NLF
does likewiseoverlook the moral
attrition such explaining-away
had upon the alleged righteous-
ness of America's purposes.
The tribunal spent several
months of preparation in travel-
ing to North Vietnam to assess
the effects of American bombings;
in retaining "witnesses" to testify
at the hearings; and in inviting
Messrs. Johnson, Rusk and McNa-
mara to appear in their own de-
fense (declined of course).
The revelations that are due
to come out of the hearings in
the next several weeks should
overwhelmingly indicate that
American policy is a direct affront
to human dignity and everything
this great nation was founded to
preserve.
ONLY THROUGH discovery by
tribunal investigators that cluster
bomb units (CBU's) had been ex-
tensively dropped over the North,
did the world have concrete evi-
dence that anti-personnel weap-
ons were being employed.
CBU's-obscenely called "pine-
apples" or "guavas" by the men
that use them-spray thousands
of quarter-inch pellents over a
large area. Tribunal witness Dr.
Jean-Pierre Vigier of the Univer-
sity of Paris said the pellets do
little damage to concrete or steel
but are devastating to the human
body.
Prof. J. B. Neilands of the bio-
chemistry department of the Uni-
versity of California, cited a March
15 speech by President Johnson
saying "it is our policy to bomb
military targets only." On the
same day in Viettri near Hanoi,
said Neilands, he visited a village
that had been bombed by anti-
personnel weapons; he listed sev-
en case histories of victims he
saw.
The Crystal Palace housed
what Victorian England believ-
ed to be the epitome of scien-
tific and technological advance-
ment in the Exhibition of 1851.
In 1864. Fyodor Dostoyevski
wrote "Notes from Underground"
in which the Crystal Palace be-
came a symbol for all the forces
that promote "rationality" and
material progress as the path
to salvation but destroy the in-
tegrity and the freedom of the
individual in the process. The
analogy is even more apt today.

4

0

The Sweet Censor
We would like to warn people
interested in seeing Fellini's "La
Dolce Vita" now showing at the
Fifth Forum, that the movie has
been severely cut and abridged.
Though the distributors fraud-
ulently advertise it as "uncut,"
and "uncensored," many of the
more serious and intelligent scenes
have been omitted. The movie has
been rigorously "censored," and
scenes that have nothing to do
with sex are left out. Lieutenant
Staudenmeier's "thermometer of
society" has most accurately gaug-
ed the nature of commercial in-
terests in sex in the cinema. All
that remain are scenes that send
the mercu y up: the movie is a
chaotic series of spicy events in
the Italian equivalent of Holly-
wood circles
BY ADVERTISING it as "un-
tut" and "uncensored" in the
Fifth Forum lobby, the ,company
responsible is intentionally de-
ceiving the public. For this rea-
son, and because the result is
designed to titillate people with
clean all-American minds, we urge
everyone to stay away. If ted-
ium in Ann Arbor-since there's
nothing else to see-becomes too
pressing, at least get your money
back on the way out. If inspired
to take stronger measures, try a
citizens arre4 of the projection-
ist and the candy-girl for show-
ing an obscene movie. And don't
forget to confiscate the reel -
and the candy girl-as evidence
at the trial.
-Dominick Grundy, Grad
-John Potter, Grad
Crime
It seems desirable to review a
serious on-campus crime: on South
State Street, in early spring, a
coed was abducted and raped by a
four-man group. Apprehension
seemed remote, so a letterto the
editor appeared April 5. An inter-
esting time-correlation then oc-
curred, in that, about five days

later, one of that group was ar-
rested on an Ann Arbor street.
Just previous to this crime, the
same group had purposely bump-
ed into a rear of a car in Ypsi-
lanti and when the lady driver
got out to inspect the damage
to her car, she too was abducted
and raped by the men. It is
quite obvious that still greater
pressure should be exerted on the
police to catch "the three rapists
still at large.
An "Anti-Crime Resolution"
submitted to the Ann Arbor City
Council still has not received prop-
er attention. Much greater pres-
sure on the City Council to act
regarding anti-crime proposals is
surely indicated.
-Lewis C. Ernst
Ugliness
About a month ago you publish-
ed a very good letter outlining
the reasons why anyone concern-
ed about the aesthetic aspects of
this institution should be alarmed
by plans for the proposed gradu-
ate library. The readers, with
whom I agree, pointed out that
the planned building as depicted
in an architect's rendering print-
ed by The Daily was ugly and
cheap in appearance, and quite
possibly out of proportion to its
setting.
Confident that the aforemen-
tioned letter would bring forth a
controversy, and ultimately a de-
fense of this building, I scanned
your pages anxiously for weeks.
To date no one has appeared in
print to declare an interest one
way or the other in this impend-
ing eyesore.
I AM SHOCKED. Are the mem-
bers of this community so inured
to campus ugliness that they feel
they deserve nob etter? Is 10 stor-
ies of glass and brick stripes Mich-
igan's answer to Harvard's new
Holyhoke Center, or Chicago's new
Civic Center-designed by a mem-
ber of the Michigan faculty? As
a layman I am ever ready to be
convinced that there are virtues

in a structure which I cannot per-
ceive, but in the case of the grad-
uate library the architect has gone
to unwanted lengths to conceal
whatever merits his edif ace has.
MAY WE HEAR more on this
subject?
-Matthew P. McCauley, '67L
Poetic Justice
AN ODE TO THE KITCHEN
As soon as the time to sup draws
nigh,
Our hearts are wont to heave a
sigh
For in the Bowl's of our kitchen,
Rise smells to start our innards
bitchin !
'Tis slop that Brandwyine would
spit on,I
Yet we must smile and stuff it
down.
We have no grudge against good
meat,
But rubber soles are not a treat.
We hate to eat your sloppy joes.
They look as if unearthed with
hoes.
The sandwiches that you call
Ruben,
Should not be fed to Fidel the
Cuban.
The beans and chicken taste so
icky,
That stomachs throw them back
up quickly.
The grand old eggplant sickly
green,
Seems fit for those with ruptured
spleens.
We leave our table then with
groans,
Go up and give the mess to John
-Kathy Kalls
All letters must be typed,
double-spaced and should be no
longer than 300 words. All let-
ters are subject to editing;
those over 300 words will gen-
erally be shortened. No unsign-
ed letters will be printed.

A'

The New Diplomacy

.._,,. ... AT LARGE

.By NEIL SHISTER :

High Above Cayuga's

Waters,

'HEY (OUR TROOPS) know that they
are helping to stop the spread of
Communism in Southeast Asia and to give
the people of South Vietnam a freedom
of choice."
-Gen. Westmoreland at the Waldorf,
April 24
"ALL MEDIA are controlled or, heavily
censored. Radio and TV belong to the
government .... The gaps in the front
pages of- Saigon's newspapers are con-
stant and sometimes laughable .... The
Saigon Guardian, an English language
paper, was closed four months ago by
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service
Summer subscription rate: $2.00 per term by car-
rier; ($2.50 by mail) $4.00 for entire summer ($4.50
by mail).
Daily except Monday during regular academic school
year.
Daily except Sunday and Monday during regular

junta order. Its editor. Ton That Thien,
who writes frequently for the London
Economist and the Manchester Guardian,
was director of public relations at one
time in the Diem government. He finds
it difficult to understand the U.S. atti-
tude toward press repression in Saigon.
'We only had 7000 circulation,' he told
me. 'We were the only paper even slightly
critical of Ky and the generals'."
-Hunton Downs, assistant to the editor
of the Honolulu Advertiser, for Saigon
April 14.
-FROM I. F. STONE'S WEEKLY
May 1, 1967

ITHACA, N.Y.-Kim Dubin is an
effervescent Cornell freshman
who is learning to be a painter
and believes half-seriously that
"the Communists hang out at 107
Dryden Street." But, then again, a
lot of other students here share
this feeling.
It turns out that 107 Dryden,
located in the two block "college
town" which borders one side of
the campus, houses "The Office."
Rather than the headquarters for
the local Communist cell, it is the
operation center for "the flower-
powered peace creeps" as they are
sometimes irreverently called high
above Lake Cayuga's waters.
The Office is furnished quite
haphazardly in SDS modern. The
front room sports a large banner
waving the word LOVE, and near
it on the wall is a picture of some
feeding hogs being told "to fatten
up, so Lyndon can send you off
to slaughter." There is a smaller
room in the back, where a beard-
ed graduate student (reputed to
have never received' any other
mark than "A"), turns out anti-
war monographs on a combination
printing press-mimeograph ma-

BUT IT ISN'T.
A member of the Student Exec-
utive Board (roughly comparable
to SGC at the University) com-
plains bitterly of the "mass apa-
thy" pervading the school in the
absence of "even a moderate stu-
dent power philosophy."
As dramatic testimony to his
observation is the special runoff
election soon to be held for the
head of student government. It
features as one of its two con-
testants a wealthy, avowed con-
servative (who won a plurality but
not the required majority in the
original election), advocating, as
his main platform plank, the abo-
lition of student government. Al-
though everyone treats him light-
ly, they stillvote for him.
This ambivalence at Cornell,
quite similar to that at the Uni-
versity, reveals the schizophrenia
which seems one of the distinct
characteristics of the current crop
of college students. There is a
local, articulate political periphery
but the majority of the genera-
tion is apolitical and largely un-
concerned. As is often the case,

adhering to the "work-ethic"
which defines education like any
other job.
The monetary temper of our
generation, distraught by the pros-
pect of having to go to war, is
misleading. Belief in its inher-
ent radicalism is unfounded. Its
flavor is distinctly conservative,
although this is more of a social
than a political nature.
The "success motif" seems the
dominant one in force, at least
among those at the better schools,
and "dropping out" of the system
is more talked-about than believed
in or carried out.
ONE FEELS this very strongly
at a place like Cornell. Even with
all its magnificent Gothic build-
ings and waterfalls and suspension
bridges, the most important place
on the campus is the library. And,
as one student puts it, "There's
not much time to do anything
else but study."
Which brings everything back
to Kim Dubin, aspirant painter.
Her instincts are good ones, her
sense of humanity genuine and her
art not bad.

By ROBERT JOHNSTON
Collegiate Press Service
PRINCETON, N.J.-When Ernst
Winter returned to Vienna seven
years ago after 20 years in the
United States, his first problem
was to find a place to live, no
mean feat for a man who needed
housing not only for his wife (one
of the von Trapp daughters, im-
mortalized in "The Sound of Mu-
sic") but for five children and
10,000 books. Characteristically, he
soon arranged for a loan from an
international service organization
to buy a handsome chateau on
the edge of town.
This left him free to tackle
his second problem, his new ap-
pointment to the Vienna Diplo-
matic Academy, which consisted
of 55-60 students drawn from all
over Europe and housed in an-
other chateau in the center of
the city.
Winter soon decided that, Amer-
ican cold feet to the contrary
notwithstanding, a rigidly parti-
tioned Europe was an anachron-
ism that would sooner or later be
discarded. Now, half his Acade-
my's graduates go to work on the
problems of European integration
from within the numerous and
rapidly expanding international
organizations in Europe; the rest
tackle the same problems from
within the individual countries'
diplomatic corps.
VISITING Princeton University
recently on the last leg of a four-
week trip through the United
States, Winter described the Dip-
lomatic Academy's program as "a
little more rigorous" than higher
education in America and con-
trasted this country's alienated
youth with the vigor, enthusiasm
and optimism of students in Eu-
rope.
Europeans are beginning to see
themselves as a new international
entity, he said; nationalities are

cacies of hundreds of years of
diplomatic history.
HIS EDUCATION philosophy
isn't exactly conventional, either.
"We don't have any permanent
faculty at the Academy," Win-
ter explained. "Everything is de-
cided by the students. Twice a
year they meet for a week to de-
cide what they need to be study-
ing. They are very future-orient-
ed and cry to think of what skills
and training will be valuable to
them 10 years from now." By
then, he said, a new Europe, in-
terdependent from London to
Moscow, will be well-advanced,
and they are very excited about
this prospect.
And a rigorous two-year pro-
gram it is. One suspects that the
graduates are much like Winter
himself-at home in any environ-
ment, from the stuffiest diplomatic
chancellories with the most ex-
acting standards of bearing and
behavior to the intellectualism of
the university ivory tower.
Even so, Winter wondered at
the single-mindedness of the peo-
ple he had recently met at a
famous West Coast research cen-
ter. "They just don't know how
to live!" he exclaimed. He him-
self seemed at all times finely-
tuned both to the nuances of the
good life as only the European
elite can live it and to the emerg-
ing intellectual methods and in-
sights of the rapidly developing
social sciences.
NOTING THAT about half of
the Academy's graduates go into
the various European diplomatic
corps, Winter quickly added that
these corps are very different
from the U.S. State Department.
"The State Department is still do-
mestically oriented," he maintain-
ed. The European corps are "way
ahead of it" in their internation-
al orientation, working on the in-
tegration of Europe across old bar-
riers of distrust and red tape.

Just Suppose.

. .

AN INTRIGUING THOUGHT: Suppose
that Attorney Jim Garrison's assassi-
nation probe in New Orleans results in
the conviction of one or several conspira-
tors. And, furthermore, suppose that the
case is appealed, and eventually reaches
the Supreme Court. Chief Justice Earl
Warren. whose name precedes the official

I

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