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Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVH, No. 56S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 28, 1967
KERNER TO CHAIR:
Johnson Appoints Commission
To Examine Racial Disorders
WASHINGTON OP) - President ly-to share in America's prosper-
Johnson appointed a special com- ity."
mission last night to seek causes Many members of Congress urg-
and cures in racial disorders. ed either congressional investiga-
Democratic Gov. Otto Kerner tions or the creation of a Presi-
of Illinois will be chairman of dential commission to seek out
the 11 member special commission. the causes of widespread outbreaks
The vice-chairman will be Repub- of urban violence this summer -
lican Mayor John V, Lindsay of and to recommend solutions,
New York, who has been trudging Johnson said, "The special Ad-
the streets of Spanish Harlem in visory Commission on Civil Dis-
recent days seeking to damp down orders will investigate the origins
racial tensions there. of the recent disorders in our ci-
Johnson armed the panel with ties. It will make recommendations
secret FBI data and said the fed- -to me, to the Congress, to the
eral investigatory agency will ful- state governors and to the may-
ly investigate recent racial riot- ors-for measures to prevent or
ing and "continue to search for contain such disasters in the fu -
evidence of conspiracy. ture."
Johnson also directed yester- FBI Information
day that emergency drugs and He said commission members
hospital equipment and some food will have access to material gath-
be made available to Detroit citi- ered by the Federal Bureau of In-
zens in the wake of the riots there. vestigation and added:
Response to Romney "The FBI will continue to exer-
The White House announced the cise its full authority to investi-
President's action was in re- gate these riots, in accordance
sponse to an appeal from Gov. with my standing instructions, and
George Romney and Detroit May- to continue .to search for evidence
or Jerome Cavanagh for help in of conspiracy."
the area, which they said has Meanwhile, Senate Democratic
been struck by disaster. . Leader Mike Mansfield said last
In addition, Johnson pointed out night that President Johnson's
in his prepared talk "that it is creation of an 11 member comn-
law abiding Negro families who mission on racial disorders is "the
have suffered most at the hands best way to face up" to violence in
of the rioters. It is responsible American cities and added the
Negro citizens who hope most panel should be above suspicion
fervently-and need most urgent- of partisan politics.
The Montana Democrat said the
Johnson decision was excellent.
But he also said he didn't think
it would end pressures on Capi-
tol Hill for a separate congres-
sional probe of big city riots.
"I've always felt we ought to
have a blue ribbon commission
of this kind," Mansfield said.- "I
think this is the way to face up
Senate Republican Leader Ever-
ett M. Dirksen said he was anx-
ious for action to dig out the
facts and that while it could be
done by a joint congressional com-
mittee-such as he had proposed
-"the President has picked pret-
ty good people."
He added that he hoped the
commission would "move with real
House Republican Leader Ger-
ald R. Ford said "No one can dis-
agree with the aims of the Pres-
ident's objectives. The commission
has an awesome responsibility
and backbreaking burden. I hope
its review of the situation will be
all encompassing and completely
"Among other things it must
review the impact of recent ju-
dicial decisions in handicapping
law enforcement and the immed-
iate need for legislative action to
penalize professional 4 agitators
who have aroused a hoodlum ele-
ment in many of these affected
communities. Of course the cim-
mission must thoroughly review
the basic sociological causes that
create tenderbox conditions in
such cities as Newark, Detroit and
House Majority Leader Carl Al-
lbert (D-Okla) said he thought
the selection by the President of
a commission to represent all
walks of American life - the
federal government, Congress,
states and municipalities - was
an action for which Johnson
should be commended.
"This is a matter to which I
think the President should give
his personal attention," Albert
said. "He has made a very strong
statement which I think the na-
tion will applaud."'
Sen. Clifford P. Case, (R-N.
J.), said a thorough non-partisan
investigation is very desirable.
"I assume the commission will
be given authority to do the whole
job," he said.I
Although Case had joined with
Sen. Edward W. Brooke,. (R-
Mass.), in proposing an investi-
gation by a special Senate com-
mittee, he said "my main concern
is that the job be done and be
To Slow Touri~sts
Damages Now Set at $500 Million;
Over 100 Buildings To Be Razed
By The Associated Press
The fires were dead, their smoke dissolved, and sniping
faded, to isolated bursts yesterday, as the army appeared
to have put down Detroit's bitter racial uprising. The death
tool stood at 38 after four days of terror in the city's streets.
The descent of midsummer dusk was quiet, without the
renewal of the tragic strife that beset the city all week. A few
snipers, whites included, still hold out despite the firm mili-
There was even talk of withdrawing federal troops from
the riot-torn metropolic, although nothing like a firm sched-
ule was suggested. In Washington, President Johnson appoint-
ed a special commission to seek causes and cures of racial
disorders in Detroit and elsewhere.
Gov. George Romney reimposed a 9! p.m. curfew that he
had lifted earlier in the day, to discourage curiosity .seekers
who flooded into the violence blackened Detroit riot areas.
He continued a ban on liquor sales.
Romney said the presence of a-
Ul e A irhigttn f ailg
DETROIT'S CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL has been turned into an armed camp by National Guardsmen
in their attempt to quell the riot. The high school has served as center of command within the
tenth precinct where destrubtion has taken its greatest toll.
Volume ofRiot Arrests
NORTHERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY Wednesday became
the eighth tax-supported college in Michigan to increase student
At a meeting in Lansing, the University's board of control
approved a $90 tuition increase a year for resident students,
boosting their total yearly tuition to $480.
Nonresident students were hit twice as hard with an in-
crease of $180 a year putting their tuition at $780.
The board also increased room and board fees by $54 bring-
ing the total to $900 a year.
Sources indicate that University Regents will. not meet to
set tuition levels for the fall until Aug. 8.
GOVERNOR GEORGE ROMNEY yesterday lifted the curfew
imposed on the Grand Rapids areas since the outbreaks of vio-
lence Tuesday and allowed the sale of liquor and gasoline after
He continued the ban on the sale of gasoline in cans and
denied access to the south east Grand Rapids area which was the
scene of disturbances Tuesday and Wednesday.
** * *
A FOOD COLLECTION center has been set up by the Univer-
ty on the loading dock of the Student Activities Building to
gather donations of non-perishable food for victims of the Detroit
rioting. Clothing is no longer needed, but canned goods, cereals
and baby foods are needed in large quantities.
The University is providing trucks and drivers to take all
food collections into Detroit in cooperation with the Ann Arbor
churches. St. Thomas Catholic Church is the central collection
point in the city and from there it will be driven to churches in
Detroit for distribution.
The hours for donations are 8 in the morning to 5 in the -
evening today and tomorrow at the SAB or any local church.
* * * *
GOVERNOR GEORGE ROMNEY yesterday directed the
State Insurance Department'to establish an information center in.
The center will aid those who suffered riot losses and have
questions about their insurance. It also will issue credentials to
Frank McCaffrey of Detroit was named special deputy com-
missioner in charge of the information center.
State insurance commissioner David Dykhouse, meanwhile,
advised all those who suffered riot losses to contact their in-
surance agent or company before taking any other action.
By ELLEN FRANK
With over 4,000 arrests in - De-
troit since Sunday, the Recorders
Court still continues to go through
all-night sessions and speedy ar-
By Monday of this week, the
precinct station in Wayne County
jail had already filled with pris-
oners. Police were-too busy to do
customary write-ups following ar-
rests. Detectives could not per-
form the normal task of investi-
gating each arrest.. Outside the
Recorder's Court were seven De-
troit Street and Railway busses,
under heavy armed guard, holding
prisoners awaiting arraignment.
The continuing violence made
it necessary to instate presiding
Recorder's Court judge Vincent
Brennan's policy of setting high
bonds to keep the "prisoners in
jail and off the streets."
Congress Asks Aid fo
Decries Politics' Role
For security reasons, the Na-
tional Guardsmen stood by police
headquarters in each precinct-
allowing no one in, including law-
yers and farhilies of those ar-
The situation continued until
Wednesday evening and yester-
day morning when lawyers were
allowed inside the courts and as-
signed to cases.
Presiding in the early week
Recorders Court procedures Judge
George Crockett Jr., stated, "I'm
attempting to handle the cases on
an individual basis by speaking to
the defendant - explaining the
charge and assigning a lawyer if
they don't have one. Then set
bond according to the background
of the individual and the nature
of his crime."
Sam Browne belt," Morton said,
adding that he would rather have
a youth who had been in a re-
form school than an Eagle Scout
in such a corps.
Majority Leader Mike Mans-
field, (D-Mont.), congratulated
Morton and said his proposal
should be "given most serious con-
sideration and soon."
Mansfield and Sen. Clifford P.
Case, (R-N.J.), agreed with Mor-
ton that this was no time for
"It's the worst kind of partisan
politics to try to get partisan ad-
vantage out of a national tra-
gedy," Case said.
Morton's propsal was only one
of several congressional echoes of
the rioting that were heard yes-
Judge Crockett explained one of'
the difficulties he found in this
process of arraignment. "There
were some individuals charged
with minor crimes who could be
released on low bond. But Wed-
nesday the bond clerk, under or-
ders from the presiding judge,
refused release those who could
pay their bond-until they ap-
peared before a judge with law-
yer for a review of the case."'
The theory circulating in the
court was that if someone "could
afford the expense of bond, then
he had connections, and shouldn't
be let back on the street."
Releace Without Review
"I told the bond clerk and the
sheriff to obey my orders for re-
lease without review. Judge De-
Masio, Schemanske, and Leonard
are following the same proce-
In a statement issued yesterday
the American Civil Liberties Union
expressed regret over the current
legal situation. They stated, "Or-
der has apparently been restored.
It is essential that law be restored
The ACLU voiced opposition to
the use of high bond and law of-
ficials' inability to provide judges
with= information regarding the
accuseds' backgrounds and the
nature of their crimes. The ACLU
placed part of the blame on the
"confusion and chaos" of the
riots. But "also because certain
public officials have not been
diligent enough in making this
The ACLU made recommenda-
tions for correction of the present
legal situation as the riots begin
to settle. They urged that the
"shortage of traditional man-
power" be corrected with accept-
ance of "the standby offer of
Wayne County circuit court to as-
sist Recorders Court."
They also recommended a com-
plete inventory of names and lo-
cations of those- charged; accept-
ance by courts of air by respon-
sible public agencies; and a re-
view of the established bonds as
information becomes available.
horde of sightseers would hinder
repair work, and interfere with
police, National Guardsmen and
More than 100 wrecked build-
ings already were ticketed for
blasting by demolition experts as
safety hazards. Meanwhile, a rat
patrol prepared 3600 pounds of
poisoned bait to lure germ infect-
ed rodents swarming through riot
Damage from the costliest ra-
cial explosion' in the nation's his-
tory was estimated at $500 mil-
lion, in this city of 1.7 million, 30
per cent of them Negro.
Belated death overtook a white
man and a Negro, to boost the
fatality list during the day. A
white grocer died of injuries suf-
fered in a beating Sunday, by Ne-
gro looters. A Negro riot prisoner
died in a Jail cell, where he was
held on charges of possessing a
firebomb. An autopsy failed to dis-
close the cause of his death, at-
tributgd to the riot or the after
President Johnson's personal em-
issary to Detroit, Cyrus R. Vance
after viewing the situation report-
ed: "The city is rapidly return-
ing to its* normal way of life ...
Sniping has fallen off considerably
today. But I think it will con-
tinue today. We'll have to deal
with them individually. We will
have patrols on the streets
throughout the city to protect the
It was Vance who said white
Ynen as well as Negroes were
among the last ditch snipers.
During the day hundreds of
federal housekeeping and support
troops were brought into the city,
an indication that Vance planned
no change in the 4700 elite para-
troopers and the 6000 federalized
National Guardsmen now on duty.
They came to the aid early this
week of 4200 Detroit city police
and 600 Michigan state troopers.
The looting and burning that
ravished Detroit's East and West
sides at the height of the riot-
ing 'subsided earlier in the week,
apparently when rampaging mobs
ran out of targets.
Troops using tanks and spotter
helicopters won all but complete
control of snipers before dawn
yesterday. The foot soldiers mov-
ed on one nest after another while
the spotlights of the helicopters
exposed the snipers' rooftop lairs.
WASHINGTON (RP) - Sen.
Thurston B. Morton, (R-Ky.),
proposed yesterday that President
Johnson be given funds at once
to create, a huge citizens corps
of the young unemployed to fore-
stall riots by working among poor
And the former GOP national
chairman rapped both his own
party colleagues and President
Johnson for what he sees as ef-
forts to inject politics into the
violent racial travail of the na-
Morton made his citizens corps
proposal in a Senate speech and
later gave newsmen this state-
ment which he said he wanted to
be regarded as an addition to the
'As a former member of the
Republican coordinating commit-
tee, I deplore the irresponsibility
of the statement last Monday
seeking to fix blame for a na-
"I equally deplore the equivo-
cation of the President who
sought to derail a potential po-
litical opponent at the expense
of the people of Detroit."
Morton's first reference was
to a statement by the GOP Policy
Coordinating Committee saying
that Johnson had not recognized
the dimensions of the riot peril
or acted to meet it. The commit-
tee is made up of Republican
congressional leaders, governors
and presidential nominees.
His second was to a statement
Johnson made later Monday night
in which he stressed that he was
sending federal troops to Detroit
only at the request of Michigan
Gov. George Romney.
Romney is a leading prospect
for the 1968 GOP presidential
nomination and some critics in-
terpreted Johnson's language as
an attempt to say by indirection
that Romney was unable to con-
trol violence in his own state.
Morton proposed that 10 per
cent of unexpended portions of
$6.5 billion voted last year for
By STEPHEN BERKOWITZ
and DAVID KNOKE
An autopsy performed on the
body of a prisoner who died yes-
terday morning in Washtenaw
County Jail showed that the cause
of death was bekeved "due to in-
flammation of lungs, stomach and
The prisoner, Caleb Moore re-
siding in Detroit, had been arrest-
ed there on Monday for violation
of the curfew and liquor procla-
mations. He was transported from
the over-crowded Wayne County
Jail at 12:30 a.m. yesterday with
48 other prisoners arrested in the
No Physical Injury
According to a spokesman for
the Washtenaw County Medical
Examiner's Office, "there was no
evidence of physical injury. Fur-
ther -studies will be necessary to
make an exact determination.
These studies are in progress."
Washtenaw County Sheriff
Douglas J. Harvey reported that
the turnkeys said the 32-year-old
Moore answered a special roll call
held ' at 4 a.m. when a mixup in
the number of prisoners sent from
Wayne was noticed.
Moore later was found uncon-
scious in the jail cell block at the
6 a.m. breakfast call. He was
sent to St. Joseph's Hospital and
was teported dead on arrival there
at 6:30 a.m.
Moore at no time while in the
Washtenaw jail reported feeling
ill, according'to Harvey. The pris-
oners were admitted without a
medical examination at the time
of booking. They also were not
provided with mattresses or blank-
ets. "This is common procedure
in every jail in ,the state," said
Harvey has tried to establish a
plan whereby medical personnel
would pay regular visits to the
jail but lack of funds has made
The prisoners reportedly told
newsmen they had been forced to
run in the Wayne jail cell block
prior to being transferred. Many
said they had not eaten for sev-
eral days prior to breakfast yes-
Moore reportedly mentioned
feeling ill and 'was permitted to
Prisoners were then placed on
a Wayne jail bus and brought
under armed guard to Ann Arbor
with their hands placed on top
of their heads throughout the trip
because of a shortage of handcuffs,
according to the guards.
rh n.inna.. aun',,cA in
* Other Proposals
-A bipartisan group of 40'
House members proposed a $300
million program to help local
police forces deal with civil dis-
It would pay 50 to 75 per cent
of the cost of organizing, training
and equipping special antiriot
Rep. James G. OHara, (D-
Mich.), said "the immediate need
is for effective law enforcement."
He added that correction of the
causes of violence can come only
after order is restored and main-
Sen. Philip A. Hart, (D-Mich.),
nlans to introduce a similar billG
<R ti f t 9A