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July 26, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1967-07-26

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DETROIT (I)-President John
son's decision to send into actio
the first federal troops ever use
against Negro rioters was mad
"with the greatest regret" an
came more than 12 hours afte
Detroit and Michigan official
asked for help.
About 2:30 a.m. yesterday som
1,800 paratroopers, many of then
veterans of Vietnam, moved int
riot-torn Detroit and deploye
around the city in search-and-de
stroy missions against snipers.
But U.S. Army units had bee
moved to within 30 miles of th
city for more than 11 hours befor
Johnson, in a dramatic midnigh
statement, ordered them into De
troit itself.
Former Deputy Defense Secre
tary Cyrus Vance, sent by John

- son to Detroit, kept watch on the ing,
n situation and, during the day, ad- withi
d vised the President to delay Ab
e moving federal troops from Self- news
d ridge Air Force Base into Detroit. 5,000
r Johnson said Vance and others assu
s at the scene finally agreed about utes
10:30 p.m. Monday "that the situ- withd
e ation had developed in such a way of t
n as to make the use of federl troops count
o imperative." At
sd by t
Detroit Mayor Jerome Cavanagh 5,000
indicated during the evening he sonr
,n opposed Vance's decision to hold "T
e back the troops. Michigan Gov. teleg
re George Romney, who had joined over;
it Cavanagh before noon in asking lable
for 5,000 federal troops, did not huma
comment. valle(
This was the timetable during city,
- that chaotic Monday, while burn- Ham'


looting and sniping
n the embattled city:
out 7 a.m. Romney
conference he had rec
federal troops and ha
red they would be sent
later, he announcedl
drawn, the request "I
he situation elsewhere
10:46 a.m. Romney,
Cavanagh, again re
troops in a telegram
received 10 minutes la
his recommendation,
ram said, "follows a pe
24 hours in which unc
arson, looting and th
an life by snipers hav
d in various sections
as well as in the ci
Lramck and Highland

Send Ti
raged "Mayor Cavanagh and I have
just completed a personal inspec-
told a tion of some of the more explosive
quested areas," Romney told Johnson.
d been "We cannot say with certainty
t. Min- that available personnel will be
he had able to establish control."
because He added that experience has
in the shown "that the second night of
the outbreak is usually more vio-
joined lent than the first."
quested At 11:02 a.m., "I instructed the
John- secretary of defense to initiate
iter. the movement of the troops which
the the governor had requested,"
,riod of Johnson said.
ontrol- Johnson said he told Romney
reat to the troops would go to Selfridge
ve pre- AFB at Mount Clemens, north of
of the Detroit, and also advised the gov-
ties of ernor that Vance would come to
Park. the city for conferences.





Troops were landing at Selfridge
by 3 p.m. and Vance and Lt. Gen.
John Throckmorton met with
Romney and other officials by
Johnson said Vance and Throck-
morton thought it possible to con-
trol the situation without sending
federal troops into Detroit and
recommended keeping them at
Selfridge on 30-minute alert.
Romney, Cavanagh and Vance
made a 21/2-hour evening tour
of the city, after which Vance
again said he would not recom-
mend deploying the troops in the
Romney said only that he
thought there was "a rising desire
on the part of the people to see
this thing ended."
Cavanagh, however, was critical

of Vance's decision. "I still share
the conviction that I would like
to see the commitment of federal
troops at this time," the mayor
told newsmen.
At 9:30 p.m. and again at 10:40
p.m., Sen. Robert Griffin, (R-
Mich), sent telegrams urging
Johnson to send in the troops.
Griffin said Vance's recommen-
dation "is out of line with every
report I have received from the
About 1:30 p.m., Johnson said,
Vance and Throckmorton reported
to him that they and Romney had
agreed "that the situation was to-
tally beyond the control of the
local authorities."
Johnson then signed an execu-
tive order directing the Defense
Department to "take all appro-

priate steps to disperse all persons
engaged in the acts of violence . .
and to restore law and order" and
empowering it to federalize the
Michigan National Guard.
Finally, just minutes before
midnight, the President announced
to the nation he had ordered the
troops deployed in Detroit.
"I am sure," Johnson said, "the
American people will realize that I
take this action with the greatest
regret-and only because of the
clear, unmistakable and undis-
puted evidence that Gov. Romney
and the local officials have been
unable to bring the situation under
"The fact of the matter," the
President said, ".... is that law and
order have broken down in De-







Pearson Rebukes DeGaulle
For Inciting Separationists

Rap Brown
Accused of
Inciting Riot
Cambridge Violence
Follows Address;
School Destroyed
CAMBRIDGE, Md. (I)-A fed-
eral fugitive warrant was issued
yesterday authorizing the FBI to
arrest H. Rap Brown, the Negro
civil rights leader charged with in-
citing a night of fire and rioting
in Cambridge.
Gov. Spiro T. Agnew expressed
grief in a statement at "this sense-
less destruction precipitated by a
professional agitator whose in-
flammatory statements deliberate-
ly provoked this outbreak of vio-
Brown, chairman of the Student
Nonviolent Cordinating Commit-
tee, spoke to a crowd of 400 for 45
minutes Monday night. Afterward,
1,000 Negroes rioted along two
blocks of Pine Street, destroying
about a dozen buildings, including
a school.
'Bring Him To Justice'
"I have directed the authorities
to seek out H. Rap Brown and
bring him to justice," the governor
said in a statement from Anna-
polis, the state capital.
"As governor of this state, I
cannot and will not tolerate riot-
induced felonies which verge on
anarchy, nor will I allow the indi-
viduals who maliciously inspire
such action to slip away unchal-
FBI Will Investigate
Stephen H. Sachs, U.S. attorney
for Maryland, said the federal
warrant charging Brown with un-
lawful flight to avoid prosecution
ment "The FBI will now investi-
gate to find out where he is, no
matter where he is."
Two state warrants were issued
earlier against Brown. One charged
him with inciting a riot, the other
said he "counseled and procured
the burning of Pine Street Ele-
mentary School."
"Arson is a Felony'
Sachs said the "counseling and
procuring" charge amounted to
"aiding and abetting arson, and
arson is a felony."
National Guardsmen with fixed
bayonets stood watch yesterday on
street corners of Cambridge's Sec-
ond Ward, where 4,000 Negroes
live. It was a familiar sight for
Cambridge, a city of 13,000 oc-
cupied by the Guard during racial
violence in 1963 and 1964.
"Traffic is moving normally,
everything seems to be normal,"
said Cambridge Police Chief Brice
Kinnamon. People sat on their
porches in the Negro district and
children ran around playing as
usual. The riot section was not
sealed off.
Brown and a white policeman
were wounded slightly during the
rioting. Brown was treated and re-
leased at a hospital when struck
on the forehead by a shotgun



--Associated Press
RAP BROWN, militant leader of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee addresses a crowd
of about 250 in Cambridge, Md. Monday night. A federal warrant was issued for his arrest yesterday
as a direct result of this speech.
Vioolence ScourgesU.S.,

Lindsay Says
N.Y. Rioting
Claims Only 200
Puerto Rican Youths
Involved in Outbreak7
NEW YORK ())-Mayor John,
V. Lindsay said yesterday that
disorders which caused two deaths
in Spanish Harlem have been
vastly exaggerated.
He told a news conference the
latest outbreak on Monday night+
involved only 200 Puerto Rican
youths, many of whom "had too
much beer." It was the third
straight night of disorders, and,
the worst. For the first time the
disorders leaped the Harlem
River into the South Bronx.
A report that 2,000 youths had
rampaged through the tenenent-
lined streets of the Puerto Rican
district in northeast Manhattan,
was described by Lindsay as a
"vast exaggeration."
"There was nothing of youths+
rampaging in East Harlem," the
mayor said.
The two who were killed were'
Emma Haddock, 44, a leader in
the community, and a 16-year-
old Puerto Rican boy. A medical
examiner said both died of gun-
shot wounds.
Mrs. Haddock, a member of the
community council and active in
anti-narcotics work there, was
hit between the eyes by a richo-
cheting bullet.
"As far as one person actually
doing anything to help the com-
munity, she was it," one police-
man said of Mrs. Haddock.
Police first reported the boy
had died of a broken neck, ap-
parently in a fall from a rooftop.
However, several persons chal-
lenged the police version and said
they had seen the boy shot by a
The chief medical examiner, Dr.
Milton Helpern, said the boy had
"a very straight-forward gunshot
Mayor Lindsay toured the area
again and when newsmen asked
him how he would classify the
disturbance, he replied:
"I will not engage in semantics.
There was breakage of windows
-but relatively no looting and
the police acted with great re-
straint throughout."
A lot of firecracker explosions
were mistaken for gunshots, the
mayor said.

OTTAWA (P)-Prime Minister
Lester B. Pearson accused French
President Charles de Gaulle last
night of having encouraged "the
small minority of our population
whose aim is to destroy Canada."
After meeting with his cabinet
in emergency discussions, Pearson
rebuked the visiting de Gaulle for
his shouted cry, "Long live free
Quebec!" to delirious French-
Canadian crowds in Montreal
Monday night.
The slogan is the rallying cry
of a separatist movement that
seeks divorce of French-speaking
Canada from the English-speaking
majority. Such statements, said
Pearson, "arq unacceptable to the
Canadian people and its govern-
'Canada Is Free'
"The people of Canada are
free," the prime minister's state-
ment said. "Every province of
Canada is free."
"Canadians do not need to be
liberated," the statement went on.
"Indeed, many thousands of Cana-
dians gave their lives in two world
wars in the liberation of France
and other European countries."
Pearson added, "Canada will re-
main united and will reject any
effort to destroy her unity."
At the same time, Pearson add-
ed the softening note that he was
sure that Canadians were pleased
with the "warm welcome" that
de Gaulle has received in Quebec
and that he looked forward to.
friendly discussions with the
French president in Ottawa later
in the week.
Pearson's statement did not still
the uproar among Canadians over
de Gaulle's remarks.

The opposition leader, Conserv-
ative John Diefenbaker, called
Pearson's statement "simply a dip-
lomatic concoction of generalities
which fail, entirely to meet the
Diefenbaker said Canadians
"had every reason to expect a
more positive and firm reaction"
to de Gaulle's comments."
And he added: "However, this
is not the first time that a weak
and divided Cabinet has brought
forth a mouse after much labor."
French Day
Seemingly unconcerned by the
storm raging around him, De
Gaulle spent the day at Expo 67
in Montreal and was greeted
everywhere by cheers and ap-
plause. It was French Day, and
there were only two jarring mo-

Viet Officials Warn
Of Future Terrorisn

SAIGON (P)-Viet Cong in the
uniforms of government rangers
slew six villagers of Hinapien yes-
terday. Officials warned more of
such Communist terror could be
expected in the campaign lead-
ing up to the national election
Sept. 3.
The guerrillas roused the sleep-
ing people of Hinapien, on Sai-
gon's outskirts, and dragged off
five men and a woman.
They shot the six in the back
of their heads with .45 pistols
and left "death-warrant" placards
on the bodies. The placards said

Streets Remain

ments for the president.
There were scattered boos when
he said in a brief speech at the
Place des Nations that the fair
was "at Montreal, on the soil of
French Canada." Later, as he
drove from the French to the
Canadian pavilion, a man ran
alongside his car shouting in
French, "Assassin!" Montreal po-
lice hustled the man away.
Elsewhere angry telegrams and
telephone calls poured in on offi-
cials, newspapers and radio sta-
tions. Demonstrations broke out
in front of the French consulate
in Toronto. Warren Allmand, one
of Pearson's Liberal party mem-
bers in Parliament from Montreal,
said he was demanding that the
government ask De Gaulle to
leave Canada at once.

By The Associated Press
The nation was wracked by ten-
sions in its streets yesterday, as
violence scourged nearly a dozen
cities from the East Coast to the
great Southwest. Federal troops
controlled rioters in Detroit, but
in Michigan's second largest city,
Grand Rapids, disorder was re-
newed well before dusk.
In Havana, Stokely Carmichael
was quoted by the Cuban news
agency, Prensa Latina, as saying
Negroes in the United States are
organizing urban guerrillas for "a
fight to the death."
Carmichael, militant American
advocate of Black Power, arrived
in Havana for a conference of the
revolution-bent Latin American
Organization of Solidarity.
Trucks laden with National
Guardsmen rolled into Cam-
bridge, Md., scene of raical vio-
lence in 1963, after two square
blocks were set aflame during
rioting and looting.
About 1,000 Negroes roamed
Cambridge streets after a vola-
tile speech by H. Rap Brown, na-
tional chairman of the Student
Nonviolent Coordinating Commit-
tee and a Black Power advocate.
Brown was slightly wounded in
the forehead by shotgun pellets
during the rioting. He was
charged 'in state warrants with
inciting a riot and procuring the
burning of a Cambridge elemen-
tary school. He apparently had
left the city, however. A 13-state
alarm was issued for his arrest,
and a federal fugitive warrant ac-

cused him of unlawful flight to
avoid prosecution.
Speaking of the Cambridge vio-
lence, Republican Gov. Spiro T.
Agnew of Maryland, declared: "I
wouldn't be at all surprised if this
thing weren't organized from a
central source."
Firebombs set a series of blazes
that kept firemen busy Monday
night in Waukegan, Ill. Damage
was minor, however, and the ar-
sonists were not identified.
Young Negroes in groups har-
assed police in Houston, Tex., and
broke windows, stoned cars and
tossed firebombs that exploded
harmlessly in the street.
Police were kept on call dur-
ing the night in Tucson, Ariz.,
where cars also were stoned and
firebombs hurled. Damage was
Violence rocked two predomi-
nately Negro sections of Roches-
ter, N. Y., in a second night of
disturbances by teen - aged
troublemakers. Two Negroes were
shot to death.
"Masterpiece I"

A reverse racial incident in
Portsmouth, Va., saw police ar-
rest a Ku Klux Klansman and 16
other whites. In a move to head
off possible trouble, rifles, pistols
and ammunition were seized from
the men. A citywide curfew was
Carmichael flew Monday from
from Britain to Prague.
Though he was screened from
Western correspondents at the
Havana airport, Prensa Latina
quoted him as saying in a London
interview that racial disorders in
New Jersey and Michigan were
virtual rebellions.
According to the agency's ac-
count :
"In Newark we applied war tac-
tics of the guerrillas," he said.
"We are preparing groups of ur-
ban guerrillas for our defense in
the cities. The price of these re-
bellons is a high price that one
must pay. This fight is not going
to be a simple street meeting. It
is going to be a fight to the

Pope Paul Asks.Turkish
To Mediate in Mideast

the victims were informers for
the South Vietnamese police.
U.S. and South Vietnamese
troops swept through the area and
stirred up a brief fire fight.
Three Viet Cong were reported
The Hinapien incident was part
of a rash of terrorist activity that
coincided with another relative lull
in the ground war:
While allied forces probed wide
areas in 38 operations of battal-
ion size or larger, the U.S, com-
mand said it had no word of ma-
jor fighting.
There have been reports the Viet
Cong would seek to step up hit-
anid-run terrorism in the next
few weeks before the national
election and that much of this
activity might center on.Saigon.
The voters will choose a president
and Senate to convert South Viet-
nam from military to civilian.
Kidnapings and killings marked
Communist efforts to disrupt vil-
lage and 'hamlet elections last
'The main highway from Saigon
to the Mekong Delta city of My
Tho and to Bac Lieu, farther
south, was mined yesterday for
the eighth time in five days. Dem-
olition experts removed the ex-
plosives, but traffic was temporar-
ily delayed.
The guerrilla operations on that
heavily traveled road, once consid-
ered among the most secure in
the country, slowed the flow of
farm produce into the capital.

ISTANBUL ( P)-Pope Paul VI
conferred with the top leaders of
Moslem Turkey yesterday con-
cerning the Middle East. Infor-
mants said he appealed to them
to help mediate the crsis between
Israel and the Arab states.
Then the Roman Catholic pon-
tiff exchanged a "kiss of peace"
with Orthodox Patriarch Athen-
agoras. Both vowed to make his-
toric concessions in the drive to
unite what the Pope called their
"sister churches" after nine cen-
turies of schism.
In the first papal visit to Tur-
key in 12 centuries, the slendor
Pope, 69, and the tall, white-
bearded patriarch, 81, met in a

tree-shaded court to exchange
the symbolic kiss of brotherhood
and good will
They had met before in Jerusa-
lem on the Pope's Holy Land visit
in January 1964.
Pope Paul's political talks with
Turkish leaders and his unity
meeting with the patriarch were
the highlights of the whirlwind
opening day of his two-day visit.
The Pope undertook the trip-
fifth journey in his four-years
reign-to reiterate his desire for
church unity and peace in the
world and to commemorate the
Ecumenical Council of Ephesus,
site of the house of the Virgin



will discuss Requirements
for an
Acceptable National Platform
at an

W ycherly 's



the eastern michigan
university summer
theatre presents
0r --. ./

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