'NO FURNITURE STORE
EVER DID ME A FAVOR'
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Fair and continued warm;
little change in temperature
Seventy-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVII, No. 53S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 25, 1967 SEVEN CENTS
Reports Indicate Nineteen Dead;
Damage Estimate: $150 Million
DETROIT. (P)-Grim Army par-
atroops rolled into Detroit last
night to help city and state po-
lice and federalized National
Guardsmen dueling with snipers
for control of the streets.
As 1800 regular Army troops
moved, into the city, death
toll climbed to 19, injuries mount-
ed steadily and property damage
climbed over. the $150 million
Snipers dueled from rooftops with
Guardsmen and police. Fights
broke out in widely scattered sec-
tions spreading far onto the East
Side miles from the center of the
first violence Sunday.
A strict curfew between 9 p.m.
and 5:30 a.m. was imposed and ex-
tended to cover all of the city's
suburbs as. well.
All - stores and factories were
closed and will remain closed un-
til the state of emergency has been
lifted. Gas stations had been clos-
ed all day to avoid the buying of
gas for arson attempts.
"The situation is more serious
than it has b'een and it certainly
makes this action very much
needed," Gov. GeorgeyRomney
Romney and Mayor Jerome
Cavanagh appeled with Vance at
the news conference.
All routes into the city were
patrolled and the expressways
were blocked to traffic. The tun-
nel and bridge to Canada were
closed and only returning Amer-
ican citizens were permitted to
come to Detroit.
As the battles intensified
Guardsmen opened fire with .50-
caliber machine guns mounted on
armore; personnel carriers. A
raging gunfight blazed within a
mile of the affluent Grosse
Pointe several miles east of the
main trouble center.
Looters and arsonists struck
Monday night in Pontiac, an Oak-
land County city of 82,200 some
25 miles north of Detroit.
Isolated shooting was reported)
throughout Pontiac's south side.
Police Chief William Hanger
said arsonists have set a dozen
State Selective Service Director
Col. Arthur A. Holmes today said
all selective service inductions for
the entire state will be postponed
for the balance of the week because
of the tense situation in Detroit.
Mayor Cavanagh said the em-
battled city "looks like Berlin in
1945 or Warsaw after thesghetto
uprising. This is an explosion of
the completely lawless element."
Reports of battling on the East
Side continued to mount. As-
sociated Press newsman Justinas
Bavarskis reported that the 5th
Precinct, only a mile or so'from
the fashionable, all-white com-
munity of Grosse Pointe Park,
was "under seige from four or
Twice, however, he was forced to
duck for cover as Guardsmen and
snipers exchanged fire.
Deployed in Cit
LBJ Speech Appeals to Cities to End
'All Forms of Lawlessness, Violence'
By The Associated Press
President Johnson ordered federal troops into riot-
riddled Detroit last night to restore law and order and said
that "we will not tolerate lawlessness, we will not endure
Johnson had built the foundation for this ac.tion by dis-
patching 5000 federal troops to the area earlier and backing
it up with a proclamation and executive order.
At midnight he went on the air to say he had acted only
because of "indisputable evidence" that Gov. George Romney
and local officials were unable to bring conditions under
Speaking from the movie and television center at the
White House, Johnson called upon all the people in all cities
to join in a determined pro-$"
THE RUINS of a burned-out store en Livernois Avenue were typical of the destruction all over
Detroit as fires continued out of control throughout the day.
11aM tin lVoqwnl Zifea
Local Police Ready
For Any Emergency
By STEPHEN BERKOWITZ
and RICHARDSON McKELVIE
Although spokesmen for the Ann
Arbor Police and the Washtenaw
County Sheriff's Department an-
ticipate no large-scale racial trou-
ble In the wake of Detroit's two
days of rioting, they are prepar-
ed to meet such an emergency if
. it arises.
According to Walter Hawkins of
the Ann Arbor Police's Uniform
Division, "Leaves have been can-
celed for all police personnel," but
patrolmen about to go on vacation
have not been called in. The
Washtenaw County Sheriff's De-
partment has taken similar pre-
"All of our men not on vaca-
tion are on 24-hour alert," Hawk-
ins added, "and they can be call-
ed in quickly if something hap-
Rumor of impending racial viol-
ence were rife all day yesterday
however, and Washtenaw County
Sheriff Douglas J. Harvey mo-
bilized approximately 100 of his
auxiliary deputies as well as all
of his 70-man force.
"We're sitting on a potential
powder keg," he explained, "and
we want to be ready for any emer-
Despite the fact that the Ann
Arbor Police and the Sheriff's De-
partment have added men to their
regular patrols as a precautionary
measure, there was little evidence
of any-unusual nighttime activity
in Ann Arbor, Ypsilanti or the
Citizen reaction, however, was
not nearly as calm as that evi-
denced by law enforcement offi-
cials. According to, Lt. Eugene
Staudenmeier, the Ann Arbor Po-
a dozen" purchase permits fo
concealed -weapons today. Abou
. half of these were issued t
women. This. figure represents ai
unusually heavy one, despite th
increased purchasing of pistol
which has gone on during the las
The only racial incident of an3
consequence which took place it
Washtenaw County last eveninE
occurred when a brick was throwi
of southern whites living in the
thrnugh the window of a family
Negro section of Ypsilanti. N
one was injured, however.
Both Hawkins and Harvey ar
confident that local citizens ar
unlikely to engage in disturbances
similar to the ones taking plac
Just Like Ca
By JOHN LOTTIER
and STEPHEN FIRSHEIN
Special To The Daily
SELFRIDGE A.F.B.-The young
N e g r o lieutenant disembarked
from the huge, camouflaged, C-130
transport plane, and threw hi
dufflebag on a waiting half-track
"Strange way to return to my
home towne' he observed. "But it's
just one of those things, baby."
His commanding officer quickly
interrupted with terse instructions
"not to say anything," and the two
joined their company as it march-
ed off the runway at Selfridge Air
Force Base, some thirty miles from
Thus, the first members of a
5000-man riot control force began
A fireman was felled by a bullet _AW L L5' £jV ".L £ V & 95ITF 95
while battling a blaze and fire-
fighters withdrew from the burn-
ing building for lack of protection.
About 4,000' Guardsmen were in -g
the streets with 800 Detroit police-
men and 200 state police, clamping
an iron-bound curfew on the city By The Associated Press six packs of beer to beleagured sections of the city and secured
r in the second night of violence. fir k fom s ste
t Arrests mounted to 2,000, in- The trouble began before dawn firemen. some streets.
juries totaled 1,000, the number of Nrnigtrpolice had raided ters in Detroit, and officers scur- the touble began, Detroit police
ne fires.whit 300.w for the day and 600 Negro nightspot i a predomin-
e for the two days of trouble. antly Negro ieighborhood .nd ar- ri upadwthe halls with weae hich sections t
A 100-square block area, with rested 73 persons. Sixty-one later arms loaded with .38-caliber am- city were secure, and the answer
t whole blocks mere blackened were released. munition. was: "We can't say."
skeletons of what once stood on Police said the nightclub was The slo casualttriotapparente of uredathis point the number
Y them, was heavily devastated by selling liquor illegally. resulted from orders for police just 20 - and 15 of them were
n fires, new and old. Negroes in the neighborhood to hold their fire. Officers re- policemen.
g Guards Fan Out claimed police had kicked a hand- peatedly gave ground in the face By midnight Sunday, more than
Guardsmen patrolled the rav- cuffed teen-aged Negro down two of trouble and ignored most loot- 200 fires were raging, and thou-
e aged area and fanned out across flights of tenement steps in mak- ing and fire bombing, apparently sands of Negroes looted and fire-
y a 12-square mile section of the city ing the arrest. The police denied in the hope that the Negroes bombed almost at will as they
0 as 600 firemen tried to bring the it. would quickly vent their wrath. gave ground in the face of slowly
blazes under control. Some 200 Negroes milled about National Gaurdsmen, backed by advancing Guardsmen.
e The Federal Aviation Agency in a three-block area near where four tanks, finnally rolled into With many businesses volun-
e ordered all commercial and private the raid was made and began pelt- the city on Army trucks and city- tarily shut dow nand hundreds of
s aircraft coming within 12 miles of ing police with stones and bottles. owned buses and began taking up others closed by Romney's order,
e Detroit to maintain an altitude of Fire Started positions around other police pre- Detroiters waited uneasily under
3,000 feet or more. Rioters set fire to a shoe store cinct stations. the fading pall of smoke for night
Iand looted about a dozen other Then they edged into nearby to come.
A *1.fstores in the area, most of them
ris e' A i.tr l ft: owned by whites. S B h
Stores marked "Soul Brother," Rais Not Prime Factor
Gm R anh B aY sympathizer, did not completely)"
~m Ranh Bay 2~goo c t
escape destruction by rioters orb edg
Planes-eventually, there were 137 owned stores only to see breezes
of them-landed and took off carry them through entire blocks By The Associated Press house. They set it any way. He
every few minutes bringing in ele- owned by both Negroes and whites. "This wasn't no Negro riot," said tried to put it out with a small fire
ments of the Army's 82nd Airborne The dispute simmered through- a Negro woman on smoldering extinguisher he got from inside,
I division from Fort Bragg, N.C., out Sunday morning, with the 14th street yesterday, "it's an all but he couldn't."
and the 101st from Fort Campbell, number of Negroes growing as of 'em riot." "If it were my store, I'd shoot,"
s Ky. "Just like Cam Ranh Bay," nearby residents streamed in to Most observers agreed that the said one as he watched 10-year-
one Vietnam veteran noted. , see what had been done. incidents in Detroit could not truly olds carry out waste baskets full
Clustered on the grass next to Newsmen Targets be classified as "race riots." of odds and ends, "but' it ain't,
the field, the troops laid down Newsmen became the targets of Rep. Charles Diggs Jr. (D-Mich), so I don't give a damn."
their M-16's, bayonets, and knap- the increasing anger and gangs a Negro, said that the crowds did One man said he did not rec-
sacks, settling down for a leisurely chased television crews and news- not show as much interest in ognize any of the looters as being
dinner of C-rations - crackers, paper reporters, smashing a bot- racial hatred as they did in grab- from his neighborhood.
cheese, soup, stew-and chatting tle against the head of one news- bing as much as they could One Windsor fireman, return-
among themselves, man and injuring several more. He said the crowd was in no ing from a 12-hour tour of duty
Soon a few started tossing foot- Police sent in special squads of mood for reason and that many Detroit, said he had just "re-
balls and baseballs around, playing riot-trained commandos armed rioters were drunk on alcohol or turned from hell." He described
cards, and trying to find the near- with shotguns, submachineguns druc how rioters peppered him with
est Coke machines, which were and rifles with fixed bayonets. drugs. bottles and rocks as he tried to
rapidly emptied. They tried-to clear the streets. . Newsmen observed white looters fight the fires.
Stationed along the narrow Looting Begins emerging from the shattered win- "I never thought human beings
streets of the base were dozens Looting began sneakily and s sermakets and gro could turn like that, he said.
of chartered, green and silver De- nervously, but soon as police stood stores on Third Street, cradling
troit Street and Railway buses. by with orders not to fire, the loads of beer and whiskey bottles
The drivers gathered in small looting became blatant and looters in their arms.
groups, awaiting orders to begin climbed in and out of shattered "There were almost as many'le cn ,u o fhm osw i nt
their convoy, but none of them stores with impunity. whites as Negroes," said Theresee
seemed especially perturbed, be- Then it exploded. King, a white woman who watched
cause; as one said, "I'll wait for Thousands of Negroes and some all evening from her front yard e a ra tts
anything at $5 an hour." whites joined the looting in the a3rsv e rns
Most of the troops had had only area and elsewhere, and reports was turned into a pile of rubble.
a half-hour's notice before being of violence began to hopscotch "They were laughing, talking. NEWARK, N.J. ()-The call
airlifted, and were curious about from street to street. having a good time. It seemed like has been sounded for a militant
what was happening: "When did Rioters looted and fire-bombed everyone was enjoying them- black separatism that would seek
it start? What part of the city 'is practically at will, and beleaguered selves to withdraw the Negro from the
it in? I didn't see any fires when firemen, battered with debris de- N"S; to mitram tAerofnomie
we flew over. Bigger than New- spite their efforts to put out fires No Stopping mainstream of American life.
ark?" destroying both Negro and white The Rev. Robert Potts, pastor of: This was the gist of a final
A supporting Air Force officer homes andbbusinesses, withdrew Grace Episcopal Church, said his joint resolution issued yesterday
from Selfridge added, "We reac- for their own safety. community workers "went from by leaders of the first national
tivaed tis prt o thebasewithman to man" and "couldn't get conference on Black Power as they
tivated this part of the base with - Smoke Covers City sybd tietd u ummed up a fou-ay sesion that
only three hours preparation. t Smes ty h anybody interested" in avoiding summed upafr-a seitat,
- . )The blazes swept through whole , tha nh~indria ,T.rvernand c tah- attracted nearly 1000 delegates
gram to maintain law and or-
der-to condemn and combat
lawlessness in all its forms-
and "firmly to show by word
and deed that' riots, looting
and public disorder will not be
"In particular," he said, "I call
upon the people of the ravaged
areas to return to their homes, to
leave the streets and permit the
authorities to restore quiet and or-
der without further loss of life or
property damage. Once . this is
done, attention can immediately
See earlier story, Page 3
be turned to the great and urgent
problems of repairing the damage
that has been done.
"I appeal to every American in
this grave hour to respond to this
In strong, firm language, John-
son said law and order have
broten down in Detroit and thus
federal intervention was required.
Not Civil Rights
"Pillage, looting, murder, and
arson have nothing to do with
civil rights. They are criminal
conduct. The federal government
in the circumstances here pre-
sented had no alternative but to
respond, since it was called upon
by the governor of the state and
presented with proof of his in-
ability to restore order.
"We will not tolerate lawless-
ness. We will not endure violence.
It matters not by whom it is done
or under what slogan or banner.
It will not be tolerated. This na-
tion will do whatever is neces-
sary to suppress or punish those
who engage in it."
Speaks With Staff
Johnson spoke for about 10
minutes. With him were members
of his staff and top-level govern-
ment executives, including Sec-
retary of Defense Robert S. Mc-
Namara and Atty. Gen. Ramsey
Putting the Michigan National
Guard under federal control would
make it possible to place one com-
mander over all state and federal
troops on the scene. Johnson em-
powered McNamara to federalize
the Guard for an indefinite period
-any or all units of it.k
NEW YORK (W) - A mob of
nearly 2,000 Puerto Ricans ramp-
aged along an 18-block stretch of
Spanish Harlem last night, looting
and burning in a third successive
night of violence. One man was
killed and two injured by gunfire.
The rioting spread along Third
Avenue from 95th Street to 112th
Street. Helmeted, riot-trained
members of the Tactical Patrol
Force of the police department
fought for the upper hand amid a
carpet of broken glass that glit-
tered along the avenue.
Firebombs were hurled, police
were belted with bottles and an
American Broadcasting Co. news
car was overturned and set afire.
There was no injuries to the net-
work personnel. At one point, a
police car was reported under gun-
Police sought to contain the
crowd by firing shots above their
The mob looted a filling station,
after vainly tryingto set it afire.
The pattern of bottle-throwing,
and looting began early Sunday
after a Puerto Rican was shot to
death by a policeman.
Exploded firecrackers added to
the tension as police moved in to
try to disperse the crowd off Third
Avenue and onto side streets.
Meanwhile, Third Avenue was
closed to traffic by barricades to
traffic by barricades at 109th
Police cars converged on the
area but drivers were under orders
not to sound their sirens or use
their revolving turret lights, ap-
parently to remove a possible cause
of mob incitement.
Fire equipment was moved up
from downtown to reinforce ap-
paratus in Spanish Harlem. Many
merchants had anticipated a re-
newal of disturbances And had
utilized -the relative calm of the
daylight hours to board up their
lice Detective Bureau issued "about I arriving late yesterday afternoon.
er Leaders Order
n to Obtain Equalityv
in strong language "because I
wrote that I was against looting."
Dr. Nathan Wright, conference
director, was asked his reaction
to assertions that militant separ-
atists had won complete control
of the conference.
"The mood of black people in
the United States is one of mili-
tancy," he said. "I'm just surpris-
ed that there was no evidence
At one point, Wright asked the
press to quit using the word
"Negro." He asked instead that
he and other delegates be re-
ferred to as "black men."
In light of some statements
made during the course of the
conference against the war in
Vietnam, there was some sur-
prise among newsmen that the
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