'W EST SIDE STORY'?
See Page 21
Seventieth Year of Editorial Freedom
LLXX, No. 26S
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 26, 1960
CONGO TROOPS-Mutinous Congo soldiers pose near their over-
turned military vehicle near Songololo. Congo leader Lumumba
appealed to the UN Security Council yesterday to set a deadline
onjremoval of Belgian troops, although he declares friendship for
ithdrawal Li mi
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (A)-Premier Patrice Lumumba of the
Congo said yesterday he asked UN Secretary General Dag Ham-
marskjold to set a deadline for Belgium to withdraw its troops from
He said Hammarskjold assured him he would spare no effort.
Lumumba told a news conference it was "in this spirit" the UN
secretary general would negotiate with the Belgian government in
Leaves New York
Hammarskjold leaves New York tonight and will stop in Brussels
tomorrow en route to Leopoldville in the Congo. Lumumba, answering
questions, did not make clear
MOSCOW (A) - Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev suggested
yesterday thatthe next session of
the UN General Assembly try to
break the East-West deadlock on
disarmament, Tass News Agency
Khrushchev, in messages to
British Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan and Canadian Prime
Minister John Diefenbaker, de-
nounced the Western powers for
"empty talk" in the 10 -nation
Geneva disarmament talks.
The Soviet Union withdrew from
the Geneva conference soon after
the epllapse of the Paris summit
The United States filed a formal
request last Friday that the 82-
nation UN disarmament commis-
sion be called early in August to
take up the disarmament dead-
The Soviet Union already has
proposed that disarmament be put
on the agenda of the UN General
Assembly which meets in Sep-
The Tass account of Khrush-
chev's notes did not mention the
United States call for a meeting
of the disarmament commission.
Diefenbaker and Macmillan had
sent their letters before the United
States made its request.
The two prime ministers asked
for renewed East-West negotia-
Khrushchev's message to Mac-
millan was handed over in London
last night by Soviet Ambassador
Alexander Soldatov. It was not a
reply to Macmillan's recent per-
sonal letter seeking a frank state-
ment of Soviet purposes, but a
reply to a note sent last month
criticizing the Soviet Union for
pulling out of the Geneva dis-
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (-
The United States declared yes-
terday it has scientific proof the
Russians deliberately pushed a'
United States RB47 plane off its
course and shot it down over in-
ternational waters in a "criminal
and reckless act of piracy."
United States Ambassador Henry
Cabot Lodge told the UN Security
Council Soviet actions recently
make many people wonder
"whether the Soviet leaders are
actually seeking a pretext for
In a dramatic counterattack on
Soviet charges, the chief United
States delegate asked the Security
Council either to name an im-
partial international commission
to probe the July 1 RB47 incident,
or submit the entire matter to the
International Court of Justice.
The USSR immediate rejected
this proposal. Repeating its
charges that the RB47 was on an
aggressive spy mission, the Soviet
Union accused the United States
of -"cynicism without precedent"
In the American rebuttal.
Lodge displayed maps to the
Council to indicate how the RB47
was allegedly deliberately maneu-
vered off its course by a Soviet
When Lodge finished, Soviet
Deputy Foreign Minister Vasily
Kuznetsov, sent especially from
Moscow for this debate, promptly
accused the United States delegate
of indulging in theatricals,
Delegates Prepare Positions
BULAWAYO, Southern Rhodesia
U)-More than 2,000 troops were
posted along a front four miles
long list night to seal off Negro
townships where thousands have
been running riot since Sunday
Fires were visible for miles as
the rioters moved unchecked.
Many were drunk after a day of
looting beer halls.
Three Negroes are known to have
been killed and up to 70 injured,
in riots which followed a work'
stoppage by the city's native labor
force to protest white rule.
troops and asked to be allowed
Many in the native townships'
were as fearful as the city's 45,000
whites at the events.
Negroes approached the line of
troops and asked to be allowedl
through into the white area. The
troops turned them back.
Small groups of frightened Ne-
groes huddled in the no-man's-
land between the troops and the
edge of the African townships.,
afraid to move in either direction.
A number of Negroes have been
wounded by shopkeepers protect-
ing their stores from looters.
A 19-year-old Negro fought off
six men who tried to wreck a con-
crete plant where he was night'
Almost all the city's 450 fac-
tories came to a standstill. Gangs
went from plant to plant threat-
ening workers during the day.
PORTLAND, Ore. () - Flames
roared unchecked over thousands
of acres of timberland in the West
yesterday. A sixth man died try-
ing to stop them.
The most devastating fires con-
ti~nued to burn out of control in
t Northwest, and the largest,
the 25.000 - acre Anthony Lakes
blaze in eastern Oregon, still was
eating through thick stands of pine
Forestry officials said they got1
whether Hammarskjold agreed to
set an exact deadline for Belgian
withdrawal as the Congolese pre-
mier had asked.
Hammarskjold announced ear-
lier he is going to Brussels- for
discussion with the Belgian gov-
ernment and to Leopoldville for
an on-the-spot survey of the Con-
Wants Troops Out
Lumumba said his government
wanted Belgian troops out of all
the Congo, including the bases to
which they are being withdrawn
as UN force move into strategic
Asked how he planned to solve
the problem of the secession of
Katanga province, he said:
"There is no Katanga problem.
There is only the problem of the
withdrawal of the Belgian troops."
He charged that Belgium had
plotted in advance to hold back
that wealthy province when the
Congo became independent
But Lumumba did not renew his
threat to call for Soviet forces if
the Belgians did not pull out. He
said the Congo would depend on
the UN to get them out and
thought it could do so.
Lumumba added that he wants
the UN force - now building up
to 12,000 men - to stay on as long
as it must to keep order and "or-
ganize our young army."
CHICAGO (A')-Rep. Walter H.
Judd last night accused the Demo-
crats of encouraging Communist
attack by falsely picturing the
United States as second-rate in
Keynoting the Republican Na-
tional Convention, the Minnesota
"What kind of reckless and ir-
responsible action is it for anyone
to misrepresent the United States
as a second-class power, as was,
done in the Democratic conven-
tion, and thereby encourage the
very attacks which all Americans
profoundly hope and pray can be
Plunging into an issue that
promises to loom large in the
coming campaign, Judd declared
in his prepared speech that the
Eisenhower administration has
"built up gigantic strength in our
own armed forces and given vital
naistance in building un the
CHICAGO (A) - Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon stepped squarely
into the middle of a civil rights
row yesterday as he arrived to
take over leadership of the Repub-
lican presidential campaign.r
Nixon dropped all other engage-
ments and set about trying to
persuade a balky platform draft-
ing committee to strengthen a
compromise civil rights plank that
he pronounced unsatifsactory.
A Southern member of the com-
mittee, Thomas Stagg, Jr. of Loui-
siana, said several hours after
Nixon began his efforts. however,
hat "we have enough votes to de-
feat" any move to rewrite the
Takes Moderate View
Stagg is a leading exponent of
the moderate viewpoint that pre-
vailed when the plank was
Joseph F. Carlino of New York,
chairman of the platform sub-
committee which has handled the
civil rights question, said earlier
that a move probably will be made
within the committee this morning
to scrap the moderate plank and
substitute one more closely reflect-
ing the views of Nixon and New
York Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller,
Charles H. Percy, platform com-
mittee chairman, said no com-
mittee member has notified him of
any intent to seek reconsideration,
The platform committee met for
about three hours late yesterday
but apparently confined its de-
liberatipns to Federal aid to edu-
cation. Percy declined to comment
on the progress on that subject.
Stagg said he likewise had no
definite word that Carlino or any
other exponent of a broader civil
rights stand intended to move for
"But we have enough votes to
defeat Mr. Carlino's motion,"
Stagg added that the committee
is "resisting any attempt to dic-
tate by Mr. Rockefeller or by
any source outside the committee."
Percy interjected to say, with
Stagg assenting, that neither
Nixon nor Rockefeller had at-
tempted to direct the committee
what to do but merely had made
Sen. Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania,
the platform committee's parlia-
mentarian and an advocate -of a
strong rights plank, reported that
he and others were going to "work
something out" during the night.
He said the fact the committee
adjourned without trying to com-
plete action on the platform yes-
terday gave encouragement to
those seeking revision of the com-
Percy said a 4-man editing
group is putting together the civil
rights plank approved by the com-
mittee early yesterday. This is the
version Nixon and Rockefeller
By JAMES SEDER
Special to The Dailyj
CHICAGO - Michigan's Paul1
Bagwell, the unopposed candidateJ
for the Republican gubernatorial
nomination, flew to Chicago Sun-
day night for a brief look at the
Bagwell, who is director of
scholarships at Michigan State
University, explanied that he came
"as an observer and to pay my re-J
spects to the Michigan delega-
tion." He will return to Michigan
Justbefore Bagwell arrived, the
Michigan delegation caucused and
reelected John B. Martin to his
post as K national committeeman.
They also elected Mrs. Albert S.
Koeze to the national committee-
woman post. Both Martin and Mrs.
Koeze live in Grand Rapids.
Will Work for Strength
Mrs. Koeze said that she would
work. to build up the grassroots
strength of the party. She com-
pared her task with the job done
for the Democrats by their state
chairman, Neil Staebler of Ann
Staebler has attracted national
attention during his 10 years as
state chairman for his successful
grass-roots approach to Michigan
The delegation is firmly com-
mitted to Vice-President Richard
M. Nixon. Michigan Republicans
CHICAGO (A-Sen. Barry Gold-
water of Arizona urged fellow
Republicans last night not to be
"lured by a lust for novelty" but
to stick by principles that assure
"We dare not let ourselves be-
come so fascinated by so-called
'bold' programs that we forget
soundness, is more important than
a superficial thing they call 'bold-
ness'," he said.
Goldwater, a chief spokesman
for the conservative wing of the
party, addressed the GOP Na-
tional Convention as chairman of
the Republican Senatorial Cam-
Presenting 19 Republican candi-
dates for the Senate, he urged the
delegates to remember that whom-
ever is nominated for :iresident
and vice-president cannot do their
jobs, if elected, "Without the loyal
support of loyal Republican mem-
bers of Congress."
"These Republican candidates
for the United States Senate are
your front-line troops," he said.
It is through the actions and
votes of Republican members of
Congress, he said, that "We, the
Republican party, will express our
philosophy: that man has a soul
as well as a stomach."
"The prophets of the radical
left," he said, "continue to offer
only one solution to the problems
which confront us. They tell us
again and again and again we
should spend our way out of
trouble and spend our way into a
have a "favorite son" candidate
for the Vice-Presidential nomina-
tion-Rep. Gerald Ford, Jr.-but
they seem willing to go along with
any Nixon choice.
Although it appears unlikely
that there will be any rift in the
delegation, its liberal-conservative
split is noticeable in the various
delegates' attitudes toward the
prospects' of the vice-presidential
nomination going to New York
Gov. Nelson Rockefeller.
Many of the party's liberals-
NEWPORT, R.I. (,P)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
put a "pretty good" tag on the
Republican platform committee's
proposed national defense plank;
a plank assailed by New York Gov.
Nelson A. Rockefeller as inade-
quate and unrealistic.
The President's evaluation was
reported to newsmen by Press
Secretary James C. Hagerty as
Eisenhower prepared to interrupt
his vacation and fly to Chicago
today for an evening address to
the GOP National Convention.
He is scheduled to have lunch
in Chicago with Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon, who has a clear
track to the party's presidential
nomination. Aides said Eisenhower
has no advance plans for a con-
ference with Rockefeller, but they
did not rule out a meeting.
Rockefeller Hits Defense
Weeks ago Rockefeller began
hitting at the Administration's de-
fense policies. Among other things,
he called for a 31/2 billion dollar
hike in military spending in the
current fiscal year.
Over the weekend Nixon and the
governor, who also had not seen
eye to eye, got together on a
statement of basic GOP principles
which Rockefeller said he could
vigorously support in the cam-
paign. The statement called - for
increased defense spending but
mentioned no specific figure.
Ike Not Happy
Hagerty indicated Sunday that
Eisenhower was not happy about
that call for bigger military ex-
penditure. The press secretary
noted that the President has said
repeatedly he feels the present
spending program is adequate.
including Bagwell - enthusiasti-
cally endorse Rockefeller for the
post. The conservative wing of
the Michigan party would not be
happy with a Rockefeller nomina-
tion. They are also disgruntled by
the Rockefeller - Nixon platform
accord. But, here again, an open
rebellion seems unlikely.
In a press conference late Sun-
day night, Bagwell refused to com-
ment on the Democratic race for
Michigan's gubernatorial nomina-
tion. He explained that he did not
want to interfere in their internal
affairs, but he would be happy to
run against whomever the Demo-
He said he thought that he
would beat the Democratic nomi-
nee, but he tied his fate to Nixon.
"The party that wins the Presi-
dential fight in Michigan will also
win the governorship."
Bagwell claims the election of
Sen. Iyndon B. Johnson of Texas
as the Democratic Vice-Presiden-
tial nominee hurt Democratic
chances in Michigan because of
Johnson's civil rights racord which
is "not very good" and because
Johnson's election represents a
blow to Gov. G. Mennen Williams'
Many people, Bagwell said, feel
that Williams was "double-
crossed" by Sen. John F. Kennedy
because they feel that Johnson is
CHICAGO (a')-New York's big
delegation will spearhead a con-
vention floor fight on defense as
well as civil rights if necessary,.
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller de-
He earlier. had indicated the
possibility of a floor fight for a
civil rights platform plank that
would conform with an agreement
he reached with Vice-President
Richard M. Nixon.
Rockefeller also had been criti-
cal of the defense plank approved
by the Republican platform com-
mittee. He said it was inadequate.
Asked yesterday if New York
would wage a floor fight to obtain
a defense plank suitable to him,
Rockefeller replied "we certainly
The governor is in the thick of
the battle over what type of- plat-
form the Republicans will adopt
at their national convention,
which opened yesterday.
New York Governor
Stands Behind VP
On Platform Issue
CONVENTION HALL, Chicago
(A) - Republicans wrangling over
civil rights opened their Nixon-
for-President national convention
yesterday with a peace and pros-
perity keynote and lieavy ora-
torical barrages at, the Democrats.
Vice-President Richard M. Nix-
on flew the Washington-Chicago
air route and got a thundering
welcome on the scene of a con-
vention which almost mechani-
cally will bestow its presidential
nomination on him tomorrow
But some of the delegates, espe-
cially those from Dixie, now may
join in grudgingly.
For Nixon promptly laid a firm,
hand on the convention throttle,
rejected 'a proposed party plat-
form plank on civil rights, and
took personal charge of a drive to
beef it up. Nixon laid down a
virtual ultimatum - that he has
to have and intends to get a plat-
form he can run on.
Various delegates chafed un-
comfortably, and hinted at start-
ing a floor fight. Such talk came
from the South and 'from Mid-
western states. Then the platform
committee went into an overnight,
cooling off period.
Gov. Nelson A. Rockefeller of
New York, Nixon's newly acquired
partner in shaping platform
planks, stood firmly alongside the
Vice-President in an effort to get
a stronger stand on civil rights
out of the platform committee.,
Here in the convention session
there was nothing but harmonious
applause for every stab at the
Democrats and everey mention of
Abraham Lincoln and each of the
great achievements the partyora
tors said the GOP had brought the
Fi ht Erupts
Within GOUP _
By JAMES SEDER
Special to The Daily
CHICAGO-A major fight broke
out yesterday in the Republican
party between the liberals and the
Conservative criticism of the 14-
point platform accord reached
over the weekend by Vice-Presi-
dent Richard M. Nixon and New
York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller broke
out rapidly Sunday and yesterday.
The conservatives disagreed
with many of the Nixon-Rocke-
feller views on economic and for-
eign policy, but the compromises
which both sides appear ready to'
agree on have already been drawn
up in these areas.
However, a battle has developed
over the civil rights and educa-
tion planks. The conservatives op
pose the endorsement of tbe
Southern sit-ins, the endorsement
of a Federal Fair Employmentp
Practice Commission, and in
creased federal aid to education.
Sen. Barry Coldwater of ari-
zona, a conservative leader, al-
luded to the basic conservative
objectives yesterday in his speech
to the convention. He is worried
about the increased involvement
of the federal government In the
lives of the people,
On the other hand, the lberls
feel' that the world and national
situations demand more govern-
ment action in many areas.
Many conservatives put their ob-
jection to the liberal platform po-
sition in more personal terms:
They resent "the domination of
the eastern industrialists" in at-
temepting to dictate a party plat-
Wagner Assures Kennedy
Of Big Victory in New York
HYANNIS PORT, Mass. (A)-Mayor Robert F. Wagner of New
York City yesterday assured Sen. John F. Kennedy quarreling New
York factions would unite and help the senator "win big" in that key
Kennedy, the D
ferred for two hou
campaign and how
Teaching Methods Demonstrated
"If we get our students to read trash, that is better than his not
reading at-all," Robert Freier said yesterday.
Speaking at the last of the summer's series for English teachers
sponsored by the University, Freier taught a demonstration class on
Willa Cather's short story, "Neighbor Rosicky."
His "class," seated before him on the stage in Aud. C, Angell Hall,
consisted of high school students participating in the journalism
workshop currently in session on the University campus.
Freier made his remark while the class was writing answers to
questions he had posed them on the story. He pointed out that not all
classes he and others teach take interest as easily and participate
as readily. as the present one. m
"Every story need not entertain every class on the same level," '
Freier said. "Interest on any level is one of the most important con-
Democratic Presidential nominee, and Wagner con-
rs at the Kennedy summer home, discussion the
to bring harmony among the bickering New York
y told reporters he considered New York and Cal-
( ifornia "anchors to success" in
the November elections.
Wagner, who flew in yesterday
morning for the talk, emphasized
he spoke for no particular group,
neither the regular Democratic
party organization nor the rival
"reform" group led by former
Sen. Herbert H. Lehman, Mrs.
Eleanor Roosevelt and Thomas K.
Finletter, former Secretary ,of the
Wagner told newsmen:
"As mayor I have standing. I
come here as a personal friend. I
want to help in the victory I'm
sure we're going to achieve. We're
going to win big."